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first (or thence derived) Habren or Aber (p), , with the enemy for leaving the Roman territory; which in Rritish, as appears by the names Aber- the price was agreed four hundred pound of gevenni, Abertewi, Aberhodni, signifying the fall gold (3); unjust weights were offered by the of the river Gevenni, Tewi, Rhodni, is as much Gauls, which Sulpitius disliking, so far were those as a river's mouth in English (9), and tits itself insolent conquerors from mitigation of their opspecially, in that most of the Yorkshire rivers here pressing purpose, that (as for them all) Brennus, cast themselves into one confluence for the ocean. to the first unjustice of the balance, added the Thus perhaps was Severn first Hafren, and not poise of his sword also ; whence, upon a murfrom the maid there drowned, as you have before; muring complaint among the Romans, crying but for that, this no place.

Væ vietis (a), came that to be as proverb applied

to the conquered. To Stamford in this isle seem'd Athens to transfer.

Luok to the third song for more of Bladud and Against the Delphian power yet shak'd his ireful his baths. Some testimony is (r), that he went to

sword. Athens, brought thence with bim four philoso

Like liberty as others, takes the author in af, phers, and instituted by them a university at firm ng that Brennus, which was general to the Stamford, in Lincolnshire ; but, of any persuad-Gauls in taking Rome, to be the same which overing credit I find none. Only of later time, that

came Greece, and assaulted the oracle. But the profession of learning was there, authority is fre

truth of story stands thus : Rome was afflicted quent. For when through discording parts among by one Brennus about the year three hundred and the scholars (reigning Edward III.) a division in sixty (b), after the building, when the Gauls had Oxford was into the northern and southern fac

such a Cadmeian victory of it, that fortune contion, the northern (before under Henry III. also verted by martial opportunity, they were at last was the like to Northampton) made secession to by Camillus so put to the sword, that a reporter this Stamford, and there profess'd, until upon bum- of the slaughter was not left, as Livy and Plu: ble suit by Robert of Stratford, chancellor of Ox- tarch (not impugned by Polybius, as Polydore hath ford, the king by edict (s), and his own presence, mistaken ()) tell us. About cx years after, were prohibited them; whence, afterward, also was

tripartite excursions of the Gauls; of an army that oath taken by Oxford graduates, that they under Cerethrius into Thrace; of the like under should not professoat Stamford. White, of Bas- Belgius or Bolgius into Macedon and Illyricum ; ingstoke, otherwise guesses at the cause of this of another under Brennus and Acichorius into difference, making it the Pelagian heresy, and of Pamonia. What success Belgius had with Ptolemore ancient time, but erroneously. Unto this

my, surnamed Kipevnos (dl), is discovered in the refer that supposed prophecy of Merlin :

same authors (e), which relate to us Brennus his Doctrinæ studium quod nunc viget ad vada wasting of Greece, with his violent, but somewhat Boum (1),

voluntary, death; but part of the army, either Ante finem secli celebrabitur ad vada Saxi (u).

divided by mutiny, or left, after Apollo's revenge,

betook them to habitation in Thrace, about the Which you shall have englished in that solemnized

now Constantinople, where first under their king marriage of Thames and Medway, hy a most ad

Comontorius (as Polybius, but Livy saith under mired Muse of our nation (r), thus with ad

Lutatius and Lomnorius, which name perhaps you vantage :

might correct by Polybius) they ruled their neighAnd after him the fatal Welland went

bouring states with imposition of tribute, and at That, if old saws prove true (which God forbid) last growing too populous, sent (as it seems) those Shall drown all Holland (y) with his excrement,

colonies into Asia, which in Gallogræcia (s), left And shall see Stamford, though now homely hid, sufficient steps of their ancient names. My coinThen shine in learning more than ever did pared classic authors will justify as much (g); Cambridge or Oxford, England's goodly beams. nor scarce find I material opposition among them Nor can you apply this, but to much younger time in any particulars; only Trogus epitomized b

Justin, is therein, by confusion of tine and acthan Bladud's reign.

tions, somewhat abused; which hath caused that As he those four proud streets began. of them you shall have better declaration to the (z) Liv. dec. lib. 5. Plutarch. in Camillo. sixteenth song.

(a)“ Wo to the conquered," v. verò Stephan. For

catulum lib. 2. de Gall. Philosoph. qui hæc inter There balancing his sword against her baser gold. examinandum fædè, ast cum aliis, in historiâ ipså

In that story, of Brennus and his Gauls taking lapsus est.
Rome, is affirmed, that by senatory authority, P.

(6) Halicarnass. ágx. a. Liv. 5.
Sulpitius (as a tribune) was committee to transact (c) V. Jo. Pris. defens. hist. Brit. qui nimiùm

hic errore involutus. (p) Abus dictum isthoc æstuarium Ptolemæo. (c) “ Thunderbolt.” (e) Pausanias in Phocic. (9) Girald. Itinerar. cap. 2. & 4.

(f) Strab. lib. oß. (1) Merlin. apud Hard. cap. 25. ex

(g) Polyb. I. 6. ß. 8. & 3. & Liv. dec. 1. lib. 5.

dec. 4. lib. 8. Strab. d., Pausan. Phocic. 1. Appian. Balæus.

(5) Jo. Cai. antiq. Cant. 2. Br. Tuin. lib. 3. Illyric. Justin. lib. 24. & 25. Plutarch. Camillo. apolog. Oxon. . 115. & seqq.

Cæterùm plerisque Delphis injectâ à Pharlo gran(t) Oxenford. (u) Staneford.

dine peremptis, qui fuerunt reliquos in Ægyptum (x) Spens. Faery Q. lib. 4. Cant. 11. Stanz. 25. conductos sub stipendiis Ptolemæi Philadelphi me() The maritiine part of Lincolnshire, where, ruisse ait vetus Scholiastes Græc. ad hymn. Calli

mach. in Delum, Wel and a river.


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errour of those which take historical liberty (poeti- | Belin the great (which is supposed Heli; father cal is allowable) to affirm Prennus, which sacked? to Lud and Cassibelin) as you see to the fourth Rome, and him, that died at Delphos, the same. song; and here might you compare that of Hel Examination of time makes it apparently false ; in the Punic tongue ( m), signifying Phabus, and por indeed doth the British chronology endure our turned into Relus : but I will not therewith trouble Brennus to be either of them, as Polydore and you. Howsoever, by this I am persuaded (whenBuchanan have observed. But want of the British soever the time were of our Belinus) that Bolgins name moves nothing against it ; seeing the peo- in Pausanias, and Belgius in Justin, were mistook pie of this western part were all, until a good for Relinus, as perhaps also Pransus in Strabo ( time after those wars, styled by the name of Gauls supplying oftentimes the room of 8) generated of or Celts ; and those which would have ransacked Brennus corrupted(n). In the story I dare follow the oracle, are said by Callimachus to have none of the modern erroneously transcribing re

lators or sceming correctors, but have, as I might, αφ Εσπέρου έσχατόωντος (ή).

took it from the best self-fountains, and only Which as well fits us as Gaul. And thus much upon them, for trial, I put myself. also observe, that those nanies of Brennes and

-whence Cymbrica it took. Bilinus, being of great note, both in signification and personai eininency; and, likely enough, there

That northern promontory now Jutland, part of being many of the same name in Gaul and

the Danish kingdom, is called in geographers Britain, in several ages such identity made con

Cymbrica Chersonesus, from name of the people fusion in story. For the first in this relation ap: Cambrians, or Cumrians from Camher, may with

inhabiting it. And those which will the Cymbrians, pears wat varicty was of it; as also l'renhin and Brennin, in the British, are but significant words good reason of consequence imagine, that the for king; and peradventure almost as ordinary a

name of this Chersonese is thence also, as the name among these westerns, as Pharaoh and author here, by liberty of his Muse. But if, with Ptolemy in Agypt, Agag among the Amalekites, Goropius, Camden, and other their followers, you Arsaces, Nicomedes, Alevada, Sophi, Cæsar,

come nearer truth, and derive them from GoDiscing, aniong the Parthians, Bithynjans, Thes

mer (o)," son to Japhet, who, with his posterity, salians, Persians, Romans, and our Kentish kings, bad the north-western part of the world; then which the course of history shows you. For the

shul you set, as it were, the accent upon Cher. other, you may see it usual in names of their old

sonese, giving the more significant note of the kings, as Cassi-belin in Cæsar, Cuno-belin and country; the name of Cymbrians, Cimmerians, Coin-belin in Tacitus and Di), and perhaps Cam-Cambrians, and Currians, all as ove in substance, bandes ia Pausanias, and Belin (whose steps seem

being very comprehensive in these climates (D); to be in Abellius, a Gaulish, and Bela-tucadre, I and perhaps, because this promontory lay out so a British (i) god) was the name among them of a far, under near sixty degrees' latitude (almost at worshipped idol, as appears in Ausonius; and

the utinost of Ptolemy's geography) and so had the same with Apollo, which also by a mont an

the first winter days no longer than between tire cient British con, stainped with, Apollo, playing other neighbouring parts of that people, having

and six hours, therein somewhat (and more than on his harp, circumscribed with Cuno-belin, is showed to bare been expressly among the Britons.

no particular name) agreeing with Homer's attriAlthough I know, according to their use, it might bute of darkness to the Cimmerians (q), it had niore be added to Cuno (which was the first part of specially this title. many of their regal names, as you see in Cuneglas, To wise Molmutius' laws her Martian first did C'yngetorix, Congolitan, and others) to make a

fraine. signiticant word, as if you shoukl say, the yellow king; for belin in British is yellow. But seeing

Particulars of Molmutius' laws, of churchthe very name of their Apollo so well fitted with liberty, freedom of ways, husbandry, and divers that colour, which to Apollo is commonly attri- others are in the British story, affirming also that buted (A), (and observe that their mes had usually queen Martia made a book of laws, Translated some note of colour in them, by reason of their afterward, and titled by king Alfred Merceolaze. custom of painting themselves) I suppose they lodecd it appears that there were three sorts of took it as a fortunate concurrence to bear an

laws (), in the Saxon heptarchy, Men'an-lage, honoured deity in their title, as we see in the

Dan-lage pertraxen-lage, i. e. the Mercian, names of Merodach, and Evil-mi rodach, among

Danish, and West-Saxon law; all which three the Babylonian kings, froin dierodach, one of

had their several territories, and were in divers their false gods (1); and like examples may be things compiled into one volume by Cnut (s), and found arnong the old emperors. Observe also that in British genealogies, they asceud always to (m) Cæl. Rhod. Antiq. Lect. 1. cap. 6.

(n) Eustath. ad Dionys. ssging. uti Apoyas, (h) “From the utmost west."

αντι του 'Αμβρα;, & Νήσοι Πρετωνικαι αντί του Vet. Iuscript, in Cumbria, & apud Jos. Sca- Bestavixai. lig. ad Auson. I. 1. cap. 9. & V. Rhodigin. lib. (0) Transmutation of G. into C. was, anciently, 17. cap. 28. Plura de Belino, 'sive Beleno, i. I often, and easy, as Lipsius shows, lib. de pronunApolline Gallico Pet. Pithrus advers, subsec. lib. 1. ciat. ling. Latin. cap. 1S. cap. iii. qui Belenum Tagà ad 'Exnßéaos Phæbi (p) Plutarch. in Mario, & Herod. lih. d. epitheton autumat. vid. notas Camd. ad Numis (α) Odyss. λ. Πιοί και νεφέλη και καλυμμένοι-mata, & Vos ad Cant. IX.

(r) Look to the eleventh song. Α) Ξανθος Απόλλων. (Jerem, cap. 50. (s) Gervas. Tilburiensis de Scaccario,

examined in that Norman constitution of their than to Pallas) have divers had their titles : as new common-wealth. But as the Danish and Artemisium in Italy, and Eubea, and that BuWest-Saxon had their name from particular peo- bastis in Egypt, so called from the same word, ple; so it seems, had the Mercian from that signifying in Ægyptian, both a cat and Diana. kingdom of Mereland, limited with the Lancashire river Mersey toward Northumberland, and joining

Those armed stakes in Thamesto Wales, having either from the river that name, He means that which now we call Cowaystakes, or else from the word Marc(t), because it bounded by Otelands, where only the Thames being withvpon most of the other kingdoms; as you may see out boat passible, the Britons fixed both on the to the eleventh song;

bank of their side, and in the water sharp in whose eternal name,

stakes (a), to prevent the Romans coming over, Great London still shall live

but in vain, as the stories tell you. King Lud's re-edifying Troynovant (first built

And more than Cæsar got, three emperors could by Brute) and thence leaving the name of Caer

not win. Lud, afterward turned (as they say) into Lon l'nderstand not that they were resisted by the dun, is not unknown, scarce to any that hath but | Britons, but that the three successors of Julius, looked on Ludgate's inner frontispiece; and in i. e. Augustus, Tiberius, and Caligula, never 60 old rhymes thus I have it exprest (u):

much as with force attempted the isle, although Walls he lete make al aboute, and yates up and the last after king Cunobelin's son Adminius his doune (r),

traitorous revolting to him, in a seeming martial And after Lud, that was his name, he clupede it vehemency made all arm to the British royage (1), Lad's town.

but suddenly on the German shore, (where he The herte yate of the toun that yut stont there, then was) like himself, turned the design to a and is,

jest, and commanded the army to gather cockles. He let it clupie Ludgate after is own name iwis. Came with his body nak'd, his hair down to his He let him tho he was ded bury at thulk yate,

waist. Thererore yut after bim me clupeth it Ludgate. The toun me clupeth that is wide couth,

In this Caradoc (being the same which at large And now me clopeth it London, that is lighter in you have in Tacitus and Dio, under name of

Caratacus and Cataracus, and is by some Scottish the mouth.

historians drawn much too far northward) the And new Troy it het ere, and now it is so ago, That London it is now icluped and worth ever mo.

author expresses the anrient form of a Briton's

habit. Yet I think not that they were all naked, Judicious reformers of fabulous report I know but, as is affirmed of the Gauls (r), down only to hare more serious derivations of the nanie: and the navel; so that on the discovered part might seeing conjecture is free, I could imagine it might be seen (to the terrour of their enemies) those be called at forst Lhan Dien, i. e. the temple of pictures of beasts, with which they painted theinDiana, as Lhan-Dewi, Lhan Stephan, Lhan Padern selves (d. It is justifiable by Cæsar, that they Danwr, Ian Dair ; i. e. Saint Desy's, Saint Ste used to share all except their head and upper lip, phen's, Saint Patern the Great, Saint Mary; and and wore very long hair ; but in their old coins I Verulam is by H. Lhuid, derived from Dir-than, see no such thing warranted : and in later times (e), i. e. the church upon the river Ver, with divers abont four hundred years since, it is especially more such places in Wales : and so afterward by attributed to them that they always cut their strangers turned into Londininın, and the like. heads close for avoiding Absalon's mistortune. For, that Diana and her brother Apollo (under name of Belin) were two great deities among the

The colony long kept at Maldon. Pritoas, what is read next before, Cesar's testi Old historians and geographers call this Cama. inony of the Gauls; and that she had her temple lodanum, which some have absurly thought to there where Paul's is, relation in Camden discloses be Camelot/), in the Scotish sherildom of Stirto you. Now, that the antique course was to ling, others hare sought it elstwbere: but the title their cities oftentimes by the name of their English light of antiquity (Camden) hath sareis power adored in them, plain by Beth-el among found it at this Maldon, in Essex, where was a the Hebrews, Heliopolis (which in Loly writ (y) is Romnish colony, as also at Gloucester, Chester, called VON n's) in Agypt, and the same in York, aud perhaps at Colchester (u), which prores Greece, Phænicia, elsewhere ; and by Athens, expressly (against vulgar allowance) that there named from Minerva. But especially froin this Wis a time when in the chiefest parts of this supposed deity of Diana (whom in substance Ho-southern Britany the Roman laws were used, as mer no, less gives the epithet of 'Eguoittohus (2), every one that knows the meaning of a colony

(which had all their rights and institutions dc(1) A limit or bound. (u) Rob. Glocestrens.

(a) Bed. lib. 1. cap. 2. (r) But it is affirmed that king Coil's daughter, (5) Suet. lib. 4. cap. 44. & 46. & Dio Cassius. mother to Constantine the Great, walled this first, (c) Polyb. Hist. g. and Colchester also. Huntingdon. lib. 1. & Simon (d) Solin. polyhist. e. 35. Dunelmens. ap. Stow. in notitia Lond. I shall (e) Girald. de script. c. 10). presently speak of her also.

(f) Hect: Boët. lib. iii. (y) Jerem. cap. 43. com. ult.

6.) Antiq. Inscript. Lapideæ & Numm. Vid. (z) “ Patron of cities,” v. Homer. ad Dian. Ste-Fortescut. de laud. leg. Ang. cap. 17. & Vit. Baphal. Tips mod, in Boufas. Herudot. lib. fo. singstoch. lib. 4. not. 36.

duced with it) must confess. This was destroyed Arviragus of ours first taking to protect. upon discontentment taken by the Icens and Tri

His marriage with (I know not what) Genissa, nobants (now Norfolk, Suffolk, Middlesex, and daughter to Claudius, the habitude of friendship Essex men) for intolerable wrongs done to the betwixt Rome and him, after composition with wife and posterity of Prasutagus, king of the Vespasian then, under the emperor, employed in Icens, by the Romans (h), which the king (as the British war, the common story relates. This others in like form) thought but vainly, to bave is Armitagus, which Juvenal speaks of (1). Polyprevented by instituting Nero, then emperor, his dore refers him to Nero's time, others rightly to heir. The signs wbich the author speaks of, | Domitian, because indeed the poet then flourishwere a strange, and, as it were, voluntary falling ed (m). That fabulous Hector Boetius, makes him down of the goddess Victory's statue, erected by the the same with Phasviragus, as he calls him, in Roinans here ; women, as distracted, singing their Tacitus; he means Prasutagus, having misread overthrow; the ocean looking bloody ; uncouth Tacitus his copy. howlings in their assemblies, and such like. Petilius Cerealis, lieutenant of the ninth legion, com

This happiness we have, Christ crucify'd to know. ing to aid, lost all his footmen, and betook himself with the rest to his fortified tents.

Near an hundred eighty years after Christ (the

But for chronology of Bede herein is plainly false, and this read the history.

observe what I told you of that kind to the fourth By poison end her days.-—

song) this Lucius, upon request to pope Eleuthe

rius, received, at the hands of Fugatius and DaSo Tacitus; but Dio, that she died of sickness. mianus (n), holy baptism; yet so, that by Joseph Her name is written diversly Voadicia, Boodicia, of Arimathea (of whom to the third song) sreds Bunduica, and Boudicea : she was wife to Prasu- of true religion were here before sown : by some tagus, of whom last before.

I find it without warrant (o), affirmed that he con

verted Arviragus, A greater foe to us in our own bowels bred.

'And gave him then a shilde of silver white, Every story, of the declining British state, will A cross endlong and overthwart full perfect, tell you what miseries were endured by the hostile These arms were used through all Britain irruptions of Scots and Picts into the southern For a common sign each man to know his nation part. For the passage here of them, know, that From enemies, which now we call certain, the Scottish stories, which begin their continued S. George's armsmonarchic government at Fergize, affirm the

But thus much collect, that, although until Picts (i) (from the Scythian territories) to have

Lucius we had not a christian king (for you may arrived in the now Jutland, and thence passel well suspect, rather deny, for want of better into Scotland, some two hundred and fifty years authority, this of Arviragus) yet (unless you beafter the Scots' first entering Britain, which was,

lieve the tradition of Gundafer, king of Indy, by account, about eighty years before our Sa

converted by Saint Thomas (p), or Abagar, king viour's birth, and thence continued these a state of Edessa (9), to whom those letters written, as by themselves, until king Kenneth, about eight is supposed, by our Saviour's own band, kept as a hundred and forty years after Christ, utterly sup- precious relic in Constantinople until the emplanted them. Others, as Bede and his followers, make them elder in the isle than the Scots, and perour Isaacius Angelus (r), as my authors say, fetch them out of Ireland ; the British story (that first christian king in the world, and clearly in

were sent) it is apparent that this island had the all may be discords) says, they entered Albania Europe, so that you cite not Tiberius his private under conduct of one Roderic, their king, (for so

seeming christianity (which is observed out you must read in Monmouth (k), and not Lon-of (s) Tertullian) even in whose time also Gildas dric, as the print in that and much other mis. affirins, Britain was comforted with wholesome takes) and were valiantly opposed by Marius, beains of religious light. Not much different from then king of Britons, Roderic

slain, and Caithness this age was Donald, first christian king of the given them for habitation. This Marius is placed Scots; so that if priority of time swayed it, and with Vespasian, and the gross differences of time

not custom (derived from a communicable attribute inake all suspicious; so that you may as well given by the popes) that name of most christian believe none of them, as any one.

Rather adhere

should better fit our sovereigns than the French. to learned Camden, making the Picts very genuine 'This Lucius, by help of those two christian aids, Britons, distinguished only by accidental name, is said to have, in room of three arch-iamens and as in him you may see more largely.

twenty-eight flamens (through whose doctrine,

polluting sacrifices and idolatry reigned here (h) Agellius, l. 16. cap. 13. Tacit. an. 14. Dio. instead of true service) instituted three arch(i) Pictorum in Britannia (potius Pictorum, ita

(1) Satyr. 4. (m) Suidas in Juvenali. n. legitur) primus meminit Romanorum Pane

(n) These names are very differently written. gyristes ille inter alios, qui Constantinum en.

(0) Ex Nennio Harding. cap. 4. 8. Ast Codices comiis adloquitur, & si placet adeas Humfred. li, quos consuluisse me Nennii antiquos contigit Lhuid. Brev. Brit. & Buchanan. lib. 2. rer. Scotic. bujusce rei parum sunt memores. aut Caindeni Scotos & Pictos. Rob. Glocestrensi

(p) Abdias hist. Apostolic. lib. Euseb. lib. 1, dicuntur Picars. - (1) Galfridus Monumeth. correctus, & ibidem.

(9) Nicet. Choniat. in Andronic. Comnen. lib. 2. vice to Maesmarius lege Vestmaria.

(r) Nicephor. Callist. lib. 2. cap. 7. & S.
(s) Distinct, 80. c, in illis. Clemens PP.



cap. 13.

bishoprics at London, York, and Caer-leon upon, Constantine Porphyrogennetes advises his son RoUske, and twenty-eight bisbopries; of them, all inanus, that he should not take him a wife of alien beyond Humber subject to York; all the now blood, because all people dissonant from the goWales to Caer-leon; to London, the now Englaud vernment and manners of the empire by a law of with Cornwal. And so also was the custom in Constantine, established in saint Suphy's church, other countries, even grounded upon Saint Peter's were prohibited the height of that glory, excepting own comniand, to make substitution of archbishops only the Franks, allowing them this honour, to rai or patriarchs to arch-flamens, and bishops to αυτός την γένεσιν από των τοιούτων έσχε μερσον (6) flainens, if you believe a pope's assertion (1). For which might make you imagine hii porn ni Gaul; York, there is now a metropolitan set; Caerleon let it not move you, but observe that this Porphyhad so notil the change spuken of to the fifth rogennetes lived about seven hundred years since, song. And London, the cathedral church being at when it was (and among the Turks still is) ordi. St. Peter's, in Cornhill, until translation of the nary with these Gretks to call all (C) (especially pall to Canterbury by Augustine (), sent bither the western) Europeans, by the name of Franks, as by Gregory the first, undur king Ethelbert, ac- they did themselves Romans. Why then might cording to a prophecy of Merlin, that christianity not we be comprehended, whose name, as English, should fail, and then revive when the see of Lon- they scarce, as it seems, knew of, calling us Ina don did adorn Canterbury, as, after coming of clins (rl); and indeed the indefinite form of speech, the Saxons, it did. This moved that ambitious in the author I cite, shows as if he ineant Gilbert of Folioth, bishop of London, to challenge some remote place by the Franks, admitting he the primacy of England; for which he is bitterly had intended only but what we now call French. taxed by a great clerk of the same time (x). If I If you can believe one of our countrymen (e) that add to the British glory that this Lucins was cause lived about Henry II. be was born in Lonof like conversion in Bavaria and Rhetia, I should don : others think he was born at York: of that out of my bounds. The learned Mark Velser, and I determine not. Of this Helen, her religion, others, have enough remembered it.

finding the cross, good deeds in walling London

and Colchester (which in honour of her, they say, Constantius' worthy wife.

bears a cross between four crowns, and for the That is Helen, wife to Constantins, or Constans invention she is yet celebrated in holy-rood day in Chlorus the emperor, and mother to Constantine the May) and of this Constantine her son, a mighty Great, daughter to Coil, king of Britain, where and religious emperor (although I know him taxt Constantine was by her brought forth. Do not for no small faults by ecclesiastical writers) that object Nicephorus Callistus, that erroneously af- in this air received his first light and life, our Brifirms him born in Drepanum, of Bithynia, or tons raunt not unjustly: as in that spoken to Jul. Firmicus (y), that says at Tarsus, upon which king Arthur. testiinony (not uncorrupted), a great critic (7) Now it worti iended that Sibile the sage sede bath violently offered to deprive us both of bim and bis mother, affirming her a Bithynian : nor

bivore, take advantage of Cedrenus, that will have Dacia That there shold of Brutain thre men be ybore bis birth suil. But our histories, and, with them, the That shold winne the aumpyr of Rome ; of tweye Latin ecclesiastic relation (in assages of her in

ydo it is,

[thredde y wis. veotion of the cross and such like) allowed also by

As of Bely (S) and Constantine, and thou art the cardinal Baronius, make her ti us a British wo Against the Arian sect at Arles having run. man. And for great Constantine's birth in this

In the second council at Arles, in Provence, land, you shall have authority; against which I wonder how Lipsins durst expose his conceit. In held under Constantine and Silvester, is subscribed an old panegyrist speaking to Constantine : Libera- the name of Restitutus, bishop of London, the vit ille" (he means his father) Britannias servitute, like respectively in other councils spoken of by tu etiam nobiles illic Oriendo fecisti; and another, the author. It is not unfit to note here, that in the O fortunata & nunc oinnibus beatior terris Britan- later time the use hath been (when and where nia, quæ Constantinum Cæsarem prima vidisti? Rome's supremacy was acknowledged) to send These might persuade, that Firmicus were cor

always to general councils, out of every christian rupted, seeing they lived when they might know state, some bishops, abbots, and priors: and I as much of this as he. Nicephorus and Cedrenus

fiod it affirmed by the clergy under Henry II. (g) are of much later time, and deserve no undoubted

that, to a general council, only four bishops are credit. But in certain oriental admonitions of

to be sent out of England. So, by reason of this state (a) (newly published by Jol n Meursius, pro

course added to state-allowance afterward at home, fessor of Greek story at Leicen) the emperor bigamy in the council of Lions, interpreted by

were those canons received into our law: as of (1) V. Kenulph. in Epist. ad Leonem PP. apud

parliament under Edward I. Of pluralities in the G. Malmesb. lib. 1. de reg. & l. de Pontific, vide

(6) “ Because he was born in their parts." Basingstoch. hist. 9. not. 11. (u) Stow's Survey of London, p. 479.

(c) Histor. Orientales passim. & Themata Cop(1) Joann. Carnotens. in Epistol. 272.

stantini, cum supra citato libro. (4) Mathes. I. 1. cap. 4.

(d) Nicet. Chonjut. 2. Isaac. Angel. g. ult. (2) Lips. de Rom. magnitud. lib. 4. cap. 11.


. nimium laps.

(e) G. Steph. de Londino. Basingstoch. Hist. Om (a) Constant. Porphyrog. de administ. imperio, not. 10. C. 29. Jo. Levinæum ad Panegyric. 5. hadt mula

(1) Belinus. tàm hic moramuro

(3) Roger. Hoved. f. 332.

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