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worthy prince) desiring to bless his feebler days In the Welsh proverb Mon mam Cymbry (1), in with such composed quiet as inclining age affects, such sense as Sicily was styled Italy's storeat last put himself into the king's protection house (u), by reason of fertile ground, and plenWithin short space dying, left all to his sons, teous liberality of corn thence yearly supplied. David and Gruffith; but only David being legiti- And Girald (r) tells me, that this little isle was mate, had title of government. He by charter wont to be able to furnish all Wales with such submits himself and his principality to the English provision, as Snowdon hills were for pasture. Of crown (p), acknowledges that be would stand to its antiquities and particulars, with plain conthe judgment of the king's court, in controversies futation of that idle opinion in Polydore, Hector betwixt his brother and himself, and that what Boethius, and others, taking the (now call'd) Isle portions soever were so allotted to either of them, of Man for this Mon, (now Anglesea) learned they would hold of the crown in chief; and briefly, Lhuyd, in bis Epistle to Ortelius, hath sufficient. makes himself and, his barons (they joining in Although it be divided as an isle, (but rather by doing homage) tenants and subjects of England. a shallow ford, than a sea; and in the Roman All this was confirmed by oath, but the oath times, we see by Tacitus, that Paulinus and through favour, purchased at Rome, and delegate Agricola's soldiers swam over it) yet is it, and of authority in that kicd to the abbots of Cowey and ancient time hath been, a county by itself, as Remer, was (according to persuasion of those Caernarvon, Denbigh, and the rest neighbouring. times, the more easily induced, because gain of regal liberty was the consequent) soon released,
That the Eubonian Man, a kingdom long time
known. and in lieu of obedience, they all drew their rebellious swords; whereto they were the sooner It is an isle lying betwixt Cumberland and the urged, for that the king bad transferred the Irish Down county, almost in the mid sea, principality of Wales (by name of unà cum con- long since Julius Cæsar could affirm, calling it gnestu nostro (7) Walliæ) to prince Edward Long- Mona (y), which being equivalent, as well for this sbanks, afterward Edward I.) since when our as for Anglesea, hath with imposture blinded some sovereigns' eldest sons have borne that hopeful title. knowing men. Nennius (the eldest historian But when this Edward, after bis father, succeeded amongst us extant) gives it the name of Enbonia in the English crown, soon came that fatal con- Manay, like that here used by the author. It version here spoken of by the author (r), even was of ancient time governed by kings of its own, executed in as great and worthy a prince, as ever as you may see in the chronicle of Russin, deduced that third part of the isle was ruled by; that is, from the time of St. Edward into the reign of Lhewelin ap Gruffith, who (after uncertain fortune Edward the Second. After this, the government of war, on botli sides, and revolting of South of the English and Scots were now and then interWales) was constrained to enter a truce, (or rather changed in it, being at last recovered, and with subjection) resigning his principality to be annexed continuance,' ruled by such as the favour of our wholly to the crown after his death, and reserving, sovereigns (to whose crown it belonged) honoured for his life only, the isle of Anglesey, and five with that title, king of Man (r). It is at this day, baronies in Snowdon, for which the king's ex. and since the time of Henry IV. hath been in that chequer should receive a yearly rent of ciɔ. Marks, noble family of the Stanleys, earls of Derby (a); granting also that all the baronies in Wales should as also is the patronage of the bishopric of Sodor, he held of the king, excepting those five reserved, whereto is all judicial government of the islé with divers other particulars in Walsingham, referred. There was long since a controversy, Matthew of Westminster, Nicholas Trivet, and whether it belonged to Ireland or England, (for Humfrey Lhuyd, at large reported. The articles you may see in the civil law (b), with which, in of this instrument were not long observed; but at that kind, ours somewhat agrees, that all lesser length the death of thewelin, spending his last isles are reckoned part of some adjoining continent, breath for maintenance of his ancestors' rights if both under the same empire) and this by reason against his own covenant, freely cast upon king of the equal distance from both. To decide it, Idward all that, whereof he was as it were they tried if it would endure venomous beasts, instituted there. What ensued, and how Wales which is certainly denied of Ireland; and, finding was governed afterward, and subject to England, that it did, aljudged it to our Britain (c). The stories and the statute of Ruthlan(s) will largely other isles bere spoken of, lie farther north by show you ; and see what I have to the VII. song. Scotland, and are to it subject. In all that follows concerning Edward of Caernarvon, the author is plain enough. And concluding,
The fearless British priests under an aged oak. observe this proper personating of Snowdon hill, He means the Druids; because they are indeed, whose limits and adjacent territories are best as he calls them, British priests, and that this witnesses, both of the Fnglish assaults, and pacify- island was of old their mother: whence, as from ing covenants between both princes.
a seminary, Gaul was furnished with their learnWas ca!I'd in formes times fier country Cambria's ing. Permit me some space more largely to inother.
(1) “ Mon, the mother of Wales." (1) Charta Davidis 25 Hen. 3. Senen, wife to (u) Girald. Itinerar. 2. c. 7. & 9, Gishth, then imprisoned, was with others a pledge (1) Strab. I. s. for her husband's part.
(1) Comment. 5. (1) In Archiv. Scaccar. & Polydor. hist. Angl. (3) Walsingh. in Ed. II. 16.
(a) Camdep. in Insulis. (T) Ann. cry. CC. LXX.VII.
(6) Vlpian ff. de Judiciis, 1. 9. & rerb. sig. I. 99. () 19 Ed. 1.
(c) Topograph. Hibern, dist. 2. cap. 15.
satisfy you in their name, profession, sacrifice, the three Destinies. Neither will I desire you to places of assembling, and lastly, subversion. The spend conceit upon examination of that supposia name of Druids hath been drawn from Agūs, i. e. tion which makes the name corrupted from dur. an oak, because of their continual using that tree cerglijs (o), which in Scotish were such as had a as superstitiously hallowed (d): according as they holy charge committed to them; whereupon, perare called also Eugwvidas, or Eugovides (e), which haps, Bale says St. Columban was the chief of the likewise, in Greek, is old oaks. To this compare Druids: I reckon that among the infinite fables the British word derw, of the same signification, and gross absurdities, which its author hath, withand the original here sought for, will seem surely out judgment, stuff'd himself withal. For their pro. found. But one, that derives all from Dutch (), fession, it was both of learning profane and holy and prodigiously supposes that the first tongue (I speak in all, applying my words to their tims:) spoken, makes them so stiled from trow wis, i. e. They sat as judges, and determined all causes truly wise, so expressing their nature in their emergeot, civil and criminal, subjecting the dis
Nor is this without good reason of con- | obedient, and such as made default, to interdicts jecture, (if the ground were true) seeing that their and censures, prohibiting them from sacred assemlike in proportion among the Jews and Centiles blies, taking away their capacities in honourable were called (until Pythagoras his time) wise offices, and so disabling them, that (as our now men (g), and afterward by him turn'd into the outlaws, excommunicates, and attainted persons) name of philosophers, i. e. lovers of wisdom; and they might not commence suit agajost any man. perhaps the old Dutch was, as some learned think, In a multitude of verses they delivered what they communicated to Gaul, and from thence hither; taught, not suffering it to be committed to writing, the conjecture being somewhat aided in that so imitating both Cabalists, Pythagoreans, and attribute which they have in Pomponius (h), call.ancient Christians (P); but used in other private ing them masters of wisdom. A late great scholar and public business Greek letters, as Cæsar's draws it from trutin (i), in an old Dutch copy of copies have: but hereof see more to the tenth the gospel, signifying, as he says, God; which song: Their more private and sacred learning might be given them by hyperbole of superstitious consisted in divinity and philosophy, (see somereverence : nay, we see that it is justifiable by what of that to the first song), which was such, holy writ, so to call great magistrates and judges, that although I think you may truly say with as they were among the people. But that word Origen (9), that, before our Saviour's' time, trutin, or truchtin, in the old angelical salu- | Britain acknowledged not one true God, yet it tation, Zachary's song, and Simeon's, published came as near to what they should have done, or by Vulcan, is always Lord; as this Giwihit si rather nearer, than most of other, either Greek or truchtin got Israelo, i. e. Blessed be the Lord God Roman, as by their positions in Cæsar, Strabo, of Israel; and so in the Saxon ten commandments, Lucan, and the like discoursing of them, you Ic eom Dr hten din God (k), i. e. I am the Lord may be satisfied. For although Apollo, Mars, and thy God. "These are the etymologies which savour Mercury, were worshipped among the vulgar of any judgment. To speak of king Druis or Gauls, yet it appears that the Druids' invocation Sarron, which that Dominican (1) friar hath was to One All-healing or All-saving Power(r). In .cozened vulgar credulity withal, and thence fetch morality, their instructions were so persuasive, their name, according to doctor White of Basing- and themselves of such reverence, that the most stoke, were with him to suffer, and, at once, offer fiery rage of Mars kindled among the people, was imposture. Of them all, I incline to the first, by their grave counsels often quenched (s). Out seeing it meet in both tongues, the Greek and Bri- of Pliny receive their form of ritual sacrifice tish; and somewhat the rather too, because (here described by the author) thus: In such antiquity did crown their infernal deities (and gloomy shadows, as they most usually for confrom Dis, if you trust Cæsar, the Gauls, and by templation retired their ascending thoughts into, consequence our Britons, upon tradition of these after exact search, finding an oak, whereon á priests, drew their desceni) with oak; as So- misletoe grew, on the sixth day of the Moon, phocles (m) hath it of Hecate, and Catullus (n) of (above all other times) in which was beginning of
their year, they religiously and with invocation (d) Plin. hist. nat. 16. cap.
brought with them to it a ceremonial banquet, (e) Dio. Sicul. de Antiquor. gestis. fab. s. materials for sacrifice, with two white bulls, filleted (S) Goropinis Gallic. 5.
on the horns, all which they placed under the oak. (8) .
One of them, honoured with that function, clothed i. e. docerunt Sapientes Capnio de Art. Cabilistic. all in white, climbs the tree, and with a golden 1. 3. quod Hebræis in usu ut kutòs løn. Pytha- knife or scithe cuts the misletoe, which they goræis, nec Druidûm discipulis refragari sententiis solemnly wrapt in one of their white garments. magistror. fas erat.
Then did they sacrifice the bulls, earnestly calling (h) Geograph. 3. cap. 2.
on the All healing deity (1), to make it prosperous (i) Paul. Merula. Cosmog. part. 2. 1. 3. cap. 11. and happy on whomsoever they shall bestow it, (k) Prefat. ad Leg. Aluredi Saxonic.
and accounted it both preservative against all (?) Berosus (ille Ammianus subdititius) non Chal poisons, and a remedy against barrenness. If daic. Antiquit. 5.
(m) In 'Pilotoke. apud Scholiast. Apollonii, uti (0) Hector. Boeth. Scot. hist. 2. primum didici à Jos. Scaligero in Conjectaneis. (P) Cæl. Rhodigin. Antiq. lect. 10. c. 1, (n) De nuptiis Pelei & Thetidos.
(9) Ad Izech. 4. Corpus tremulum, &c. ubi vulgatis deest ista, () Plin. Hist. Nat. 16. cap. 44. que antiquorum codicum fide est vera lectio, uti (8) Strab. Geograph. 8. Scaliger.
(1) Omnia Sanantem,
.אטלו הבמים (g)
should imaginę by this All-healing deity, to be Agvos idqüs (I): and althongh it be not ordinarily meant Apollo whom they worshipped under name found upon oaks, yet, that oft tiines it is, any of Belin, (as I tell you to the cixhith song) my apothecary can teil, which pr('serveth it for conjecture were every way receiveable; sceing medicine, as the ancients used to inake lime of that Apollo(w) has both among Greeks and Latin, it to catch birds: of which Argentarius (m) bath the divine titles of Aliğixaxos Márpenss. Medieniss (r) 4 an admonitory epigram to a black-bird, that she and to him the invocation was 'In nay (v), all should not sing upon the oak, because that concurring in the same proof; but also if they bad (as probability is enough to conjecture it) an altar
-v 'Opvidsoci cipu tùy devé goian ’lgòn (n), inscribed for this devotion, and used Greek letters, but on the vine, dedicated to Bacchus, a great (which to the next song shall be somewhat favourite of singers. Upon this Druidian custom (o), exainined) I could well think the dedication thus sowe have grounded that unto this day used in conceived,
France, where the younger country fellows, about BEAINS2.. 1.226. IIANAKEI().
new-year's tide, in every village, give the wish of good fortune at the inhabitants' doors, with this
acclamation, Au guy l’au neuf (1"); which, as I ΒΕΛΙΝΩ.. ΘΕΩ.. (α)
remember, in Rabelais, is read all one word, for Which, very probably, was meant by some, making the saine purpose. Whether this had any comin Latin termination, and nearer Apollo's name
munity with the institution of that temple 'ištvo
Tueros rózus in Antium (9), or that Ovid alluded DEO ABELLIONI (6).
to it in that verse, commonly cited out of biin, As, an inscription in Gaul, to abiding memory
At (some read ad) viscum Druidæ, viscum clamare coinmitted by that most noble Joseph Scaliger(c)
solebant (r); is read; and perhaps some relics or allusion to this name is in that
I cannot assure you, yet it is enough likely. But
I see a custom in some parts among us, in our DEO SANCTO BELATUCADRO.
language (nor is the digressiou too fa:ilty), the vet remaining in Cumberland (d). Nor is it strange
same in effect; I mean the yearly was-haile in the that Apollo's name should be thus far of ancient country on the vigil of the new year, which had its lime, before communication of religion 'twixt these beginning, as some say (s), from that of Ronis, northern parts and the learned Gentiles, seeing daughter to Hengist) her drinking to Vortigern, that Cæsar affirms him for one of their deities; and by these words “ Louerd 'king was-heil"(t), he Jong before that, Abaris, (about the beginning of answering her by direction of an interpreter, the () Olympiads) an Hyperborean is recorded for “ Drinc-heile" (u); and then, Apollo's priest among the utmost Scythians ( ),
Kuste hire and Gute hire adoune and glad dronk being farther from Hellenism than our British.
bire beil, But I return to the mistle: hereto hath some
And that was tho in this land the verst was-Irail referred that which the Sibyl counselled Eneas to
As in langage of Saroyne that me might erer Carry with bim to Proserpine (s);
(yut voryute. -latet arbore opacâ
And so wel he paith the folc about, that he is not Aureus & foliis & lento vimine ramus
Afterward it appears that was-haile and drince Junoni infernæ dictus sacer : hunc tegit omnis
heil were the usual phrases of quafling among the Lucus, & obscuris claudunt convallibus umbræ (h).
English, as we see in Thomas de la Moore (r), and Which may as well so be applied, as to chy- before him that old Havillan (y), thus : mistry (i); seeing it agrees also with what I spake
Ecce vagante cifo distento gutture wass-heil before of Dis, and that Virgil expressly compares Ingeminant wass-heilit to the mistle,
But I rather conjecture it an usual ceremony quod non sua seminat arbos (k):
arnong the Saxons before Hengist, as a note of for it springs out of some particular nature of the health-wishing, (and so perbaps you might make oaken stem, whereupon it is called by an old poet it wish-heil) which was exprest among other
nations in that form of drinking to the health of (1) Macrob. Saturnal. cap. 17.
their mistresses and friends. (2) All three words as much as physician, “ Heal Apollo.”
(1) « Sweat of the oak.” Ion. apud Athenæum, (z) “To all-healing Apollo:" & Salutaris Apollo Pipnosoph. 10. in Numun ap. Goltzium. in Thes.
(w) Antholog 4. cap. . “To god Belin."
“ Bred lime to catch her." (b) “ To god Abellio.”
(0) Jo. Gorop. Gallic. 5. & alii. (r) Ausoniar. lect. 1. c. 9.
“ To the mistle, this new year." (1) Camd. ibid.
() Plutarch. Probl. Rom. d. Cælius Rhodigin. (e) lippostrat. ap. Suid. in Abar.
Antiq. lect. 18. c. 14. (6) Malchus vit. Pythag.
(r) As if you should say of mistled fortune, “To (g) Virgil Æneid. 6. Petr. Crinit. Hist. Poet, 6. the mistle the Druids used to cry.”
(s) Galfred. Monumetb. I. 3. cap. 1, (n) She directs him to seek a golden branch in (1) " Lord king, a health." the dark woods, consecrate to Proserpine,
(u)" Drink the health.” (1) Bracelch. in Ligno vitæ.
(r) Rob. Glouc. (6)“ Which groys of itself.”
(y) Vita Edw. II.
Benè vos, benè nos, benè te, benè me, bene Tyivx, ( it is the same, in fashion, with the victoriStephanium (z).
(nostram etiam ous seal of Antiochus Soter (n), being admonished in Plautus (a), and infinite other testimonies of by Ak xander in a dreanr, to take it) which in that nature, (in him Martial, Ovid, Horace, and Germany they reckon for a preservative against such more) agreeing nearly with the fashion now kolgoblins, were but to be indulgent to old wives' used; we calling it a health, as they did also traditions. Only thus much for a corollary I will in direct ternis (b); wbich with an idol called Heil, note to you ; Conrad Celtes observes (o), to be in anciently worshipped at Cerne in Dorsetshire (c),
an abbey at the foot of Vichtelberg hill, near by the English Saxons, in name expresses both
Voitland, six statoes of stone, set in the churchthe ceremony of drinking, and the new-year's wall, suine seven fooi, every one tall, bare head acclamation, (whereto in some parts of this king and foot, cloked and hooded, with a bag, a book, dom is joined also the soleinnity of drinking out of
a staff, a prard hangiag to his middle, and a cup (el), ritually composed, decked, and filled spreading a mustachio, an austere look, and eyes with country liquor) just as much and as the fixed on the earth; which he conjectures to be same which that all-healing deity, or all-helping images of them. Upon mistaking of Strabo, and medicine, did among the Druids. You may to applying what he saith in general, and bracelets all this add, that, as an earnest of good luck to and gold chains of the Gants, to the Druids, I follow the new-year beginning, it was usual among once thought that Conrad had been deceived. But the Romans («), as with us, and I think, in all I can now upon better advice incline to his judgEurope, at this day is, to greet each other with auspicious gifts. But hereof you say I untitly ex
Which with my princes' court I sometimes pleas'd patiate: 1 omit, therefore, their sacrificing of
to grace. human bodies, and such like, and come to the
For as in South Wales, Caermardhin, and after places of their assembly: this was about Chartres, in Ganl, as Cæsar tells us; Paul Merula (for wards Dinevowr; in Powis, Snrewsbury, and then affinity of name) imagines it to be Dreux, soine
Mathraval, so in North-Wales was Aberfraw in eight miles on this side Chartres. And perad-Anglesey, chief place of the princes' residence (p). venture the Galatians' public conncil, called Drymenetum (f) had hence origiual. The British
A CHRONOLOGY Druids took this isle of Anglesey, (then well stored OF THE KINGS AND PRINCES OP WALES, FROM ARTHUR* with thick woods, and religious groves, insomuch UNTIL THE END OF THE BRITISH BLOOD IN THEM. that it was called (9) Inis-Dowil), for their chief Year of Christ. residence; as, in the Roman story of Paulinus'
516, and Agricola's adveuturing on it (k), is delivered.
Arthur succeeded his father Uther For their subversiou ; under Augustns and Ti
Pendragon; of his death, see to berius they were prohibited Rome (i); and Clau
542. dius endeavoured it in Gaul (1); yet in the succeed
Constantine, son to Cador, duke ing emperor's times there were of them left, as
of Comwal, (understand goverappears in Lampridius and Vopiscus, mentioning
nor, or lord lieutenant ; for, nei. them in their lives; and, long since that, Pro
ther in those times, nor long copius (1) writing under Justinjan above D. years
after, was any such title parafter Christ, affirms that then the Gauls used
tienlarly honorary :) he lies sacrifices of human fesh, which was a part of
buried at Stonehenge. Druidian doctrine. If I should upon testiinony
545. Aurelius Conan.
578. of (m), I know not what, Veremund Campbell
Vortipor. and the Irish Cornill, tell you that some C.LX.
586. years before Christ, Finnan, king of Scotland, first
Catheric. In his time the Bri. gave then the isle, or that king Cratblint, in
tons had much adverse fortune Diorlesian's persecution, turned their religion into
in war with the Saxons; and Christianism, and made Ainpbibalus first bishop
then, most of all, made that of Soder, I should fabulously abuse time, as they
secession into Wales and Cornhave ignorantly mistook that isle of Man for this.
wal, yet in name retaining here. Or to speak of the supposed Druttenfuss, i. e. a
of the remembrance.
About 600, Cadwan. pentagonal figure, engraven with TrIEIA
About 630. Cadwalin, or Cadwallo: the Bri(2) In Archit. lib. 2.
tons, as in token of his power(2) Subintellige Gäsiai, aut quid simile.
ful resistance and dominion (6) In Sticho. (c) Propino tibi salutem plenis faucib. Plautus (n) Lucian. cię to ir rñ argocuyaptuous artireadern comadiả.
Et babetur apud Agrippam in 3. de (d) Camdenus. The wass-hail-boll.
Occuita Philosoph. cap. 31. atque ex Antiochi (e) Ovid. Fast. 1. Fest. in Strena,
nummis apud J. Reuchlin. in 3. de arte Caba(f) Strab. Geogr. 18.
listica. (2) The dark isle Brit.
(0) Pract. de Hercynia Sylva. (h) Tacit. An. 14. & Vit. Agricolæ.
(p) Pris, in descrip. Wall. (1) Suet. l. 5. cap. 24. & Plin. Hist. Nat, 30. * I will not justify the times of this Arthur, c. 1.
nor the rest, before Caduallader ; so discording (k) Senec. in Apocoloc. & Sueton. ubi supra. are our chronologers : nor had I time to exainine, (?) De bell. Gothio, ß.
nor think that any man hath sufficient means to (m) Hector, Boet. Scotor. Hist. 2. & 6.
the lil, song.
SONG THE TENTU,
against the Saxons, put him (9),
1246. Lhewelin ap Gruffyth ap Jorwerthi being dead, into a brazen horse,
the last prince of Wales of the and set it on the top of the
British blood. west gate of London; it seems
1282. Edward I. conquered Wales, and he means Ludgate.
got the principality, Lhewelin 676. Cadwallader, son to Cadwallo, of
then sla n; and since that
(Henry III. before gave it also hiin and his name, see before.
to his son prince Edward) it Nor think I the British and
hath been in the eldest sons, English chronicles concerning
and heirs apparent of the him reconcileable. In him the
English crown. chief monarchy and glory of the
British failed. 683.
But note, that after the division among Roderic Ivor, son to Alan, king of Armoric Mawr's sons, the principality was chiefly in North
Britain. This Ivor they make Wales, and the rest as tributary to the prince of (but ! examine it not now) that part: aud for him as supreme king of Wales, Ine, king of West - Saxons, in
are all these deductions of time and persons, unuk our monks; that is, he which
this last Lhewelin.
Roderic Molwinoc, son of Edwal
Mervin Urich, in right of his wife
Esylht, daughter and heir to
The serious Muse her self applies
To Merlin's ancient prophecies
At Dinas Emris; where he show'd
How fate the Britons' rule bestow'd.
And sings her Cluyd's renowned vale ;
Then of Saint Winifrid doth tell,
Makes Dee, Brute's history pursue: are so famous and inquired of At which, she bids her Wales adieu. in Rot. Claus. Wall. 9 Ed. 1.
in the Tower.
The Muse ber former course doth seriously pursue.
From Penmen's ? craggy height to try her saily 986. Meredith ap Owen.
wings, 992. Edwal ap Meyric.
Herself long having bath'd in the delicious springs 1003. Edan ap Blegored.
(That trembling from his top thro' long-worn 1015. Lhewelin ap Sitsylht.
crannies creep, 1091. Jago ap Edwal ap Meyric. To spend their liquid store on the insatiate deep) 1037. Grufiyth ap Lbewelin.
She meets with Conway first, which lieth next at 1061. Bletbin and Rhywallon ap Convin. hand:
(sand, 1073. Trahaern ap Caradoc.
Whose precious orient pearl that breedeth in her 1078. Gruffyth ap Conan. He reform'd Above the other floods of Britain doth her grace:
the Welsh poets and minstrels, Into the Irish sea which making out her race,
Into her bosom pour'd) her plenteously she fills. 1137.
Owen Gwineth ap Gruffyth ap O goodly river! near uoto tby sacred spring
$. Propbetic Merlin sat, when to the British king 1169. David ap Owen Gwineth. In his The changes long to come, auspiciously he told.
time, Madoc his brother dis- Most happy were thy nymphs, that wond'ring did covered part of the West Indies.
behold 1194. Lhewelin ap Jorweth ap Owen, His graver wrinkled brow, amazed and did bear Gwineth.
The dreadful words he spake, that so ambiguous 1240. David ap Llewelin ap Jorwerth.
Thrice happy brooks, I say, that (every way about) (9) This report is, as the British story tells, Thy tributaries be: as is that town, wbereout hardly justifiable, if examined. (0) The Roo.