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Provokes him still to fight: and falling back That with refulgent arms then fiamed; whilst the where they (display, kings,

(springs, Might field-roomth find at large, their ensigns to Whose rage out of the biate of either's empire Together flew again ; that Brentford, with the Both armed cap a-pie, upon their barred horse blood

(stood. Together fiercely flew; that in their violent course Of Danes and English mix’d, discolour'd long time (Like thunder when it speaks most horribly and Yet Edmond, as before, went victor still away.


(cloud) “When soon that valiant Knute, whom nothing Tearing the full-stuft paunch of some congealed could dismay,

Their strong hoofs strook the earth : and with the Recall’d his scatter'd troops, and into Essex hies, fearful shock,

(unlock. Where (as ill fortune would, the Dane with fresh Their spears in splinters flew, their beavers both supplies

(makes; “ Canutus, of the two that farthest was from Was lately come a-land, to whom brave Ironside


(cope, But Knute to him again as soon fresh courage Who found with what a foe his fortune was to tak: s:

Cries, Nobile Edmond, hold ; let us the land And Fortune (as her self) deterinining to show


(side That she could bring an ebb on valiant Edmond's Here th’ English and the Danes, froin either equal flow,

[chance, Were echoes to his words, and all aloud do cry, And eas'ly cast bim down from off the top of Courageous kings, divide ; ''were pity such should By turning of her wheel, Canutus doth advance.

(to suppress Where she beheld that prince which she bad When now the neighbouring floods will'a Wrekin favour'd long

[among His style, or they were like to surfeit with excess. (Even in her proud despite) his murther'd troops And time bad brought about, that now they all With sweat and blood besmear'd (dukes, earls and began bishops slairs,

(Dane) To listen to a long told prophecy, which ran (see In that most dreadful day, when all went to the Of Moreland, that she might live prosperously to Through worlds of dangers wade; and with his A river born of her, who well might reckon'd be sword and shield,

The third of this large isle : which saw did first Such wonders there to act, as made her in the field

arise Ashamed of herself, so brave a spirit as he [be. From Arden, in those days delivering prophecies. By her unconstant band should so much wronged The Druids (as some say) by her instructed were. “ But, having lost the day, to Glocester he In many secret skills she had been conn'd her lere. draws,

The ledden of the birds most perfectly she knew ; To raise a second power in his slain soldiers' cause. And also from their eight strange auguries she When late-encourag'd Knute, whilst fortune yet drew; doth last,

[fast. Supremest in her place : whose circuit was extent Who oft from Ironside Aed, now follow'd him as From Avon to the banks of Severn and to Trent:

“ Whilst thus in civil arms continually they toil, Where empress-like she sate with nature's bounties And what th' one strives to make, the other seeks


(the rest, to spoil,

[noxious hands and serv'd by many a nymph; but two, of all With threat'ning swords still drawn; and with ob. That Staffordshire calls bers, there both of high Attending their revenge, whilst either enemy stands,


(surmount One man amongst the rest from this confusion The eld'st of which is Cank: though Needwood her breaks,

In excellence of soil, by being richly plac'd And to the ireful kings with courage boldly speaks; \ 'Twixt Trent and battning Dove; and equally " • Yet cannot all this blood your ravenous out


By their abounding banks, participates their store; Is there no law, no bound, to your ambitious will, Of Britain's forests all (froin th' less unto the But what your swords admit? as nature did ordain n.ore) Our lives for nothing else, but only to maintain For fineness of her turf surpassing; and doth bear Your murthers, sack, and spoil? If by this wasteful | Her curled head so high, that forests far and near

Oft grutch at her estate ; her flourishing to see, The land unpeopled lie, some nation shall from far, of all their stately tyers disrobed when they be. By ruin of you both, into the isle be brought, But (as the world goes now) woful Cank the while, Obtaining that for which you twain so long have As brave a wood-nymph once as any of this isle; fought.

(mean Great Arden's eldest child : which, in her mother's Unless then through your thirst of empery you


(crown'd; Both nations in these broils shall be extinguish'd Before fair Feck'nham's self, her old age might have clean,

[right, When as those fallow deer, and huge-haunch'd Select you champions (it, by them to prove your stags that graz'd Or try it man to man yourselves in single fight.' Upon his shaggy heaths, the passenger amaz'd Wben as those warlike kings, provok'd with To see their mighty herds, with high palm'd heads conrage high,

to threat

(meant to set It willingly accept in person by and by.

The woods of o'ergrown oaks ; as though they And whilst they them prepare, the shapeless con Their horns to th' other's heights. But now, both course grows

those and these In little time so great, that their unnsual flows Are by vile gain devour'd : so ahject are our days !. Surrounded Severu's banks, whose stream amazed | She now, unlike herself, a neat-herd's life doth stood,

live, Her Birlich to behold, joisled with her flood, And her dejected mind to country cares doth give.

rage fill?


dash :

But Muse, thou seem'st to leave the Morelands / With many other foods (as, Churnet, in his train too too long;

[among). / That draweth Dunsmore on, with Yendon, tben Of whom report may speak (our mighty wastes

clear Tain,

(would be. Ske from her chilly site, as from her barren feed, That comes alone to Dove) of which, Hanse one Por body, horn, and hair, as fair a beast doth And for bimself he fain of Manyfold would free breed

(Thiaking ihis amorous nymph by some means to As scarcely this great isle can equal : then of her, beguile) Why should'st thou all this while the prophecy He closely under earth conveys bis head a wbile. defer?

[grew, But, when the river fears some policy of his, Who bearing many springs, which pretty rivers And her beloved Haose inmedia ely doth miss, She could not be content, until she fully knew Distracted in her course, improvidently rash, Which child it was of hers (born under such a fate) | She oft against the cleefs her crystal front doth As should in time be rais'd unto that bigh estate.

(to bear; (I fain would have you think, that this was long ago, Now forward, then again she backward seems Wher many a river, now that furiously doth flow, As, like to lose herself by straggling bere and Had scarcely learn'd to creep) and therefore she


(of her sight, doth will

Hanse, that this while suppos'd him quite out Wise Arden, from the depth of her abundant skill, No sooner thrusts his head into the cheerful light, To til ber which of these her pills it was she meant. But Manyfold that s:ill the run-away doth watch, To satisfy her will, the wizard answers; “Trent.” Him (ere he was aware) about the neck doth catch : For, as a skilful seer, the aged forest wist, And, as the angry Hanse would fain her hold reA more than usual power did in that name consist,


[Dore. Which thirty doth import; by which she thus They struggling tumble down into their lord, the divin'd,

Thus though th' industrious Muse hath been There should be found in her, of fishes thirty kind; employ'd so long, And thirty abbeys great, in places fat and rank, Yet is she loth to do poor little Smestal wrong, Should ia succeeding time be builded on her bank; | That from her Wilfrune's spring near Hampton And thirty several streams from many a sundry

plies, to pour

(Stour. way,

The wealth she there receives, into her friendly Unto her greatness should their wat'ry tribute pay. Nor shall the little Bourn have cause the Muse to This Moreland greatly lik’d: yet in that tender blame,

[the Thame : love,

From these Staffordian heaths that strives to catch Which she had ever born unto her darling Dove, Whom she in her next song shall greet with mirthShe could have wish'd it bis : because the dainty

ful cheer,

So happily arriv'd now in her native shise.
That grows upon his bank, all other doth surpass.
But, subject le must be: as Sow, which from her

[bring At Stafford meeteth Penk, which she along doth 'To Trent by Tixal grac'd, the Astons' ancient seat;

ILLUSTRATIONS, Which oft the Muse bath found her safe and sweet TAKING her progress into the land, the Muse retreat

comes southward from Cheshire into adjoining The noble owners now of which beloved place,

Stafford, and that part of Shropshire which lies in Good fortuges them and theirs with honour'd titles the English side east from Severn. grace:

[you see May Heaven still bless that house, till happy floods And into lesser streams the spacious current cut. Yourselves more grąc'd by it, than it by you can be.

In that raging derastation over this kingdom by Whose bounty, still my Musc so freely shall confess, the Danes, they had gotten divers of their ships As when she shall want words, her signs shall it fraught with provision out of Thames into the express.

(sovereign Trent : river Ley (whieb divides Middlesex and Essex) So Blyth bears eaş'ly down tow'rds her dear

soine twenty miles from London ; Alfred bolding But nothing in the world gives Moreland such con

his tents near that territory, especially to prevent tent,

their spoil of the instant harvest, observed that by As her own darling Dove bis coninence to behold

dividing the river, then navigable between them and Of floods in sundry strains: as, crankling Manyfold, Thames, their ships would be grounded, and The first that lends him force : of whose ineandred themselves bereft of what confidence their navy ways,

(strays) had promised them. He thought it, and did it, And labyrinth-like turns (as in the moors she by parting the water into three channels. The She first receiv'd her name, by growing strangely Danes betook themselves to fight, their ships left mad,


as a prey to the Londoners. D'ergone with love of Hanse, a dapper Moreland Who near their crystal springs as in those wastes Her lord's embraces vow'd she never more would they play'd,

kpow. Bewitch'd the wanton beart of that delicious maid:

This Alured left his son Edward successor, and, Which instantly was toro'd so much from being coy,

among other children, this Elfed, or Ethelfed his

[boy, That she might seem to doat upon the moorish danghter, married to Ethelred earl of Mercland. Who closely stole away (perceiving her intent)

Of Alfred's worth and troublous reign, because With his dear lord the Dove, in quest of priasely here the author leaves him, I offer you these of an Tront,

ancient English wit:

Nobilitas innata tibi probitatis honorem obtaining of lustful sensuality, as stories will tell Armipotens Alfrede dedit, probitasque laborem you, in that of earl Ethelwald, the nun Wulfrith, Perpetuumque labor nomen. Cui mixta dolori and the young lass of Andover) called Egelled, Gaudia semper erant, spes semper mixta timori. surnamed Ened, daughter to Odmer, a great Si modo victor eras, ad crastina bella parebas : nobleman, Edward, and by queen Elfrith, daughter Si modo victus eras, ad crastina bella parabas. to Orgar earl of Devonshire, Ethelred, of Cui vestes sudore jugi, cui sicca cruore

seven years' age at his death. Tbat Egelfeu was Tincta jugi, quantum sit onus regnare probarunt. a profest nun (d), some have argued, and so make Huntingdon cites these as his own; and if he deal Ethelred the only legitimate heir to the crown:

nor do I think that, except Alfrith, he was marplainly with us (I doubted it because his MS: ried to any of the ladies on whoin he got children. epigrams, which make in some copies the eleventh Edward was anointed king (for in those days was and twelfth of his history, are of most different that use of anointing among the Saxon prioces, strain, and seem made when Apollo was either and began in king Alfred) but not without dislik angry, or had not leisure to overlook them) be ing grudges of his stepmother's faction, which had shows his Muse (as also in another written by nevertheless in substance, what his vain name him upon Edgar, beginning Auctor opum, vindex scelerum, largitor honorum, &c. in that'still de-only of king pretended : but her bloody hate, bred

out of womanish ambition, straining to every point clining time of learning's state, worthy of much of sovereignty, not thus satisfied, compelled in precedence. Of Ethelfled, in William of Malmes her this cruelty. King Edward, not suspecting bury, is the Latin of this English : “ She was the her dissembled purposes, with simple kindness of love of the subject, fear of the enemy, a woman of a mighty heart; having once endured the Isle, in Dorsetshire, without guard or attendance,

an open nature, wearied after the chase in Purbeck grievous pains of child-birth, ever afterward denied visits ber at Corfe Castle; she under sweet words her husband those sweeter Jesires ; protesting, and saluting kisses, palliating her hellish design, that yielding indulgence towards a pleasure, hava entertains bim : but while he being very hot and ing so much consequent pain, was unseemly in a thirsty (without imagination of treason) was in king's daughter." She was buried at saint Peter's pledging ber, sbe, or one of her appointed serin Gloucester; her name loaden by monks with

vants (e), stabbed the innocent king. His eorpse, numbers of her excellencies.

within a little space expiring its last breath, was For Constantine their king, an hostage hither buried at Wareham, thence afterward by Alfer, brought.

earl of Mercland, translated into Shaftsbury, After he had taken Wales and Scotland (as our

which (as to the second song I pote) was hereby historians say) from Howel, Malmesbury calls for a time called Saint Edward's (S). Thus did his him Ludwal, and Constantine; he restored pre

brother-in-law Ethelred (according to wicked Elsently their kingdoms, affirming, that it was more

frith's cruel and traitorous project) succeed him. for bis majesty to make a king than be one.

The As, of Constantine Copronymus, the Greeks, so Scotish stories (a) are not agreeing here with ours;

of this Ethelred is affirmed, that, in bis holy tincagainst whom Buchanan storms, for affirming ture, he abused the font with natural excrements, what I see not how he is so well able to confute, which made Saint Dunstan, then christening him, as they to justify. And for matter of that nature, angerly exclaim, Per Deum & Matrem ejus, igI rather send yon to the collections in Edward navus homo erit. Some ten years of age was be, the First, by Thomas of Walsinghain, and thence when his brother Edward was slain, and, out of for the same and other to Edward Hall's Henry childish affection, wept for him bitterly ; which his VIII(6).

mother extremely disliking, being author of the

murther only for nis sake, most cruelly beat hím A Neptune, whose proud sails the British ocean herself with a handful of wax (g). swept.

Candlen long and towe That Power and delight of the English world, Heo (h) ne bileved noght ar he lay at hir ret in whose birth-time Saint Dunstan (as is said) at yswowe(i):

[he was Glastenbury, heard this angelical voice ;

War thoru this child afterward such bey mon as

Was the worse wan hc ysey (k) candlen vor this To holy church and to the Lord pays is ybore and

blis By thulke child's time, that nouthe ybore is. But I have read it affirmed (1), that Ethelred (among his other innumerable benefits, and royal

never would endure any wax candles, because he cares) had a navy of 3600 sail (e); which by tripar- the good Saint Edward. It is not worth one of the

had seen his mother unmercifully with them whip tile division in the east, west, and northern roasts, candles, which be the truer; I incline to the first. both defended what was subject to pirates' rapine,

To expiate all, she afti rward built two nunneries, and so made strong his own nation against the

oue at Werwel, the other at Aunbrosbury; and enepies' invasion. By civil stepdame's hate to death was lastly done. (12) Ex Osberno in Vita Dunstan. Fox. Eccles.

Ilist. 4. Edgar had by one woman (his greatest 'stains

(c) Vide Malunesb. lib. 2. cap. 9. & Huntingshowed themselves in this variety and unlawful don. Hist. 5.

(1) Malmesb. lib. de Pontific. 2. (a) Hector Boeth. lib. 11. & Buchanan.

(9) Roh. Glącestrensis. 16) Rob. Glocestrens. Hist. 6. reg. 85.

(h) Shee. - (i) Feet in woe.

(k) Saw. () Some say çı), CID. CIO. CIJ.

(!) Vit. S. Edwardi apud Ranulph.. Cest. lib.


by all means of penitence and satisfaction (as the

dreamed (you remember that doctrine then directed) endeavoured her freedom

of Olympias, as many such like) out of this horrible offence.

that out of her womb did shine And in one night the throats of all the Danish cut.

a moon,enlightening all England,

which in her birth (Athelstan) History, not this place, must inform the reader

proved true. of more particulars of the Danes; and let him

940. Edmund the First, son of Edward see to the first song. But for this slaughter, I

by his queen Edgive (n). thus ease his inquisition. Ethelred (after multi

946. Edred, brother to Edmund. tudes of miseries, long continued through their

955. Edwy, first son of Edmund. exactions and devastations, being so large, that

959. Edgar (second son of Edmund') sixteen shires had endured their cruel and even

Honor ac Deliciæ Anglorum. conquering spoils) in the twenty-third year of his

975. Edward the Second, son to Edgar reign, strengthened with provoking hopes, grounded

by Egelfled, murthered by his on alliance, which, by marriage with Emma,

stepmother Alfrith, and thence daughter of Richard I. duke of Normandy, he

called Saint Edward. had with his neighbour potentate, sent privy let

979, Ethelred the Second, son to Edters into every place of note, where the Danes by

gar, by queen Alfrith, daugbter truce peaceably resided, to the English, com

to Orgar, earl of Devonshire. manding them, all as one, on the self-same day and

1016. Edmund the Second, son to Ethelhour appointed (the day was saint Brictius, that

red by his first wife Elfyive, is, the thirteenth of November) suddenly to put

surnamed Ironside. them, as respective occasion best fitted, to fire or sword ; which was performed.

Between him and Cnut (or Canutus) the Dane,

son to Swane, was that intended single combat; 4 CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER AND DESCENT OF THE KINGS

so by their own particular fortunes to end the HERE INCLUDED IN WREXIN'S SONG.

miseries, which the English soil bore recorded in Year of Christ.

very great characters, written with streams of her 800. Egbert, son to snegild (others call children's blood, It properly here breaks off: for

him Alhmund) grandchild to the composition being, that Edmund should have
king Ine.
After bim scarce

his part Westsex, Estsex, Estangle, Middlesex, Surany (m), none long, bad the rey, Kent, and Sussex, and the Dane (who dorst name of king in the isle, but not fight it out, but first moved for a treaty) Mercgovernors or earls ; the com- / land and the northern territories. Edmund died mon titles being duces, comites, the same year (some report vas, that traitorous consules, and such like; which Edric Streona, earl of Mercland, poisoned him) in some writers after the can leaving sons Edmund and Edward : but they were, quest were indifferent names, by Danish ambition, and traitorous perjury of the and William the First is often unnatural English state, disinherited, and all the called earl of Normandy.

kingdom cast under Cnut. After him reigned bis 836. Ethelulph, son to Egbert.

son Harold I. Lightfoot, a shoeinaker's son (0) 853. Ethelbald and Ethelbert, sons to (but dissernbled, as begotten by him on his queen

Ethelulph, dividing their king- Alfgive :) then, with Harold, Hardcnut, whom dom, according to their father's he had by his wife Emma, king Ethelred's dowager. testament.

So that from Edmund, of Saxon blood (to whose 860. Ethelbert alone, after Ethelbald's glory Wrekin hath dedicated his endeavour ; and death.

therefore should transcend his purpose, if he ex866. Ethelred, third son of Ethelulph. ceeded their empire) until Edward the Confessor, 871. Alfreil, youngest son to Ethelulph, following Hardcnut, son to Ethelred, by the same

brought up at Rome; and there, queen Emma, the kingdom continued under Da-
in Ethelred's life time, anointed nish princes.
by pope Leo the Fourth, as in
ominous hope of his future

901. Edward the First, surnamed in

story Senior, son to Alfred.

Athelstan, eldest son to Edward,

by Egwine, a sheplerd's daugh-
ter ; but, to whom beauty and
noble spirit denied, what base This song our shire of Warwick sounds;
parentage required. She, be Revives old Arden's ancient bounds.
fore the king lay with her, Through many shapes the Muse here roves

Now sporting in those shady groves, (m) See to the last song before. Because in The tunes of birds oft stays to hear : Westsex all the rest were at last confounded. Then finding herds of lusty deer, These are most commonly written kings of Westsex, although in seigniory (as it were) or, as the (n) Malè enim & ineptè Veremundi s quas civilians call it, direct property, all the other Hector ille Boeth. lib. 11. qui Ed. & Edreduin oviaces (except some northern, and what the Æthelstano scribit prognatos. PDades unjustly possest) were theirs.

(0) Marian. Scot. & Florent. Wigorn.




She huntress-like the hart pursues ;

At such time as the year brings on the pleasant And like a hermit walks to chuse


(sing : The simples every wbere that grow;

But huets up to the morn the feath'red sylvaus Comes Aucor's glory next to show;

And in the lower grove, as on the rising knole, Tells Guy of Warwick's famous deeds ;

Upon the highest spray of every mounting pole, To th' vale of Red-horse then proceeds, Those quiristers are perch'd with many a speckled To play her part the rest among ;


[east There shutteth up her thirteenth song.

Then from ber burnish'd gate the goodly glitt'ring Gilds every lofty top, which late the humorous night

(sight : Upon the midlands now th’industrious Muse doth Bespangled had with pearl, to please the morning's fall;

[may call, on which the mirthful quires, with their clear That shire which we the heart of England well

open throats,

(notes, As she herself extends (the midst which is decreed) Unto the joyful morn so strain their warbling Betwixt Saint Michael's mouat, and Barwick | That hills and vallies ring, and even the echoing bord'ring Tweed,


(where, Brave Warwick ; that abroad so long advanc'd her Seems all compos'd of sounds, about them every g. By her illustrious earls renowned every where;

The throstel, with shrill sharps ; as purposely he Above ber neigbouring shires wbich always bore song her head.

(hast bred, Tawake the lustless Sun; or chiding, that so long My native country then, which so brave spirits He was in coming forth, that should the thickets If there be virtue yet remaining in thy earth,

thrill : Or any good of thine thou bred st into my birth,

The woosel near at band, that hath a golden bill; Accept it as thine'own, whilst now I sing of thee;

As nature him had mark'd of purpose, t' let us see of all thy later brood th’unworthiest though I be. That from all other birds bis tunes should differeut Muse, first of Arden tell!, whose footsteps yet

(May; are found

[ground, For, with their vocal sounds, they sing to pleasant In her rough woodlands more than any other Upon his dulcet pipe, the merle doth only play! $. That mighty Arden held even in her height of When in the lower brake, the nightingale hard-by, pride;

(side. lo such lamenting strains the joyful hours doth Her one hand touching Trent, the other Severn's ply,

[draw. The very sound of these, the wood-nymphe doth As though the other birds she to her tunes would awake :

And, but that nature (by, her all-constraining law) When thus of her own self the ancient forest spake: Each bird to her own kind this season doth invite, “My many goodly sites when first I came to They else alone to hear that charmer of the night, show,

(The more to use their ears) their voices sure Here open'd I the way to mine own overthrow : For when the world found out the fitness of my soil, That moduleth her tunes so admirably rare, The gripple wretch began immediately to spoil As man to set in parts at first had learn'd of her. My tall and goodly woods, and did my grounds

To Philomel the next, the linnet we prefer; enclose:

And by that warbling bird, the wood-lark place we By which, in little time my bounds I came to lose,


[wren, “ When Britain first her fields with villages had The red-sparrow, the nope, the red-breast, and the fillid,

[build, The yellow-pate : which though she hurt the Her people wexing still, and wanting where to

blooming tree, They oft dislodg'd the hart, and set their houses, Yet scarce hath any bird a finer pipe than she. where

[bis leyre. And of these chanting fowls, the goldfinch not He in the broom and brakes had long time made


[kind. Of all the forests here within this mighty isle,

That hath so many sorts descending from her If those old Britons then me sovereign did instile,

The tydy for her notes as delicate as they,g I needs must be the great’st ; for greatness 'tis The laughing hecco, then the counterfeiting jay, alone

(many a one

The softer with the shrill some bid among the That gives our kind the place : else were there

leaves, For pleasantness of shade that far doth ine excel.

Some in the taller trees, some in the lower greaves) But of our forest's kind the quality to tell,

Thus sing away the morn, until the mounting Sun, We equally partake with woodland as with plain, Through thick exhaled fogs his golden head hath Alike with hill and dale ; and every day maintain


[creeps The sundry kinds of beasts upon our copious And through the twisted tops of our close covert wastes,

[chase." To kiss the gentle shade, this while that sweely That men for profit breed, as well as those of sleeps.

(ful herds, Here Arden of herself ceas'd any more to show ;

And near to these our thicks, the wild and frighi. And with her sylvan joys the Muse along doth go.

Not bearing other noise but this of chattering When Phobus lifts his head out of the winter's


(deer : wave,

Feed fairly on the lawns; both sorts of season'd No sooner doth the Eartỳ her flowery bosom brave, Here walk the stately red, the freckled fallo

there ;

(strew'd, · Warwickshire is the middle shire of England. The bucks and lusty stags among the rascals ? The ancient coat of that earldom.

As sometime gailant spirits amongst the multitude, i Divers towns expressing her naine ; as Henly in Arden, Hapipton in Arden, &c.

: Of all birds, only the black-bird whistleth

would spare,

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