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to see,

And now that woodman's wife, the mother of

Alone which tow'rds his love she eas'ly doth convey: the flood,

For the Oxonian Ouse was lately sent away (feet; The rich ard goodly vale of Aylsbury, that stood From Buckirgham, where first he finds his niinbler So much upon her Thame, was busied in her Tow'rds Whittlewood then takes : where, past the bowers,

noblest street te Preparing for her son as many sutes of flowers,

He to the forest gives his farewel, and doth keep As Cotswold for the bride, his Isis, lately made; His course directly down into the German deep, Who for the lovely Thame, her bridegroom, only To publish that great day in mights Neptune's hall, stay'd.

(prest, That all the sea-gods there might keep it festival. Whilst every crystal flood is to this business As we have told how Thame holds on his even The cause of their greet speed and many thus re

course, quest;

[doth blow Return we to report, how Isis from her source "O! wbither go ye foods? what sudding wind comes tripping with delight down from her daintier Than other of your kind, that you so fast should now? springs ;

[brings What business in hand, that spurs you thus away? Aud in her princely train, t'attend her marriage, Fair Windrush, let me hear; I pray thee, Char-Clear Churnet”, Coln', and Leech', which first wel, say."

(not see
she did retain,

(restrain They snddainly reply, " What lets you should With Windrush: and with her (all outrage 10 That for this nuptial feast we all prepared be? Which well might off'red be to Isis as she went) Therefore this idle chat our ears doth but offend : Came Yenload with a guard of satyrs which were Our leisure serves not now these trifles to attend.”

[like dame. But whilst things are in hand, old Chiltern (for Prom Whichwood !, to await the bright and godhis life)

So, Bernwood did bequeath bis satyrs to the From prodigal expense can no way keep his wife ; Thaine, Who feeds her Thame with marle, in cordial-wise For sticklers in those stirs that at the feast should be. prepar'd,

These preparations great when Charwell connes And thinks all idly spent, that now she only spar'd In setting forth her son : nor can she think it well, To Oxford got before, to entertain the flood, Unless her larish charge do Cotswold's far excel. Apollo's aid he begs, with all his sacred brood, For Aylsbury's a vale that walloweth in her wealth, To that most learned place to welcome her repair. And (by her wholesome air continually in health) Who in her coming on, was wax'd so wond'rous is lusty, firm, and fat, and holds her youthful fair,

[they strength.

[and length, That meeting, strife arose betwixt them, whether Besides her fruitful earth, her mighty breadth Her beauty should extol, or she admire their bay". Doth Chiltern fitly match : which inountainously On whom their several gifts (to amplify her dow'r) high,

The Muses there bestow ; which ever have the And bring very long, so likewise she doth lie

pow'r Froun the Bedfordian fields, where first she doth Immortal her to make. And as she pass'd along, begin,

[doth win, Those mode st Thespian naids” thus to their Isis To fashion like a vale, to th' place where Thaine sung ;

[every side, His Isis' wished bed; her soil throughout so sure,

“ Ye daughters of the hills, come down from For goodness of her glebe, and for her pasture pire, And due attendance give upon the lovely bride : That as her grain and grass, so she her sheep doth Go, strew the paths with flowers, by which she is

breed, For burthen and for bone all other that exceed : For be ye thuis assur'd, in Albion never was And she, which thus in wealth abundantly doth A beauty (yet) like bers: where hare you ever seen fow,

[stow : So absolute a nymph in all things, for a queen? Now cares not on her child what cost she do be- Give instantly in charge the day be wond'rous fair, Which when wise Chiltern saw (the world who That no disorder'd blast attempt her braided hair. long had try'd,

Go, see her state prepar'd, and every thing be fit, And now at last had laid all garish pomp aside ;

The bride-chamber adorn'd with all beseeming it. Whose hoar and chalky head descry'd him to be And for the princely grooi, who ever set could old,

[(old) His beechen woods bereft, that kept him from the A food that is so fit for Isis as the Thame? [tell, Would fain persuade the vale to hold a steady rate ; Ye both so lovely are, that knowledge scarce can And with his curious wife, thus wisely doth debatt: For feature whether be, or beauty she excel : Quoth be, “ You might allow what needeth to That ravished with joy each other to bebold, the most :

[cost? When as your crystal waists you closely do enfold, But whereas less will serve, what means this idle Betwixt your beauteous selves you shall beget a Too mach a surfeit breeds, and may our child


(begun. anpoy :

[cloy. That when your lives shall end, in him shall be These fat and luscious meats do but our stomachs The pleasant Surryan shores shall in that flood deThe modest comely mean, in all things likes the

light, Apparel often shows us womanish precise. [wise. And Kent esteem herself most happy in his sight. And what will Cotswold think when he shall hear of this?

[cost, I wiss.”

2 Arising near Brackley, running into the GerHe'll rather blame your waste, than praise your man sea.

+ Watling. But women wilful be, and she ber will inust 3 Rivers arising in Cotswold, spoke of in the have;

[be brave. former song, Nor cares how Chiltern chides, so that her Thame Laurel for learning. The Muses.

to pass.


The shire that London loves, shall only him prefer, | The columbine amongst they sparingly do set,
And give full many a gift to hold bim near to her. The yellow king-cup, wrought in many a curious
The Scheld', the goodly Mease, the rich and viny fret,

.' (plain, And now and then among, of eglantine a spray, Shall come to meet the Thames in Neptune's wat'ry By which again a course of lady-smocks they lay : And all the Belgian streams and neighbouring The crow-flower, and thereby the clover flow'r they Boods of Gaul,

stick, Of him shall stand in awe, his tributaries all." The daisy, over all those sundry sweets so thick,

As of fair Isis thus the learned virgins spake, As Nature doth herself; to imitate her right: A shrill and sudden bruit this prothalamion brake;. Who seems in that her pearl' so greatly to delight, That White-borse, for the love she bare to her ally, That every plain therewith she powd'reth to behold: And honoured sister vale, the beauteous Aylsbury, The crimson darnel flower, the blue-bottle and Sent presents to the Thame by Ock her only flood, gold,

[dainty hues, Which for his mother vale so much op greatness Which though esteem'd but weeds, yet for their stood.

And for their scent not ill, they for this purpose From Oxford, Isis hastes more speedily, to see


[rhame was drest, That river like his birth might entertained be: Thus having told you how the bridegroom For that ambitious vale, still striving to command, I'll show you how the bride, fair Isis, they invest; And using for her place continually to stand, Sitting to be attir'd under her bower of state, Proud White-horse to persuade, much business Whichiscorns a meaner sort, than fits a princely there hath been

(queen. In anadems for whom they curiously dispose (rate. Tacknowledge that great vale of Eusham for her The red, the dainty white, the goodly damask rose, And but that Eushain is so opulent and great, For the rich ruby, pearl, and amethyst, men place That thereby she herself holds in the sovereign seat, In kings' imperial crowns, the circle that enchase. This White-borse all the vales of Britain would The brave carnation then, with sweet and sovereign o'erbear,

power And absolutely sit in the imperial chair; [to feed, (So of his colour call’d, although a July-flower) And boasts as goodly herds, and numerous flocks With th' other of his kind, the speckled and the To have as soft a glebe, as good increase of seed;

pale :

(gale As pure and fresh an air upon her face to flow, Then th’ odoriferous pink, that sends forth such a As Eusham for her life: and from her steed doth Of sweetness ; yet in scents as various as in sorts. show,

The purple violet then, the pansy there supports : Her lusty rising downs, as fair a prospect take The marygold above t'adorn the arched bar: As that imperious wold': which her great queen The double daisy, thrift, the button-batchelor, doth make

Sweet-william, sops-in-wine, the campion : and So wond'rously admir'd, and her so far extend.

to these But to the marriage hence, industrious Muse, de- Some lavender they put, with rosemary and bays : scend.

Sweet marjorain, with her like, sweet basil rare The Naiads and the nymphs extremely overjoy'd, for sinell,

[to tell : And on the winding banks all busily employ'd, With many a flower, whose name were now too long Upon this joyful day, some dainty chaplets tuine: And rarely with the rest, the goodly flower-de-lis. Sorne others chosen out, with fingers neat and fine, Thas for the nuptial hour, all fitted point-deBrave anadens 9 do make: some baldrics up do


(bride, bind :

[assign'd; Whilst some still busied are in decking of the Some, garlands : and to some the nosegays were some others were again as seriously employ'd As best their skill did serve. But for that Thame In strewing of those herbs, at bridals us'd that be ; should be

Which every where they throw with bounteous Still man-like as himself, therefore they will that he hands and free.

(do By, Should not be drest with Howers to gardens that the healthful balm and mint, from their full laps belong

The scentful camomile, the verd'rous costmary ; (His bride that better fit) but only such as sprung They hot mascado oft with milder maullin cast; From the replenishid meads, and fruitful pastures Strong tanisey, fennel cool, they prodigally waste:

(lands were ;

Clear hyssop, and therewith the comfortable thyme, To sort which flowers, some sit; some making gar- Germander with the rest, each thing then in ber The primrose placiog first, because that in the


[Rower spring

As well of wholesome herbs, as every pleasant Is is the first appears, then only flourisbing ; Which nature here produc'd, to fit this happy The azur'd hare-bell next, with them they neatly


[that grow, inix'd:

(betwixt. Amongst these strewing kinds, some other wild T'allay whose luscious smell, they woodbind plac'd As burnet, all abroad, and meadow-wort they Amongst those things of scent, there prick they in

throw. the lilly :

Thus all things falling out to every one's desire, And near to that again her sister daffadilly. The ceremonies done that marriage doth require, To sort these flowers of show, with th' other that the bride and bridegroom set, and serv'd with were sweet,

(her meet : sundry cates, The cowslip then they couch, and th'oxslip, for And every other plac'd, as fitted their estates; “They all three, rivers of greatest note in Lower Amongst this confluence great, wise Charwel here

was thought

[been taught Germany, cast themselves into the ocean, in the The Gitt'st to cheer the guests : who throughly had coast opposite to the inouth of Thames. 1 Cotswolch & Crowas of flowers.

Margarita is both a pearl and a daisy.

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In all that could pertain to courtship, long agon, How to his mighty sons the island he might share.
As coming from his sire, the fruitful Helidon, A thousand of this kind, and nearer, I will spare ;
He travelleth to Thames ; where passing by those Where, if the state of foods at large I list to show,

(clowns, I proudly could report how Pactolus doth throw
Of that rich country near, whereas the mirthful Up grains of perfect gold ; and of great Gangestell,
With tabor and the pipe, on holydays do use, Which when full India's showers enforceth him to
Upon the May-pole green, to trample out their swell,

[shore : shoes :

(rings"., Gilds with his glistering sands the over-pamper'd And having in his ears the deep and solemn How wealthy Tagus first, by tumbling down his Which sound him all the way, unto the learned ore, springs",

[meet, The rude and slothful Moors of old Iberia tanght Where he, his sovereign Ouse most happily doth To search into those bills, from which such wealth And him, the thrice three maids, Apollo's offspring, he brought.

[bring, greet

[grown Beyond these, if I pleas'd, I to your praise ovuld With all their sacred gifts : thus, expert being in sacred Tempe, how (about the hoof-plough'd In music; and besides, a curious maker' known :

spring) This Charwel (as I said) the first these foods The Heliconian maids, upon that hallowed ground, ainong,

(sung : Recounting heavenly hymns, eternally are crown'd. For silence having call'd, thus to th' assembly And as the Earth doth us in her own bpwels “Stand fast, ye higher hills; low vallies, easily nourish;

(flourish. And forests, that to both you equally apply (lie; So erery thing that grows by ns, doth thrive and (But for the greater part, both wild and barren be) To godly virtuous men, we wisely liken'd are : Retire ye to your wastes; and rivers, only we, To be so in themselves, that do not only care, Oft meeting let us mix: and with delightful grace, Bat by a sacred power, which goodness doth await, Let every beauteous nymph her best-lov'd food Do make those virtuous too, that them associate.” embrace,

By this, the wedding ends, and brake up all the An alien be he born, or near to her own spring,


[Row So from his native fount he bravely fourishing, And Thames, got, born,and bred, immediately doth Along the flow'ry fields licentiously do strain, To Windsor-ward amain, (that with a wond'ring Greeting each curled grove, and circling every The forest might behold his awful empery) [eye, plain;

And soon becometh great, with waters wext so rauk, Or hasting to his fall, his shoaly gravel scow'rs, That with his wealth he seems to retch his wid'ned And with his crystal front then courts the climbing

bank :

[grounds, tow'rs.

[a name, Till happily attain'd his grandsire Chilteru's “Let all the world be judge, what monntain bath Who with his beechen wreatlis this king of rivers Like that from whose proud foot there springs some

[makes, flood of fame :

[is set, Amongst his holts and hills, as on his way he And in the Earth's survey, what seat like that At Reading once arriv’d, clear Kennet overtakes Whose streets some ample stream abundantly doth Her lord, the stately Thaines, which that great wet?

[road, flood again, Where is there haven found, or harbour, like that with many signs of joy, doth kindly entertain. lot' which some goodly flood his burtben doth un Then Loddon next comes in, contributing her store; load?

[foreign fraught As still we sce, the much runs ever to the more. By whose rank swelling stream the far-fetch'd Set out with all this pomp, when this imperial May up to inland towns conveniently be brought.

Of any part of Earth, we be the most renown'd; Himself establish'd sees amidst his wat'ry rcalm,
That countries very oft, nay, empires oft we bound. His much-lov'd Henley leaves, and proudly doth
As Rubicon, much fain'd both for his fount and fall, pursue

The ancient limit held 'twixt Italy and Gaul's. His wood-nymph Windsor's seat, her lovely site to
Europe and Asia keep on Tanais either side. Whose most delightful face when once. the river
Such honour have we flouds, the world (even) to


(trees, divide.

(by us;

Which shows herself attir'd in tall and stately Nay, kiogdoms thus we prove are christend oft He in such earnest love with amurous gestures Iberia takes her name of crystal Iberus.

Such reverence to our kind the wiser ancients gave, That looking still at her, his way was like to lose;
As they suppos'd each food a deity to have. And wanering in and out, so wildly seems to go,
“ But with our fame at home return we to pro As headlong he himself into her lap would throw.

(Tweed, Him with the like desire the forest doth embrace,
In Britain here we find, nur Severn, and our And with her presence strives her Thames as much
The tripartited isle do generally divide, (her side. to grace.
To England, Scotland, Wales, as each doth keep No forest, of them all, so fit as she doth stand,
Trent cuts the land in two so equally, as though When princes, for their sports, her pleasures will
Naiure it pointed out, to our great Brute to show command;


No wood-nymph as herself such troops hath ever 10 A hill betwixt Northamptonshire and Warwick. Nor 'can such quarries boast as have in Windsor

1 Famous rings of bells in Oxfordshire called, Nor any ever had so many solemn days, [been ; the cross-ring.

12 Oxford.

So brave assemblies view'd, nor took so rich ** That which was called Gallia Cisalpina, and

assays '.
is Lombardy, Romagnia, and the western part of

16 Breaking up of deer brought into the quarry.



Then, hanil in hand, her Thames the forest Of those seven Saxon kingdoms here, softly brings

Their sites, and how they bounded were. To that supremest place of the great English kings, Then Pure-rale vaunts her rich estate: $. The Garter's royal seat, froin bim who did ad And Lea bewrays her wretched fate.

(France; The Muse, led ou with urreh delight, Tbat princely order first, our first that conquer'd Delivers London's happy site: ; The tuinple of Saint George, whereas his honour'd Shows this loose age's lewd abuse: knights,

Aud for this time there stays the Muse. l'pon bis hallow'd day, observe their ancient rites: Where Faton is at hand to nurse that learned brood, To keep the Muses still near to this princely flood; | The bridal of our Thaine and princely Isis past : That nothing there may want, to beautify that And Tamesis their son, begot, and waxing fast, seat,

(complete. Inviteth crystal Coln' his wealth on him to lay, With every pleasure stor’d: and here my song Whose beauties had entic'd his sovereign Thames to

stay, Had be not been enforc'd, by his unruly train.

Por Brent, a pretty brook allures hiin on again, ILLUSTRATIONS.

Great London to salute, whose high-rear'd turrets

throng I shall here be shorter than in the last before. The Muse is so full in herself, employed wholly Now as the 'Thames is great, so mosi transparent

To gaze upon the flood, as he doth pass along. about the nuptials of Thame and Isis. In the


(swoln, garlands of Thame are wreathed most of our

Feels, with excessive joy, her amorous bosom English field-lowers : in thein of Isis, our more

That Ver of long esteem'd a famous ancient tloud sweet and those of the garden ; yet upon that,

(l'pon whose aged bank old Ver'lainchester stood, 'The Garter's royal seat, from him who did advance. Before the Roman rule) bere glorify'd of yore,

l'nto her clearer banks contributed his store ; I cannot but remember the institution, (touched to the fourth song) of his most honourable

order, Enlarging botlr her stream, and strength’ning his delicated to St. George (in 24 Ed. III.) it is where the delicious meads her through her course

(do crown. yearly at this place celebrated by that noble This Ver2 (as I have said) Coln's tributary brook, company of 20. Whether the cause were upon the word of garter given in the French wars among Near holy Alban's town, where his rich shrive was

On Ver'lam's ruin'd walls as sadly he doth look. the English, or upon the queen's, or countess of

set, Salisbury's garter fallen from her jeg, or upon Old Watling in his way the flood doth over-get. different and more ancient original whatsoever, where after reverence done, “ Ver," quoth the know clearly (without unlimited affectation of our

ancient street,

[meet." country's glory) that it exceeds in inajesty, honour,

“ 'Tis long since thou and I first in this place did aud fame, all chivalrous orders in the world; and

“ And so it is,” quoth Ver, " and we have liv'd to (excepting those of Templars, St. James, Calatrava, Alcantara, and such like other, which were more things in far better state than at this time they be: religious than military) hath precedence of anti; But he that made, amend: for much there goes quity before the eldest rank of honour, of that kind

amiss." auy where established. The Anunciada instituted Quoth Watling; “ Gentle flood, yea, so in trath

[it is : by Amades Fl. carl of Savoy (a), about 1409. al

and sith of this thou speak’st; the very sooth to though others hare it by Amades IV. and so create


(way, it before this of the Garter) and that of the Golden Fleece, by Philip, duke of Burgundy, 1429, of Since great Mulmutius first made me the noblest St. Michael , by Lewes XI., Della Banda, by Alfonso The soil is alter'd much : the cause I pray thee

show. of Spain, and such like, ensued it, as imitating in the time that thou hast liv’d, hath tanght thee

(much to know. stitutions, after a regard of the far-extended fame,

I fain would understand, why this delightful place, worth, and glory of St. George's knights.

In former time that'stood so high in nature's grace, (a) V. Albert Mir. Orig. Equest. 2. cap. 4. & (Which bare such store of grain, and that so

wondrous great,

[of wheat ) Sansovin, Orig. de Cavalieri.

That all the neighbouring coast was callid the soil
Of later time is turu'd a hot and hungry sand,
Which scarne repays the seed first cast into the


It which the silent brook shrunk in bis silver hend,

And feign’d as he ay ay would instantly have hed; THE SIXTEENTH SONG

Saspecting, present speech might passed grief

renew, Whom Watling thus again doth seriously pursue ;

“I pray thee be not coy, but answer my demand : Did Ver, near to Saint Alban's, brings

*The cause of this (dear flood !) I fain would underWatling to talk of ancient things;

stand. What Verlain was before she fell, And many more sad ruins tell.

I The river running by Uxbridge and Colnbrook. Of the four old imperial ways,

2 The little clear river by St. Alban's, The course they held, and to what seas;

3 Whethamsted.


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4. Thou sax'st when Ver'lam once her head aloft But soothers find the way preferment most to win ; did hear,

Who, serving great men's turns, become the bawds (Which in her cinders now lies sadly buried here)

to sia."

[delight, With alabaster, tuch, and porphyry adorn'd, When Walling in his words that took but small When (well-near) in her pride great Troynorant Hearing the angry brook so cruelly to bite; she scorn'd.

[thy vallies pass, As one that fain would drive these fancies from his $. Thou saw'st great burden'd ships through these mind,

(gentler kind. Where now the sharp-edg'd scythe shears up the Quoth he, “ I'll tell thee things that suit thy spiring grass :

My song is of myself, and my three sister streets, That where the ugly seal and porpoise us’d to play, Which way each of us run, where each her fellow The gras3-hopper and ant now lord it all the day:

meets, Where now St. Alban's stands, was called Holin. Since ys, bis kingly ways, Mulmutins first began, hurst then ;

Prom sea again to sea, that through the islaod ran Whose sumptuous fane we see neglected now again, which that in mind to keep posterity might have, “ This rich and goodly fane, which ruin'd thou Appointing first our course, this privilege he cave, dost see,”

[me: That no man might arrest, or debtors' goods might Quoth Ver, " the motive is, that thon importun'st lo any of us four his military ways. (seize But to another thing thou cunningly dost fly, And though the Foss in length exceed me many a And reason seem'st to urge of her sterility."


sisle, With that he fetch'd a sigh, and ground his teeth That holds from shore to shore the length cf all the in rage ;

From where rich Cornwal points to the Iberian Quoth Ver, “ Ev'n for the sin of this accursed age. seas, Behold that goodly fane, which ruin'd now doth Till colder Catliness tells the scattered Orcases, stand,

I measuring but the breadth, that is not half bis To holy Albion* built, first martyr of the laud;

gaet ;

[state, Who in the faith of Christ from Rome to Britain Yet, for that I am grac'd with goodly London's

And Thames and Severn bola since in my course And dying in this place, resign'd his glorious name.

I cross,

(Foss. In memory of whom, (as more than half divine) And in mnch greater trade, am wortbier far than Qur English Offa rear'd a rich and sumptuous But oh unhappy chance! throngh time's disastrous shrine

Our other fellow streets lie utterly forgot : [lot, And monastery here: which our succeeding kings As Icning, that set out from Yarniouth in the east, From time to time endow'd with many goodly

By the Iceni then being generally possest, things,

(before Was of that people first term'd Ioning in her race, And many a christian knight was buried here, Upon the Chiltern’ bere that did my course emThe Norinan set his foot upon this. conquer'd

brace: shore;

(stowrs, Into the dropping south and bearing then outright, And after those brave spirits in all those baleful Upon the solent sea stopt on the isle of Wight. That with duke Roberts went against the pagan

" And Rickneld, forth thật raught from Campowers,


bria's farther shore, [promontore ; And in their country's right at Cressy those that Where Sonth Wales now shoots forth Saint Daviil's And that at Poicters bath'd their bilbows in French And, on, his mid-way near, did me in Kogland blood;


(street Their valiant nephews next at Agincourt that Then in his oblique course the lasty straggling Whereas rebellious France upon her knees was

Soon overtook the foss; and toward the fall of Tine, brought:

Into the German sea dissolv'd at his declive.”. In this religious house, at some of their returns, Here Watling would have ceas'd, his tale as When Nature claim'd her due, bere plac'd their

having told:

(would hold; ha'low'd urns :

But now this food, that faia the street in talk Which now devouring Time, in his so mighty waste, | Those ancient things to hear, which well old Demolishing those wa hath utterly defac'd.

Watling knew, So that the Earth to feel the ruinous heaps of With these enticing words, her fairly forward drew, stones,

“ Right noble street," quoth he,

“ thou hast That with the burd'nous weight now press their

liv'd long, gone far, sacred bones,

Much traffic had in peace, much travailed in war; Forbids this wicked brood should by her fruits be And in thy larger course survey'st as sundry


(narrower bounds, As loathing her own womb, that such loose children (Where I poor food am lock'd within these Here with transported quite, to these exclaims he And like my ruin'd self these ruins only see, fell :

(dare tell! And there remains not one to pity them or me) “ Lives no inan, that this world her grievous crimes On with thy former speech : I pray thee somewhat Where be those noble spirits for ancient things For, Watling, as thou art a military way, (say. that stood ?

Thy story of old streets likes me so wond'rous weli, When in any prime of youth I was a gallant flood; That of the ancient folk I fain would hear thee tell." In those free golden days, it was the satyr's use With these persuasive words, smooth Ver the To tax the guilty times, and rail upou abuse ;

Watling wan:

(began :

Stroking her dusty face, when thus the street * Look before to the eleventh song. 5 With the eldest son of the conqueror in the

• Watling, chiefest of the four great way Holy Land.

? Not far from Dunstable.

fed ;

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