Sivut kuvina

“Where cruel Richard charg’d the earl's mains of the Lancastrian line, which happen'd on that battle, when

day Proud Somerset therein, with his approved men Fourth of that fatal month, that still rememberd Stood stoutly to the shock, and hang out such a May:

(filed flight

[com'd light, 'Twixt Edmund that brave duke of Somerset who Of shafts, as well near seem'd teclipse the wel. Froın Barnet's bloody field, (again there gathering Which forc'd them to fall off, on whose retreat head)

(there, again,

[plain, | And marquis Dorset bound in blood to aid hiin That great battalion next approacheth the fair With Thoinas Courtney earl of powerful DeronWherein the king himself in person was to try,

shire :

(there was seen, Proud Warwick's utmost strength: when Warwick with whom king Henry's son, young Edward by and by

[and round, To claim his doubtless right, with that undauuted With his left wing came up, and chary'd so home queen

[on land, That had not his light horse by disvantageous His mother, who from France with succours came ground

(ward's host : That day when Warwick fell at Barnet, which now Been hinder'd, he had struck the heart of Ed

stand But finding his defeat, his enterprize so lost, Their fortune yet to try upon a second fight. He his swift couriers sends, to will his valiant bro- And Edward who employ'd the utmost of his might. ther,

The poor Lancastrian part (which be doth easily And Oxford, in command being equal to the other,

feel, To charge with the rightwing, who bravely up do By Warwick's mighty fall, already faintly reel) bear;

(rear, By battle to subvert, and to extirp the line ; But Hastings that before raught thither with his And for the present act, his army doth assign And with king Edward join'd, the hosi too strongly To those at Barnet field so luckily that sped : arm'd.

[charm'd, As Richard late did there, he here the vaward led, When every part with spoil, with rape, with fury The main the king himself, and Clarence took to Are prodigal of blood, that slaughter seems to guide; swill

The rearward as before by Hastings was supply'd. Itself in human gore, and every one cries 'Kill.' “The army of the queen, into three battles cast, So doubtful and so long the battle doth abide, The first of which the duke of Somerset, and (fast That those, which to and fro, 'twixt that and to him) his brother John do happily dispose; London ride,

(do bring, The sccond, which the prince for his own safety That Warwick wins the day for certain news


(third Those following them again, said certainly the The barons of St. John, and Wenlock; and the king,

To Courtney that brare earl of Devonshire referr'd. Until great Warwick found his army had the worst, where in a spacious field they set their armies And so began to faint, alighting from his lorse,


[town, In with the foremost puts, and wades into the Behind, hard at their backs, the abbey and the throng:

(troops among, To whom their foe must come, by often banks and And where he saw death stern'st, tbe inurder'd


[deep, He tentures; as the Sun in a tempestuous day, Thro' quickset narrow lanes, cut out with ditches. With darkness threaten'd long, yet sometimes Repulsing Edward's power, constraining him to doth display

(clear eye.

[move His cheerful beams, which scarce appear to the By thund'ring cannon-shot, and culverin, to reBut suddenly the clouds, which on the winds do Them from that chosen ground, so tedious to assail;

And with the shot came shafts, like stormy showers Do muffle him again within them, till at length

of hail : The storin (prevailing still with an unusual The like they sent again, which beat the other sore, strength)

[in night : Who with the ordnance strove the Yorkists to ontHis clearness quite doth close, and shut him up


(pieces play, So mighty Warwick fares ju this outrageous fight. And still make good their ground, that whilst the

“ The cruel lions thus enclose the dreaded hear, The Yorkists basting still to hand-blows, do assay Whilst Montačute, who strives (if any help there In strong and Loirt'rous crowds to scale the cumwere)

b'rous dikes;

(pikes, To rescue bis belov'd and valiant brother, fell : But beaten down with bills, with pole-axes, and The loss of two such spirits at once, time shall not Are forced to fall off; when Richard there that led tell;

The vaward, saw their strength so little them to The duke of Somerset, and th' earl of Oxford fed,

sted, And Exeter being left for one amongst the dead, As he a captain was, both politic and good, At length recovering life, by night escap'd away; The stratagems of war, that rightly understood, York never safely sat, till this victorious day. Doth seem as from the field bis furces to withdraw. “ Thus fortune to his end this mighty Warwick His sudden, strange retire, proud Somerset that saw, brings,

(4 man of haughty spirit, in honour most precise; This puissant setter-up, and plucker-down of kings, In action yet far more adventurous than wise) He who those battles won, which so much blood Supposing from the field for safety he had tied,

Straight giveth him the clase; when Richard At Barnet's fatal fight, both life and fortune lost.

turning head, “Now Tewksbury it rests, thy story to relate, By his encounter let the desperate duke to krok, Thy sad and dreadful fight, and that most direful | 'Twas done to train him out, when soon began the fate



had cost,





Of slaughter every where; for scarce their equal | With many a worthy man, to Glo'ster prisoners forces


[fied Began the doubtful fight, but that three hundred There forfeited their lives : queen Margaret being horses,

(stay'd, To a religious cell, (to Tewksbury too near) That out of sight, this while on Edward's part had Discoverd to the king, with sad and heavy cheer, To see that near at hand no ambushes were laid, A prisoner was convey'd to London, woful queen, Soon charg'd them on the side, disord'ring quite The last of all her hopes, that buried now had their ranks,

[ing banks Whilst this most warlike king had won the climb. “ But of that outrage here, by that bold bastard Upon the equal earth, and coming bravely in

(wnich won Upon the adverse power, there likewise doth begin Of Thomas Nevil, nam'd lord Falconbridge, A fierce and deadly fight, that the. Lancastrian A rude rebellious rout in Kent and Essex rais’d, side,

Who London here besieg'd, and Southwark having The first and furious shock not able to abide

(vail'd, The utmost of their strength, were forced to be set fire upon the bridge: but when he not prestow,

The suburbs on the east he furiously assail'd : To hold what they had got; that Somerset below, But by the city's power was lastly put to fight : Who from the second force had still expected Which being no set field, nor yet well order'd aid,


[be. But frustrated thereof, even as a man dismay'd, Amongst our battles here, may no way reckon'd Scarce shifts to save himself, his battle overthrown; “ Then, Bosworth, here the Muse now lastly But faring as a man that frantic had been groun,

bids for thee, With Wenlock happ'd to meet (preparing for his Thy battle to describe, the last of that long war, flight)

(spite, Entitled by the name of York and Lancaster; Upbraiding him with terms of baseness and de- | 'Twixt Henry Tudor earl of Richmond only left That cow'rdly he had faild to succour him with Of the Lancastrian line, who by the Yorkists reft

{again, Of liberty at home, a banish'd man abroad, Whilst Wenlock with like words requiteth him In Britany had liv'd; but late at Milford road, The duke (to his stern rage, as yielding up the Being prosperously arriv'd, though scarce two reins)

thousand strong,

[came along, With his too pond'rous ax dash'd out the baron's Made out his way through Wales, where as he “ The party of the queen in every place are First Griffith great in blood, then Morgan next kill'd,

doth meet

[feet The ditches with the dead, confusedly are fill'd, Him, with their several powers, as offering at his And many in the flight, i'th' neighbouring rivers To lay their lands, and lives; sir Rice ap Thomas drown'd, [Yorkists crown'd. then,

[expert men, Which with victorious wreaths, the conquering With his brave band of Welsh, most choice and Three thousand of those men, on Henry's part that comes lastly to his aid ; at Shrewsbury arriv'd, stood,

[blood, (His hopes so faint before, so happily reviv'd) For their presumption paid the forfeit of their He ou for England makes, and near to Newport Jobo marquis Dorset dead, and Devonshire that

town, day

The next ensuing night setting his army down, Drew his last vital breath, as in that bloody fray, Sir Gilbert Talbot still for Lancaster that stood, Delves, Hamden, Whittingham, and Leukuor, who (To Henry near ally'd in friendship as in blood) had there

[that were,

From th' earl of Shrewsbury his nephew (under Their several brave commands, all valiant men


[page, Found dead upon the earth. Now all is Edward's Came with two thousand men, in wazlike equiown,

[the town, Which much his power increas'd ; when easily And through his enemies' tents he march'd into setting on,

(ston, Where quickly he proclaims, to him that forth From Litchfiekl as the way leads forth to Athercould bring

[king, Brave Bourcher and bis friend stout Hungerford, Young Edward, a large fee, and as he was a

whose hopes

(troops, His person to be safe. Sir Richard Crofts who On Henry long had lain, stealing from Richard's thought

[brought (Wherewith they had been mix'd) to Henry do His prisoner to disclose, before the king then


(to cheer That fair and goodly youth ; whom when proud Which with a high resclve, most strangely seem'd York demands,

[hands His oft-appalled heart, but yet the man which Why thus he had presum'd hy help of trait'rous His kingdom to disturb, and impiously display'd Gave sail to Henry's self, and fresh life to his host, His ensigns: the stout prince as not a jot dismay'd The stout lord Stanley was, who for he had atly's With confidence replics, To claim bis ancient The mother of the earl, to him so near ally'd : right,

[might, / The king who fear'd his truth, (which he to have Him from his grandsires left; by tyranny and compellid)

[held, By him his foe usurp'd : with whose so bold reply, The young lord Strange his son, in hostage strongly Whilst Edward throughly vext, doth seem to thrust Which forc'd him to fall off, till he fit place could him by ;

[that stood,

find, His second brother George, and Richard near His son-in-law to meet; yet he with him combin'd With many a cruel stab let out his princely blood; Sir William Stanley, known to be a valiant knight, In whom the line direct of Lancaster doth cease, T'' assure bim of his aid. Thus growing tow'rds his And Soinerset himself surprised in the press ;



A most selected band of Cheshire bowmen came When as the timber fails, by the unweildy fall, By sir John Savage led, besides two men of name: Even into powder beats, the roof, and rotten wall, Sir Brian Sanford, and sir Simon Digby, who And with confused clouds of smouldering dust doth Leaving the tyrant king, themselves expressly show choke

(smoke, Fast friends to Henry's part, wbich still his power the streets and placer pear; so through the misty increas'd;

(strongly press'd, By shot and ordinance made, a thund'ring noise Both armies well prepar'd, towards Bosworth

was heard.

(ferr'd, And on a spacious moor, lying southward from the When Stanley that this while his succours had de town,

[down, Both to the cruel kiog, and to the earl his son, Indifferent to them both, they set their armies When once he doth perceive the battle was begun, Their soldiers to refresh, preparing for the fight; Brings on bis valiant troops three thousand fully Where to the guilty king, that black fore-running strong,

(long, night,

(son, which like a cloud far off, that tempest threatend Appear the dreadful ghosts of Henry and his Falls on the tyrant's host, which him with terrour of his own brother George, and his two nephews struck, done

As also when he sees, he doth but rainly look Most cruelly to death ; and of his wife and friend, For succours from the great Northumberland, this Lord Hastings, with pale hands prepar'd as they while,

(mile, would rend

(sleep. That from the battle scarce three quarters of a Him piece-meal; at which oft he roareth in his Stood with his power of horse, nor once was seep “ No sooner 'gan the dawn out of the east to

to stir :

(fer) peep,

[arms, When Richard (that th' event no longer would deBut drums and trumpets chide the soldiers to their The two main battles mix'd, and that with wearied And all the neighbouring fields are cover'd with breath,

[death, the swarms

(to see, Some labour'd to their life, some labour'd to their Of those that came to fight, as those that came (There for the better fought) even with a spirit elate, (Contending for a crown) whose that great day As one that inly scorn'd the very worst that fate should be.

[and bestows Could possibly impose, his lance set in his rest, “ First, Richmond rang'd his fights, on Oxford Into the thick’st of death, through threat'ning The leading, with a band of strong and sinewy bows peril press'd,

(drew, Out of the army pick'd; the front of all the field, To where he had perceiv'd the earl in person Sir Gilbert Talbot next, he wisely took to wield, Whose standard-bearer he, sir William Brandon, The right wing, with his strengths, most northern slew, men that were ;

[shire, The pile of his strong staff into his arm-pit sent; And sir John Savage, with the power of Lanca- When at a second shock, down sir Jobo Cheney And Cheshire (chief of men) was for the left wing went,

[plac'd, plac'd:

Which searce a lance's length before the ear) was The middle battle he in his fair person grac'd ; Until by Richmond's guard, environed at last, With him the noble earl of Pembroke, who com With many a cruel wound, was through the body mands

(stands, gride. Their countrymen the Welch, (of whom it mainly upon this fatal field, John duke of Norfolk dy'd; For their great numbers found to be of greatest The stout lord Ferrers fell, and Ratcliff, that had force)


(among Which but bis guard of gleaves, consisted all of Of Richard's counsels been, found in the field “ Into two several fights the king contriv'd his A thousaod soldiers that on both sides here were strength,


(in vain, And his first battle cast into a wondrous length, Redmore, it then seem'd, thy name was not In fashion of a wedge, in point of which he set When with a thousand's blood the earth was coHis archery, thereof and to te guidance let

lour'd red.

[head, Of John the noble duke of Norfolk, and his son Wherras th’imperial crown was set on Henry's Brave Surrey : he biunself the second bringing on, Being found in Richard's tent, as he it there did win; Which was a perfect square ; and on the other The cruel tyrant stripp'd to the bare naked skin, side,

[wide, Behind a herald truss'd, was back to Le'ster sent, His horsemen had for wings, which by extending From whence the day before he to the battle went. The adverse seem'd to threat, with an unequal power.

“ The battle then at Stoke, so fortunately The utmost point arriv'd of this expected hour,

struck, He to lord Stanley sends, to bring away bis ajd; (Upon king Henry's part, with so successful lack, And threats-him by an oath, if longer he delay'd As never till that day be felt his crown to cleare His eldest son young Strange immediately Unto his temples close, when Mars began to leare should die,

[reply: His fury, and at last to sit him down was brought) To whom stout Stanley thus doth carelessly I come at last to sing, 'twixt that seventh Henry “Tell thou the king I'll come, when I fit time shall fought ;

[ford came, see,

With whom, to this brave Geld the duke of Red"I love the boy, but yet I have more sons than he.' | With Oxford his great friend,' whose praise did him “ The angry armies meet, when the thin air inflame

(beça was rent,

(sent To all achievements great, that fortunate had With such re-echoing shouts, from either soldiers in every doubtful fight, since Henry's coming in, 'That Aying o'er the field the birds down trembling With th 'earl of Shrewsbury, a man of great comdropp'd, (propp'd, mand,

Tfirmly stand. As some old building long that hath been under- | And his brave son lord George, for bin that


á And on the other side, John duke of Suffolk's | By Shrewsbury, which most of soldiers choice conson,

(begun, sisted : (John earl of Lincoln call’d) who this stern war The others plac'd as wings, which ever as they Suborning a lewd boy, a false impostor, who


(found By Simonds a worse priest instructed what to do, Came up as need requir'd, or fell back as they Upon him took the name of th' earl of Warwick, Just cause for their retire ; when soon the troubled heir

[ for fear ground, To George the murther'd duke of Clarence, who On her black bosom felt the thunder, which awoke Lest some that favour'd York, might noder-hand Her genius, with the s:ock that violently shook maintain)

Her entrails, this sad day when there ye might King Henry in the Tower, did a time detain.

have seen

[have been Which practise set on foot ', this earl of Lincoln Two thousand Almains stand, of which each might sail'd

(vail'd, A leader for his skill, which when the charge was hot, To Burgundy, where he with Margaret pre That they could hardly see the very Sun for shot, Wife to that warlike Charles, and bis most loved Yet they that motion kept that perfect soldiers aunt, [plant should ;

(well behold, Who rexed that a proud Lancastrian should sup- That most courageous Swart there might they The lawful line of York, whence she her blood de. With most unusual skill that desperate fight mainriv'd; (triv'd, tain,

(strain, Wherefore for Lincoln's sake she speedily con And valiant De-la-Pole, most like his princely And Lovel", that brave lord, before him sent to Did all that courage could, or nobless might befit; land

And Lovell that brave lord, behind bim not a whit, Upon the same pretence, to furnish them a band Por martial deeds that day : stout Broughton that Of Almains, and to them for their stout captain had stood

[his blood gave

(to have With York (even) from the first, there lastly gare The valiant Martin Swart, the man thought scarce To that well-foughten field; the poor trowzd Irish His match for martial feats, and sent them with a there,

(corslets were, feet

[meet, Whose mantles stood for mail, whose skins for For Ireland, where she had appointed them to And for their weapons had but Irish skains and With Simonds that lewd clerk, and Lambert,


(hearts, whom they there

(where Like men that scorned death, with most resolved The earl of Warwick call’d, and publish'd every Give not an inch of ground, but all in pieces hewn, His title to the crown, in Dublin, and proclaim Where first they fought, they fell; with them was Hin England's lawful king, by the fifth Edward's overthrown

(fought, name:

[aid The leader Gerald's hope, amidst his men that Then joining with the lord Fitzgerald', to their And took such part as they, whom he had thither Who many Irish brought, they up their anchors brought

[fied, weigh'd,

This of that field be told, There was not one that And at the rocky pile of Fowdray '' put to shore But where he first was plac'd, there found alive or Io Lancashire; their power increasing more and dead. more,

[supply, If in a foughten field a man his life should lose, By soldiers sent them in from Broughton", for To die as these men did, who would not gladly A knight that long had been of their confederacy; choose, Who making thence, direct their marches to the Which full four thousand were.” But in this tedia south.

(mouth, The too laborious Muse hath tarried all too long. " When Henry saw himself so far in danger's

As for the black-smith's rout, who did together From Coventry he came, still gathering up his rise, host,

[coast, Encamping on Black-heath, t'annul the subsidies Made greater on his way, and doth the country By parliament then given, or that of Cornwal 12 Which way he understood his enemies must pass : call'd,

(thrallid When after some few days (as it their fortune Enclosures to cast down, which over-much inwas)

The subject; or proud Ket's, who with the same At Stoke, a village near to Newark upon Trent,


(pense Each in the other's sight pitch'd down their warlike In Norfolk rais'd such stirs, as but with great ex

Of blood was not appeas'd ; or that begun in Lent Into one battle soon, the Almains had dispos'd By Wyat") and his friends, the marriage to preTheir army in a place upon two parts enclos'd

vent, With dells, and fenced dykes (as they were expert That Mary did intend with Philip king of Spain : men)

Since these but riots were, nor fit the other's strain, And from the open fields king Henry's host again, She here her battles ends : and as she did before, In three fair several fights came equally divided ; So travelling along upon her silent shore, The first of which, and fitt'st, was given to be Waybridge a neighbouring nymph, the only remguided

naut left

Of all that forest kind, by time's injurions theft 7: The dutchess of Burgundy was sister to Ed. Of all that tract destroy'd, with wood which did ward the fourth, and so was this earl's mother.


[ground, # The lord Francis Lovel.

And former times had seen the goodliest for st • The lord Thomas Geraldine. 10 On the coast of Lancashire.

12 Michael Joseph with the Cornish rebels. 1. Sir Thomas Broughton.

13 Sir Thomas Wyat.

(ous song,




This island ever had : but she so left alone, As fruitful every way, as those hy naturė, which The ruin of her kind, and no man to bemoan. The husbandman by art, with compost doth enThe deep entranced flood, as thinking to awake,


(about, Thus from her shady bower she silently bespake: This boasting of herself; that walk ber verge "O flood in happy plight, which to this time and view her well within, her breadth and length remain'st, (strain'st; throughout:

[best, As still along in state to Neptune's court thou | The worst foot of her earth is equal with their Revive thee with the thought of those forepassed With most abundant store, that highliest think hours, [lightful bowers them blest.

[doth win When the rough wood-gods kept, in their de- When Whittlewood betime th' unwearied Muse On thy embroider'd banks, when now this country To talk with her a while; at her first coming in, fill'd

(till’d, The forest thus that greets: “ With more successo With villages, and by the labouring ploughman

ful fate,

(ruinous state Was forest, where the fir and spreading poplar Thrive then thy fellow-nymphs, whose sad and grew.

(new, We every day behold, if any thing there be, ( let nie yet the thought of those past times re That from this general fall, thee happily may free, When as that woody kind, in our umbrageous 'Tis only for that thou dost naturally produce wild,

More underwood and brake, than oak for greater Whence every living thing save only they exil'd,


(bereft, In this their world of waste, the sovereign empire But when this ravenous age, of those hath us sway'd.

[have decay'd Time wanting this our store shall seize what thee () who would e'er have thought, that time could is left. Those trees whose bodies seeni'd by their so massy for what base avarice now enticeth men to do, weight,

[height Necessity in time shall strongly urge them to; To press the solid earth, and with their wond'rous Which each divining spirit most clearly doth foreTo climb into the clouds, their arms so far to

(to be, shoot,

[root, Whilst at this speech perplex'd, the forest seem'd As they in measuring were of a res, and their A water-nymph, near to this goodly wood-nymph's With long and mighty spurns to grapple with the side,

[doth slide) land,

[stand : (As tow'rds her sovereign Ouse, she softly down As nature would have said, that they shall ever Tea, her delightsome stream by Towcester doth So that this place where now this Huntingdon is

(mead, set,

And sporting her sweet self in many a dainty Being an easy hill where mirthful hunters met, She hath not sallied far, but Sacy soon again From that first took the name.” By this the Muse Salutes her; one much grac'd among the sylvan arrives

train :

soft At Ely's isled marge, by having past St. Ives, One wbom the queen of shades, the bright Diana Unto the German sea she hasteth her along, Hath courted for her looks, with kisses smooth and And here she shutteth up her two and twentieth soft, song,

[must now, On her fair bosom lean'd, and tenderly embrac'd, In which she quite hath spent her rigour, and And call'd her, her dear heart, most lov'd, and As workmen often use, a while sit down and blow;

only chaste : And after this short pause, tho' less'ning of her Yet Sacy after Tea, her amorous eyes doth throw, height,

Till in the banks of Ouse the brook herself be. Come in another key, yet not without delight.

stow. Where in those fertile fields, the Muse doth hap

(street, Upon that side which sits the west of Watling. POLY-OLBIO N.

With Helidon a hill', which though it be but small,

[mountains call; Compard with their proud kind, which we our Yet bath three famous floods, that out of him do

flow, From furious fights invention comes,

That to three several seas, by their assistants go; Deafʼned with poise of rattling drums,

Of which the noblest Nen, to fair Northampton And in the Northamptonian bounds,

hjes, Shows Whittlewood's, and Sacy's grounds. By Oundle sallying on, then Peterborough plies, Then to mount Helidon doth go,

old Medhamsted ?: where her the sea-majds en(Whence Charwell, Leame, and Nen do flow)

tertain, The surface which of England sings,

To lead her thro' the fen into the German main. And Nen down to the Washes brings;

The second, Charwell is, at Oxford meeting Then whereas Welland makes her way,

Thames, Shows Rockingham her rich array:

Is by his king convey'd into the Celtic streams! A course at Kelmarsh then she takes,

Then Leame as least, the last, to midland Avon Where she Northamptonshire forsakes.


Which stood again itself, into proud Severn casts 8 On tow'rds the mid-lands th' industrious

1 A hill not far from Daventry. Muse doth make,


2 The ancient name of Peterborough. The Northamptonian earth, and in her way doth

3 The French sea.

to meet




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