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sert won,

of me

Through my delicious dale, with every pleasure | With Hartley which her hastes, and Tippall that rife,

doth strive, And Wyresdale still may stand with Teisdale for By her more sturdy stream, the Tyne along to her life:

[course, drive; Comparing of their scites, then casting on my How th' Allans, th’ Fast and West, their bounties So satiate with th' excess of my first natural source, to ber bring, As petty bourns and becks, I scorn but once to Two fair and full-brimm'd floods, how also from her call,

spring,

(in, l'ascrop a wearish girl, of name the first of all, My other North-nam'd Tyne, thro' Tindale maketh That I vouchsafe for mine, until that I arrive Which Shele ber hand-maid hath, and as she At Auckland, where with force me forward still to

hastes to twin

(clear Rheart, drive,

With th' other from the south, her sister, how Clear Gauntless gives herself, when I begin to gad, With Perop comes prepard, and Cherlop, me to And whirling in and out, as I were waxed mad,

lead,

(then I change my posture oft, to many a snaky gyre, Through Ridsdale on my way, as far as Exham, To my first fountain now, as seeming to retire : Dowell me homage doth, with blood of EnglishThen suddenly again I turn my wat’ry trail,

men,

(war Now I indent the earth, and then Iit engrail Whose stream was deeply dy'd in that most cruel With many a turn and trace, thus wand'ring up Of Lancaster and York. Now having gone so far, and down,

[town, Their strengths te their dear Tyne, do wondrously Brave Durbam I behold, that stately seated

enrich,

[which That Dunholme height of yore (even) from a de- | As how clear Darwent draws down to Newcastle,

The honour hath alone to entertain me there, W'hose first foundation zeal and piety begun, As of those mighty ships, that in my mouth 1 bear, By them who thither first St. Cuthbert's body Traught with my country coal, of this Newcastle bronght,

(sought
nam'd,

[fam'd To save it from the Danes, by fire and sword that For which both far and near, that place no less is Subversion of those things that good and holy were, Than India for her mines; should I at large deWith which beloved place, I seem so pleased here, clare

(spare, As that I clip it close, and sweetly hug it in My glories, in which time commands me to be My clear and amorous arms, as jealous time should And I but slightly touch, which stood I to report, win

As freely as i might, ye both would fall too short Me farther off from it, as our divorce to be.

ne; but know, that Tyne bath greater things Hence like a lusty food most absolutely free,

in hand :

(stand None mixing then with me, as I do mix with none, For, to trick up ourselves, whilst trifling thus we But scorning a colleague, nor near me any one, Bewitch'd with our own praise, at all we never To Neptune's court I come ; for note along the

note, strand,

(land, How the Albanian floods now lately set afloat, Erom Hartlepoole (even) to the point of Sunder- With th' honour to them done, take heart and As far as Warderlaws ? can possibly survey ;

loudly cry There's not a flood of note hath entrance to the Defiance to us all, on this side Tweed that lie ; sea.”

('Tyne, Aud bark the high-brow'd hills aloud begin to ring, Here ended she her speech, when as the goodly With sound of things that Forth prepared is to sing : (Northumberland that parts from this shire Pala- When once the Muse arrives on the Albanian shore, tine)

(Wer And therefore to make up our forces here before Which patiently had heard, look as before the The onset they begin, the battlrs we have got, Had taken up the Teis, so Tyne now takes up her, Both on our earth and theirs, against the valiant For her so tedious talk, “ Good Lord," quoth

Scot, she, “had I

I undertake to tell; then, Muses, I entreat No other thing wherein my labour to employ, Your aid, whilst I these fights in order shall repeat. But to set out myself, how much (well) could I “ When mighty Malcolm here had with a violent say,

[way hand, In mine own proper praise, in this kind every (As he had oft before) destroy'd Northumberland, As skilful as the best ; I could if I did please, În Rufus' troubled reign, the warlike Mowbray Of my two fountains tell, which of their sundry

then,

[men, ways,

[Tyne, This earldom that possess’d, with half the power of The South and North are nam'd, entitled both of For conquest which that king from Scotland hither As how the prosperous springs of these two floods drew, of mine

(nam'd | At Alnwick in the field their armies overthrex ; Are distant thirty miles, how that the South-Tyne Where Malcolm and bis són, brave Edward both From Stanmore takes her spring, for mines of were found :

(ground, brass that's fam'd,

(sprung. Slain on that bloody field: so on the English How that nam'd of the North, is out of Wheel-fell When David king of Scots, and Henry his stera Arnongst these English Alps, which as they run along,

Entitled by those times, the earl of Huntingdon, Tagland and Scotland here impartially divide. Had forag'd all the north, beyond the river Teis, How South-Tyne setting out from Cumberland is in Stephen's troubled reign, in as tumultuous days ply'd

As England ever knew, the archbishop of York,

Stout Thurstan, and with him join'd in that war. A mountain on that part of the shire.

like work,

son,

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Ralph (both for wit and arms) of Durham bishop | When Hebborn that stout Scot, and his had a!! then

their hire,

(tire Renown'd, that called were the valiant clergymen, which int' our marches came, and with invasive With th' earl of Aubemerle, Especk, and Peverell, Our villa es laid waste, for which defeat of ours, knights,

When doughty Douglas came with the Albanian And of the Lacies two, oft try'd in bloody fights,

powers.

(gave 'Twixt Allerton and York, the doubtful battle got, At Holmdon do but see, the blow our Hotspur On David and his son, whilst of th’invading Scot To that bold daring Scot, before him how he drave Ten thousand strew'd the earth, and whilst they His army, and with shot of our brave English bows lay to bleed,

(Tweed. Did wound them on the backs, whose breasts were Ours follow'd them that fled, beyond our sister

hurt with blows, And when Fitz-empress ' next in Normandy, and Ten thousand put to sword, with inany a lord and here,

knight,

[outright, And his rebellious sons in high combustions were, Some prisoners, wounded some, some others slain William the Scottish king, taking advantage And ent'ring Scotland then, all Tividale o'erran. then,

“ Or who a braver field than th' earl of Surrey And entering with an host of eighty thousand men, 'wan,

(bravely bore, As far as Kendal came, where captains then of ours, Where their king James the Fourth himself so Which aid in Yorkshire rais’d, with the Northum- That since, that age wherein bu lived, nor those be. brian powers,

fore, His forces overthrew, and him a prisoner led. Yet never such a king in such a battle saw, “ So Longshanks, Scotland's scourge, him to Amongst his fighting friends, where whilst he breath that country sped,

could draw,

(strew'd Provoked by the Scots, that England did invade, He bravely fought on foot, where Flodden hill was And on the borders here such spoil and havoc With bodies of his men, well-near to mammocks made, (me. hew'd,

(mile, That all the land lay waste betwixt the Tweed and That on the mountain's side they covered near a This most courageous king, from them his own to where those two valiant earls of Lennox and free,

Argyle,

[there, Before proud Berwick set his puissant army down, Were with

their sovereign slain, abbots, and bishops And took it by strong siege, since when that war Which had put armour on, in hope away tu bear like town

The victory with them, before the English fell. As cautionary long the English after held.

“ But now of other fields, it fits the Muse to But tell me, all ye floods, when was there such a field

As when the noble duke of Norfolk made a road By any nation yet, as by the English won, To Scotland, and therein his hostile fire bestow'd Upon the Scottish power, as that of Halidon: On well-near thirty towns, and staying there so Seven earls, nine hundred horse, and of foot

Jong, soldiers more,

(gore Till victual waxed weak, the winter waxing strong, Near twenty thousand slain, so that the Scottish Returning over Tweed, his bootics home to bring, Ran down the hill in streams (even) in Albania's Which to the very heart did vex the Scottish king, sight.

[nowned knight, The fortune of the duke extremely that did grudge, By our third Edward's prowess, that most re Remaining there so long, and doing there so mucii, As famous was that fight of his against the Scot, Thinking to spoil nyd waste in England, as before As that against the French, which he at Cressy

The Englishmen had done on the Albanian shore, got.

(vance And gathering up his force, before the English filed And when that conquering king did afterward ad- To Scotland's utmost bounds, thence into England His title, and had past his warlike powers to

sped,

[friend, France,

When that brave hastard son of Dacres, and his And David king of Scots here enter'd to invade, John Musgrave, which had charge the marcbes to To which the king of France did that false lord

attend,

(hundred horse, persuade,

[bands, With Wharton, a proud knight, with scarce four Against his given faith, from France to draw his Encountering on the plain with all the Scottish force, To keep his own at home, or to fill both his bands Thence from the field with them, so many prisoners With war in both the realms : was ever such a brought,

[caught, loss,

Which in that furious figbt were by the English To Scotland yet befell, as that at Nevil's-cross, That there was scarce a page or lackey but had Where fifteen thousand Scots their souls at once

store,

[and more, forsook,

(soner took Earls, barons, knights, esquires, two hundred there Where stout John Copland then king David pri Of ordinary men seven hundred made to yield, l'th' head of all his troops, that bravely there was

There scarcely hath been heard, of such a

(queen, foughten field, When English Philip, that brave Amazonian

That James the Fifth to think, that but so very few, Encouraging her men from troop to troop did ride, His universal power so strangely should subdue, And where our clergy had their ancient valour So took the same to heart, that it abridg'd his life; try'd :

[short. Such foils by th’ English giveu, amongst the Scots Thus often coming in, they have gone out too

were rife. And next to this the fight of Nesbit I report,

“ These on the English earth, the Englishmen did gain ;

(strain : Henry II.

But when their breach of faith did many times con

tell,

seen.

nose

were.

Our nation to invade, and carry conquests in [been, | Against the Muse should come to the Albanian To Scotland ; then behold, what our success hath

coast.

[been lost, Even in the latter end of our eighth Henry's days, But Pictswall all this while, as though he had Who Seymour sent by land, and Dudley sent by Not mention'd by the Muse, began to fret and seas,

(bear
fume,

[sume With his full forces then, Q Forth! then didst thou That every petty brook thus proudly should preThat navy on thy siream, whose bulk was fraught To talk; and he whom first the Romans did inwith fear,

vent,

(ment, When Winburgh and Leith into the air were blown And of their greatness yet the long st-liv'd inonuWith powder's sulphurous smoke, and twenty towus Should thus be over-trod; wherefore his wrong to were thrown

wreak,

(speak : l'pon the trampled earth, avd into ashes trod; In their proud presence thus, doth aged Pictswall As int' Albania when he made a second road,

“ Methinks that Offa's-ditch in Cambria should In our sixth Edward's days, when those two martial

not dare

(and care men,

(again ; To think himself my match, who with such cost Which conquer'd there before, were thither sent The Romans did erect, and for my safeguard set But for their high deserts, with greater titles grac'd, Their legions, from my spoil the prowling Pict to let, The first created duke of Somerset, the last That often inroads made, our earth from them to "The earl of Warwick made, at Musselborough field, win, Whicre many a doughty Scot that did disdain to By Adrian beaten back, so he to keep them in, yield,

(space | To sea from east to west, begon inc tirst a wall Was on the earth laid dead, where as for five miles' Of eighty miles in length, 'twixt Tyne and Eden's In length, and four in breadth, the English in the

fall :

(tain. chase,

[ground, Long making me they were, and long did me mainWith carcases of Scots, strew'd all their natural Nor yet that trench which tracts the western WiltThe number of the slain were fourteen thousand

shire plain,

[me, found,

[men. Of Woden, Wansdyke call'd, should parallel with And fifteen hundred more ta'en prisoners by our Comparing our descents, which shall appear to be

“So th'cari of Sussex next to Scotland sent again, Mere upstarts, basely born ; for when I was in To punish them by war, which on the borders here,

band, Not only rob5'd aod spoild, but that assistants were The Saxon had not then set foot upon this land, To those two puissant earls, Northumberland, who Till my declining age, and after many a year,

0! whose poor petty kings, those the small labours With Westmoreland his peer, suggested by the foes

(but now, To great Eliza's reign, and peaceful government ; That on Newinarket-heath“ made up as though Wherefore that puissant queen him to Albania sent, Who for the Devil's work the vulgar dare avow, Who fifty rock-rear'd piles and castles having cast Tradition telling none, who truly it began, Far lower than their scites, and with strong fires Where many a reverend book can tell you of my defac'd (worth carrying brought

inan, Three hundred towns, their wealth, with him And when I first decay'd, Severus going on, To England over Tweed.” When now the floods What Adrian built of turf, he builded new of stone; besought

And after many a time, the Britons me repair'd, The Tyne to hold her tongne, when presently began To keep me still in plight, nor cost they ever spar'd. A rumour, which each where through all the coun Towns stood upon my length, where garrisons were try ran,

[among, laid, Of this proud river's speech, the hills and foods Their limits to defend ; and for my greater aid, And Lowes, a forest-nymph, the same so loudly With turrets I was built where centinels were plac'd,

[Ridsdale ran, To watch upon the Pict; so nie my makers grac'd suing, That it thro' Tyndale straight, and quite through With bollow pipes of brass, along me still that went, And sounded shriller there, than when it first began, By which they in one fort still to another sent, 'That those high Alpine hills, as in a row they stand, By speaking in the saine, to tell them what to do, Receiv'd the sounds, which thus went on from hand and so from sea to sea could I be whisper'd thro: to hand.

[it told, Upon my thickness three march'd eas'ly breast to The high-rear'd Red-sqaire first, to Aumond bill

breast, When Aumond great therewith, nor for his life Twelve foot was lin height, such glory I possess'd.” could hold,

Old Pictswall with much pride thus finishing his To Kembelspeth again, the business but relate,

plea, To Black-Brea he again, a mountain holding state Had in his utmost course attain'd the eastern sea, With any of them all, to Cocklaw he it gave; Yet there was hill nor flood once heard to clap a And Cocklaw it again, to Cheviot, who did rave

hand;

(stand: With the report thereof, be from his mighty stand, For the Northumbrian nymphs bad come to underResounded it again through all Northumberland, That Tyne exulting late o'er Scotland in her song, That White-squire lastly caught, and it to Ber (Which over all that realm report had loudly rung) wick sent,

[tinent, The Caledonian Forth" so highly bad displeas'd, That brave and warlike town, from thence incon And many another food, which could not be apThe sound from out the south, into Albania came, peas'd, And many a lusty flood, did with her praise inflame, Affrighting much the Forth, who from her trance

* See song 21. awoke, And to her native strength her presently betook, - The great river on which Edinburgh standeth.

TIIE ARGUMENT.

That they had vow'd revenge, and proclamation made,

POLY-OLBION. That in a learned war the foe they would invade,

SONG THE THIRTIETH. And like stout floods stand free from this supputed shame,

[name: Or conquer'd give themselves up to the English Which these Northunbrian nymphs, with doubt

Of Westmoreland the Muse now sings, and terrour struck,

[to look,

And fetching Fden from her springs, Which knew they from the foe for nothing were

Sets her along, and Kendal then But what by skill they got, and with much care

Surveying, beareth back again ; should kerp,

[deep,

And climbing Skidow's lofty hill, And therefore they consult by meeting in the

By many a river, many a rill, To be deliver'd from the ancient enemies' rage,

To Cumberland, where in her way, That they would all upon a solemn pilgrimage

She Copland calls, and doth display Unto the Holy-isle, the virtue of which place,

Her beauties, back to lden goes,
They knew could very much avail them in this case:

Whose fioods and fall she aptly shows.
For many a blessed saint in former ages there,
Secluded from the world, to abstinence and prayer
Had given op themselves, which in the German

Yer cheerly on, my Muse, no whit at all dismain, And from the shore not far, did in itself contain

may'd,

[ful aid

But look aloft tow'rds Heaven, to him whose powerSufficient things for food, which from those holy

Hath led thee on thus long, and through so sundry men, That to devotion liv'd, and sanctimony then,

soils,

(thy toils It Holy-isle was callid, for which they all prepare,

Steep mountains, forests rough, deep rivers, that As I shall tell you bow, and what their number are,

Most sweet refresbings seem, and still the comfort

sent, With those the farthest off, the first I will begin,

Against the bestial rout, and boorish rabblement As Pont, a peerless brook, brings Blyth, which putteth in

Of those rude vulgar sots, whose brains are only (main,

slime, With her, then Wansbeck next in wading to the

Born to the doting world, in this last iron time, Near Morpeth meets with Font, which followeth in her train;

So stony, and so dull, that Orpheus, which (men

say) Next them the little Lyne alone doth go along, When Cocket cometh down, and with her such a

By the enticing strains of his melodious lay, throng,

Drew rocks, and aged trees, to whither he would

please; As that they seem to threat the ocean ; for with her

[these;

He might as well have mov'd the universe as Comes Ridley, Ridland next, with l'sway, which prefer

Bat leave this fry of Hell in their own filth defild,

[fame, Their fountains to her Nood, who for her grcater

And seriously pursue the stern Westmerian wild,

First ceasing in our song, the south part of the shire, Hath at her fall an isle, callid Cocket of her name,

Where Westmoreland to west', by wide Wynander As that great Neptune should take notice of her

mere, state;

[a gait, Then Alne by Alnwick comes, and with as proud The Eboracean fields her to the rising bound,

Where Can first creeping forth, her feet hath As Cocket came before, for whom at her fair fall, (In bravery as to show, that she surpass'd them all)

scarcely found,

[doth stand, The famous isle of Ferne, and Staples aptly stand, But gives that dale her name, where Kendal town And at her coming forth, do kiss her christal hand. For making of our cloth scarce match'd in all the

land. Whilst these resolv'd upon their pilgrimage,

train, proceed,

Then keeping on her course, though having in her

[Tweed, Till for the love she bears to her dear mistress

But Sput, a little brook, then Winster doth retain,

Tow'rris The Vergivian sea, by her two mighty falls, Of Bramish leaves the name, by which she hath her birth;

(Which the brave Roman tongue, her Catadupa

Tearth,
And though she keep her course upon the English This eager river seems outrageously to roar,

calls)
Yet Bowbent, a bright nymph, from Scotland com-
ing in,

And counterfeiting Nile, to deaf the neighbouring

Twin. To go with her to Tweed, the wanton food doth shore, Though at this headstrong stream, proud Flodden To which she by the sound apparently doth show, from his height

The season foul or fair, as then the wind doth blow: Doth daily seem to fret, yet takes he much delight For when they to the north the nuise do eas'liest

hear, Her loveliness to view, as on to Tweed she strains, Where whilst this mountain much for her sweet

They constantly aver the weather will be clear; sake sustains,

And when they to the south, again they boldly say, This canto we conclude, and fresh about must cast, To the Hibernic gulf, when soon the river hastes,

It will be clouds or rain the next approaching day. Of all the English tracts, to consummate the last.

And to these queachy sands, from whence herself she casts,

(she She likewise leaves her name, as every place where In her clear course doth come, by her should ho

nour'd be.

! See song 27th.

What pas.

But back into the north from hence our course doth | The Venedocian 'fount, or the Deinetian spring, lie,

Or that which the cold Ptak doth with her wonAs from this fall of Can, still keeping in our eye,

ders bring,

(please, The source of long-liv'd Lun, 1 long-liv'd do her Why should not Loder then, her mistress Eden call;

Call, With this, as other floods delighted are with these.” Por of the British floods, scarce one amongst theni When Eden, though she seem'd to make unusual Such state as to herself, the destinies assign,

haste, By christ’ning in her course a county Palatine; About clear Loder's neck yet lovingly doth cast For Luncaster, so nam'd, the fort upon the Lun, Iler oft enfolding arms, as Westmoreland she And Lancashire the name from Lancaster begun :

leaves, Yet tho' she be a flood, such glory that doth gain, Where Cumberland again as kindly her receives. In that the British crown doth to her state pertain, Yet up her wat'ry hands, to Winfield forest holds Yet Westmoreland alone not only boasts her birth, In hier rough woody arms, which amorously enBat for her greater good the kind Westmerian earth

folds Clear Burbeck her bequeaths, and Barrow to attend Clear Eden coming by, with all her watry store, Her grace, till she her name to Lancaster do lend. lo her dark shades, and seems her parting to deWith all the speed we can, to Cumberland we hie, plore.

[dering sands, (Still longing to salute the utmost Albany).

But southward sallying hence, to those sca-borBy Eden, issuing out of Husseat-Moruill hill, Where Dudden driving down to the Lancastrian And pointing to the north, as then a little rill,

lands,

[fine There simply takes her leave of her sweet sister This Cumberland cuts out, and strongly doth conSwale,

This meeting there with that, both merely mariBorn to the self-same sire, but with a stronger gale, tinc, Tow'rds Humber hies her course, but Eden mak Where many a dainty rill out of her native dale, ing on,

To the Vergivian makes, with many a pleasant Thro' Malerstrang hard by, a forest woe begone

gale;

[lass, In love with Eden's eyes, of the clear Najades kind, As Eske her farth'st, so first, a coy-bred Cumbrian Whom thus the wood-nymph grects:

Who cometh to her road, renowned Ravenglass, sage shalt thou find,

By Devock driven along, (which from a largeMy most beloved brook, in making to thy bay,

brimm'd lake, That wand'ring art to wend through many a

To bie her to the sea, with greater haste doth make) crooked way,

[strait, Meets Nyte, a nimble brook, their rendezvous that Far under banging hills, through many a cragged

keep And few the wat’ry kind, upon thce to await, In Ravenglass, when soon into the bluish deep Opposed in thy course with many a rugged cliff, Comnes Irt, of all the rest, though small, the richest Besides the northern winds against thy streain so

girl,

(pearl, stiff,

[course, Her costly bosom strew'd with precious orient As by main strength they meant to stop thee in thy Bred in her shining shells, which to the deaw doth And send thee eas'ly back to Moruill to thy source.

yawn,

[spawn, O my bright lovely Brook, whose name doth bear Which deaw they sucking in, conceive that lusty the sound

Of which when they grow great, and to their fulOf God's first garden-plot, th' imparadised ground, ness swell,

[dearly sell. Wherein he placed man, from whence by sin he fell. They cast, which those at hand there gathering, O little blessed Brook, how doth my bosom swell This clear pearl-paved Irt, Pleng to the harbour With love I bear to thee! the day cannot suffice

brings,

[sings For Malcrstrang to gaze upon thy beauteous eyes.” From Copland coming down, a forest-nymph, which This said, the forest rubb'd her rugged front the Her own praise, and those floods, their fountains, while;

that derive

(strive : Clear Eden looking back, regrets her with a smile, From her, which to extol, the forest thus doth And simply takes her leave, to get into the main ; “ Ye northern Dryades", all adorn'd with mounWhen Below, a bright nymph, from Stanmore

tains steep,

[keep, down doth strain

Upon whose hoary/ heads cold winter long doth To Eden, as along to Appleby she makes, Where often rising hills, deep dales and many Which passing, to her train, next Troutbeck in she

make,

(spread lake, takes,

Where many a pleasant spring, and many a large. And Lerenant than these a somewhat lesser rill, Their clear beginpings keep, and do their names When Glenkwin greets her well, and happily to fill,

bestow

[eas'ly flow ; Her more abuudant banks, from Ulls, a mighty Upon those humble vales, through which they

(clear, Whereas the mountain nymphs, and those that do On Cumberland's confines, comes Eymot neat and frequent

(merriment, And Loder doth allure, with whom she haps to meet, The fountains, fields, and groves, with wondrous Which at her coming in, doth thus her mistress By moon-shine, many a night, do give each other greet:

chase,

[base, Quoth she, “ This for myself I say, that where At hood-wink, barley-break, at tick, or prisonI swell

With tricks, and antique toys, that one another T'p from iny fountain first, there is a tiding-well,

mock,

[to rock. That daily ebbs and flows, (as writers do report) That skip from crag to crag, and leap from rock The old Euripius doth, or in the self-same sort,

3 See song 5, 10, 27. ? See song 27.

* Nymphs of the forest.

meer

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