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Like that cold region, from the world remote, Whilst on his knees this wretched king is down, On whose breem seas the icy mountains foat; To save them labour, reaching at his crown, Where those poor creatures, banish'd from the Where like a mounting cedar, he should bear Do live impris'ned in continual night. [light, His plumed top aloft into the air ;
No object greets my soul's internal eyes, And let these shrubs sit underneath his shrouds, But divinations of sad tragedies;
Whilst in his arms he doth einbrace the clouds. And care takes up ber solitary inn,
0, that he should his father's right inherit, Where youth and joy their court did once begin. Yet be an alien to that mighty spirit ! As in September, when our year resigns
How were those pow'rs dispers'd, or whither gone, The glorious Sun to the cold watry signs,
Should sympathise in generation ?
“ All other creatures follow after kind, The leaves then lying on the mossy root,
But man alone doth not beget the mind.” And there a silly chirriping doth keep,
(3) My daisy-flow'r, which erst perfum'd the air, As though she fain would sing, yét fain would weep, which for my favour princes deign'd to wear, Praising fair Summer, that too soon is gone, Now in the dust lies trodden on the ground, Or sad for Winter, too fast coming on:
And with York's garlands ev'ry one is crown'd : In this strange plight I mourn for thy depart, When now his rising waits on our decline, Because that weeping cannot ease my heart. And in our setting he begins to shine;
Now to our aid who stirs the neighb'ring kings ? Now in the skies that dreadful comet waves, Or who from France a puissant army brings ? () And who be stars, but Warwick's bearded Who moves the Norman to abet our war?
staves ? () Or brings in Burgoin to aid Lancaster?
And all those knees, which bended once so low, (2) Who in the North our lawful claim commends, Grow stiff, as though they had forgot to bow; To win us credit with our valiant friends ?
And none, like them, pursue me with despite, To whom shall I my secret griefs impart? Which most have cry'd, “ God save queen Mar· Whose breast shall be the closet of my heart?
garet.” The ancient beroes' fame thou dost revive,
When fare shall bruit thy banishment abroad, As from all them thyself thou didst derive: The Yorkist's faction then will lay on load ; Nature, by thee, both gave and taketh all, And when it comes once to our western coast, Alone in Pool she was too prodigal ;
O, how that hag, dame Elenor, will boast ! Of so divine and rich a temper wrought,
And labour straight, by all the means she can, As Heav'n for thee perfection's depth had sought. To be call'd home out of the isle of Man; Well knew king Henry what he pleaded for, To which I know great Warwick will consent, When he chose thee to be his orator;
To have it done by act of parliament : Whose angel eye, by powerful influence,
That to my teeth my birth she may defy, Doth utter more than human eloquence :
10 Sland'ring duke Rayner with base beggary; That if again Jove would his sports have try'd, The only way she could devise to grieve ine, [me. He in thy shape himself would only hide ;
Wanting sweet Suffolk, which should most relieve Which in his love might be of greater pow'r,
And from that stock doth sprout another bloom, Than was bis nymph, his flame, his swan, his (") A Kentish rebel, a base upstart groom : show'r.
("?) And this is he the white rose must prefer (9) To that allegiance York was bound by oath, By Clarence daughter, match'd with Mortimer. To Henry's heirs, for safety of us both;
Thus by York's means this rascal peasant Cade, No longer now he means record shall bear it, Must in all haste Plantagenet be made : He will dispense with Heaven, and will unswear it. For that ambitious duke sets all on work, He that's in all the world's black sins forlorn, To sound what friends affect the claim of York, Is careless now how oft he be forsworn;
Whilst he abroad doth practise to command, And here of late bis title hath set down,
(") And makes us weak by strength’ning Ireland: By which he makes his claim unto our crown. More his own power still seeking to increase, And now I hear his hateful dutchess chats, Than for king Henry's good or England's peace. And rips up their descent unto her brats,
("4) Great Winchester untimely is deceas'd, And blesseth them as England's lawful heirs, That more and inore my woes should be increas'd. And tells them that our diadem is theirs :
Beauford, whose shoulders proudly bare up all, And if such bap her goddess fortune bring, The church's prop, that farnous cardinal. (*) If three sons fail, she'll make the fourth a king. The commons (bent to mischief) never let
He that's so like his dam, her youngest Dick, (") With France t' upbraid the valiant Somerset, That foul ill-favoured crook-back'd stigmatic, Railing in tumults on his soldiers' loss; That like a carcass stol'n ont of a tomb,
Thus all goes backward, cross comes after cross : Came the wrong way out of his mother's womb, And now of late duke Humphry's old allies, With teeth in's head, his passage to have torn, With banish'd Elenor's base accomplices, As though begot an age ere he was born.
Attending their revenge, grow wond'rous crouse, Who now shall curb proud York, when he shall And threaten death and vengeance to our house : Or arm our right against his enterprise, (rise? | And I alone the last poor remnant am, To crop that bastard weed, which daily grows, (6) T'' endure these storms with woful Buckingham. () To over-shadow our vermilion rose ?
I pray thee, Pool, have care how thou dost pass, (') Or who will muzzle that unruly bear,
Never the sea yet half so dangerous was : Whose presence strikes our peoples' hearts with (") And one foretold by water thou shouldst die, fear?
(Ah ! foul befal that foul tongue's prophesy :)
Yet I by night am troubled in my dreams,
() To over-shadow our vermilion rose.
of Henry the Seventh with Elizabeth, indubitato Where thou at sea maintaip'st a dangerous fight, heir of the house of York, were happily united. And with thy proved target and thy sword, Beat'st back the pirate which would come aboard.
(") Or who will muzzle that unruly bear? Yet be not angry, that I warn thee thus,
The earl of Warwick, the setter up and puller “The truest love is most suspicious.” Sorrow doth utter what it still doth grieve :
down of kings, gave for his arms the white bear But hope forbids us sorrow to believe ;
rampant, and the ragged staff. And in my counsel yet this comfort is,
() My daisy flower, which erst perfum'd the air, It cannot hurt, althougb I think amiss.
Which for my favour princes deign'd to wear,
Now in the dust lies, &c.
The daisy in French is called Margarite, which That that word hope (methinks) comes
slowly out: bility and chivalry of the land at her first arrival
was queen Margaret's badge : wherewithal the noThe reason is, I know it here would rest, Where it might still behold thee in my breast.
were so delighted, that they wore it in their hats,
in token of honour. Farewell, sweet Pool, fain more I would indite, But that my tears do blot what I do write. (') And who be stars, but Warwick's bearded staves!
The ragged or bearded staff, was a part of the AXXOTATIONS OF THE CHRONICLE HISTORY.
arms belonging to the earldom of Warwick. (') Or brings in Burgoin to aid Lancaster. (1) Sland'ring duke Rayner with base beggary. Philip, duke of Burgoin, . and his son, were Rayner, duke of Anjou, called himself king of always great favourites of the house of Lancaster : Naples, Sicily, and Jerusalem, who had neither howbeit they often dissembled both with Lancaster inheritance, nor received any tribute from those and York.
parts; and was not able at the marriage of the
queen, at his own charges, to send her into Eng. (1) Who in the North our lawful claim commends, land, though he gave no dower with her: which, To win us credit with our valiant friends ?
by the dutchess of Gloucester, was often in disgrace The chief lords of the north parts, in the time of cast in her teeth. Henry the Sixth, withstood the duke of York at
(22) A Kentish rebel, a base upstart groom. his rising, giving him two great overthrows.
This was Jack Cade, who caused the Kentish (4) To that allegiance York was bound by oath,
men to rebel in the eight and twentieth year of To Henry's heirs, for safety of us both;
king Henry the Sixth. No longer now he means record shall bear it, He will with Heav'n dispense, and will unswear it. (19) And this is he the white rose must prefer,
By Clarence daughter match'd to Mortimer. The duke of York, at the death of Henry the Fifth, and at this king's coronation, took his oath York, pretended to be descended from
This Jack Cade, instructed by the duke of to be true subject to him and his heirs for ever : but afterwards dispensing therewith, claimed the who married lady Philip, daughter to the duke
of Clarence. crown, as his rightful and proper inheritance. (") If three sons fail, she'll make the fourth a king. (**) And makes us weak, by strengthening Ireland. The duke of York had four sons : Edward earl
The duke of York being made deputy of Ireland,
first there began to practise his long pretended of March, that afterwards was duke of York, and king of England, when he had deposed Henry the parpose, and strengthening himself by all means Sixth ; and Edmond earl of Rutland, slain by the possible, that he might at his return into England, lord Clifford at the battle at Wakefield : and by open war claim that which so long before he George duke of Clarence, that was murdered in had privily gone about to obtain. the tower; and Richard duke of Gloucester, who
(1) Great Winchester untimely is deceas'd. was (after he had murdered his brother's sons)
Henry Beauford, bishop and cardinal of Winking, by the name of Richard the Third.
chester, son to John of Gaunt, begot in his age, was (5) He that's so like his dam, her youngest Dick, a proud and ambitious prelate, favouring unightily That foul ill-favour'd crook-back'd stigmatic, &c. the queen and the duke of Suffolk, continually Till this verse, As though begot an age, &c. heaping up innumerable treasure, in hope to have
been pope, as himself an his death-bed conThis Richard (whom ironically she calls Dick) fessed. that by treason, after the murther of his nephews, obtained the crown, was a man low of stature,
(16) With France t upbraid the valiant Somerset. crook'd-back'd, the left shoulder much higher Edmond, duke of Somerset, in the four-andthan the right, and of a very crabbed and sour twentieth year of Henry the Sixth, was made recountenance. His mother could not be delivered gent of France, and sent into Normandy to defend of bim; he was born toothed, and with his feet ihe English territories against the French inva. forward, contrary to the course of nature, sions : but in short time he lost all that king Henry
the Fifth won; for which cause, the nobles and He calls for caskets forth, and shows me store ; commons ever after hated him.
But yet I knew he had one jewel more,
And deadly curst him, that he did deny it, ("") To endure these storms with woful Buckingham. That I might not for love or money by it.
Humphry, duke of Buckingham, was a great 0, might I come a diamond to buy, favourite of the queen's faction in the time of That had but such a lustre as thine eye, Henry the Sixth.
Would not my treasure serve, my crown should
(go, (18) And one foretold by water thou shouldst die.
An agat, branched with thy blushing strains ; The witch of Eye received answer from her
A saphir, but so azur'd as thy veins; spirit, that the duke of Sutiolk should take heed of My kingly sceptre only should redeem it, water : which the queen forewarns him of, as re
At such a price if judgment could esteem it. membering the witch's prophecy; which after How fond and senseless be those strangers then, wards came to pass.
Who bring in toys, to please the Englishmen?
When London in thy cheeks can show them here
Roses and lilies growing all the year.
By bringing stones from farthest India in;
When happy Shore can bring them forth a girl,
To bring us crystal from the frozen main ? To view that beauty, whose transpiercing eyes
When thy clear skin's transparence doth surpass Had shot so many: which did so coutent
Their crystal, as the diamond doth glass. The amorous king, that instantly he sent
The foolish French, which bring in trash and toys, These lines to her, whose graces did allure him ; To turn our women, men, our girls to boys, Whose answer back doth of her love assure him. When with what tire thou do'st thyself adorn,
That for a fashion only shall be worn;
More rich than robe that ever empress ware.
Such as would find the great elixir out, When fare first blaz'd thy beauty here in court, And laugh to see the alchymists, that choke Mine ear repuls'd it, as a light report :
Themselves with fumes, and waste their wealth in But when mine eyes saw what mine ear had heard,
smoke; They thought report too niggardly had spar'd; When if thy hand but touch the grossest mould, And strucken dumb with wonder, did but mutter, It is converted to refined gold: Conceiving more than it had words to utter. When theirs is chaff'red at an easy rate, Then think of what thy husband is possest, Well known to all to be adulterate; When I malign the wealth wherewith he's blest; And is no more, when it by thine is set, “When much abundance makes the needy mad, Than paltry beugle, or light-prized jet. Who having all, yet knows not what is had:
Let others wear perfumes, for thee unmeet, Into fools' bosoms this good fortune creeps,
If there were none, thou couldst make all things And sums come in, whilst the base miser sleeps." If now thy beauty be of such esteem,
Thou comfort'st ev'ry sense with sweet repast, Which all of so rare excellency decm;
To hear, to see, to smell, to feel, to taste : What would it be, and prized at what rate, Like a rich ship, whose very refuse ware, Were it adorned with a kingly state ?
Aromatics and precious odours are. Which being now but in so mean a bed,
If thou but please to walk into the Pawn, Is like an uncut diamond in lead,
To buy the cambric, callico, or lawn, Ere it be set in some high-prized ring,
If thou the whiteness of the same wouldst prove, Or garnished with rich enamelling;
From thy far wbiter hand pluck off thy glove; We see the beauty of the stone is spilt,
And those which by as the beholders stand, Wanting the gracious ornament of gilt.
Will take thy hand for lawn, lawn for thy hand. (?) When first attracted by thy heavenly eyes, A thousand eyes closd up by envious night, I came to see thee in a strange disguise.
Do wish for day, but to enjoy thy sight, Passing thy shop, thy liusband call'd me back, And when they once have blest their eyes with Demanding what rare jewel I did lack.
Scorn ev'ry object else, whate'er they see: (thee, I want, thought I, one that I dare not crave, So like a goddess beauty still controls, Andove, I fear, thou wilt not let me haver And hath such pow'rful working in our souls.
The merchant, which in traffic spends his life, tioned the many battles betwixt the Lancaster Yet loves at home to have a dainty wife :
faction and him, or other“ warlike dangers, it had The blunt-spoke cynic, poring on his book,
been more like to Plautus' boasting soldier, than Sometimes (aside, at beauty loves to look : a kingly courtier. Notwithstanding it shall not be The churchman, by whose teacbing we are led, amiss to annex a line or two. Alfows what keeps love in the marriage-bed:
() From English Edward to the fairest fair. The bloody soldier, spent in dang’rolis broils, , With beauty yet content to share bis spoils :
Edward the Fourth was by nature very chivalThe busy lawyer, wrangling in his pleas,
rous, and very amorous, applying his sweet amiFindeth that beauty gives his labour ease :
able aspect to attain his wapton appetite' the
rather: which was so well known to Lewis the The toiling tradesman, and the sweating clown, Would have his wench fair, though his bread be French king, who at their interview invited him to So much is beauty pleasing unto all, [brown, / Paris, that, as Comineus reports, being taken at That prince and peasant equally doth call;
bis word, he notwithstanding brake off the matter, Nor never yet did any man despise it,
fearing the Parisian dames, with their witty coaExcept too dear, and that he could not prize it.
versation, would detain him longer than should Culearn'd is learning, artless be all arts,
be for his benefit: by which means Edward was If not employ'd to praise thy sev'ral parts:
disappointed of his journey. And albeit princes, Poor plodding school-men they are far too low,
whilst they live, have nothing in them but what Which by probations, rules, and axioms go ;
is adınirable, yet we need not mistrust the flattery He must be familiar with the skies,
of the court in those times. For certain it is, that Which potes the revolutions of thine eyes:
his shape was excellent; his hair drew near to a And by that skill #bich measures sea and land,
black, making his face's favour to seem more deSee beauties all, thy waist, thy foot, thy hand;
lectable: though the smallness of his eyes, full of Where he may find, the more that he doth view,
shining moisture, as it took away some comeliness, Soch rare delights, as are both strange and new:
so it argued much sharpness of understanding, And other worlds of beauty more and more,
and cruelty mingled together. And, indeed, George Which never were discovered before :
Buchanan (that imperious Scot) chargeth him, And to thy rare proportion, to apply
and other princes of those times, with affection of The lines and circles in geometry,
tyranny; as Richard the Third manifestly did. Using alone arithmetic's strong ground,
(?) When first attracted by thy heavenly eyes. Numb'ring the virtues that in thee are found : And when all these bave done what they can do,
Edward's intemperate desires, with which he For thy perfections all too little too.
was wholly overcome, how tragically they in his When from the east the dawn hath gotten out,
offspring were punished, is universally known. A And gone to seek thee all the world about,
mirror, representing their oversight, that frather Within thy chamber bath she fix'd her light,
leave their children what to possess, than what to
imitate. Where, but that place, the world hath all been Then is it fit that ev'ry valgar eye.
(') How silly is the Polander and Dane, Should see love banquet in her majesty?
To bring us crystal from the frozen main ? "We deem those things our sight doth most fre Allading to their opinions, who imagine crystal qnent,
to be a kind of ice; and therefore it is likely, they To be but mean, although most excellent: who came from those frozen parts, should bring For strangers still the streets are swept and strow'd, great store of that transparent stone, which is Pew look on such as daily come abroad : l'em, thought to be congealed with extreme cold. WheThings much restrain'd, do make us much desire ther crystal be ice, or some other liquor, I omit to And beauties seliloin seen, make us admire them." dispute: yet by the examples of amber and coral, Nor is it fit a city-shop should hide
there may be such an induration! for Solinus out The world's delight, and Nature's only pride; of Pliny mentioneth, that in the northerly region But in a prince's sumptuous gallery, .
a yellow jelly is taken up out of the sea at low Hung all with tissue, floor'd with tapestry, tides, which he calls succinum, we amber. So Where thou shalt sit, and from thy state shall see likewise out of the Ligustic deep, a part of the The tilts and triumphs that are done for thee. Mediterranean sea, a greenish stalk is gathered, Then kaow the diff'rence (if thou list to prove) which, hardened in the air, comes to be coral, Betsixt a vulgar and a kingly love : (troth, either white or red. Amber notwithstanding is And when thou find'st, as now thou doubt'st, the thought to drop out of trees; as appears by MarBe thou thyself unpartial judge of both.
tial's egigram : Where hearts be knit, what helps, if not enjoy? Et latet & lucet, Phaetontide condita gutta, Delay breeds doubts, no cunning to be coy:
Ut videatur apis nectare clausa suo.
Credibile est ipsam sic voluisse mori.
'To behold a bee enclosed in electrum, is not so Till when , these papers, by their lord's cominand, rare, as that a boy's
throat should be cut with the By me shall kiss thy sweet and dainty hand.
fall of an icicle; the which epigram is excel
lent, the 18 li. 4. He calls it Phaetontis gutta, ANNOTATIONS OF THE CHRONICLE HISTORY.
because of that fable which Ovid rehearseth con.
cerning the Heliades, or Phaeton's sisters, metamor. This epistle of Edward to mistress Shore, and of phosed into those trees whose gum is aber, where bers to him, being of unlawful affection, ministreth Mics alighting, are oftentimes translucently imstall occasion of historical potes; for had he men-' prisoned.
And goes away enriched with the store,
Whilst others glean, where he hath reap'd before :
And he dares swear that I am true and just,
And shall I then deceive his honest trust? As the weak child, that from the mother's wing Or what strange hope should make you to assail, Is taught the lute's delicious fingering,
Where the strong'st batt'ry never could prevail
To leave a king the conquest of my breast,
Yet rather let me die the vilest death,
Than live to draw that sin-polluted breath. (") Would I had led an humble shepherd's life, But our kind hearts men's tears cannot abide, Nor known the name of Shore's admired wife. And we least angry ost, when most we chide. and liv'd with them in country fields that range, Too well know men what our creation made us, Nor seen the golden Cheap, nor glitt'ring 'Change. And nature too well tanght them to invade us : Here, like a comet gaz'd at in the skies,
They know but too well, how, what, when, and Subject to all tongues, object to all eyes :
where, Oft have I heard my beauty prais'd of many, To write, to speak, to sue, and to forbear; But never yet so much admir'd of any :
By signs, by sighs, by motions, and by tears, A prince's eagle-eye to find out that,
When vows should serve, when oaths, when smiles, Which common men do seldom wonder at,
when pray'rs: Makes me to think affection flatters sight,
What one delight our humours most doth move, Or in the object something exquisite.
Only in that you make us nourish love.
That, of all other excellent'st, you swear:
And if we walk, or sit, or stand, or lie,
It must resemble some one deity ;
That you are ever sounding in our ear:
And yet so shameless, when you tempt us thus, Amongst the most, to choose this least of mine? To lay the fault on beauty and on us. More glorious suns adora fair London's pride, Rome's wanton Ovid did those rules impart, Than all rich England's continent beside ;
O, that your nature should be help'd with art! That who t' account their multitudes would wish, Who would have thought, a king that cares to (') Might number Romney's flow'rs, or Isis' fish. Enforc'd by love, so poet-like should feign? (reign, Who doth frequentour temples, walks, and streets, To say that Beauty, Time's stern rage to shun, Noting the sundry beauties that he meets, In my cheeks (lilies) hid her from the Sun; That if but some one beauty should incite
And when she meant to triumph in her May, Some sacred Muse, some ravish'd spirit to write, Made that her east, and here she broke her day: Here might he fetch the true Promethean fire, And that fair summer still is in my sight, That after-ages should his lines admire;
And but where I am, all the world is night; Gathering the honey from the choicest fow'rs, As though the fair'st e'er since the world began, Scorning the wither'd weeds in country bow'rs. To me, a sun-barnt base Egyptian. Here, in this garden only, springs the rose,
But yet I know more than I mean to tell, In ev'ry common hedge the bramble grows : (O, would to God you knew it not too well!) Nor are we so turn'd Neapolitan,
That women oft their most admirers raise, (") That might incite some foul-mouth'd Mantuan, Though publicly not flatt'ring their own praise. To all the world to lay out our defects,
Our churlish husbands, which our youth enjoy'd, And have just canse to rail upon our sex :
Who with our dainties have their stomachs cloy'd, To prank old wrinkles up in new attire,
Do loath our smooth hands with their lips to feel, To alter Nature's course, prove Time a liar, T'enrich our favours, by our beds to kneel; To abuse Pate, and Heav'n's just Joom reverse, At our command to wait, to send, to go, On Beauty's grave to set a crimson hearse, As ev'ry hour our am'rous servants do ; With a deceitful foil to lay a ground,
Which makes a stol’n kiss often we bestow, To make a glass to seem a diamond :
In earnest of a greater good we owe: Nor cannot, without hazard of our name,
When he all day torments us with a frown, In fashion follow the Venetian dame :
Yet sports with Venus in a bed of down; Nor the fantastic French to imitate,
Whose rude embracement but too ill beseems Attir'd half Spanish, half Italiapate ;
Her span-broad waist, her white and dainty limbs: With waist, nor curl, body, nor brow adorn, And yet still preaching abstinence of meat, That is in Florence or in Genoa born.
When he himself of ev'ry dish will eat. But with vain boasts how witless fond am I, Blame you our husbands then, if they deny Thus to draw on mine own indignity?
Our public walking, our loose liberty? And what though married when I was but young, If with exception still they us debar Before I knew what did to love belong,
(4) The circuit of the public theatre : Yet he which now's possessed of the room,
To hear the poet, in a comic strain, Cropp'd beauty's flower when it was in the bloom, Able t' infect with his lascivious scene :