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much resembled him, both in his features and the tone of his voice. He was there to act the part she had occasion for, and acquitted himself with himself with great dexterity; taking great care in the few visits that were rendered him, to recommend his dear Laodice and her children to the lords and people. In his name were issued orders, by which his eldest son Seleucus Callinicus was appointed his successor. His death was then declared, upon which Seleucus peaceably ascended the throne, and enjoyed it for the space of twenty years. It appears by the sequel, that his brother Antiochus, sirnamed Hierax, had the government of the provinces of Asia Minor, where he commanded a very considerable body of troops.
Laodice, not believing herself safe, as long as Berenice and her son lived, concerted measures with Seleucus to destroy them also; but that princess, being informed of their design, escaped the danger for some time, by retiring with her son to Daphne, where she shut herself up in the asylum built by Seleucus Nicator; but being at last betrayed by the perfidy of those who besieged her there by the order of Laodice, first her son, and then herself, with all the Egyptians who had accompanied her to that retreat, were murdered in the blackest and most inhuman manner.
This event was an exact accomplishment of what the prophet Daniel had foretold, with relation to this marriage. "The king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north, to make an agreement; but he shall not retain the power of the of the arm, neither shall he stand, nor his arm; but she shall be given up, and they that
Dan xi. 6.
brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times." Iam not surprised that Porphyry, who was a professed enemy to Christianity, should represent these prophecies of Daniel, as predictions made after the several events to which they refer; for could they possibly be clearer, if he had even been a spectator of the facts he foretold?
What probability was there that Egypt, and Syria, which, in the time of Daniel, constituted part of the Babylonian empire, as tributary provinces, should each of them be governed by kings who originally sprung from Greece? And yet the prophet saw them established in those dominions above three hundred years before that happened. He beheld these two kings in a state of war, and saw them afterwards reconciled by a treaty of peace, ratified by a marriage. He also observed, that it was the king of Egypt, and not the king of Syria, who cemented the union between them, by the gift of his daughter. He saw her conducted from Egypt to Syria, in a pompous and magnificent manner ; but was sensible that this event would be succeeded by a strange catastrophe. In a word, he discovered that the issue of this princess, notwithstanding all the express precautions in the treaty for securing their succession to the crown, in exclusion of the children by a former marriage, were so far from ascending the throne, that they were entirely exterminated; and that the new queen herself was delivered up to her rival, who caused her to be destroyed, with all the officers who conducted her out of Egypt into Syria, and till then had been her strength and support. Great God! how worthy are thy oracles to be believed and reverenced!" Testimonia tua credibilia facta sunt nimis.
Whilst Berenice was besieged and blocked up Daphne, the cities of Asia Minor, who had received intelligence of her treatment, were touched with compassion at her misfortune; in consequence of which, they formed a confederacy, and sent a body of troops to Antioch for her relief. Her brother Ptolemy Evergetes, was also as expeditious as possible to advance thither with a formidable army; but the unhappy Berenice, and her children, were dead before any of these auxiliary troops could arrive at the place where the siege had been carried on against her. When they, therefore, saw that all their endeavours to save the queen and her children were rendered ineffectual, they immediately determined to revenge her death in a remarkable manner. The troops of Asia joined those of Egypt, and Ptolemy, who commanded them, was as successful as he could desire, in the satisfaction of his just resentment. The criminal proceeding of Laodice, and of the king her son, who had made himself an accomplice in her barbarity, soon alienated the affection of the people from them; and Ptolemy not only caused Laodice to suffer death, but made him-self master of all Syria and Cilicia; after which he passed the Euphrates, and conquered all the country as far as Babylon and the Tigris; and if the progress of his arms had not been interrupted by a sedition. which obliged him to return to Egypt, he would certainly have subdued all the provinces of the Syrian empire. He, however, left Antiochus, one of his generals, to govern the provinces he had gained on this side of mount Taurus; and Xantippus was intrusted with those that lay beyond it. Ptolemy then marched
back to Egypt, laden with the spoils he had acquired by his conquests.
This prince carried off forty thousand talents of silver, with a prodigious quantity of gold and silver vessels, and two thousand five hundred statues, part of which were those Egyptian idols that Cambyses, after his conquest of this kingdom, had sent into Persia. Ptolemy gained the hearts of his subjects, by replacing those idols in their ancient temples, when he returned from this expedition; for the Egyptians, who were more devoted to their superstitious idolatry than all the rest of mankind, thought they could not sufficiently express their veneration and gratitude to a king, who had restored their gods to them in such a manner. Ptolemy derived from this action the title of Evergetes, which signifies a benefactor, and is infinitely preferable to all appellations which conquerors have assumed from a false idea of glory. An epithet of this nature is the true characteristic of kings, whose solid greatness consists in the inclination and ability to improve the welfare of their subjects; and it were to be wished, that Ptolemy had merited this title by actions more worthy of it.
All this was also accomplished exactly as the prophet Daniel had foretold, and we need only cite the text, to prove what we advance. "But out of a branch of her root," intimating the king of the south, who was Ptolemy Evergetes, the son of Ptolemy Philadelphus, "shall one stand up in his estate, which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the
About six millions sterling.
king of the north," Seleucus Callinicus, "and shall deal against them, and shall prevail. And shall also carry captives into Egypt, their gods, with their princes, and with their precious vessels of silver and gold, and he shall continue more years than the king of the north. So the king of the south shall come into his kingdom, and shall return into his own land;" namely, into that of Egypt.
* When Ptolemy Evergetes first set out on this expedition, his queen Berenice, who tenderly loved him, being apprehensive of the dangers to which he would be exposed in the war, made a vow to consecrate her hair, if he should happen to return in safety. This was undoubtedly a sacrifice of the ornament she most esteemed; and when she at last saw him return with so much glory, the accomplishment of her promise was her immediate care; in order to which she caused her hair to be cut off, and then dedicated it to the gods, in the temple which Ptolemy Philadelphus had founded in honour of his beloved Arsinoe, on Zephyrium, a promontory in Cyprus, under the name of the Zephyrian Venus. This consecrated hair being lost soon after by some unknown accident, Ptolemy was extremely offended with the priests for their negligence; upon which, Conon of Samos, an artful courtier, and also a mathematician, being then at Alexandria, took upon him to affirm, that the locks of the queen's hair, had been conveyed to heaven; and he pointed out seven stars, near the lion's tail, which till then had never been part of any constellation; declar
* Hygini. Poet. Astron. 1. ii. Nonnus in hist. Synag. Catullus de