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CONTENTs. Ix

PAGE CHAPTER X.

STRUCTURE OF THE CHINESE LANGUAGE.

Origin of this language—Six classes of characters—Modes of arranging them—The two hundred and fourteen radicals—Six styles of writing—Mode of printing—Metallic types—Sounds of the Chinese language—Three dialects and their peculiarities—Grammar of the Chinese—Mode of studying the language. . . . . . . . . .458

CHAPTER XI.
cLASSICAL LITERATURE or THE CHINEs E.

Catalogue of the imperial library—Five Classics; their names and character—Filial duty, and examples of it—Four Books; their authors and character—Notice of Mencius—Confucius, his life and writings; interview with a boy—Dictionaries of the language. . . 502

CHAPTER XII.
POLITE LITERATURE OF THE CHINESE.

Historical works—Sz’ma Kwang, a historian—History of the Three
States—Philosophical writings—Chu Hí and his disquisitions—
Sacred Commands of Kanghí; and versification of it—Stories of
the Rationalists—Novels—Story of Lí Taipeh—Poetry of the
Chinese—Ballads, pasquinades, and dramas—Proverbs. . . . 542

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Shing chá, upon the top, show that it is erected by imperial command. The four characters underneath in the panel, Chung Kwoh Tsunglum, are the name of the work in Chinese, “A General Account of the

Middle Kingdom.” The inscription on the right is Gin chéngai jin yu tsin kih so, i. e. He who is benevolent loves those near, and then those who are remote. That on the left is an expression attributed to Confucius; fang chi jin yu shing ché yé, i. e. The people of the west

have sages. PLAN of PEKING, - - - - - 57 WIEw of A streeT IN CANTon, - - - - 135 YAK or GRUNTING Ox, - - - - - 192 THE CHINEs E Hog, - - - - - 254 MoDE of cARRYING PIGs, 255 DIFFERENT styi. Es of OFFICIAL CAPs, 323 MoDE of cARRYING HIGH of FICERs IN SEDANs, 404 PRIson ER suffering Tor TURE, 405 MoDE of Exposure IN THE CANGUE, 411 PUBLICLY whipping A THIEF THROUGH THE starers, 413 DIFFERENT Forms of CHINEs E CHARACTERs, 473

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