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of Madness, or any other Disease, from Serm. IV. Father to Son; yet Man, without this Clue to unravel the Intricacies of his Nature, is a greater Mystery to himself, than the Transmision of Sin can be to him. Original Sin cannot be fo inconceivable by him, as he is by himself without it. For, pray observe : It cannot enter into the Head of Man to conceive greater Inconfiftencies, Absurdities, and contrarieties; than he may find, if he looks honestly and fairly into it, in his own Heart. How many pious Resolutions he forms, which, perhaps, dye in Embryo, before they ripen into Birth; and yet how many foolish and vain Projects : His Thoughts now aspiring to, and grasping after, heavenly Happiness, and anon sinking into the Dregs of Corruption! He is a strange Compound of Excellency and Baseness ; of the Angel and the Brute ; a motley Mixture of Knowledge and Ignorance, of Virtue and Vice, of Happiness and Misery; the Flesh warring against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the Fleih; two such mortal Enemies, that they are continually jarring and opposing each other; and yet two such dear Friends, that they dread a Separation from each other. Аа 2


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Let then the Difficulties of the Fall be never so great ; yet there is no getting rid of them, but at the Expence of an Abfurdity, the greatest of Absurdities, viz. that Creatures so corrupt as we are, could be immediately formed by an infinitely perfeet God, (who cannot behold Iniquity and Corruption with Pleasure) without any Contagion derived from, and transmitted to us by, our first Parents. Let a Man look within himself, and he will find, he will feel, a Demonstration of one Part of the Scriptures, the Truth of the Fall: Or, if he cannot see it there, he will prove by

Blindness the Truth which he denies. But if he admits this Part of the Scriptures to be true, I cannot perceive, why he should demur as to the rest. For there is no Part of them which is attended with greater Difficulties.

“ I appeal (says a lively Writer) to yourself, in your own " Degree of Goodness, if


could create your own Children, whether


would not create them in a better State, and “ with less of Evil, than that in which

you was born yourself. Therefore, only is

suppofing God to have your Degree of Goodness, he could not have created


his very

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es, the first Man, from whom your Nature Serm.IV.
« is derived, in the State that you are ;
" and therefore, supposing him only to be

good, you have sufficient Proof; but
supposing him to be, what he undoubt-
edly is, infinitely good, you have a full

Demonstration, that you are a fallen Creature, or not in that State in which is God created you.”

What remains, but that we strive to recover that Happiness by thinking soberly, which our first Parents forfeited by ambitious and aspiring Thoughts. Humility is the Valley, in which Benevolence (and every other Virtue) delights to grow. For whatever Professions of Benevolence proud Men may make; Pride and Benevolence are utterly inconsistent. He, who is big with the Sentiments of his Dignity, must have an Aversion to those, who do not seem to have as exalted an Opinion of him, as he has of himself. Now, as none can think as extravagantly of a proud Man, as he thinks of himself; the Consequence is, that he must hate all Mankind, except a few Flatterers. He must be angry with those, who do not proportion their Regard to his ima. ginary Deserts, which it is impossible to do.



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Serm. V. For though it be no difficult Matter to dis

cern how much Merit another Man really bas; it is not quite so easy to determine, how much he may imagine himself to have. Therefore no proud Person can be a benevolent and moral Man ; and no bumble Person brought up in the Christian and Protestant Religion, one would be apt to think, can be a mere moral Man. For he, who is humble, will not trust in his own Righteousness, or make any proud Pretensions to exalted Worth. The Confideration and Sense of his Unworthiness, will dispose him to accept the Offers of Salvation by Jesus Christ, and make him endeavour to fulfil the Terms of it. He, who has no high Notions of his own Merits, will be glad to be accepted by those of his blessed Saviour,

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Preached, in Part, at the Lady Moyer's

Lecture, in the Year 1733 ; and, since
that Time, considerably altered.

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Christ also hath once suffered for Sins, the

Just for the Unjust, that he might bring
us unto God.


HAT is faid of the great Duties Serm. V. of Morality, and the Difference

between Virtue and Vice, viz. Ask your own Heart, and Nothing is so plain : It is to mistake them costs the Pain and Time ; may, with a little Variation, be applied to the fundamental Doctrines of


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