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I know the court, with all its treach'rous wiles,
The falfe careffes, and undoing fmiles.

Ah, Princefs! learn'd in all the courtly arts,
To cheat our hopes, and yet to gain our hearts.


Mr. DALLAWAY fays, this Eclogue was written in the year 175, and he gives very fatisfactory reafons for attributing it to Lady Mary Montagu. I am inclined to think, by Roxana was meant the Duchefs of Marlborough. It is well known, that after the acceffion of George the Firft, the Duke was among the dissa. tisfied; for, though he was appointed Commander in Chief, yet he did not enjoy the smallest share of confidence or power. The Duchefs, no doubt, partook of his fpleen. The "Princess" was Caroline, then Princefs of Wales; and Cockatilla, Mrs. Howard, made bed-chamber woman to the Princess. This is my idea, but it is of little confequence to illuftrate a poem, which Pope, perhaps, never wrote.



N beauty, or wit,


No mortal as yet

To queftion your empire has dar'd;

But men of difcerning

Have thought that in learning,

To yield to a Lady was hard.


Impertinent schools,

With musty dull rules,

Have reading to females deny'd:

So papists refuse

The Bible to use,

Left flocks fhou'd be wife as their guide.


'Twas a woman at first,

(Indeed fhe was curft)

In knowledge that tasted delight,

And fages agree

The laws fhou'd decree

To the first poffeffor the right.

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Then bravely, fair dame,
Refume the old claim,

Which to your whole fex does belong;

And let men receive,

From a fecond bright Eve,

The knowledge of right and of wrong.


But if the first Eve

Hard doom did receive,

When only one apple had she,
What a punishment new

Shall be found out for


Who tafting, have robb'd the whole tree?





VER. 30. Who tafsling, have robb'd the whole tree?] This extraordinary Lady, the object of Pope's attachment in his early years, and of his most virulent invective afterwards, was indeed a Lady of fenfe, fpirit, and talents, as well as of great beauty. Her letters, in unaffected language, good fenfe, and natural humour, are as much fuperior to Pope's, as his verses are fuperior to her's. Her maiden name was Mary Pierrepoint; fhe was the daughter of Evelyn, Duke of Kingston, and Lady Mary Fielding, daughter of William Earl of Denbigh. She was born at Thoresby, in Nottinghamshire, about the year 1690.

“The first dawn of her genius opened fo aufpiciously, that her Father refolved to cultivate the advantages of Nature by a fedulous attention to her early education. Under the fame preceptors as her brother, Viscount Newark, fhe acquired the elements of the Greek, Latin, and French languages with the greatest fuccefs.


Her ftudies were afterwards fuperintended by Burnet, Bishop of Salisbury, and her translation of Epictetus received his emenda. tion."

Dallaway's Memoirs of Lady
M. W. Montagu.

Her husband was an intimate friend of Addison and of Steel. She went with him on his embaffy to Conftantinople, and, after his re. call, lived at Twickenham. Pope's admiration ended in difgut and averfion. Her latter years were paffed in Italy, and her letters from thence are very interefting, though there is no fa tisfactory account given why she was separated from her country fo many years.


On the Picture of Lady MARY W. MONTAGU by


[From Dallaway's Life of Lady Mary.]

HE playful fmiles around the dimpled mouth,
That happy air of majesty and truth;

So would I draw (but oh! 'tis vain to try,
My narrow Genius does the power deny)
The equal luftre of the heav'nly mind,
Where ev'ry grace with ev'ry virtue's join'd;
Learning not vain, and wisdom not severe,
With greatness easy, and with wit fincere ;
With just description fhew the work 'divine,


And the whole princess in my work fhould fhine. 10


VER. 1. The playful fmiles, c.] Her face and appearance were fo altered by age, that fhe fays for many years fhe never looked in a glass. She received her travelling countrymen, who paid their respects to her in Italy, veiled, or in a mask.

She lived to fee the Nobleman who married her daughter, higheft in the confidence of his prefent Majesty; and whatever might have been her faults, her tender and affectionate correspondence with her daughter, no one can read without a tear of respect and fympathy.

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