The Rebirth of the Russian Space Program: 50 Years After Sputnik, New Frontiers

الغلاف الأمامي
Springer Science & Business Media, 10‏/05‏/2007 - 358 من الصفحات
The rebirth of the Russian space program marks an important event: 50 years since the first Sputnik was launched on 4th October 1957. At that time, few could have imagined the dramatic events that lay head. The Soviet Union achieved all the great firsts in cosmonautics—the first satellite in orbit, the first animal in orbit, the first laboratory in orbit, the first probe to the Moon, the first probe to photograph its far side, the first soft landing on the moon, the first man in space, the first woman in space, the first spacewalk. Except one, the first human landing on the Moon. In 1964, the Soviet Union decided to contest the decision of the United States to put the first person on the Moon. The Soviet Union engaged in that race far too late, with divided organization, and made a gallant but doomed challenge to Apollo. Undaunted, the Soviet Union rebuilt its space program around orbiting stations, building the first one, Salyut, and then the first permanent home in space, Mir. The Soviet Union still achieved many more firsts: the first lunar rover, the first soft landing on Venus, the first soft landing on Mars, the first recovery of samples from the Moon by automatic spacecraft.
 

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المحتويات

Building the International Space Station
17
Space station depends on Russia
57
Tables
65
conclusions
74
Weather satellites
87
Small satellites
100
Araks
114
GLONASS
127
Dnepr
182
RD180 powers the Atlas
196
Plesetsk
221
the Volgograd station
234
TsUP
254
Chelomeis bureau and derivatives
269
Russias space budget
283
Resurgentthe new projects
315

Ikar Fregat
142
Proton and Proton M
155
Zenit 3SL the Sea Launch
170
Launchings 200006 337
336
Index
345
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حول المؤلف (2007)

Author of ‘Race into space - the Soviet space programme’ (1988), ‘The new Russian space programme’ (1994), ‘Russia in space - the failed frontier?’ (2001), ‘Two roads into space - the Japanese and Indian space programmes’ (1998), ‘The Chinese space programme - from conception to future capabilities’ (1997), ‘The Chinese space programme - from conception to manned spaceflight’ (2004), ‘Europe’s space programme’ (2003), ‘Two roads to the moon’ (with Dave Shayler)(forthcoming), ‘Russian planetary exploration’ (forthcoming), ‘Latest in space 2007’ (forthcoming), all Praxis titles. Writer on articles on spaceflight for Astronomy Now, Orbit, Spaceflight, Journal of the British Interplanetary Society (JBIS), Space Chronicle, Astronomy & Space, Sunday Press, Quest, Irish Independent. Broadcaster for RTE, BBC (Radio 4, World Service), Canadian Broadcasting.

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