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as far up
distant about three hundred miles. that the whole of the enemy's He commenced 'advancing, after forces had crossed to the Melloone allowing his men a day's repose; side of the river, and occupied, on the 6th of December. The with ten or twelve thousand men, order of march was in two di- a series of strongly fortified heights, visions. The first, to which head and a formidable stockade, conquarters were attached, was in șidered the chef d'æuvre of the advance, making a considerable Burmese engineers, having in front circuit to the eastward, for the a rapid stream six hundred yards purpose of turning all the river broad. On the 26th, however, defences of the enemy
as they sent in a flag of truce, bringMeaday, where it was expected ing a letter from their chiefs, that the enemy might have ral- stating their desire to put an end to lied, as the stockades had been hostilities, that a minister had arstrengthened with everything rived from Ava with full powers that Burmese art could effect. to negociate and ratify a peace, The second division under briga and requesting a meeting for that dier general Cotton, advanced, by purpose. On the 28th two officers a route nearer, and parallel, to the were sent to Melloone to arrange river, to act in co-operation with the proposed conference; but the the flotilla, until it should be as- Burmese leaders again displayed certained that the navigation of their usual anxiety to gain time. the river was open, at least to They made many profound reflecMeaday. The earlier part of tions on the expediency of waiting the march was through a difficult a propitious season for so important country, with roads scarcely prac- a transaction, and argued strongly ticable for artillery, leading through for the propriety of not proceeding a thick and tangled jungle, that before the approaching full moon. kept the soldiers almost continually The British officers, unable to acdeluged with water, which, besides complish the object of their errand, damaging their provisions, was per- declared the truce at an end, and, nicious to their health. The cholera next day, the British army took again made its appearance, and possession of Patanagoh, from carried off numbers of the men which its cannon could reach the before its ravages could be checked enemy's works across the river. by gaining a more open and ele- The Burmese flotilla immediately vated country. When the army attempted to run up the river to reached Meaday on the 19th De- secure their communications with cember, they found it just evacu- Ava; but the artillery being hasated by the rear-guard of the tily brought to bear upon them, enemy, the Burmese having re- they returned to their former positired upon Melloone where their tion under the guns of the stockade. army had received orders again to The British flotilla which had been concentrate. The pursuit was con- detained by the intricacy of thechantínued from Meaday by forced nel, and the propriety of waiting marches ; and on arriving within the erection of - batteries to check five miles of Patanagoh, a town on the fire from the Milloone side, apthe left bank of the Irrawaddy, op- proached so soon as the cannonad posite to Melloone, which occupies began. It had to pass close under the right bank, it was ascertained the enemy's works, but the Bure
mese chiefs thought it imprudent cunning, entreaty, lying, down, to precipitate hostilities, when right begging, all equally ineffecthere was a chance of gaining tual, and that they had no choice something by delay. Instead of but between immediate acceptance firing a single shot at the flotilla, of the proffered terms, and the intwo gaudy war-boats came out to stant re-commencement of active act as pilots; and it anchored safely hostilities, they finally signed the at some distance above the town, treaty on the 8d of January. By cutting off all means of retreat or its terms, the four provinces of of supply by the river. ;
Arracan, together with those of - The consequence of these ami. Mergui, Tavoy, and Zea, were to cable dispositions on the part of
be ceded to the company; the the enemy was the conclusion of a kingdoms of Assan, Cachar, Zeattrúce, and the appointing of a con- ing, and Munnipoor, were to be ference to be held, to treat of placed under princes named by the peace, on board of a large boat
large boat British government. Residents moored for that purpose in the from each court were to be receivmiddle of the river. The commis- ed at the other, and allowed to resioners for Ava were, the Kee tain an escort of fifty men; BriWoonghee, and the new negocia- tish ships were to be admitted into tor Kolein Menghi. The first Burmese ports, and to land their carconference was held on 1st of goes, free of duty, without unshipJanuary, 1826. As formerly they ping their rudders, or landing their resisted obstinately the payment of guns; and Ava was to pay to the money, and the cession of territory. company a crore of rupees by inTo the first of these demands they stalments, as some indemnification answered, that they were unable for the expenses of the war. The to pay such a sum; that the war treaty was to be returned from the had been much more expensive to capital ratified by the king, along themselves, from the large armies with the English prisoners there which they had been compelled to detained, within fifteen days., in maintain, than to Britain; that During these fifteen days, how
they might be able, by using great ever, it became very evident that "economy, to pay a million baskets the Burmese had no serious intenof rice within a year, but they did tion of making peace, that delay not grow rupees', and, if sir A. had been the only object of their Campbell had any disinclination to negotiations, and that they would the rice, there were abundance of again encounter the chance of war, fine trees in the forests, which he rather than yield to the terms immight cut down, and carry' away posed upon them. Prince Meinstead of the money. They miaboo, who commanded in Melwished to retain Arracan, they loone, continued to strengthen hig said, not on account of its value, works in violation of the truce, for it was rather a burden to Ava and in defiance of the remonstranthan a source of profit, but because ces of the British general, as if he the nation was proud of the con- had been perfectly aware, , that quest, which had been achieved by there was no chance of peace.
On the valour of their ancestors, and the 17th January, the day before the national honour was engaged that on which the ratification of not to yield it. Finding, however, the treaty was to be delivered, three Burmese officers were sent ceived the most convincing and to make apologies for the delay, humiliating proofs. But at dayprofess ignorance of its causes, and light it was seen that the preceding beg for an extension of the limited night had been devoted by them period. They offered to pay down to preparations equally laborious, an instalment of money, and give and the construction of extensive hostages for the execution of the and well-planned works, with a treaty, if the British army would view to the resistance on which retire to Prome, a proposal too ex- they had resolved. travagant and absurd for any court At eleven o'clock, A. M. (the but that of Ava to make. The 19th), the batteries and rockets British commissioners would grant opened their fire on the enemy's no relaxation of the terms what position ; and while it was warmly ever excepting this, that, if the kept up, the troops intended for Burmese evacuated Melloone, and the assault were embarking in the continued retiring before the Bri- boats of the ships and the flotilla, tish forces upon the capital, hos- at a point above Patanagoh, under tilities would not be recommenced, the superintendance of captain though the army would advance, Chads, of the Alligator, on whom and even the march of the army this charge devolved, in the abwould be suspended so soon as sence of commodore sir James the ratified treaty was received. Brisbane, in consequence of exThis proposal being peremptorily treme indisposition. About one rejected, they were dismissed with P. M. a decided impression having the assurance, that twelve o'clock been produced by the cannonade, on the night of the 18th would be one brigade under lieutenant-colo the signal for renewed hostilities. nel Sale, consisting of the 13th
Accordingly, immediately after and 38th regiments, was directed midnight of the 18th, the con- to drop down the river, and assault struction of batteries, and the the main face of the enemy's polanding of heavy ordnance from sition, near its south-eastern angle: the flotilla commenced. With so brigadier-general Cotton, with the much zeal and activity was the flank companies of the 47th and service performed, that by ten 87th regiments, and the 89th reoʻcloek on the morning of the 19th, giment, under lieutenant-colonel twenty-eight pieces of ordnance Hunter Blair ; the 41st regiment, were in battery, on points present- and the 18th Madras native ining a front of more than a mile on fantry, under lieutenant-colonel the eastern bank of the Irrawaddy, Godwin; and the 28th Madras and corresponding with the extent native infantry, with the flank of the enemy's line of defence on companies of, the 43rd Madras the opposite shore. Hopes were native infantry, under lieutenantentertained, that the formidable colonel Parlby, were ordered to appearance of these preparations cross above Melloone, and, after would have induced the enemy to carrying some outworks, to attack make some further communications the northern face of the principal in the morning, instead of again work. risking the renewal of hostilities Although the whole of the boats with troops of whose decided sų- pushed off together from the left periority they had so recently re- bank, the strength of the current,
and a strong breeze from the parture from Melluone, the minisnorth, carried the first brigade to ter answered, with great coolness the given point of attack before and good humour, that in the the other columns could possibly same hurry he had left behind him reach the opposite shore ; lieu- a large sum of money, which also tenant-colonel Sale was unfortu- he was confident the British gennately wounded in his boat, but, eral only waited an opportunity of the corps of his brigade having returning." landed, and formed with admirable On the 25th of January, the regularity, under the command of army resumed its triumphant major Frith, of the 38th, rushed march towards the capital, and on on to the assault, and were, in a the 31st was met in its advance by short time, complete masters of a Dr. Price an American missionary, work, which, although certainly and Mr. Sandford, an assistant not so well chosen in point of po- surgeon of the army, taken pria sition as some others, yet had been soner some months before, whom rendered most formidable by labour fear had induced the king, and art, and was such as to afford on his learning the rout of Melthe enemy a presumptive assurance loone, to restore totheir liberty, and of security in their possession of it. despatch as messengers of peace. This is fully evinced by the cir- They were sent to express his cumstance of the chiefs, with Me majesty's sincere desire for peace, miaboo' at their head (contrary to and to ascertain the lowest terms the Burmese custom in all such at which it could be purchased. cases), having remained within These differed little from what their defences till they saw the had been agreed to at Melloone 5 troops crossing to the assault. The sir A. Campbell refused to halt his discomfiture was rendered com- army till they should be accepted, plete, by the second brigade, when but promised not to pass for twelve the works had been carried, cutting days Pagahm-Mew, which was in
upon the retreat of the crowded between him and the capital, and and disorderly fugitives.
The loss which he could not, in any event, of the attacking troops amounted reach in less than ten days. The to only nine men killed, and messengers departed with sanguine thirty-four wounded, among whom hopes that they would return with were three officers. The vietors a ratified treaty ; but the golden were masters of all the ordnance majesty of Ava, resolved to risk and military stores; in the house the chance of war once more, put of prince Memiaboo they found forth new exertions 'to raise new 30,000 rupees in specie, and, forees, and prepared to assemble what was fully as interesting, both them in the neighbourhood of the English and the Burmese Pagahm-Mew. Part of the fugicopies of the treaty, in the state tives from Melloone had been rallied in which they had been signed, at that point, and there reinforced having never been transmitted to by fresh levies from Ava. The Ava. When'sir A. Campbell command of the whole, amounting afterwards sent it to the Kee- to sixteen thousand men, had been Woonghee, with a note stating that given to Ta-Yea-Soogean, Woon. he supposed he had 'merely for- doek, Ne-Woon-Breen, who had gotten it in the hurry of his de pledged himself to his sovereign to
dehieve some signal success at the difficult for regular troops to diexpense of the British, styling verge from its direct course,
either them, in the insolent language of to the right or left, is in some his Court and nation, the Invading places so thick as completely to Army of Rebellious Strangers. mask the formations and maneuOn the evening of the 8th of Feb vres of large bodies. The Burmese ruary, the enemy was discovered in general, availing himself of these forcestrongly posted about five miles advantages, and probably ignorant in advance of the village of Yesseah, of the reinforcement the leading where the leading British division division had received during the had that day encamped. They night, drew up his army in the
: : had resolved to defend two posi- form of a crescent, both its flanks tions; the first having for its appui being considerably advanced, and the Logoh-Nunda Pagoda ; the the main road running directly second, within the old walls of the through its centre, thinking no city, which had undergone some doubt the British must advance by partial repairs, and the numerous it, till opposed in front, when the Pagodas in and about Pagahm- wings would close in to attack them the former was to be occupied by on both flanks and in the rear, seyen thousand, the latter by nine which his great superiority in thousand men.
Considering it of numbers would have enabled him importance that the decisions of to effect. But the advance of the the Court of Ava at this particular British force was conducted in crisis should not be left to depend such a manner as soon to defeat the upon hopes cherished under a false object of his formation, and he confidence in the promises of their was instantly assailed upon both new commander, sir A Campbell flanks. The 13th light infantry took measures for attacking the under sir A Campbell, led the right enemy on the morning of the 9th, attack accompanied by four guns, and ordered brigadier general Cot- and a small detachment of the body Iton, whose division was twelve guard, supported by the 89th miles in the rear, to march with regiment; the 38th regiment atthree of his corps, at, such an hour tacked on the left, supported by during the night, as would ensure the 41st, and two guns under the his joining him by day light. Thus direction of brigadier general reinforced he marched at nine Cottonwhilst lieutenant colonel o'clock; and, four miles from our Parlby, with the 43rd Madras nacamp, found, for the first time tiveinfantry,advancedon the bank of since the commencement of the the Irrawaddy, towards theextreme War, the enemy prepared to dis- left, to prevent the enemy from pute the ground in the field, in throwing troops into the rear in front of his first position. The that direction. They received the disposition of his troops, and his attack on both flanks tolerably wellplans for receiving our attack, ex- formed, and with some show of hibited marks of considerable resolution, but were soon obliged to judgment.
give way before the rapid fire and The road from Yesseah i to Pa- steady charge of British soldiers. gahm-Mew leads through a country. Part of their troops, being broken much overgrown with prickly jun- by the 38th, retired into a wellgle, which, whilst it renders it constructed field-work, but were so