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closely pursued that they had not met the army, bringing indeed, time to form for its defencer; there neither the first instalment of the from three to four hundred of them money, nor the prisoners, but to perished, either by the bayonety or assure the British commander, that plunging into the river to eseape the king had yielded, though he de The enemy, perceiving both his murred as to the money from an apfanks attacked, and the British prehension taught him by his own centre apparently without troops, faithlessness, that the invaders, havpushed a column by the main road, ing once received payment, would towards an eminence in the rear, still keep possession of the country. covered with Pagodas, but was He was instructed, therefore, to checked, and retired on seeing the inquire whether sir A. Campbell 89th in reserve. 1. Several times would not accept of six lacs out of during the day they attempted, the twenty-five upon the spot, and with their cavalry to turn the right, receive the other nineteen on his and vigilantly watched every op
arrival at Prome on his return. portunity which might offer to The request was refused; the army effect this purpose. They at one again advanced ; when it had time came down ing
great force; reached Yandaboo, within four and good order, towards a small days march of the capital, Dr. party of the 13th light in- Price again made his appearance, fantry. The first of the enemy's bringing with him the prisoners, positions being thus carried, the the treaty ratified, and the stiputroops were re-formed, and, after a lated sum of twenty-five laes of short halt, led to the attack of the rupees.
war was now ended; second, which they soon forced a party of officers from the army without much opposition. The visited the capital, and were enemy, thus defeated at all points, received by the humbled monarch left the conquerors in possession of with every honour. On the 5th Pagahm-Mew, with all its stores, of March the troops who had mainordnance, arms and ammunition. tained this unequal contest, and The i Burmese commander, Nee forming but an handful in comWoon-Breen, whose confidence had parison with the multitudes openticed the king into this new dis posed to them, had marched from laster, had no sooner reached Ava victory to victory into the very lin his flight, than he was put to bowels of an hostile empire, comdeath.
menced their return to Rangoon. 1. No opposing force now remained The following were the articles between the army and the capital, of the treaty. towards which it again directed its "1. There shall be perpetual march through a country not de- peace and friendship between the vastated by the policy of a retreat- hon. company on the one part, and ing foe, and forming only a dreary his majesty the king of Ava on wilderness of jungle, but presenting the other. 1. a wide extent of rich and well 2. His majesty the king of Ava cultivated fields, thickly inter renounces all claims upon,
and will spersed with copswood and vil- abstain from all future interference lages, while temples and pagodas with, the principality of Assam glittered along the banks of the and its dependencies, and also with river. On the 13th Dr. Price again the contiguous petty states of
Cachar and Jyntia. With regard native or foreign, is hereafter to be to Munnipore, it is stipulated, that, molested, by either, on account of should Gumbheer Singh desire to the part which he may have taken, return to that country, he shall be or have been compelled to take, in recognized by the king of Ava as the present war. rajah thereof.
7. In order to cultivate and ima 3. To prevent all future dis prove the relations of amity and putes respecting the boundary peace hereby established between line between the two great nations, the two governments, it is agreed the British government will retain that accredited ministers, retaintheconquered provinces of Arracan, ing an escort or safeguard of fifty including the four divisions of Arra- men, from each, shall reside at the can, Ramree, Cheduba, and Sando durbar of the other, who shall be wey, and his majesty the king of permitted to purchase, or to build Ava cedes all right thereto. The a suitable place of residence,' of Annonpeeteetonmien or Arracan permanent materials; and a commountains (known in Arracan bymercial treaty, upon principles of the name of the Yeornabourg reciprocal advantage, will be enor Pokhenloung Range) will tered into by the two High Conhenceforth form the boundary be tracting Powers. tween the two great nations on 8. All public and private debts that side. Any doubts regarding contracted by either government, the said line of demarcation will or by the subjects of either governbe settled by commissioners ap- ment, with the other, previous to pointed by the respective govern- the war, to be recognized and ments for that purpose, such com- liquidated upon the same princimissioners from both powers to ples of honour and good faith as if be of suitable and corresponding hostilities had not taken place berank.
tween the two nations; and no 4. His majesty the king of Ava advantage shall be taken by cedes to the British government either party of the period that the conquered provinces of Yeh, may have elapsed since the debts Tavoy, and Mergui, and Tenasse were incurred, or in conserim, with the islands and depen- quence of the war ; and, according dencies thereunto appertaining to the universal law of nations, it taking the Saluen river, as the line is further stipulated, that the of demarcation on that frontier. property of all British subjects Any doubts regarding their boun- who may die in the dominions of daries will be settled as specified the king of Ava, shall, in the abin the concluding part of article 3. sence of legal heirs, be placed in
5. In proof of the sincere dispo- the hands of the British resident sition of the Burmese government or consul in the said dominions, to maintain the relations of peace who will dispose of the same and amity between the nations, according to the tenor of the and as part indemnification to the British law. In like manner the British government for the expen- property of Burmese subjects, ses of the war, his majesty the king dying under the same circumstanof Ava agrees to pay the sum of ces in any part of the British one crore of rupees.
dominions, shall be made over to 6. No person whatever, whether the minister or other authority
delegated by his Burmese majesty as little irksome, or inconvenient to the supreme government of as possible to his majesty the king India.
of Ava, consent to the following 9. The king of Ava will abo« arrangements, with respect to the lish all exactions upon British division of the sum total, as speciships or vessels in Burman ports fied in the article before referred that are not required from Bur- to, into instalments, viz. : upon the man ships or vessels in British payment of twenty-five lacks of ports; nor shall ships or vessels, rupees, or one-fourth of the sum the property of British subjects, total (the other articles of the whether European or Indian, en- treaty being executed), the army tering the Rangoon river or other will retire to Rangoon ; upon the Burman ports, be required to land future payment of a similar sum at their guns, or unship their rudders, that place, within one hundred or to do any other act not required days from this date, with the proof Burmese ships or vessels in Bri- viso as above, the army will evacu
ate the dominions of his majesty 10. The good and faithful ally the king of Ava, with the least of the British government, his ma- possible delay ; leaving the remainjesty the king of Siam, having ing moiety of the sum total to be taken a part in the present war, paid by equal annual instalments will, to the fullest extent, as far as in two years, from this 24th day of regards his majesty and his sub- February, 1826, A. D., through jects, be included in the above treaty. the consul, or resident in Ava, or
11. This treaty to be ratified by Pegu, on the part of the honourthe Burmese authorities competent able the East India company. in the like cases, and the ratification A. CAMPBELL, Major-Gen. and to be accompanied by all British, Senior Commissioner. whether European or native (Ame T. C. ROBERTSON, Civil Comrican) or other prisoners, who will
missioner. be delivered over to the British H. D. CHADS, Captain Royal commissioners. The British com
Navy. missioners, on their part, engaging LABGEEN MEONJA WOONGHEE, that the said treaty shall be ratified SHWAGUM WOON ATAWOON. by the right hon. the governorgeneral in council, and the ratifica While the Burmese war was tion shall be delivered to his ma- brought to this triumphant conclujesty, the king of Ava, in four sion, fortune had been equally months, or sooner if possible ; and propitious to the arms of Britain, all the Burmese prisoners shall, in on the north-western frontiers of like manner, be delivered over to her Indian empire, where her their own government as soon as interposition was demanded to they arrive from Bengal.
protect a native prince against an Additional Article.
usurper. The rajah of Bhurtpore,
Buldeo Singh, had died in terms The British commissioners being of striet alliance with the company, most anxiously desirous to manifest by which they were bound to assist the sincerity of their wish for peace, each other against all enemies. and to make the immediate execu- The rajah, apprehensive of the tion of the fifth article of this treaty consequences which might follow
upon his death had, during his life- its strength, from the quantity of time, declared his son, Bulwunt water which its locality enables the Singh, his successor, and had ob- garrison to command, and, when tained for him from the company filled, the ditch presents a most the formal investiture of the formidable obstacle. To the real Khilaat, or robe of inauguration. strength of the fortress, was added From that moment the young that of opinion: if not impregnable, rajah was under the protection of the natives of Hindostan believed the British government.
On the it to be so. The termination of death, however, of Buldeo Singh, the attack in 1805, without its his 'nephew, Doorjun Sal, gained actual surrender, although it had à party in the army, excited a been thrice attempted to be stormsuccessful rebellion, gained posses, ed, had produced an exaggerated sion of Bhurtpore itself, and seated opinion of its strength, and of the himself on his cousin's throne. courage of its defenders, which Bulwunt Singh demanded the pro- presented exceptions to the usual tection of the company; and in the career of the British arms in India. end of 1825, an army, under the Bhurtpore was a point, 'on which command of lord Combermere the vanity and discontent of the marched to reinstate him.
military tribes of Hindostan could $. The first and great object was, dwell with satisfaction, and, after the reduction of Bhurtpore itself, the failure of lord Lake, it was a a fortress of immense strength, saying amongst them, that India deemed by the natives to be im was not yet conquered, for Bhurtpregnable, and already celebrated pore had not been taken. It was for its successful resistance to not to be doubted that a' second British troops, when besieged in failure would produce the most 1805 by lord Lake, who was com- unfavourable effects on public opipelled to give up the enterprise after nion, and give new life to all the he had lost 3,000 men. It is a town elements of restlessness and disof considerable extent, strongly affection which might be existing. fortified on every side, being sur The preparations for the attack Founded by a mud wall of great were now made on a large and height and thickness, with a very complete scale, calculated to insure wide and deep ditch. The fort ultimate success; and, on the 10th stands at its eastern 'extremity, and December, lord Combermere apis of a square figure ; one side over- peared before it with an army of looks the country, the other three upwards of 20,00C men, and a field are within the town. It occupies of more than an hundred pieces of a situation that appears more ele- artillery. During the night the vated than the town; its walls also enemy had cut the bund, or emare higher, and its ditch of greater bankment of a lake to the northwidth and depth. The circum- ward, for the purpose of filling ference of the town and fort their broad and deep ditch, a most together, is above eight miles; and essential means of defence, which their walls, in all that extent, are had contributed largely to the sucflanked with bastions' at 'short cessful resistance of the place in distances, on which is mounted a 1805'; but they had been too numerous artillery. The place tardy with this operation, the derives a considerable addition to British troops arrived in time to
make themselves masters of the between them, having likewise beembankment, and repair the breach gun its fire within two hundred before a
sufficient quantity of and fifty yards of the north-east water had flowed into the fosse to angle, the defences of the east side render it impracticable. The fol- of that part of the works were in lowing days were occupied in a great measure destroyed. A reconnoitring the works, and de- battery was then constructed bear termining the points of attack, ing on the north face of the same until the battering train and its angle, at a distance of about two appurtenances should have come hundred and fifty yards. The rest up, the fortress occasionally firing of December was employed in a upon the reconnoitring parties, and similar manner in strengthening occasional skirmishes taking place the old batteries, erecting new ones, between small detachments and and pushing forward the works; a his cavalry which were encamped constant fire, which left scarcely a under the walls.
roof uninjured being kept up Lord: Combermere, desirous to against the town, while the enemy save the women and children from seemed to be reserving his resources the horrors of a siege, and of a to the last, and the operations of bombardment like that which must the besiegers were exposed to no follow from such a battering train material interruption. On the 3rd as he was about to employ, ad. January, 1826, the artillery began dressed a letter to Doorjun Sal on to breach the curtains; the ditches the 21st, calling upon him to send in front were found to be dry, and, them out of the fort, promising from the ruggedness of the coun them safe .conduct through the terscarp, offered fewer obstacles British camp, and allowing four than had been expected. Such, and twenty hours for that purpose, however, was the tenacity of the before he should open his fire upon tough niud walls, that they resisto the town. Having received an ed the effects of shot better than evasive answer, his lordship again masonry would have done; it was sent to him, allowing a farther ex- found that the batteries were in tension of the time for twelve sufficient to breach them, and hours; but the humane offer was recourse was had to mining. On not accepted. On the 23rd, there- the evening of the 6th, a mine was fore, every thing being in readiness commenced in the scarp of the to commence operations, and the ditch on the northern face of the north-east angle of the works have work, with the purpose of improvi ing been fixed upon as the point of ing the breach ; but the engineers, attack, the besiegers under a heavy fearing that they would be disfire, took possession of a ruined covered, if they continued their village called Kuddum Kemdee; operations during the day, sprung and of Buldeo Singh's garden, and it at day-light on the following completed their first parallel at the morning, when it was not suffici distance of about eight hundred ently advanced to have any material yards from the fort. On the effect upon the wall. In making morning of the 24th, two batteries a second attempt, the miners were erected at two points opened away, having been counterupon the town, and, on the 25th, mined from the interior before another more advanced battery they had entered many feet, and