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Pontusaid he, 14 which the it contains, which spontaneously 312] ANNUALUR EGISTER)! 1826. been, on his part, a violation of tuated by sinister and reprehensible the constitution of Brazil. bra,fan views, may seek to excite in the In the event of Don Pedro re- kingdom criminal commotions, solving to sacrifice the crown of perhaps making use of my name Portugal, and transferring it to to cover their perfidious views. , : one of his children, it was doubtful art Under these circumstances, how far Don Miguel and his ad- and considering the distance which herents would patiently submit to separates me from Portugal, I such an arrangement. They wete have thought that it was not only declared enemies to the separation suitable, but absolutely necessary, of the two countries; there was to express,vby the only means in reason to apprehend, that, when my power, that, far from authoriPedro relinquished the throne him-zing, directly or indirectly, any self, they would dispute his right seditious machinations, tending to to fill it with another; and, at all disturb: the tranquillity of our events, Miguel's elevation to the country, I positively declare that vacant seat, would be the triumph nobody respects more than I do of their own principles. - On his the last will of our august father father's death, however, Don Mi- and master ; and that I shall guel appeared to be most submis- always disapprove every thing that sive and respectful. When that shall not be conformable to the event happened, he was still re- dispositions of the decree of the sident at Vienna, whither he had 6th March of the present year, by been sent as into a kind of honour- which his majesty the emperor and able relegation, after his attempt king so wisely provided for t the against the authority of his father; public administration, by creating and, however little the Austrian a junta of government for these cabinet might be inclined to give kingdoms, till his legitimate heir countenance to political changes, and successor, who is our dear by encouraging princes who ac brother and master, the emperor knowledged the independence of of Brazil, shall have provided for revolted colonies, they had nothing it, as he, in his wisdom, shall see fit. to gain for her by exciting in "I beg you, therefore, my ternal discontent in Portugal, or tender sister, in the improbable raising up a competitor to its law case that any one should dare ful h monarch. Accordingly the rashly to abuse my name; to serve answer which Don Miguel re as a cover to projects subversiye of turned to his sister, on receiving good order, and of the legal existofficially the notification of his ence of the government established brother's accession, while it plainly by him who had the incontestible showed what apprehensions were right to do so, to take care to cause entertained of his own inclinations, to be published and declared, for of the purposes for which a when, -how, and where you

shall (party might employ his name, was please, by virtue of the present frank and satisfactory. Though letter, the just sentiments which

nation has always ob- emanate from my heart, and are served towards its sovereigns be inspired by the fidelity and respect unalterable, it is, however, possi- due to the memory of the last will ble that evil,minded persons, ace of our dear father and sovereign.".

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Such was the language of Donmoved, establishments military, na Miguel on the 6th of April. - In val, and commercial, which had ex« the course of a few months a wide isted for centuries; and allies both spread rebellion was raging in the able and willing to support his aux kingdom, to overturn the sucees. thority, if he should be so inclined, sion appointed by his “dear Ibro- against any popular encroachments. ther and master, and" place him. In Brazil, he was to give steadiness to self upon the throne, without its a throne tottering amid the storms drawing from him any speedy, or of surrounding revolutions ; laws decisive, or public disavowal of the and institutions, a fleet, an army, traitors who were levying war in and a treasury, were to be created; his name against a government to a war already begun, but neither which he had sworn allegiance. popular nor successful, was to be

The intelligence of the death of prosecuted ; his subjects were to be king John reached Rio Janeiro on jealous colonists, and savage, or the 24th of April, the anniversary half-civilized aborigines; and he of the day on which he had em was to have for neighbours, not barked from it to return to Portů powerful allies, and monarchs who gall Don Pedro had now before had the same interest with himself, him ar choice which on every side but vigilant, and inimical repub was surrounded by difficulties. lics. But it was natural for him At first sight it would appear to desire that, although he could natural that he should prefer the not rule over both countries himancient and settled throne of his self, they should both remain sub European monarchy, to a new and ject to the House of Braganza. unsteady dominion, whose popula- The successor whom he might aption were not attached to him by point to the throne of Portugal, habit, while their national and po was not likely to be attacked by liticah prejudices were strongly di- any dangerous and extraneous rected against his native country, competitor : the habits of legitiand whose territóry came, on every mate succession were too deeply side, into contact with states the rooted in Europe, and it was too very form of whose government much the interest of all its momade them his enemies, and were “narchies to preserve them, to allow incessantly presenting seductive the tranquillity of the legal sucexamples to the discontents and “cessor of a sovereign who had ablantipathies of his own hetero- dicated to be seriously disturbed. geneous provinces.' . In Europe Brazil, however, was in a very there was prepared for him a crown different situation, and to relinvenerated for its antiquity and re- quish it to reign in Portugal spectable for its strength'; a people brought the imminent danger of accustomed to obedience and at- losing it entirely. Of all the colotached to his family ;'a 'state of nies which Spain and Portugal had society which had nothing in it to planted in South America, Brazil

produce uneasiness, excepting the alone had retained a monarchical remaining traces of a momentary government; and her continued convulsion which half the liberality adherence to monarchical forms he squandered upon the constitu- had been the result, in no small tion of Brazil, if joined with prú- degree, of the presence of the dence, would speedily have te king and the court during the

been, on his part, a violation of tuated by sinister and reprehensible the constitution of Brazil. The views, may seek to excite in the A In the event of Don Pedro re- kingdom criminal commotions, solving to sacrifice the crown of perhaps making use of my name Portugal, and transferring it to to cover their perfidious views. one of his children, it was doubtful ants Under these circumstances, hows får Don Miguel and his adt and considering the distance which herents would patiently submit to separates me from Portugal, I such an arrangement. They were have thought that it was not only declared enemies to the separation suitable, but absolutely necessary, of the two countries; there was to express, by the only means in reason to apprehend, that, when

my power, that, far from authori Pedro relinquished the throne him-zing, directly or indirectly, any self, they would dispute his right seditious machinations, tending to to fill it with another; and, at all disturb the tranquillity of our events, Miguel's elevation to the country, I positively declare that vacant seat, would be the triumph nobody respects more than I do of their own principles. On his the last will of our august father father's death, however, Don Mi and master; and that I shall guel appeared to be most submis- always disapprove every thing that sive and respectful. When that shall not be conformable to the event happened, he was still re- dispositions of the decree of the sident at Vienna, whither he had 6th March of the present year, by been sent as into a kind of honour which his majesty the emperor and able relegation, after his attempt king so wisely provided for the against the authority of his father; public administration, by creating and, however little the Austrian a junta of government for these cabinet might be inclined to give kingdoms, till his legitimate heir countenance to political changes, and successor, who is our dear by encouraging princes who ac brother and master, the emperor knowledged the independence of of Brazil, shall have provided for revolted colonies, they had nothing it, as he, in his wisdom, shall see fit. to 1 gain for her by exciting in “I beg you, therefore, my ternal discontent in Portugal, or tender sister, in the improbable raising up a competitor to its law that

anyone should dare ful 5 monarch. Accordingly the rashly to abuse my name, to serve ánswer which 'Don Miguel re as a cover to projects subversive of turned to his sister, on receiving good order, and of the legal existofficially the notification of his ence of the government established brother's accession, while it plainly by him who had the incontestible showed what apprehensions were right to do so, to take care to cause entertained of his own inclinations, to be published and declared, lor of the purposes for which a when, how, and where you

shall party might employ his name, was please, by virtue of the present

frank and satisfactory. “Though letter, the just sentiments which the fidelity,” said he, to which the it contains, which spontaneously

Portuguese nation has always ob- emanate from my heart, and are served towards its 'sovereigns be inspired by the fidelity and respect unalterable, it is, however, possi- due to the memory of the last will ble that evil;minded persons, ae- of our dear father and sovereign."

case

Such was the language of Don moved; establishments military, naMiguel on the 6th of April. In val, and commercial, which had ex the course of a few months a wide. isted for centuries; and, allies both spread rebellion was raging in the able and willing to support his aukingdom, to overturn the succes. thority, if he should be so inclined, sion appointed by his dear bro- against any popular encroachments. ther and master, and place him. In Brazil, he wastog

givesteadiness to self upon the throne, without its a throne tottering amid the storms drawing from him any speedy, or of surrounding revolutions ; laws decisive, or public disavowal of the and institutions, a fleet, an army, traitors who were levying war in and a treasury, were to be created; his name against a government to a war already begun, but neither which he had sworn allegiance. popular nor successful, was to be 07 The intelligence of the death of prosecuted; his subjects were to be king John reached Rio Janeiro on jealous colonists, and savage, or the 24th of April, the anniversary half-civilized aborigines ; and he of the day on which he had em was to have for neighbours, not barked from it to return to Portů powerful allies, and monarchs who gal: Don Pedro had now before had the same interest with himself, him a choice which on every side but vigilant, and inimical repub was surrounded by difficulties. lics. But it was natural for him At first sight it would appear to desire that, although he could natural that he should prefer the not rule over both countries him ancient and settled throne of his self, they should both remain subEuropean monarchy, to a new and ject to the House of Braganza. unsteady dominion, whose popala- The successor whom he might aption were not attached to him by point to the throne of Portugal, habit, while their national and po was not likely to be attacked by liticah prejudices were strongly di- any dangerous and extraneous rected against his native country, competitor: the habits of legitiand whose territory came, on every mate succession were too deeply side, into contaet with states the rooted in Europe, and it was too very form of whose government much the interest of all its momade them his enemies, and were narchies to preserve them, to allow incessantly presenting seductive the tranquillity of the legal sucexamples to the discontents and cessor of a sovereign who had abjantipathies of his own hetero- dicated to be seriously disturbed. geneous provinces. In Europe Brazil, however, was in a very there was prepared for him à crown different situation, and to relinvenerated for its antiquity and re- quish it to reign in Portugal spectable for its strength'; a people brought the imminent danger of accustomed to obedience and at- losing it entirely. Of all the colotached to his family; a state of nies which Spain and Portugal had society which had nothing in it to planted in South America, Brazil produce uneasiness, excepting the alone had retained a monarchical remaining traces of a momentary government; and her continued convulsion which half the liberality adherence to monarchical forms he squandered upon the constitu- had been the result, in no small tion of Brazil, if joined with prů- degree, of the presence of the dence, would speedily have re- king and the court during the

years of his exile from Europe. The his decision in favour of Brazil, and Brazilians were as bitter in their that without either temparizing, or enmity against the policy and in any undue delay. On the 2nd of stitutions of the mother country, May, he abdicated the throne of as the natives of any other South Portugal, and, in announcing this American states; they were equally step to the Brazilian chambers, determined against the interference when he opened their session four of her influence with the conduct days afterwards, he made it a new of their government; if opposition merit with his American subjects. to their demands had been persisted! I considered the interest of Brąin by Portugal as obstinately as it zil; I reflected that it would be a was by Spain to the demands of disgrace not to make Portugal Colombia or Buenos Ayres, Brazil happy, but what was my affliction would haye ranked among her in seeking means to make Portugal sister republics ; and even now happy without injuring Brazil

, and dangerous symptoms were occa- separating them neyer again to be sionally shewing themselves in the united. If there be any Brazilians northern provinces. The children still incredulous, they may now of Don Pedro were all infants: a know that such is

my

consideration long minority, and regency, could for the interests and independence not fail to be most dangerous to of Brazil, that I have abdicated the the supreme authority of the royal crown of the Portuguese monarchy, house of Portugal in a country which was mine by indisputable which had just conquered its inde- right, merely, lest in future, somependence; which, in conquering its thing might arise prejudicial to the independence, had naturally been interests of Brazil.” drawn towardsforms of government This act of abdication of the by which that independence would crown of Portugal was in favour of be most strongly expressed, and his eldest daughter Donna Maria was attracted by political affinities da Gloria, who was then an infant to the republican institutions that of seven years of age. Until she every where surrounded it. Ha- should arrive at legal age, the tred of European governments, powers of government were vested and European princes, had been in her aunt, the present regent: both a cause and an effect of the At the same time, in order to reSouth American revolutions; and, move as far as possible every occaalthough circumstances had hither- sion of internal disturbance, and to saved monarchy in Brazil, mo obviate any dangers which might narchy itself was not an object of be apprehended from the faction of affection, and the family who en the queen dowager, and Don joyed it was, from its very connec- Miguel, it was made a condition of tion with the mother country, an the cession to the infant princess, object of jealousy.

that, on coming of age, she should Considerations like these may marry her uncle Don Miguel. An have bad some weight with Don amnesty wasat the same time grantPedro and his counsellors in maka' ed for all political offences where the ing a choice which it can never punishment had not exceeded conbe agreeable to a monarch to make demnation to the gallies for three

which of two crowns he shall years. A new constitution was resign. At all events, he made formally promised to Portugal; and

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