Sivut kuvina


is concerned) as to Romance, that not only was sir George Chronicles, and Law. There is unable at present, but in all proalso a great deal of the old poetry bability never would be able, to --Volumes that would have fetched attend. The sheriff had also made their weight in gold when the a return to the same effect. Roxburgh mania was in its vigour. Serjeants Bosanquet and Taddy, A contemporary prose history of suggested to the court, either to the Crusades is considered unique. discharge the present grand assize, Certainly no mention of the work and commence the proceedings de is to be found in any catalogue that novo, or summon another knight has reached this country. The in the room of sir George AlderMarquis Astorga, who founded the son, and so proceed to trial. library, was viceroy of Portugal, Serjeants Vaughan and Wilde, under the administration of Oli- for the tenant, opposed both of

He married that great these, contending that the court statesman's daughter; and many had no power to adopt either of volumes in this collection have the them; there was only one case on leaves between the clasps blazoned record, in which a knight had with the arms of the Count-Duke. been added to complete the grand The possession of this collection assize, and that was a case not of will, of course, confer new dis- the illness, but of the death of the tinction on the magnificent and knight originally summoned. The truly liberal establishment of which present, they said, was a most it is about to form a part. The vexatious proceeding, after the same body purchased only last year tenant had been so long in possesa very fine Danish library entire, sion, and they would, therefore at Copenhagen.

seize every obstacle which they 27. COURT OF COMMON PLEAS. could to throw in the way of it. -Tooth, demandant v. Bagwell, The court said, that in a case tenant. This was a writ of right where they had no precedent, they to try the right to certain lands must resort to general principles which had been nearly sixty years and common sense, in order that in the possession of the tenant. no injustice might be done. Here The proceeding is one of extremely was no laches on the part of the derare occurrence, and has nearly mandant, and it would be hard therefallen into desuetude. The present fore to deprive him of his right to action was to have been tried last take the benefit of this proceeding. term before the four judges and a They should therefore order a rule grand assize, consisting of four to summon another knight in the knights and twelve freeholders room of sir George Alderson, and chosen by them. It was then put they did this the more readily, beoff for default of appearance of cause if there was any error it some of the knights, and after could be remedied by an appeal to several adjournments, came on for the highest court in the country. trial this day. Thirteen only of THE VATICAN Mss. The the knights and freeholders of the most valuable of all Monsignor grand assize made their appearance. Mai's discoveries are unpublished. Of the knights, sir George Alder. They consist of ample extracts son could not attend. His physi- from Polybius, Diodorus, Dio Cascian was examined, and deposed, sius, Ennius, Menander the his


torian, and Persius, preserved in EXCAVATIONS IN DALMATIA. those . hitherto lost volumes of Since the year 1818, when the the eclogue of Constantinus Por- emperor of Austria visited this phyrogenitus, of which the fortu- province, the search for antiquities nate librarian found large remnants has been carried on here with in the Vatican. These fragments great activity. Those on the site are said to be invaluable for an of Salona have proved very procient history, as much so as, or ductive ; the columns of the palace more than, those published by of Diocletian are yet standing, and Fulvius Ursinus, and Henricus the workmen employed under Dr. Valesius. The extracts from Po- Lanza, have discovered various inlybius contain the details of the teresting antiquities. The excadestruction of the Achæans, and vations at Pola have been still Corinth; those from Diodorus ap more successful: two of the arches pear to give a circumstantial nar of the amphitheatre, which were ration of the beginning, at least, in danger of falling, have been reof the social war; the contents of paired, and the two beautiful temthe latter historians are quite new. ples, and triumphal arch, are now It should appear that whoever is entirely exposed, the mean buildpossessed of such a literary trea- ings that disfigured them having sure would be eager to give it to been taken down. the world; but it happens, most 28. CụAMOIS.--Four live spen unfortunately, that the Roman cimens of the beautiful Antelope government requires that Mai rupicapra, or the Chamois from should publish at Rome; and print- the Alps of Switzerland, were ing at Rome at his own expense, shipped at Leith, for the king. without extraordinary assistance, They were sent from Switzerland exposes him to a certain loss, as to the earl of Fife, who has nobody out of Italy would purchase presented them to his majesty, an edition extravagantly dear and and they will be naturalized very incorrectly executed, if a in Windsor Park. They are the cheaper and more correct edition first of these beautiful animals, it might be had, as would be the case, is believed, which have reached within a few weeks after a copy this country alive. There are had reached Germany. Thus M. two females, a buck, and a kid. Mai may either allow or refuse They are nearly of the size of the us the enjoyinent of these precious fallow deer, or common goat, but relics.

elegantly formed, with horns The celebrated Niebuhr has very slightly bent back, and curved at warmly interested himself to ob- the apex. The extreme shyness, tain subscriptions for the ingenious and amazing agility of the Chamois Italian. Hitherto his success has render this animal very difficult to been limited to a subscription for a be procured alive; though the number of fifty copies from the Chamois hunters of the Alps are Dutch Institute of Letters and the most adventurous of men. Sciences. The work is actually 30. OPENING OF THE MENAI ready for the press, and any sub- SUSPENSION BRIDGE.—This stuscriptions will be publicly acknow- pendous structure was opened for ledged by the learned conservator general intercourse at half past of the Vatican MSS,

one in the morning.



Mr. W. A. Provis, the resident suspending piers, where the chains engineer, was despatched to meet rest. The vertical rods, an inch the London (via Shrewsbury) square, suspended from the chains, mail, and take charge of it across support the slippers for the floorthe bridge. He having mounted ing of the road-way, the rods being the box with the coachman, the placed five feet from each other. mail proceeded, and on its way to The chains, sixteen in number, the bridge took up as many as contain five bars each ; the length could either be crammed in, or of each bar is 9 feet 9 inches, the find a place to hang by. Thus width 3 inches by 1 inch square, loaded, amidst the blaze of lamps, with six connecting lengths at each the cheers of those assembled, and joint, 1 foot 6 inches, by 10 inches, the roaring of a heavy gale of and 1 inch square, secured by two wind, the gates were thrown open, bolts at each joint, each bolt weighand the mail passed triumphantly ing about 65 pounds: the total

number of bars, in the cross secAbout nine o'clock, sir H. Par- tion of the chains, is eighty. nell, and the chief engineer, Mr. The whole is suspended from Telford, passed over in the carriage four lines of iron cables by perof the latter. Throughout the pendicular iron rods, placed five remainder of the day the number feet apart, and these rods support of carriages, as well as horses and the road-way framing. The suspersons that passed over, was im- pending power is calculated at

2016 tons, and the weight to be The extreme length of the suspended, exclusive of the cables, chains from the fastenings in the is 342 tons, leaving a disposable rocks, is about 1600' feet. The power of 1674 tons. The weight height of the road-way from high- of the whole bridge between the water line, is 100 feet. Each of points of suspension is 489 tons. the seven small piers, from high- It is calculated that the contraction water line to the spring of the and expansion of the iron cables arches, is 65 feet. The span of may occasion a rise or fall to the each arch is 50 feet. Each of the extent of 4 or 5 inches; but the two suspending piers is 52 feet variations of the temperature of above the road. The road on the the atmosphere will not derange bridge consists of two carriage the bridge. ways (one way for going, and the The abutments consist of maother for returning) of 12 feet sonry-work; four additional arches each, with a foot-path of 4 feet are on the Anglesea side; each of between these two carriage-ways. the two piers is 60 feet, by 424 The carriage-roads pass through wide at high-water mark, having two arches, in the suspending piers, a foundation of rock. These piers of the width of 9 feet, by 15 feet are connected with the whole of in height to the spring of the the remainder of the masonry, and arches. To counteract the con- form a mass constructed with blocks traction and expansion of the iron, of hard lime-stone, of much greater from the effect of the change of weight than is necessary


supthe atmosphere in winter and sum- porting a bridge of this kind. This mer, rollers are placed under cast- bridge is, perhaps, (with the single iron saddles, on the tops of the exception of the Simplon road), the

most stupendous monument of hu- tive places; the officer of the man art in the world. The sea order signified his majesty's comrushes in a dark and turbulent mand for filling the vacant stall. confusion of currents between the His grace the duke of Dorset, precipitous shores of Anglesea and the king's master of the horse, the main land ; many small rocks, was introduced into the presence partly hidden, except at low water, of the chapter, and received the augment the perplexity and danger honour of knighthood from the of the passage; the winds blow king, and his grace then retired. furiously down the ravine, and The suffrages were then colproduce, even when the weather lected from the different knights is moderate elsewhere, a perfect forming the chapter. His grace tempest of spray. Altogether, ex- the duke of Dorset was declared cept in the very finest season of duly elected. His grace was then the year, the Menai ferry was a received at the door of the chapter sufficient trial for not the weakest room by the two junior knights of nerves.

The narrowest part of present, attended by the garter the strait is 500 feet in width, and principal king of arms, bearing the here it is now crossed by a conve- ensigns of the order, and his grace nient bridge 30 feet in breadth, being introduced to the king, he suspended 100 feet above the sur was graciously pleased to invest face of the water from enormous the duke therewith. The officers stone buttresses, 152 feet in height. of the order pronounced the usual This magnificent bridge, Mr. Tel- admonition to the newly-elected ford's road across Anglesea, and member of the order, who received the establishment of steam-packets the congratulations of all the memat Holyhead, have perfected the bers present. communication between this coun The chapter being ended, gartry and Dublin; and, taking it ter king of arms called over the merely in a political point of view, knight's companions, and the prothe completion of this great plan is cession returned in the order in a matter of high importance. which it had been made in the

31. CHAPTER OF THE GARTER. chapter room. - Yesterday his majesty commanded a court for various public procedures, to be held at his

FEBRUARY. Royal Castle at Windsor.

STEAM NAVIGATION”A few Arrangements having

been made days ago, the steam-boat Liberator for holding a chapter of the order left Liverpool, destined for the of the garter, a procession was river Orinoco, (in the Republic formed in the private room of the of Colombia,) where she is to be most noble order of the garter, in employed. She will not use her order to confer the ribband vacant engine on crossing the Atlantic, by the death of the late earl of but will stop at Grenada to set it Carlisle, knight companion of the up, whence she will proceed and get order.

into the Orinoco in perhaps twentyThe knights companions and four hours after her departure officers having proceeded from the from Grenada. In about six months private apartment into the chapter another steam-boat will leave Liroom, and taken their respec- verpool for the same destination.

EARTHQUAKE.A shock of an associated for a voyage to the coasts earthquake was felt in the province of Natal and Fumos, with a view of Basilicata, in the kingdom of of forming an establishment there. Naples. Sixty houses in the district The Salisbury was fitted out for of T'ito were thrown down; all the this purpose, freighted at a very buildings in the populous town great expense, and accompanied by of Potenza suffered more or less, lieutenant Farewell, of his maand in both places many persons jesty's navy, one of the proprietors. were buried under the ruins. The vessel being provided with in

POMPEJI.--A fresco painting terpreters, passed up the Natal has been discovered at Pompeii, coast, tried several rivers, and at representing an eruption of Vesu- length entered the port of Natal, vius, and several processions at the which had not been entered by foot of the mountain; Cape Mise- 'any vessel for, perhaps, half a cennum and the city of Naples are in tury before. The voyage was unthe back-ground. This picture successful in a commercial point of indicates that Vesuvius was for view, not more than half a ton of merly of prodigious 'height, and ivory being collected ; but licuthat the frequent eruptions have tenant Farewell having attempted lowered it considerably ; it also to land in a boat at St. Lucia, was shews that the Somma did not upset in the surf, and Jacob, one exist, or rather that it formed a of the interpreters who was with part of Vesuvius, and has been him, thinking that by being shipseparated from it by a volcanic wrecked he was freed from his eneruption.

gagement, made his way to the NEW COLONY AT NATAL.-In court of Chaka, king of the Zoolos, consequence of the spirit of enter


the natives of Delaprise which the examination of goa Bay call them, Olontontes, Delagoa Bay, in 1823, and the where he speedily became a favourearly part of 1824, excited, several ite, and by his means lieutenant voyages were performed to that Farewell opened a communication part of the eastern coast of Africa, with that monarch. The result by the merchants of the Cape of was an invitation to lieutenant Good Hope. Among others Mr. Farewell to make a settlement at Henry Nourse , fitted out a vessel, Natal, and, in July 1824, he left and, as part of her return-cargo, the Cape in a schooner of thirty she brought a quantity of the tusks tons, with about twenty persons, of the hippopotami, which had for himself, and two other genmerly been regarded by the Por- tlemen, a Mr. Fynn, two or three tuguese and natives as of very Hottentots, and the rest Dutch or trifling value. The sale of Mr. English from the Cape. On the Nourse's cargo, however, discovered 8th of August following, Chaka that sea-horse ivory was worth executed a grant of land to lieuhalf as much again as the tusks of tenant Farewell, including thirtythe elephant, and since that time five or forty miles of coast, and it has been in great demand, and about one hundred milesin breadth, better estimated by the Portu- inland. For this grant lieutenant guese.

Farewell appears to have paid some This trade being now a little consideration in beads, brass, and better understood, the merchants cloth. The vessel which carried


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