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round the deck (when they could) that all the parties belonging to and died generally raving mad." the warehouse were at dinner, and

17. LANCASTER ASSIZES. a number of the neighbours assemJames Evans, aged 27, was in- bled sent for the fire-engine, and, dicted for the wilful murder of with some difficulty, broke open Thos. Price, at Manchester, on the the door. When the smoke had 3rd of February last. [See p. 18.] cleared away, it was discovered

Mr. Scarlett, Mr. Ashworth, that the room had been on fire in and Mr. Starkie conducted the two places; that a great quantity prosecution,

and Mr. Sergeant of pieces were piled up in the Cross, Mr. Williams, and Mr. middle of the floor; and that the Jones the defence. The trial obstruction, which had been offered lasted from eight o'clock in the 'to the opening of the door, had morning till nearly ten at night, been occasioned by a number of and upwards of fifty witnesses pieces so placed as to form an efwere examined. The deceased, fectual barricade. It was at first Mr. Price, was a calico-merchant, a matter of surprise how the perresident in Manchester, and he son, who had placed the pieces occupied, for the purposes of trade, against the door, had contrived to two floors of a building in Man- get out of the room; but it was chester-square. The prisoner, who afterwards explained, that that was a clerk or warehouseman, and end might have been effected by a woman of the name of Mary placing the pile of pieces at a Price, who was a cutter, were small distance from the door, employed on the premises. It in such a position as to recline was the custom for these two in- against it, by which means the dividuals, as well as the deceased, door might have been opened sufto go to dinner cach day at one ficiently wide to allow a person to o'clock, and on that occasion the pass, and then, upon being closed doors of the two warehouses were on the outside, the pieces would locked, and the keys deposited in fall down against it, and thus the counting-house, which form a barricade. As soon, howalso locked, and the key of the ever, as it was safe to do so, the counting-house was kept by either party assembled, which had then the prisoner or the deceased, just been joined by the prisoner, proas it might happen. A room ceeded to search the room, and which led to the counting-house, upon lifting up the pieces in the and in which Mary Price worked, middle of the room, the body of was also locked, and the key of the deceased was found quite dead. the last-mentioned

There was a quantity of coagualways left at an office on the lated blood on the floor, and the ground-floor, which was occupied head of the deceased displayed by a Mr. Gibson, who was the several wounds, the principal of secretary of a savings bank. On which was a fracture of the skull the 3rd of February last, this key behind the left ear, through which was not left at Mr. Gibson's, and a quantity of brain had protruded. at about a quarter past one on that The body was carried to the inday a fire was observed in the firmary, and at first, some of the highest of the rooms occupied by medical men inclined to the deceased. It was supposed think that the deceased had died VOL. LXVIII.


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of suffocation, and received the clean cravat, spread in such a wounds on the head afterwards. manner as to conceal the shirt. On dissection, however, from the Lavender lifted up the cravat, and quantity of blood which was found then observed some stains of blood between the scalp and the skull, on the breast of the shirt. Prisoner and also from the quantity of blood was asked how the blood had come which had evidently flowed from there, and at first said that he did the wounds of the deceased, the not know how; but afterwards said surgeons were unanimously of that he had got it in assisting to opinion, that the wounds must remove the deceased to the infirhave been inflicted on the deceased mary. It was proved that the when he was alive. The situa- prisoner had not assisted in the tion in which the deceased had removal. Lavender then searched been found having been detailed, the lodging of the prisoner, and a train of evidence, purely circum- found, in a clothes bag, a collar stantial, was shown, to connect slightly stained with blood, and a the prisoner with the murder. cravat, which on being unfolded, The prisoner, as before stated, was also displayed some spots of blood. a clerk in the warehouse of the It was also sworn, that whilst in deceased, and a witness proved custody, he had said, « If I had that the night before the murder, known of this yesterday, I would the deceased had complained, in have been in a different county the presence of the prisoner, of the to-day:" and afterwards, “ After manner in which the prisoner all, it is but suspicion, and they had kept the books. Mary Price, can prove nothing against me.” the woman who worked on the pre- A hammer which had been kept mises, then swore, that the prisoner in the warehouse was proved to had been on the premises during al- have disappeared about the time most the whole of the forenoon of of the murder. the 3rd of February, going up and The prisoner, in his defence, put down stairs frequently, and that in a written paper, which was drawn she had not observed the deceased up extremely well, and which congo out, though she thought that, tained some very ingenious arif he had gone down in the usual guments in his favour. It urged manner, she must have observed that no sufficient motive had been him. She said that, about one shown that could have induced the o'clock, the prisoner locked up prisoner to commit such a crime, the doors, and she went to din- and that, in point of fact, he had

It was then proved, by a been a great loser by the death of friend of the prisoner, that he the deceased. He suggested that, had met him on his way to dinner, as it would be proved that the at about five minutes past one,

firemen had used their axes, it was and had observed that there was probable that Mr. Price had first some blood on his shirt collar. been suffocated by the smoke, and Lavender, the police officer, proved then received the wound on his that he apprehended the prisoner, head from the axe of one of the on the premises, at about four firemen. He would call evidence o'clock in the afternoon of the 3rd to show that the deceased had been of February, and that the prisoner seen on his own premises a little wore then a clean collar and a before one, and then, if they re


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membered the evidence of Mary it as impressive as possible: all the Price, and of the person who had streets through which the processworn that he had met him at five sion had to pass, from the barrier minutes after one, they would to the Kasan church, displayed the feel certain that he could not, by

zeal of the inhabitants to pay every possibility, have been the mur tribute of respect to the memory derer. Witnesses were called, who of their late sovereign, nearly each proved that Mr. Price had been house having black draperies and seen at different times on that festoons suspended in front. The morning, between twelve and one Gostinnoi Dvor, and other pubo'clock. One witness swore to lic edifices, were profusely adorned having seen him at a quarter or with sable decorations, on which ten minutes before one. None of were displayed the Emperor's cythe witnesses, except the father of pher in silver. In the Newsky Perthe prisoner, were known to or spective the front of general Sabir's connected with the prisoner's ' residence was hung with black; family. They were, for the most and the portico of the Roman Capart, clerks in mercantile houses tholic church in the same street at Manchester, who had called distinguished itself by the simple, upon the deceased on business. It but tasteful, style, in which it was was proved also that the fireman fitted up on this solemn occasion. who first entered the warehouse Upon its being announced by the which was on fire, had returned guns at the barrier that the funeral to the engine, and taken his procession was approaching the hatchet, and again entered the city, the heralds and the masters

It had been before proved of the ceremonies began to arrange that the wounds on the head of in due array all those who were to the deceased might have been pro- join the cortège. Various regiduced by the axe of a fireman. ments of troops lined the streets

Mr. Justice Bayley summed up the whole way; and, from a very the case with great care, and the early hour, all the windows and Jury almost immediately declared scaffoldings (which latter were the prisoner Not Guilty.

erected wherever there was an 18. THE FUNERAL OBSEQUIES open space) were crowded with OF THE EMPEROR ALEXANDER. spectators. At half past ten the (Translated from the Russian.) Emperor, accompanied by the grand - This being

the day appointed for duke Michael, theprinces of Orange the arrival of the funeral convoy and Prussia, the duke of Wellingwith the remains of the late em ton, and a numerous suite, reached peror, from Zarskoe-Selo, at seven the barrier, and shortly afterwards o'clock in the morning, three dis arrived a carriage drawn by eight charges of guns, from the fortress horses, in which were the two of St. Petersburg, announced to empresses Alexandra and Maria, those who had any official part to the princess Maria of Wirtemburg, sustain in the solemn ceremony, to and the young heir-apparent, the prepare to assemble at the Moscow grand duke Alexander: on one side barrier. For some days preceding, rode prince Dolgoruki, on the other every arrangement had been made count Modin, and, behind, the in the capital to heighten the effect master of the horse. This carriage of the mournful scene, and render was followed by several others,


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each drawn by six horses, in which of which were splendidly capawere the ladies of honour, and risoned, and ornamented with a other persons of the imperial suite. profusion of white plumes. On the approach of the funeral After them came the emperor cavalcade, they all advanced to Nicholas as chief mourner, with meet it.

the duke of Wellington, count At half past eleven, the signal Tolstoi, &c. as his supporters; then was given by a triple discharge of the grand duke Michael, the princes artillery for marshalling the pro- of Orange and Prussia, the duke cession to the Kasen cathedral; of Wirtemburg and his sons, with upon which the bells of all the a train of military officers and churches began to toll, and mi- others; and lastly, the carriages of nute guns to be fired. The pro- the imperial cortège. cession having been properly ar The effect of this magnificent ranged, the mournful pageant com- spectacle was greatly enhanced by menced its march. The funeral the long train of distinguished car, which consisted of several tiers

persons and their assistants bearing rising one above the other, was the regalia, and various orders of covered with black velvet, decorated the late Emperor, on cushions of with silver eagles, and several cloth of gold. The former conother devices: the wheels, likewise, sisted of the imperial crown, and which were adorned with a con four others, viz: those of Taurida, siderable quantity of carved work, Siberia, Astrakhan, and Kasan, were richly plated with silver. with the sceptre and orb imperial. Above the car itself was a mag

Of the latter there were twentynificent canopy, supported on gilt seven foreign, and eight Russian pillars or rods; the cornice, which orders.

orders. A solemn march, compowas of silver, supported gilt hel- sed expressly for the occasion by mets, with plumes of ostrich fea Derfeldt, was played by the kettlethers, and the summit terminated drums, trumpets, &c. which prein an imperial crown. Within the

ceded the procession. canopy itself was the emperor's As the car proceeded along, the cypher embroidered in gold, and military presented arms; and at surrounded with golden rays. The intervals this salute was accompacoffin was covered with gold stuff, nied with music from the different and enriched with gilt ornaments, bands. At the portals of the representing the double-crested various churches which the proeagle, &c.; the pall likewise was cession passed on its route, stood of cloth of gold. On the steps of the ecclesiastics habited in their the car were four major-generals; richest vestments. and the tassels and cords of the Beneath the portico of the Kasan canopy were supported by eight cathedral, the foreign ministers officers of the same rank. On and other individuals of rank, were each side of the car, rode the ad- waiting the arrival of the procesjutants and aids-de-camp of the sion, which reached the church at late

emperor, and each of the about half-past one o'clock. The horses of the car itself, was led by coffin was then taken from the car an attendant. Next followed at- and borne into the church, where tendants leading the late emperor's it was deposited within the sumpgwn charger and parade horses, all tuous catafalco, where it was to

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lie in state for six days, until it with silver escutcheons, supported
should be finally removed for in the cupola of this shrine ; upon
terment in the cathedral of St. which were four weeping genii: on
Peter and St. Paul. Nothing could its summit was a colossal golden
exceed the magnificence with eagle, bearing in its talons a
which the church was fitted up on thunderbolt, and standing upon a
this occasion. The walls were splendid diadem, from which was
entirely hung with black drapery, suspended a rich crimson drapery,
decorated with silver crosses of embroidered with golden eagles,
colossal dimensions ; the granite trimmed with gold fringe, and
columns were likewise covered with lined with white. Upon the sides
the same, and edged with silver; of the catafalco were suspended
while the frieze was decorated the keys of the various cities
with the arms of all the pro- taken by the deceased emperor;
vinces and vernments of the and around were placed 42 tabou-
Russian empire. In various parts rets, on which were deposited the
were erected trophies consisting cushions with the regalia and or-
of standards taken by the Rus- ders. The lights were arranged
sian arms, and placed upon pe- in 28 candelabras, 32 lustres, 16
destals decorated with wreaths of vases, 12 tripods, 32 girandoles, and
laurel, and the medal of 1812 ; 8 standards, each bearing 28 tapers.
-eloquent and affecting memorials Throughout the whole of the
of him who had been the liberator period during which the body lay
of Russia, and the pacificator of in state, a funeral service was cele-
all Europe! In the midst of brated every day at eleven in the
this lugubrious pomp stood the morning, and eight in the evening,
catafalco: this splendid structure, in the presence of the imperial
which was erected after the de- family, and such persons as were
signs of the architeci Rossi,* was admitted by tickets : at other times
intended to represent the temple of admission was freely given to all
glory ; and blazing with almost classes, who crowded to pay the
inconceivable splendour, being last tribute of respect to the ashes
lighted up by no fewer than 1700 of their sovereign.
tapers, formed a strong contrast At an early hour on the 25th,
with the surrounding gloom and preparations were made for the
funereal array. The ascent to this final ceremony that was to take
catafalco. was by fifteen steps, on place that day. By nine o'clock the
three of the sides; at the foot military had taken their stations
of which, on each side were along the streets leading from the
statues of angels in a mourning Kasan cathedral to that of St. Peter
attitude, resting upon shields bear- and St. Paul: the scaffoldings which
ing the imperial arms. The six up- were erected along the Sadovoi (gar-
per steps, and the platform to which den) street, and the palisading of the
they led, were covered with red

summer garden were occupied with cloth; the others with black. Six- spectators; but orders had been teen columns painted in imitation given to the police not to suffer of verde antique, and decorated the people to assemble upon the * The architect of the magnificent

Neva, as it was apprehended that new palace of the grand duke Michael the ice was not sufficiently strong, at St. Petersburg.

and some accident might ensue.

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