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tention, and he, with a boldness could not be ascertained, but ye, which greatly enhanced the re are told it was fully as mild as in spect I bore him, expressed his the latitude 61', in the month of willingness to push our research in December (34° to 36) and they that direction, though we had were now near the parallel of been hitherto so unsuccessful." 730. The sea was literally covered
Proceeding, therefore, to the with birds of the blue peterel kind, southward, in about the latitude but nothing like land nor any indi65°, they thought they had dis- cation of land appeared. The weacovered land, which showed itself ther continued mild and serene, in the shape of a black rock; but, and “not a particle of ice of any on a nearer approach, it proved to description was to be seen;" and be only an ice-island, covered on this absence of ice continued till one of its sides with black earth. the 20th of February, when
in Their disappointment, however, latitude 74° 15', longitude 34° 17, was somewhat soothed by the three ice-islands were in sight from consideration that it must have dis- the deck, and one more from the engaged itself from some high mast-head. land possessing a
considerable Having attained this high latiquantity of soil, and the possibility tude, which is three degrees and that this land might not be far five minutes farther south than cap-. distant. From this place, however, tain Cook, or any preceding navi, till their arrival in latitude 69°, de- gator had reached; and the wind tached islands of ice were constantly blowing fresh from the south, the occurring, so numerous indeed, season too fast advancing, captain about the latter point, as almost Weddell deemed it prudent to reto impede and prevent their pasą, turn. sing further. « Sixty-six," says “I would willingly says he) captain Weddell, “ were counted have explored the s. W. quarter, around us; and for about fifty but taking into consideration the miles to the south, we had seldom lateness of the season, and that we fewer in sight."
had to pass homewards through one ** Arrived at 70° 26' S., the wind thousand miles of sea strewed with became moderate, the sea tolerably ice-islands, with long nights, and smooth, the weather pleasant, and probably attended with fogs, I the ice-islands had almost disap- could not determine otherwise than peared. Unfortunately the two to take advantage of this favourable thermometers had been broken, wind for returning" and the temperature from this time
what 3 hari
CAPTAIN PARRY's New EXPEDITION, "A"new expedition is projected the ice from Spitzbergen to the for captain Parry. It has for its Pole, and this plan had been adopt object to reach the Northern Pole; ed by captain Parry, who, in addi, to make known to us what the tion to his own ardent expectations inmost point of the ice-bound' Arc- of success, procured the sanction of tic circle is. Captain Franklin had the Royal Society to the practicabioffered to undertake a journey over lity of the enterprise. The Hecla
were, in all probability, at one time tion of the coal formation, as that
is to be prepared for captain Parrying the long-desired pole, and reearly in the ensuing spring; and turning to the Hecla at Cloven in that vessel he is to proceed to Cliff. Dogs or reindeer (the former “Cloven Cliff,” in Spitzbergen, in preferable for drawing the sledges, lat. 79 degrees 52 minutes (or when necessary, but the latter about 600 miles from the pole), better for food, in case of accident which he is expected to reach to or detention) are to be taken on wards the end of May. From this the expedition. It is known that point he will depart with two the summer temperature is far from vessels, which are capable of being being severe; there is perpetual used either as boats or sledges, as light, with the sun continually water or ice is found to prevail. above the horizon; and he knows, They are to be built of light, tough, from experience, that the men on and flexible materials, with cover such occasions
always very ings of leather and oil-cloth; the healthy. During his absence, the latter convertible into sails. Two boats of the ship are to be engaged officers and ten men are to be ap- in exploring the eastern side of pointed to each, with provisions for Spitzbergen; and the officers and ninety-two days, which, if they men of science in making philoonly travelled on the average sophical experiments with the pen. thirteen miles per day, and met dulum, on magnetism and meteorowith no insurmountable obstacles, logy, in natural history, &c. would be sufficient for their reach
"}? Trio 090 RESULTS OF THE ARCTIC EXPEDITIONS. bue ahorai at
Gut ini Dr. Jamieson has observed, nental parts of America and that that the four Arctic Expeditions, in the plains and hollows of this viz. that under captain Ross, and land were deposited the secondary the three under captain Parry, limestones, sandstones, gypsum, and afford the following general facts coal, and upon these again the terand inferences :-1. That the re- tiary rocks. 3. That, after the gions explored abound in primitive deposition of these secondary and and transition rocks; and that, al- tertiary rocks, the land appears to though the secondary rocks occupy have been broken up, and reduced considerable tracts, still their ex either suddenly or by degrees, or tent is more limited than that of partly by sudden and
violent action, the older formations; that the al- and partly by the long-continued luvial deposites are not extensive; agency of the atmosphere and the that true or modern volcanic rocks, ocean, into its present insular and were nowhere met with ; and that peninsular förın; and that, consethe only traces of tertiary strata quently, the secondary and tertiary were found sandstones and formations were formerly, in those clays connected with the secondary regions, more extensively distritraps of Baffin's Bay. 2. That the buted than they are at present: primitive and transition islands 4. That, previously to the deposi
connected together, and formed a of Melville island, the transition continuous mass with the conti- and primitive hills and plains sup
In January, 1825, the bishop jore, and inspected the schools, he was at Aera, and went from thence went on to Trichinopoly, . Here, to Jeypoor and Neemuch, to the on Sunday, April 2, he again stations under the Bombay govern- preached and again confirmed, ment, including Poonah, Kaira, rite which he repeated early the Baroda, Baroach, Surat, and Guze- next morning in the Fort church. rat, consecrating churches at these Having returned home, he proseveral places.
ceeded to bathe before breakfast, In May, 1825, the bishop held as he had done the two preceding his episcopal visitation at Bombay, days. His servant accompanied where he preached on board the him to the bath, which was built Honourable Company's ship Far as a separate bungalow. The tub quharson In the course of this was large enough for a person to progress he laid the foundation swim about in it; and it was filled of two central schools. He also above the height of a grown person. visited the Decean, Ceylon, and The servant waited outside the Madras, on his return to Bengal; door. First he heard the bishop performing at each station the moving about in the water, as if aetive duties of an apostolic bishop. swimming; this lasted only about
During this period he appears four minutes, then all was suddenly to have zealously promoted the still. The servant thought his religious objects of the British and master was dressing, but, when Foreign Bible Society. In their this pause had lasted nearly half "Report" for 1825, they gratefully an hour, he became alarmed, and acknowledge that "the name of knocked at the door; no answer Dr. Heber, Bishop of Calcutta, as having been returned, he at last an accession to the cause, is in opened it, and found the bishop every respect most valuable. With dead at the bottom of the tub. He the aid of his lordship’s counsel and was immediately taken out of the influence, the objects of the So- water, and medical assistance apciety must be essentially promoted; plied, but every effort 'proved inits character also will be better ap- effectual. His body was opened ; preciated, and it will commend it- and it was the opinion of the surself more and more to the com geons, that he died of apoplexy. munity.”
He was on the day following enThe bishop preached at Comba- tombed in St. John's church, on conum, on Good Friday, the 24th the plain at the right side of the of March, 1826, and arrived the altar. The bishop, although pernext day at Tanjore, where he fectly well the preceding days, and, preached on Easter Sunday. The as it appeared, on the very day the following day he held a Confirma- event took place, had yet given his tion at the latter place; and in the chaplain to understand some time evening addressed the assembled before, that he thought his life Missionaries. Having paid a visit would be of no long duration, and of ceremony to the rajah of Tan- that his demise would be sudden.
MEMOIR of THEOBALD WOLFE TONA. THEOBALD WOLFE TONE was for conveying Theobald to Engborn in Dublin in 1763. His land, where, having at last rent father was a coachmaker; his solved to be a lawyer, it was nemother, the daughter of a West- cessary for him to keep terms at India skipper. His father becom one of the inns of court. ing bankrupt, and retiring to the “I arrived in London (says he, country, young Theobald was left January, 1787,) and immediately in Dublin, “his own master be entered my name in the books of fore he was sixteen;" and, the the Middle Temple ; but this, I school being in the neighbourhood may say, was all the progress I of the Phenix Park, he became ever made in that profession. I very fond of attending all field- had no great affection for study in days, and reviews of the garrison. general, but that of the law I par
In due time, he was sent to ticularly disliked ; and to this hour Trinity College, Dublin, where I think it an illiberal profession, he soon received disgust from both in its principles and practice. being refused a premium, to Į was likewise amenable to nowhich he conceived he was un- body for my conduct ; and, in condoubtedly entitled.
This made sequence, after the first month I him recoil from his studies with never opened a law-book, nor was tenfold spleen. He tried to be I ever in Westminster Hall three allowed to join our troops in times in my life.” America as a volunteer, but was Mr. Tone then applied himself again overruled. He stayed away to pursuits more suited to his gefrom college a whole year after nius. He became a writer of this. The consequences of a duel, critical reviews in the European in which he acted as second to Magazine ; and, in conjunction another stripling, made another with two friends, produced “Bel. long absence necessary. Love mont Castle, a novel.” These exbrought a third interruption, and ertions brought him some money, he ran away at two-and-twenty but not enough to eke out the with a pretty girl of sixteen, of scantiness of his allowance; and some small fortune in expectation. he confesses, apparently without After a time, the relations on both shame, that he occasionally resides forgave this step ; Tone re ceived assistance-sometimes consumed his attendance at college, siderable sums of money--from and took his degree of A. B. in his young friends of the Temple. 1786. After this he took his At this period, the return of a bride to his father's retreat in the brother from a sea-voyage led him country, where they were kindly to form a plan for establishing a received, and lived happily for a military colony in the Sandwich short time, until the house was Islands. The particulars of the entered one night by a band of scheme were detailed in a memorial, robbers, who carried off property
ch was delivered, by his own the loss of which caused new em- hands, to Mr. Pitt's porter in Downbarrassments. In short, funds ing-street. “But," says Mr. Tone, were with great difficulty raised 56 Mr. Pitt took not the smallest
notice of either memorial or letter. sequence, to attach me to them ; In my anger I made something like that I should be employed as couna vow, that if ever I had an oppor- sel on a petition then pending betunity, I would make Mr. Pitt fore the House of Commons, which sorry; and perhaps fortune may would put an hundred guineas in yet enable me to fulfil that reso my pocket, and that I should have lution.” The indignant memorial- professional business put in my ist, however, saw no immediate way, from time to time, that should means of vengeance, and determined produce me at least as much per to enlist in the East India Com annum: he added, that they were pany's service as a soldier. But then, it was true, out of place, but it so happened, that the season that they would not be always so; had passed ; no more ships were and that, on their return to office, to go out that year. Tone, there their friends, when out of power, fore, had no alternative, but to go would naturally be first considered, back to the Temple, whence, as soon He likewise observed, that they as his eight terms were completed, had influence, direct or indirect, he repaired to Dublin ; and, being over no less than two-and-twenty supplied with 500l. by his wife's seats in parliament; and he in, family, was soon afterwards called sinuated, pretty plainly, that when to the bar.
The barrister con we were better acquainted, it was fesses that he, at this time, knew highly probable I might come in of exactly as much of law as of ne on one of the first vacancies. All cromancy:" it is not wonderful, this, was highly flattering to me, therefore, that he “soon got sick the more so as my wife's fortune and weary" of his profession. He (the 500l.) was now nearly ex"continued, however, for form's hausted. I did, it was true, not sake, to go to the courts, and went much relish the attaching myself the circuit, in all, three times.” to any great man, or set of men ;
Mr. Tone, after completing his but I considered, as I have said third circuit, began to think of before, that the principles they “turning his attention to politics ;" advanced were such as I could and the result was a pamphlet, conscientiously support, so far as entitled, "A Review of the last they went, though mine ’ went Session of Parliament," written, as much beyond them. I therefore he informs us, “in defence of the thought there was no dishonour Whig-club." The production was a in the proposed connexion, and I pert and puerile declamation; but was certainly a little dazzled with the apparent zeal of the rhetorical the prospect of a seat in parliapartisan won it the favour of the ment, at which my ambition beWhig-club of Ireland. Mr. Tone gan to expand. I signified, in was complimented and caressed, consequence, my readiness to attach and at last introduced to Mr. myself to the whigs, and I was George Ponsonby, the leader of instantly retained in the petition the Irish opposition. “A barrister for the borough of Dungarvon,' on of some note," says Mr. Tone, the part of JamesCarrigee Ponsonby, “ told me the Ponsonbys were a esq." However, month after month most powerful family in Ireland; passed on without any communicathat they were much pleased with tion from Mr. Ponsonby. This inmy exertions, and wished, in con« spired Mr, Tone with new opina