Sivut kuvina

In January, 1825, the bishop jore, and inspected the schools, he was at Aera, and went from thence went on to Trichinopoly, . Here, to Jeypoor and Neemuch, to the on Sunday, April 2, he again stations under the Bombay govern- preached and again confirmed, ment, including Poonah, Kaira, rite which he repeated early the Baroda, Baroach, Surat, and Guze- next morning in the Fort church. rat, consecrating churches at these Having returned home, he proseveral places.

ceeded to bathe before breakfast, In May, 1825, the bishop held as he had done the two preceding his episcopal visitation at Bombay, days. His servant accompanied where he preached on board the him to the bath, which was built Honourable Company's ship Far- as a separate bungalow. The tub quharson In the course of this was large enough for a person to progress he laid the foundation swim about in it; and it was filled of two central schools. He also above the height of a grown person. visited the Decean, Ceylon, and The servant waited outside the Madras, on his return to Bengal; door. First he heard the bishop performing at each station the moving about in the water, as if aetive duties of an apostolic bishop. swimming; this lasted only about

During this period he appears four minutes, then all was suddenly to have zealously promoted the still. The servant thought his religious objects of the British and master was dressing, but, when Foreign Bible Society. In their this pause had lasted nearly half "Report" for 1825, they gratefully an hour, he became alarmed, and acknowledge that "the name of knocked at the door; no answer Dr. Heber, Bishop of Calcutta, as having been returned, he at last an accession to the cause, is in opened it, and found the bishop every respect most valuable. With dead at the bottom of the tub. He the aid of his lordship’s counsel and was immediately taken out of the influence, the objects of the So- water, and medical assistance apciety must be essentially promoted; plied, but every effort 'proved inits character also will be better ap- effectual. His body was opened ; preciated, and it will commend it- and it was the opinion of the surself more and more to the com- geons, that he died of apoplexy. munity.”

He was on the day following enThe bishop preached at Comba- tombed in St. John's church, on conum, on Good Friday, the 24th the plain at the right side of the of March, 1826, and arrived the altar. The bishop, although pernext day at Tanjore, where he fectly well the preceding days, and, preached on Easter Sunday. The as it appeared, on the very day the following day he held a Confirma- event took place, had yet given his tion at the latter place; and in the chaplain to understand some time evening addressed the assembled before, that he thought his life Missionaries. Having paid a visit would be of no long duration, and of ceremony to the rajah of Tan- that his demise would be sudden.

MEMOIR of THEOBALD WOLFE TONA. THEOBALD WOLFE TONE was for conveying Theobald to Engborn in Dublin in 1763. His land, where, having at last rent father was a coachmaker; his solved to be a lawyer, it was nemother, the daughter of a West- cessary for him to keep terms at India skipper. His father becom- one of the inns of court. ing bankrupt, and retiring to the “I arrived in London (says he, country, young Theobald was left January, 1787,) and immediately in Dublin, “his own master be entered my name in the books of fore he was sixteen;" and, the the Middle Temple ; but this, I school being in the neighbourhood may say, was all the progress I of the Phenix Park, he became ever made in that profession. I very fond of attending all field- had no great affection for study in days, and reviews of the garrison. general, but that of the law I par

In due time, he was sent to ticularly disliked ; and to this hour Trinity College, Dublin, where I think it an illiberal profession, he soon received disgust from both in its principles and practice. being refused a premium, to Į was likewise amenable to nowhich he conceived he was un- body for my conduct ; and, in condoubtedly entitled.

This made sequence, after the first month I him recoil from his studies with never opened a law-book, nor was tenfold spleen. He tried to be I ever in Westminster Hall three allowed to join our troops in times in my life.” America as a volunteer, but was Mr. Tone then applied himself again overruled. He stayed away to pursuits more suited to his gefrom college a whole year after nius. He became a writer of this. The consequences of a duel, critical reviews in the European in which he acted as second to Magazine ; and, in conjunction another stripling, made another with two friends, produced “Bel. long absence necessary. Love mont Castle, a novel.” These exbrought a third interruption, and ertions brought him some money, he ran away at two-and-twenty but not enough to eke out the with a pretty girl of sixteen, of scantiness of his allowance; and some small fortune in expectation. he confesses, apparently without After a time, the relations on both shame, that he occasionally resides forgave this step ; Tone re- ceived assistance-sometimes consumed his attendance at college, siderable sums of money--from and took his degree of A. B. in his young friends of the Temple. 1786. After this he took his At this period, the return of a bride to his father's retreat in the brother from a sea-voyage led him country, where they were kindly to form a plan for establishing a received, and lived happily for a military colony in the Sandwich short time, until the house was Islands. The particulars of the entered one night by a band of scheme were detailed in a memorial, robbers, who carried off property

ch was delivered, by his own the loss of which caused new em- hands, to Mr. Pitt's porter in Downbarrassments. In short, funds ing-street. “But," says Mr. Tone, were with great difficulty raised 56 Mr. Pitt took not the smallest notice of either memorial or letter. sequence, to attach me to them ; In my anger I made something like that I should be employed as couna vow, that if ever I had an oppor- sel on a petition then pending betunity, I would make Mr. Pitt fore the House of Commons, which sorry; and perhaps fortune may would put an hundred guineas in yet enable me to fulfil that reso- my pocket, and that I should have lution.” The indignant memorial- professional business put in my ist, however, saw no immediate way, from time to time, that should means of vengeance, and determined produce me at least as much per to enlist in the East India Com- annum: he added, that they were pany's service as a soldier. But then, it was true, out of place, but it so happened, that the season that they would not be always so; had passed ; no more ships were and that, on their return to office, to go out that year. Tone, there their friends, when out of power, fore, had no alternative, but to go would naturally be first considered, back to the Temple, whence, as soon He likewise observed, that they as his eight terms were completed, had influence, direct or indirect, he repaired to Dublin ; and, being over no less than two-and-twenty supplied with 500l. by his wife's seats in parliament; and he in, family, was soon afterwards called sinuated, pretty plainly, that when to the bar.

The barrister con- we were better acquainted, it was fesses that he, at this time, knew highly probable I might come in of exactly as much of law as of ne- on one of the first vacancies. All cromancy:" it is not wonderful, this, was highly flattering to me, therefore, that he “soon got sick the more so as my wife's fortune and weary" of his profession. He (the 500l.) was now nearly ex"continued, however, for form's hausted. I did, it was true, not sake, to go to the courts, and went much relish the attaching myself the circuit, in all, three times.” to any great man, or set of men ;

Mr. Tone, after completing his but I considered, as I have said third circuit, began to think of before, that the principles they “turning his attention to politics ;" advanced were such as I could and the result was a pamphlet, conscientiously support, so far as entitled, "A Review of the last they went, though mine ’ went Session of Parliament," written, as much beyond them. I therefore he informs us, “in defence of the thought there was no dishonour Whig-club." The production was a in the proposed connexion, and I pert and puerile declamation; but was certainly a little dazzled with the apparent zeal of the rhetorical the prospect of a seat in parliapartisan won it the favour of the ment, at which my ambition beWhig-club of Ireland. Mr. Tone gan to expand. I signified, in was complimented and caressed, consequence, my readiness to attach and at last introduced to Mr. myself to the whigs, and I was George Ponsonby, the leader of instantly retained in the petition the Irish opposition. “A barrister for the borough of Dungarvon,' on of some note," says Mr. Tone, the part of JamesCarrigee Ponsonby, “ told me the Ponsonbys were a esq." However, month after month most powerful family in Ireland; passed on without any communicathat they were much pleased with tion from Mr. Ponsonby. This inmy exertions, and wished, in con« spired Mr, Tone with new opina

ions, and he opened his views in a of that term; and calling upon rebellious pamphlet, which the the dissenters and Roman Capublisher was fáin to suppress next tholics to unite heart and hand, morning. Immediately upon this, for the emancipation of the latter Mr. Tone was thrown off by his body from all political disabilities, wife's family, a circumstance for which he advocated expressly on which he tells us in his memoirs this ground, that it must form a that he can give no reason, though preliminary step towards the true we apprehend his readers will and real object of all good Irisheasily divine the cause.

men's wishes ; namely, the shaking From this date, Mr. Tone was off of the connexion with Great the enemy of whigs and tories Britain. The clubs of United alike. In the course of the ensu- Irishmen (so called from the omiing summer, indeed, he made

nous conjunction of Romish and another effort to draw the atten- Protestant dissenters) began at tion of the English government Belfast. A friend of Tone's, to his South-Sea scheme; but Russell, an ensign in the king's this failed, and he consoled him- service, happening to pass through self with dinner-clubs in Dub- that town on his way to join his lin, where he formed or strength- regiment, was struck with the ened his intimacy with Emmett, delightful spirit there prevalent, Keogh, Napper Tandy, Dr. Mac and invited Tone to visit a scene Nevin, and other congenial spirits, where he must necessarily find almost all of whom have since himself so much at home. He did earned sufficient notoriety. The so; he was voted - an honorary French Revolution broke out, and member of the Belfast volunteer poured new blood and vigour into corps; subsequently assisted at the the hearts of these patriotic whis- framing of the first club of United key-drinkers. “It is needless," Irishmen; and was eventually says Tone, “to mention that I was commissioned by the Belfast paa democrat from the beginning; triots to act as an agent for proand that this gave the coup-de- curing them the support of the grace to any hopes of succeeding general committee of Roman Cam in a profession which I always tholics in Dublin, who were, disliked, and which the political about this time, to the Catholics prostitution of its members had of Ireland what Paris, at the com taught me sincerely to despise." mencement of the French revolu“ About this time, adds he, “I tion, was to the departments.' He came rather more forward than I wrote the Declaration of the first hitherto had done.”,. By “coming club of United Irishmen; became forward”. Mr. Tone means making an active partisan of the Catholic himself notorious by the publica- committee in Dublin; and was a tion of a series of pamphlets, in principal pamphleteer, messenger, which he denounced the members negotiator, in every turbulent scene of the established church in Ire that occurred in that dismal period. land as persons who dreaded and It was at this time that he com' abhorred the principles of the menced keeping a diary for the French revolution, and were, in benefit of his wife and intimate one word, an aristocracy in the friends; which in the present year fullest and most odious extent was published in America by his Vol. LXVIII.


R. Wornam, of Wigmore-street; for Communicated by a foreigner. improvements on piano-fortes. ---July 4. August 1.

B. Groves, of London; for improve- J. B. Wilks, of Tandridge Hall, ments in making paint or pigment, for Surrey; for improvements in producing preparing and combining a substance or steam for steam-engines, and other material with oil, turpentine, or other purposes. August 2. ingredients. July 10.

L. W. Wright, of the Borough Road; B. Lowe, of Birmingham, for im- for improvements in the construction of provements in useful and ornamental trucks for carriages, applicable to useful dressing pins.July 14.

purposes. August 2. J. Guy and J. Harrison, of Work- J. Williams, and John Doyle, meington; for an improved method of pre- chanist, both of the Commercial-road ; paring straw and grass to be used in the for an apparatus and process for sepamanufacture of hats and bonnets.--July rating salt from sea water, and thereby 14.

rendering it fresh and fit for use.. J. Palmer de la Fous, of George. August 4. street, Hanover-square, and w. Little- E. Hazard, of North America, but wart, of Saint Mary Axe; for an in- now residing in Norfolk-street, Strand; provement in securing or mooring ships for a method or methods of preparing and other floating bodies, and apparatus explosive mixtures, and employing for performing the same. - July 14. them as a moving power for machinery,

E. Bayliffe, of Kendall; for improve- Partly cominunicated to him by a foments in the machinery used for the reigner. August 12. operations of drawing, roving, and spin- I.T. Thompson, of Long Acre; for ning, of sheep and lambs' wool.-July improvements in making or manufac14.

turing metallic tubes, whereby strength J. L. Higgins, of Oxford-street; for and lightness are obtained, and for improvements in the construction of cat- applying them, with various other imblocks and fish-hooks, and in the appli- provements, to the constructing of the cation thereof.July 14.

metallic tube and other bedsteads.J. Barron, of Birmingham ; for a August 17. combination of machinery or apparatus J. C. Schwieso, of Regent-street; for for feeding fire with fuel, which appa- improvements on certain stringed musiratus is applicable to other purposes.-- cal instruments.- August 22. July 24..

T. Burstall, of Leith, and J. Hill, of W. Johnston; of Caroline-street, Bed Bath; for improvements in the machiford-square ; for improvements in ink- nery for propelling locomotive care holders.-July 24.

riages.-- August 22. W. Robinson, of Craven-street; for I. Yandall, of Surrey; for an ima new method of propelling vessels by provement in apparatus for cooling. steam on canals or navigable rivers, by and heating fluids.--August 24. means of a moveable apparatus attached F. Halliday, of Ham, Surrey; for to the stem or stern of the vessel.. improvements in raising and forcing July 24.

water.--August 25. W. Parsons, of Portsmouth; for im- W. Downe, Senior, of Exeter; for provements in building ships or vessels, improvements in water-closets. which improvements are calculated to August 25. lessen the dangerous effects of internal Ř. Busk, and W. K. Westley, of or external violence.-July 24.

Leeds; for improvements in machinery W. Davidson, Glasgow ; for processes for heckling or dressing, and for breakfor bleaching or whitening beeswax, ing, scutching, or clearing hemp, flax, myrtle wax, and animal tallow. or other fibrous substances.-August August 1.

29. T. J. Knowlys, of. Trinity College, W. Day, of the Strand; for improveOxford, and W. Duesbury, of Bousal, ments in bedsteads, which improveDerbyshire, for improvements in tan- ments are also applicable to other purning.-August 1.

poses.-August 31. Count A. E. de Rosen, of Princes- T. R. Williams, of Norfolk-street, street, Cavendish-square; for a Strand, for a machine for separating engine for communicating power to burs or other substances from wool, answer the purposes of a steam-engine, hair, or fur - September 18,


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