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ions, and he opened his views in a of that term; and calling upon rebellious pamphlet, which the the dissenters and Roman Capublisher was fáin to suppress next tholics to unite heart and hand, morning. Immediately upon this, for the emancipation of the latter Mr. Tone was thrown off by his body from all political disabilities, wife's family, a circumstance for which he advocated expressly on which he tells us in his memoirs this ground, that it must form a that he can give no reason, though preliminary step towards the true we apprehend his readers will and real object of all good Irisheasily divine the cause.
men's wishes ; namely, the shaking From this date, Mr. Tone was off of the connexion with Great the enemy of whigs and tories Britain. The clubs of United alike. In the course of the ensu Irishmen (so called from the omiing summer, indeed, he made
nous conjunction of Romish and another effort to draw the atten- Protestant dissenters) began at tion of the English government Belfast. A friend of Tone's, to his South-Sea scheme; but Russell, an ensign in the king's this failed, and he consoled him- service, happening to pass through self with dinner-clubs in Dub- that town on his way to join his lin, where he formed or strength- regiment, was struck with the ened his intimacy with Emmett, delightful spirit there prevalent, Keogh, Napper Tandy, Dr. Mac and invited Tone to visit a scene Nevin, and other congenial spirits, where he must necessarily find almost all of whom have since himself so much at home. He did earned sufficient notoriety. The so; he was voted - an honorary French Revolution broke out, and member of the Belfast volunteer poured new blood and vigour into corps; subsequently assisted at the the hearts of these patriotic whis- framing of the first club of United key-drinkers. “It is needless," Irishmen; and was eventually says Tone, “to mention that I was commissioned by the Belfast paa democrat from the beginning; triots to act as an agent for proand that this gave the coup-de- curing them the support of the grace to any hopes of succeeding general committee of Roman Cam in a profession which I always tholics in Dublin, who were, disliked, and which the political about this time, to the Catholics prostitution of its members had of Ireland what Paris, at the com taught me sincerely to despise." mencement of the French revolu“ About this time, adds he, “I tion, was to the departments.' He came rather more forward than I wrote the Declaration of the first hitherto had done.”,. By “coming club of United Irishmen; became forward”. Mr. Tone means making an active partisan of the Catholic himself notorious by the publica- committee in Dublin; and was a tion of a series of pamphlets, in principal pamphleteer, messenger, which he denounced the members negotiator, in every turbulent scene of the established church in Ire that occurred in that dismal period. land as persons who dreaded and It was at this time that he com' abhorred the principles of the menced keeping a diary for the French revolution, and were, in benefit of his wife and intimate one word, an aristocracy in the friends; which in the present year fullest and most odious extent was published in America by his Vol. LXVIII.
R. Wornam, of Wigmore-street; for Communicated by a foreigner. improvements on piano-fortes. ---July 4. August 1.
B. Groves, of London; for improve J. B. Wilks, of Tandridge Hall, ments in making paint or pigment, for Surrey; for improvements in producing preparing and combining a substance or steam for steam-engines, and other material with oil, turpentine, or other purposes. August 2. ingredients. July 10.
L. W. Wright, of the Borough Road; B. Lowe, of Birmingham, for im for improvements in the construction of provements in useful and ornamental trucks for carriages, applicable to useful dressing pins.July 14.
purposes. August 2. J. Guy and J. Harrison, of Work J. Williams, and John Doyle, meington; for an improved method of pre chanist, both of the Commercial-road ; paring straw and grass to be used in the for an apparatus and process for sepamanufacture of hats and bonnets.--July rating salt from sea water, and thereby 14.
rendering it fresh and fit for use.. J. Palmer de la Fous, of George. August 4. street, Hanover-square, and w. Little E. Hazard, of North America, but wart, of Saint Mary Axe; for an in now residing in Norfolk-street, Strand; provement in securing or mooring ships for a method or methods of preparing and other floating bodies, and apparatus explosive mixtures, and employing for performing the same. - July 14. them as a moving power for machinery,
E. Bayliffe, of Kendall; for improve- Partly cominunicated to him by a foments in the machinery used for the reigner. August 12. operations of drawing, roving, and spin I.T. Thompson, of Long Acre; for ning, of sheep and lambs' wool.-July improvements in making or manufac14.
turing metallic tubes, whereby strength J. L. Higgins, of Oxford-street; for and lightness are obtained, and for improvements in the construction of cat- applying them, with various other imblocks and fish-hooks, and in the appli- provements, to the constructing of the cation thereof.July 14.
metallic tube and other bedsteads.J. Barron, of Birmingham ; for a August 17. combination of machinery or apparatus J. C. Schwieso, of Regent-street; for for feeding fire with fuel, which appa- improvements on certain stringed musiratus is applicable to other purposes.- cal instruments.- August 22. July 24..
T. Burstall, of Leith, and J. Hill, of W. Johnston; of Caroline-street, Bed Bath; for improvements in the machiford-square ; for improvements in ink nery for propelling locomotive care holders.-July 24.
riages.-- August 22. W. Robinson, of Craven-street; for I. Yandall, of Surrey; for an ima new method of propelling vessels by provement in apparatus for cooling. steam on canals or navigable rivers, by and heating fluids.--August 24. means of a moveable apparatus attached F. Halliday, of Ham, Surrey; for to the stem or stern of the vessel.. improvements in raising and forcing July 24.
water.--August 25. W. Parsons, of Portsmouth; for im W. Downe, Senior, of Exeter; for provements in building ships or vessels, improvements in water-closets. which improvements are calculated to August 25. lessen the dangerous effects of internal Ř. Busk, and W. K. Westley, of or external violence.-July 24.
Leeds; for improvements in machinery W. Davidson, Glasgow ; for processes for heckling or dressing, and for breakfor bleaching or whitening beeswax, ing, scutching, or clearing hemp, flax, myrtle wax, and animal tallow. or other fibrous substances.-August August 1.
29. T. J. Knowlys, of. Trinity College, W. Day, of the Strand; for improveOxford, and W. Duesbury, of Bousal, ments in bedsteads, which improveDerbyshire, for improvements in tan ments are also applicable to other purning.-August 1.
poses.-August 31. Count A. E. de Rosen, of Princes T. R. Williams, of Norfolk-street, street, Cavendish-square; for a Strand, for a machine for separating engine for communicating power to burs or other substances from wool, answer the purposes of a steam-engine, hair, or fur - September 18,
leave the country; and, aceord- continent, we find, our chef-deingly, after being permitted to brigade spending some months at linger a year in Ireland, for the the head-quarters of the army of arrangement of his private affairs, the Meuse and Sambre, but never he embarked with his family for the forgetful of his main purpose, and United States of North America, occupied, from time to time, in where he arrived in June 1795, attempts to corrupt the British
The French government had soldiers and sailors then in the at this time a minister in Phil. prisons of France, with a view to adelphia ; and Mr. Tone's first embarking them in his next expeanxiety was to be introduced to dition. He had some success with this person, by his friend Mr. the Irishmen anong them; and Hamilton Rowan. Citizen Adet thus describes his methods of dealreceived him kindly, and a nego- ing: tiation touching the scheme of in “ I know the Irish a little. vading Ireland by a French army When every thing else is ready, was forthwith opened. Mr. Tone let them send in a large quantity of appears to have felt no scruples wine and brandy, a fiddle and some whatever in commencing this French filles, and then, when Pat's treaty. He had given, he says, heart is a little soft with love and no parole to the government that wine, send in two or three proper spared his life.
persons in regimentals, and with He proceeded, therefore, in his green cockades in their hats, to work, consulting, he tells us, at speak to them, of whom I will every step with Dr. Reynolds, Mr. very gladly be one. I think, in Hamilton Rowan, and Mr. James that case, it would not be
very Napper. Tandy; and at length hard to persuade' him to take a trip being supplied with money by once more to Ireland, just to see Keogh, Russell, and others, in Ire- his people a little."-Such were land, and furnished with a letter to his employments, until the expethe Comité de Salut Public, by dition of Humbert was at length Citizen Adet, he sailed for France, organized.
there to hasten and conclude his The expedition sailed; and we 1 treaty, and arrived at Havre-de- need not dwell upon the issue. Grace on the 1st of February, Tone was one of those who were -1796. His negotiations proceed: taken, after a desperate resistance,
the obtains a commission as chef- in the Hoche, by the squadron s de brigade, receives a month's pay under sir John Borlase Warren; in advance, and at last the expe- he was recognised the second ditions of Hoche and Humbert are morning after he was put ashore, fitted out.
and sent to Dublin, where he was 1. The result of these expeditions tried, and condemned. Ineredible is well known. Tone was with as it may seem, the barrister seems the expedition to Bantry Bay, and to have believed he was to escape, the vessel in which he sailed es- after all that he had done, simply caped shipwreck as narrowly as by proving himself to be the bearer any in the fleet, which the extra- of a commission in the service of ordinary hurricane of Christmas, the French republic. He delivered 1796, so providentially dispersed a very Howery declamation upon and ruined. Upon returning to the this head, to which his judges
paid due respect; and brigadier- execution, inflicted on himself a general Tone, finding that, in spite mortal wound the same evening in of the uniform of the grande na the gaol of Dublin. tion, he was bona fide ordered for
ANECDOTES of DR. ADAM FERGUSSON.--(From the Quarterly
Review.) DR. ADAM FERGUSSON, the au came a strict Pythagorean in his thor of the History of the Roman diet, cating nothing but vegetaRepublic, and distinguished be bles, and drinking only water or sides as a moral philosopher, was milk. He survived till the year the son of a clergyman at Log- 1816, when he died in full posgierait, in Athol. He was him- session of his mental faculties, at self destined to the church, took the advanced age of ninety-three. orders, and went as chaplain to The deep interest which he took in the Black Watch, or 42nd High- the eventful war had long seemed land regiment, when that corps to be the main tie that connected was first sent to the continent. him with passing existence; and As the regiment advanced to the the news of Waterloo acted on the battle of Fontenoy, the command- aged patriot as a nunc dimittis. ing officer, sir Robert Monro, was From that hour, the feeling that astonished to - see the chaplain at had almost alone given him energy the head of the column, with a decayed, and he avowedly relinbroadsword drawn in his hand. quished all desire for prolonged He desired him to go to the rear life. It is the belief of his family with the surgeons, a proposal which that he might have remained with Adam Fergusson spurned. Sir them much longer, had he desired Robert at length told him that his to do so, and continued the exercommission did not entitle him to cise which had hitherto promoted be present in the post which he his health. Long after his eighhad assumed. -.“ Din my com tieth year, he was one of the most mission," said the warlike chaplain, striking old men whom it was posthrowing it towards his colonel. sible to look at. His firm step It may be easily supposed that the and ruddy cheek contrasted agreematter was only remembered as a ably and unexpectedly with his good jest; but the future historian silver locks; and the dress which of Rome shared the honours and he usually wore, much resembling dangers of that dreadful day, that of the Flemish peasant, gave where, according to the account of an air of peculiarity to his whole the French themselves, “the figure. In his conversation, the Highland furies rushed in upon mixture of original thinking with them with more violence than ever high moral feeling and extensive did a sea driven by a tempest.” learning; his love of country ; con
Professor Adam Fergusson's sub- tempt of luxury; and, especially, sequent history is well known. the strong subjection of his pasHe recovered from a decided shock sions and feelings to the dominion of paralysis in the sixtieth year of of his reason, made him, perhaps, his life, from which period he be the most striking example of the
Stoic philosopher which could be sons as were thought worthy to seen in modern days. His house, approach their circle, and listen to while he continued to reside in their conversation. The place of Edinburgh, was a general point of his residence was an insulated re-union
among his friends, par- house, at some distance from the ticularly of a Sunday, where there town, which its visitors (notwithgenerally met, at a hospitable din- standing its internal comforts) ner-party, the most distinguished chose to call, for that reason, literati of the old time who still Kamtschatka. remained, with such young per
ANECDOTES of Dr. BLACK and DR. HUTTON.- ( From the same.)
The two chemists, Dr. Black est and raciest delicacies, the snails and Dr. Hutton, were particular which were fed in the marble friends, though there was some quarries of Lucca : the Italians thing extremely opposite in their still hold them in esteem. - In external appearance and manner. short, it was determined that sa They were both, indeed, tall and gastronomic experiment should be thin ; but there all personal simi- made at the expense of the 'snails. larity ended. Dr. "Black spoke The snails were procured, dieted with the English pronunciation,' for a time, then stewed for the with punctilious accuracy of ex benefit of the two philosophers, pression, both in point of manner who had either invited no guest to and matter. His dress was of the their banquet, or found none who same : description, regulated,, in relished in prospect the pièce de some small degree, according to résistance. A huge dish of snails the rules which formerly imposed was placed before them ; but phia formal and full-dress habit on losophers are but men after alls the members of the medical facul- and the stomachs of both doctors ty. The geologist was the very began to revolt against the proreverse of this. His dress ap- posed experiment. Nevertheless, proached to a quaker's in simplicity; if they looked with disgust on the and his conversation was conducted snails, they retained their awe for in broad phrases, expressed with a each other; so that each, conceiv. broad Scotch accent, which often ing the symptoms of internal reheightened the humour of what volt peculiar to himself, began he said. One day the two doctors with infinite exertion to swallow, had held some discourse together in very small quantities, the mess upon the folly of abstaining from which he internally loathed. Dr. feeding on the testaceous creatures Black, at length; “ showed the of the land, while those of the sea white feather," but in a very
considered delicacies. delicate manner, as if to sound the Wherefore not eat snails ?--they opinion of his messmate :"Docare well known to 'bet nutritious tor," he said, in his precise and and wholesome-even sanative in quie manner." Doctor, do you
The epicures of olden not think that they taste a little times enumerated among the rich -a very little green?" « Dord