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ANECDOTES of DR. ADAM SMITH..(From the same.)

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DR Smith is well known to constrained to place on her own have been one of the most absent knee, as the only method of semen living. Mr. Mackenzie placed curing it from his most unecoin his hand the beautiful tale of nomical depredations. La Roche, in which he introduces When Dr. Smith was a comMr. David Hume, for the express missioner of the board of Customs, purpose of knowing whether there that board had in their service, as was any thing in it which Mr. porter, a stately person, who, Hume's surviving friends could dressed in a huge scarlet gown or think hurtful to his memory. Dr. cloak, covered with frogs of worsSmith read and highly approved ted lace, and holding in his hand of the MS.; but, on returning it a staff about seven feet high, as to Mr. Mackenzie, only expressed an emblem of his office, used to his surprise that Mr. Hume should mount guard before the Customnever have mentioned the anecdote house when

board was

to be to him. When walking in the held. It was the etiquette that, street, Adam had a manner of as each commissioner entered, the talking and laughing to himself, porter should go through a sort which often attracted the notice of salute with his staff of ofand excited the surprise of the fice, resembling that which officers passengers. He used himself to used formerly to perform with mention the ejaculation of an old their spontoon, and then marshal market-woman .“ Hegh, Sirs !” the dignitary to the hall of meetshaking her head as she utteređ ing. This ceremony had been it; to which her companion an- perforined before the great Econoswered, having echoed the com mist perhaps five hundred times : passionate sigh, "and he is well nevertheless, one day, as he was put on too!" expressing their sur about to enter the Custom-house, prise that a decided lunatic, who, the motions of this janitor seemed from his dress, appeared to be a to have attracted his eye without gentleman, should be permitted to their character or purpose reaching walk abroad. In a private room, his apprehension, and on a sudden his demeanour was equally re he began to imitate his gestures, markable: one evening, he put an as a recruit does those of his drillelderly maiden lady, who presided sergeant. The porter, having at the tea-table, to sore confusion, drawn up in front of the door, by neglecting utterly her invita presented his staff as a soldier does tions to be seated, and walking his musket: the commissioner, round and round the circle, stop- raising his cane, and holding it ping ever and anon to steal a lump with both his hands by the middle, from the sugar-basin, which the returned the salute with the utvenerable spinster was at length most gravity. The inferior officer,

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29*; James IN DE X. [N. B. The figures with crotchets refer to the History; those with a to the

Appendix to Chronicle, &c.; and the others to the Chronicle.] ACCIDENTS : at Friary chapel, Callan, action for libel, Root v. Editors of

1; in a mine at Whitehaven, ib.; on the New York American, 105 the ice, St. James's-park, 3; two America, South; relaxation of the naviwherrymen drowned", at London gation laws, in favour of the new Bridge, 7; a leopard gets loose at states, [67] ; war between Brazil and Mold, 9; bursting of a cannon, Buenos Ayres, 384, See Bolivia, Gravesend, 23; accident at an ex Brazil, Buenos Ayres, Chili, Colomhibition of wild beasts, 27; explo bia, - Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, Rio sion of fire-damp, ib.; horses in a de la Plata. hackney coach drowned, 28 ; Dorking Antigua ; petition from the House of coach overturned, 52; six pilots Assembly to Parliament, [157] drowned, 55; bursting of the Pad- Antiquities : excavation in Dalmatia, dington canal, 68; R. Gower and his 13; fresco discovered at Pompeii, 16; wife drowned, 69; scaffold breaks temples, &c. at Brescia, 124; shield down at Mr. Green's ascent, City

and sword found in the Witham, 127; road, 70; Mary Belcher and children arch of Augustus, and mausoleum of killed by an explosion of gunpowder, Julius Cæsar, at St. Remy, 130; piles 77 ; explosion in the Townley col discovered in the Thames, 147 lieries, 92 ; deaths by lightning, 96, Arctic expedition, 95, 170, 1716 104; explosion at Cowes, 107fall' Arigna mining company, discussion on of the town-hall tower, Limberg, in parliament, [184]

fall of a warehouse, Liverpool, Arson, trial of Ć. T. White for, 43*

fall of the cornice of Bow steeple, Ashantees; their territory attacked by 125; explosion of gas, Coburg the the native chiefs and the British, atre, 135; child drowned, Sheerness, under colonel Purdon, [223); total 138; explosion of a powder maga defeat of the Ashantees, (224) zine, Ostend, 141 ; explosion of a dis. Assizes: Chester._Joseph Whitelegg, tillery, Shoreditch, 147; fall of stables, sedition, 124 À &c., Bartholomew Close, 152; ser. Gloucester ; A. Briton and others, vant girl falls into a well, 159; ex. assault and robbery, 118 plosion in the Graham steam-packet, Kingston ; T. Jones, uttering a forged 170; fall of the Guards club-house,

171 ; mate of a tender drowned, 196 51 Lancaster , James Evans, murder of Acts of Parliament, 306 21 anotti Mr. Price, 33;J. Stótt, and T. Adams, ex-president, United States, 555 Barnes, assaulting and robbing a death of, 263

Chinese,

Alex. and Michael Africa, see Ashantees ; new colony at Natal, 16

Chambers, &c. rioting, 32* Albufera, duke of (Suchet), death of, 21951.1 Lewes; Hannah Russell and D. Alexander, emperor, funeral of, 35135149 <3 Leary, murder of Benjamin Rus. Alien Act, expiry of [166];

sell, 26*2 regulations, [167)

Maidstone, Joseph Finn, threatening America, North ; see United States:

letter, 120 Canada naturalization act, [165] ; Staffordshire; W. Barnes and R, pay of members of congress, 22 Wood, poaching, 10

ill; 120;

note, 190

new

tention, and he, with a boldness could not be ascertained, but we which greatly enhanced the re are told it was fully as mild as in spect I bore him, expressed his the latitude 61°, in the month of willingness to push our research in December (340 to 369) and they that direction, though we had were now near the parallel of been hitherto so unsuccessful." 73o. The sea was literally covered

Proceeding, therefore, to the with birds of the blue peterel kind, southward, in about the latitude but nothing like land nor any indi65°, they thought they had dis- cation of land appeared. The weacovered land, which showed itself ther continued mild and serene, in the shape of a black rock; but, and not a particle of ice of any on a nearer approach, it proved to description was to be seen;" and be only an ice-island, covered on this absence of ice continued till one of its sides with black earth. the 20th of February, when in Their disappointment, however, latitude 74°15', longitude 34° 17, was somewhat soothed by "the three ice-islands were in sight from consideration that it must have dis the deck, and one more from the engaged itself from some high mast-head. land possessing a

considerable Having attained this high latiquantity of soil, and the possibility tude, which is three degrees and that this land might not be far five minutes farthersouth thạn capdistant. From this place, however, tain Cook, or any preceding navi, till their arrival in latitude 699, de gator had reached ; and the wind tached islands of ice were constantly blowing fresh from the south, the occurring, so numerous, indeed, season too fast advancing, captain about the latter point, as almost Weddell deemed it prudent to reto impede and prevent their pasturn. sing further. « Sixty-six," says

“I would willingly says he) captain Weddell, “ were counted have explored the S. W. quarter, around us; and for about fifty but taking into consideration the miles to the south, we had seldom lateness of the season, and that we fewer in sight."

had to pass homewards through one **Arrived at 70° 26' S., the wind thousand miles of sea strewed with became moderate, the sea tolerably ice-islands, with long nights, and smooth, thế weather pleasant, and probably attended with fogs, I the ice-islands had almost disap could not determine otherwise than peared. Unfortunately the two to take advantage of this favourable thermometers had been broken, wind for returning." and the température from this time

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*** A new expedition is projected the ice' from Spitzbergen to the for captain Parry. It has for its Pole, and this plan had been adopt object to reach the Northern Pole; ed by captain Parry, who, in addito make known to us what the tion to his own ardent expectations inmost point of the ice-bound Arc of success, procured the sanction of tic circle is. Captain Franklin had the Royal Society to the practicabioffered to undertake a journey over lity of the enterprise. The Hecla

, , GEOGRAPHY, ASTRONOMY, &c. 171* is to be prepared for captain Parrying the long-desired pole, and reearly in the ensuing spring; and turning to the Hecla at Cloven in that vessel he is to proceed to Cliff. Dogs or reindeer (the former “Cloven Cliff," in Spitzbergen, in preferable for drawing the sledges, lat. 79 degrees 52 minutes (or when necessary, but the latter about 600 miles from the pole), better for food, in case of accident which he is expected to reach to or detention) are to be taken on wards the end of May. From this the expedition. It is known that point he will depart with two the summer temperature is far from vessels, which are capable of being being severe; there is perpetual used either as boats or sledges, as light, with the sun continually water or ice is found to prevail. above the horizon; and he knows, They are to be built of light, tough, from experience, that the men on and flexible materials, with cover

such occasions are always very ings of leather and oil-cloth; the healthy. During his absence, the latter convertible intò sails. Two boats of the ship are to be engaged officers and ten men are to be ap- in exploring the eastern side of pointed to each, with provisions for Spitzbergen ; and the officers and ninety-two days, which, if they men of science in making philoonly travelled on the average sophical experiments with the pen, thirteen miles per day, and met dulum, on magnetism and meteorowith no insurmountable obstacles, logy, in natural history, &c. would be sufficient for their reach

RESULTS OF THE ARCTIC EXPEDITIONS. hoqiti Dr. Jamieson has observed, nental parts of America ; and that that the four Arctic Expeditions, in the plains and hollows of this viz. that under captain Ross, and land were deposited the secondary the three under captain Parry, limestones, sandstones, gypsum, and afford the following general facts coal, and upon these again the terand inferences : -1. That the re- tiary rocks. 3. That, after the gions explored abound in primitive deposition of these secondary and though the secondary rocks occupy have been broken up, and reduced considerable tracts, still their ex either suddenly or by degrees, or tent is more limited than that of partly by sudden and violent action, the older formations; that the al- and partly by the long-continued luvial deposites are not extensive; agency of the atmosphere and the that true or modern volcanic rocks ocean, into its present insular and were nowhere met with ; and that peninsular forin, and that, consethe only traces of tertiary strata quently, the secondary and tertiary were found in the sandstones and formations were formerly, in those clays connected with the secondary regions, more extensively distritraps of Baffin's Bay. 2. That the buted than they are at present. primitive and transition islands 4. That, previously to the deposiwere, in all probability, at one time tion of the coal formation, as that connected together, and formed a of Melville island, the transition continuous mass with the conti- and primitive hills and plains sup

hot De confined to the more temperate and and, consequently where similar, 172* ANNUAL REGISTER, 1826. ported a rich and luxuriant vegeta- east, in Old Greenland, to form an tion, principally of cryptogamous interesting and important feature plants, especially tree ferns, the in the geognostical constitution prototypes of which are now met of Arctic countries. 10. That the of the earth. The fossil corals of &c., renders it probable that the secondary limestones also inti- salt may occur in that quarter. mate that, before, during, and after, 11. That although no new metalthe deposition of the coal forma- liferous compounds have occurred tion, the waters of the ocean were to gratify the curiosity of the miso constituted as to support poly- neralogist, yet the regions explored paria, closely resembling those of by captain Parry have afforded vas the present equatorial seas. 5. rious interesting and highly useful That previously to and during the ores-such as octahedral or mag. deposition of the tertiary strata, netic iron ore, rhomboidal or red these now frozen regions supported iron ore, prismatic or brown iron forests of dicotyledonous trees, as ore, and prismatic chrome ore or is shown by the fossil dicotyledo- chromate of iron; also the common nous woods met with in connexion ore of copper, or copper pyrites; with these strata, in Baffin's Bay, molybdena glance, or sulphurate and by the fossil wood of Melville of molybdæna; ore of titanium; and island, Cape York, and Byam that interesting and valuable mineMartin island. 6. That the boul- ral, graphite or black lead. 12. ders or rolled blocks met with in That the gems, the most valued different quarters, and in tracts and most beautiful of mineral subdistant from their original locali stances, are not wanting in the ties, afford evidence of the passage Arctic Regions visited by the exof water across them, and at a pea peditions, is proved by the great riod subsequent to the deposition abundance of the precious garnet, of the newest solid strata, namely, which we doubt not will be found, those of the tertiary class. 7. That on more particular examination of nowhere are there any discover the primitive rocks, to present all able traces of the agency

the beautiful colours and elegant dern volcanoes ;, and we may add, forms for which it is so much adthat in the Arctic regions the only mired. Rock-crystal, another of known appearances of this kind are the gems, was met with 9 and also those in Jan Mayen's island den beryl and zircon. 13. That these scribed by Scoresby. "8. That the newly-discovered lands exhibit the only intimations of older volcanic same general geognostical arrangeaction are those afforded by the ments as occur in all other extenpresence of secondary trap rocks, sive tracts of country hitherto exsuch as basalt, greenstone, trap-tufa, amined by the naturalist; a fact and amygdaloid. 9. That the which strengthens that opinion black bituminous coal, the coal of which maintains that the grand the oldest coal formation, which features of nature, in the mineral some speculators maintained to be kingdom, are every

the same warmer regions of the earth, is general agencies must have prenow proved, by its discovery in vailed generally during the formaMelville island, far to the west, tion of the solid mass of the earth. and in Jameson's land, far to the

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