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is to be prepared for captain Parrying the long-desired pole, and reearly in the ensuing spring; and turning to the Hecla at Cloven in that vessel he is to proceed to Cliff
. Dogs or reindeer (the former “ Cloven Cliff," in Spitzbergen, in preferable for drawing the sledges, lat. 79 degrees 52 minutes (or when necessary, but the latter about 600 miles from the pole), better for food, in case of accident which he is expected to reach to or detention) are to be taken on wards the end of May. From this the expedition. It is known that point he will depart with two the summer temperature is far from vessels, which are capable of being being severe; there is perpetual used either as boats or sledges, as light, with the sun continually water or ice is found to prevail
. above the horizon; and he knows, They are to be built of light, tough, from experience, that the men on and flexible materials, with cover
such occasions are always very ings of leather and oil-cloth;
the healthy. During his absence, the latter convertible into sails. Two boats of the ship are to be engaged officers and ten men are to be ap- in exploring the eastern side of pointed to each, with provisions for Spitzbergen ; and the officers and ninety-two days, which, if they men of science in making philoonly travelled on the average sophical experiments with the pen, thirteen miles per day, and met dulum, on magnetism and meteorowith no insurmountable obstacles, logy, in natural history, &c. would be sufficient for their reach
RESULTS OF THE ARCTIC EXPEDITIONS. Dr. Jamieson has observed, nental parts of America ; and that that the four Arctic Expeditions, in the plains and hollows of this viz. that under captain Ross, and land were deposited the secondary the three under captain Parry, limestones, sandstones, gypsum, and afford the following general facts coal, and upon these again the terand inferences:-1. That the re- tiary rocks. 3. That, after the gions explored abound in primitive deposition of these secondary and and transition rocks; and that, al- tertiary rocks, the land appears to though the secondary rocks occupy have been broken up, and reduced considerable tracts, still their ex either suddenly or by degrees, or tent is more limited than that of partly by sudden and violent action, the older formations; that the al- and partly by the long-continued luvial deposites are not extensive ; agency of the atmosphere and the that true or modern volcanic rocks ocean, into its present insular and were nowhere met with ; and that peninsular forin; and that, consethe only traces of tertiary strata quently, the secondary and tertiary were found in the sandstones and formations were formerly, in those clays connected with the secondary regions, more extensively distri. traps of Baffin's Bay. 2. That the buted than they are at present, primitive and transition islands 4. That, previously to the deposiwere, in all probability, at one time tion of the coal formation, as that connected together, and formed a of Melville island, the transition continuous mass with the conti- and primitive hills and plains sup
ported a rich and luxuriant vegeta- east, in Old Greenland, to form an tion, principally of cryptogamous interesting and important feature plants, especially tree ferns, the in the geognostical constitution prototypes of which are now met of Arctic countries. 10. That the with only in the tropical regions red sandstone of Possession Bay, of the earth. The fossil corals of &c., renders it probable that rockthe secondary limestones also inti- salt may occur in that quarter. mate that, before, during, and after, 11. That although no new metalthe deposition of the coal forma. liferous compounds have occurred tion, the waters of the ocean were to gratify the curiosity of the mis so constituted as to support poly, neralogist, yet the regions explored paria, closely resembling those of by captain Parry have afforded vathe present equatorial seas. 5. rious interesting and highly useful That previously to and during the ores-such as octahedral or magdeposition of the tertiary strata, netic iron ore, rhomboidal or red these now frozen regions supported iron ore, prismatic or brown iron forests of dicotyledonous trees, as ore, and prismatic chrome ore or is shown by the fossil dicotyledo- chromate of iron ; also the common nous woods met with in connexion ore of copper, or copper pyrites; with these strata, in Baffin's Bay, molybdena glance, or sulphurate and by the fossil wood of Melville of molybdæna; ore of titanium; and island, Cape York, and Byam that interesting and valuable mine Martin island. 6. That the boul- ral, graphite or black lead." 12. ders or rolled blocks met with in That the gems, the most valued different quarters, and in tracts and most beautiful of mineral subdistant from their original locali- stances, are not wanting in the ties, afford evidence of the passage Arctic Regions visited by the exof water across them, and at a pes peditions, is proved by the great riod subsequent to the deposition abundance of the precious garnet, of the newest solid strata, namely, which we doubt not will be found, those of the tertiary class. 7. That on more particular examination of nowhere are there any discover the primitive rocks, to presenti all able traces of the
the beautiful colours and elegant dern volcanoes ; and we may add, forms for which it is so much adthat in the Arctic regions the only mired. Rock-crystal, another of known appearances of this kind are the gems, was met with ; and also those in Jan Mayen's island de beryl and zircon. 13. That these scribed by Scoresby. 8. That the newly-discovered lands exhibit the only intimations of older volcanic same general geognostical arrangection are those afforded by the ments as occur in all other extenpresence of secondary trap rocks, sive tracts of country hitherto exsuch as basalt, greenstone, trap-tufa, amined by the naturalist; a fact and anygdaloid. 9. That the which strengthens that opinion black bituminous coal, the coal of which maintains that the grand the oldest, coal formation, which features of nature, in the mineral some speculators maintained to be kingdom, are every where similar, confined to the more temperate and and, consequently, that the same warmer regions of the earth, is general agencies must have prenow proved, loy its discovery in vailed generally during the formaMelville island, far to the west, tion of the solid mass of the earth. and in Jameson's land, far to the
PATEN T S.
J. M‘Curdy, of Cecil-street, Strand, ing, evaporating, inspissating, drying, London ; for improvements in generat- and warming, and also to produce power. ing steam.-December 27, 1825. -January 19.
J. Ogston and J. T. Bell, of Davies Sir R. Seppings, knight, of Somerset street, Berkeley-square, London ; for House ; for an improved construction improvements in the construction or of such masts and bow-sprits, i as are manufacture of watches of different de generally known by the name of made scriptions. Communicated by a fo masts and made bow-sprits. January reigner.-_January 6, 1826.
19: R. Evans, of Bread-street and Queen R. Stephenson, of Bridge Town, Warstreet, Cheapside ; for improvements in wickshire ; for axletrees to remedy the the apparatus for, and pr
extra friction on curves to waggons, tillation.-January 7.
carts, cars, and carriages used or to be H. Houldsworth, the younger, of Man used on rail roads, tramways, and other chester, for improvements in machinery public roads.-January 23. for giving the taking-up or winding-on R. Rigg, of Bowstead Hill, Cumbermotion to spools or bobbins and tubes, land, for a new condensing apparatus to or other instruments, on which the roy be used with or applied to the apparatus ing or thread is roving, in spinning and now in use for miaking vinegar.- Februtwisting machines.-January 16.
B. Newmarch, of Cheltenham, for an J. C. Gamble, of Dublin; for an apimproved method of exploding fire-arms. paratus for the concentration and crystal January 16.
lization of aluminous and other saline J. Rothwell, of Manchester; for im- and crystallizable solutions, part of which proved heald or harness for weaving apparatus may be applied to the general purposes.-- January 16.
purposes of evaporation, distillation, in H. A. Koymans, of Warnford-court, spissation, and desiccation, and espet London ; for improvements in the con cially to the generation of steam-Fee struction and use of apparatus and works bruary 7. for inland navigation. Communicated W. Mayhew, of Union-street, Southby a foreigner.-January 16.
wark, and w. White, of Cheapside ; for L.J. F. Smith, of Chesterfield; for an an improvement in the manufacture of improvement in the process of drawing, hats.- February 7.
von rovingi spinning, and doubling, wool, H. Evans, Holyhead, North Wales'
and other fibrous substances for a method or methods of rendering January 19. TW. Wóitfield, of Birmingham; for
ships and other vessels, whether sailing
or propelled by steam, more safe in improvements in making or manufactur cases of danger by leakage, bilging, or ing handles for saucepans, kettles, and letting in water, than as at present con!) other culinary vessels, and also tea-ket structed.February 7 w budoise tle handle straps and other articles. W. Chapman, of Newcastle uponi. January 19.
Tyne; for improved machinery for FB! Cook, of Birmingham, brass loading or 'unloading of ships, vessels, founder for improvements in making or craft.-Pebruary 7.992 to 32190914 on constructing hinges, of various de B, Cook, of Birmingham, brass, scriptions... January 19.
founder ; for improvements in
in making A. R. Leorent, of Gottenburg, at files of various descriptions. Februru present residing in King-street, Cheap- ary 7. side, London ; for a method of applying W. Warren, of Crown-street, Fing: steam, without pressure, to pans, boil- bury-square, for improvements in the ers, coppers, stills, pipes, and machi process of extracting from Peruvian nery, in order to produce, transmit, and bark, medicinal substances or proper, regulate various
temperatures of heat ties, known by the name of quinine and in the several processes of boiling, distill- cinchonine, and preparing the various
bill cloral ils fucked
salts to which these substances may with less expenditure of fuel. March 14. serve as a basis. Communicated by a N. H. Manicler, of Great Guilfordforeigner.-February 1'1.
street, Southwark, chemist; for a new J. Higgins, of Oxford-street, Lon preparation of fatty substances, and the don ; for improvements in the construc- application thereof to the purposes of tion of the masts, yards, sails, rigging affording light.--March 20. of ships, and smaller vessels, and in the J. Billingham, of Norfolk-street, tackle used for working or navigating Strand; for an improvement or imthe same. February 11.
provements in the construction of cookB. Newmarch, of Cheltenham, and ing apparatus.--April 18. C. Bonner, of Gloucester, for a mecha J. Rowbotham, of Great Surrey-street, nical invention to be applied for the Blackfriars-road, and R. Lloyd, of the purpose of suspending and securing Strand; for a method of preparing, windows, gates, doors, shutters, blinds, forming, uniting, combining, and putand other apparatus.--February 18. ting together, certain materials, sub
T. Walter, of Luton; for improve- stances, or things, for the purpose of Inents in the manufacture of straw plat, being made into hats, caps, bonnets, for the purpose of making bonnets, hats, cloaks, coats, trowsers, and for wearing and other articles.-February 18. apparel in general, and various other
C. Whitlaw, of Bayswater Terrace; purposes. April 18. for an improvement or improvements in W. Wood, of Summer-Hill Grove, administering medicines by the agency Northumberland; for an apparatus for of steam or vapour.- February 18. destroying the inflammable air (which
A. Buffum, late of Massachusetts ; is commonly known by the name of firefor improvements in the process of mak- damps) in mines.--April 22. ing or manufacturing and dyeing hats. J. Gillespie, of Grosvenor street, Communicated partly by certain fo- Newington, Surrey; for a new spring, veigners.-February 18.
or combination of springs, for the purJ. Fraser, Houndsditeh, London, en pose of forming an elastic resisting megineer; for an improved method of con dium.--April 25. structing capstans and windlasses. S. Brown, of Eagle Lodge, Old BrompFebruary 25.
ton; for improvements on his former B. Newmarch, Cheltenham, gentle, patent, dated Dec. 4, 1823; for an eninan ;- for certain inventions to preserve gine or instrument for effecting a vessels and other bodies from the dan vacuum, and thus producing powers by gerous effects of external or internal which water may be raised, and ma
violence on land or water, and other chinery put in motion.--April 25. 1. improvements connected with the same. F. Halliday, of Ham, Surrey; for an February 25.
apparatus or machine for preventing r! The same, for a preparation to be the inconvenience' arising from smoke
used either in solution or otherwise, for in chimneys, which he denominates a
for improvements on ships' hearths; and
R. Gibson, of White Conduit Terrace, · R. Midgley, Horsforth, near Leeds, Islington; for improvements in magentleman; for a method, machinery, chinery for making bricks.-April 27. or apparatus, for conveying persons and C. Kennedy, of Virginia Terrace, goods over or across rivers or other Great Dover-road, Surrey, for improvewaters, and over valleys or other places. ments in the apparatus used for cup---March 4.
ping.--April 29. G. Anderton, Chickheaton, York J. Goulding, of America, but now reshire, worsted spinner; for improve- siding in Cornhill
, London; for improvements in the combing or dressing of ments in the machines used for carding, wool and waste silk.--March 4.
stubbing, slivering, roying, or spinning J. Neville, New Walk, Shad Thames, wool, cotton, waste silk, short stapled engineer; for a new and improved hemp and flax, or any other fibrous boiler or apparatus for generating steam materials or mixture thereof-May 2.
A. Buffum, late of Massachusetts, rence-lane, and A. Dixon, of HuddersAmerica, but now residing in Jewin- field; for a new kind of piece goods, street, London, and J. M'Curdy, of formed by a combination of threads of Cecil-street, Strand; for improvements two or more colours, the manner of in steam-engines. May 6.
combining and displaying such colours Sir R, Seppings, of Somerset House ; in such piece goods constituting the for improvements in the construction of novelty thereof.- May 23. fids or apparatus for striking top-masts J.Smith, of Tiverton; for an improveand top-gallant masts in ships...May 6. ment on the stocking frame, and im
W. Fenner, of Bushell-rents, Wap- proved method of making stockings and ping; for an improvement in machinery other goods usually made on the stockor apparatus for curing sinoky, and ing frame.---May 23. cleansing foul chimneys. May 6. J. Loach, of Birmingham, for a self
A. A. de la Court, of Great Winches- acting sash-fastener, which fastening is ter-street; for a new instrument, and applicable to other purposes. - May 23. improvements in well-known instru R. Slag, of Kilnhurst Forge, near ments, applicable to the organ of sight. Doncaster; for an improvement in the May 6.
manufacture of springs, chiefly applicJ. Schaller, of Regent-street; for im able to carriages.-May 23. provements in the construction or manu L. J. Marie, marquis de Combis, of facture of clogs, pattens, or substitutes Leicester-square; for improvements in for the same.May 6.
the construction of rotatory steam-enE. Heard, St. Leonard, Shoreditch, gines, and the apparatus connected chemist; for a new composition to be
therewith. Communicated by a foreigner. used for the purpose of washing in sea
-May 23. and other water.-May 8.
J. B. Fernandez, of Norfolk-street, L. Zachariah, jun. of Portsea, for a Strand; for improvements in the concombination of materials to be used as struction of blinds or shades for windows, fuel.---May 8.
or other purposes.--May 26. D. Dunn, of Pentonville ; for an im R. Mickleham, of Furnival's Inn; for provement upon the screw-press used improvements in engines moved by the in the pressing of paper, books, tobacco, . pressure, elasticity, or expansion of or bale goods, and in the expressing of steam, gas, or air, by which a great oil, extracts, or tinctures, and for vari- saving in fuel will be effected.-- June 6. ous other purposes in which great pres
H. R. Fanshaw, of Addle-street, sure is required.-May 23.
London ; for an improved winding maT. Hughes, of Newbury; for im chine.---June 13. provements in the method of restoring J. Ham, of Bristol ; for an improved foul or smutty wheat, and rendering the process for promoting the action of the same fit for use.May 23.
acetic air on metallic bodies.-June 13. F. Molyneux, of Stoke Saint Mary; T. J. Knowles, of Trinity College, for an improvement in machinery for Oxford ; for a new manufacture of ornaspinning and twisting silk and wool, and mental inetal or metals. Communicated for roving, spinning, and twisting flax, by a foreigner-June 13. hemp, cotton, and other fibrous sub T. Halahan, of Dublin; for machi stances.-May 23.
nery or apparatus for working ordnance. "; T. P. Birt, of the Strand, for im June 22.
provements on, or additions to, wheel L. Aubrey, of Two-Waters, Herts; carriages. May 23.
for an improvement in the web or wire J. Parker, of Knightsbridge, for im- for making paper.- July 4. provements on, or additions to, park or J. Poole, of Sheffield; for improveother gates.-May 23.
ments in steam-engine boilers or steam D.P. Deurbroucq, of Leicester-square; generators ; applicable also to the evafor an apparatus adapted to cool wort or poration of other fluids.--July 4. "must, previous to its being set to undergo D. Freeman, of Wakefield; for imthe process of fermentation, and also provements in measuring for, and making for the purpose of condensing the steam collars for horses, and other cattle. arising from stills during the process of July 4. distillation. Communicated by a forcign P. Groves, of London; for improveer.- May 23.
ments in manufacturing white lead.W.H. Gibbs, of Castle-court, Law- July 4.