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ORDER of COUNCIL permilling the IMPORTATION of GRAIN. At the Court'at Windsor, the 1st Wales, to the receiver of corn

of September, 1826, present the returns, it appears that the average King's Most Excellent Majesty price of oats, and also the average in Council.

price of peas, at the present time, Whereas, by the laws now in exceed the before-mentioned prices force for regulating the importa- of twenty-seven shillings and fifty tion of corn- oats and oatmeal three shillings per quarter : and may be imported into the united whereas, from information which kingdom, and into the Isle of hath this day been laid before his Man, for home consumption, under majesty, it appears that the price and subject to the regulations of of oats, as well as that of peas, is the several statutes in that case still rising, and that the crop

of made and provided, whenever the oats, and also the crops

of peas

and average price of oats (to be as- beans, of the present year, have certained in the manner therein failed to a considerable extent, and prescribed) shall be at or above that a deficiency of the crop of the price of twenty-seven shillings potatoes is also apprehended in per quarter, and peas may in like some parts of the United Kingdom : manner be imported, whenever and whereas, if the importation, the price shall be at or above fifty- for home consumption, of oats and three shillings per quarter; and oatmeal, and of rye, peas, and whereas by a certain act of parlia- beans, be not immediately permitment, made and passed in the ted, there is great cause to fear third

year of his present majesty's that much distress may ensue to reign, intituled, "An act to amend all classes of his majesty's subjects: the laws relating to the importa- And whereas, under the acts tion of corn," it is enacted, that aforesaid, no foreign grain of the whenever foreign corn, meal, or above description, whatever may flour, shall be admissible under be the respective average prices of the provisions of an act, passed in the same, can be admitted to entry the fifty-fifth year of the reign of for home consumption till after his late majesty king George 3rd, the fifteenth day of November in intituled, ** An act to amend the the present year, when the next law now in force for regulating quarterly average by which the the importation of corn," or under admission of such grain is reguthe provisions of the said act, lated will be made up, according passed in the third year of the to the provisions of the said acts : reign of his present majesty, there His majesty, with the advice of shall be levied and paid certain his privy council, doth order, and duties therein specified upon all it is hereby accordingly ordered, such foreign corn, meal, or flour, that foreign oats and oatmeal, rye, when admitted for home consump- peas, and beans, whether waretion: and whereas by the weekly housed or otherwise, shall and returns of purchases and sales of may, from the date hereof, be corn, made by the several in- permitted to be entered in the spectors of corn returns in the ports of the United Kingdom, and cities and towns of England and of the Isle of Man, for home cons

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sumption, provided the parties accordingly ordered, that such making entry of any such foreign permission to enter oats and oatoats, oatmeal, rye, peas, or beans, meal, rye, peas, and beans for home do give bond, with sufficient consumption, on the conditions sureties, to the satisfaction of the aforesaid, shall continue in force commissioners of his majesty's from the date hereof, until the Customs, for the payment of any expiration of forty days, to be duties not exceeding in amount reckoned from the day of the next the duties hereinafter mentioned, meeting of parliament, unless the in case parliament shall authorise parliament shall, previously to the the levy and receipt thereof, that expiration of the said forty days, is to say: oats, per quarter, 2s. ; make provision to the contrary: oatmeal, per boll, 2s. 2d. ; rye, And the right hon. the lords peas, and beans, per quarter, commissioners of his majesty's 3s. 6d. And his majesty, by and Treasury are to give the necessary with the advice aforesaid, doth directions herein accordingly, hereby further order, and it is

“ Sir,


DEMERARA. “ Downing-street, April 12. gated authority over them; and

Previously to your you will not fail to make a report taking possession of the very to the lieutenant-governor, which arduous and important situation will be transmitted to me, on the to which you have been appointed subject of any practical impedias protector of slaves, it is neces- ments which may be found in the sary that I should convey to you execution of any part of your duty. some special instructions for the - You will not deem it necessary regulation of your conduct in the in all cases to wait to receive comexercise of its various duties. plaints from the slaves themselves;

“It will be your particular but if you shall hear of any unduty as protector of slaves, to warrantable treatment to which watch over the faithful execution any slave, or any gang of slaves of all such provisions or regula- are exposed, you will repair to the tions with respect to the treatment estate, and there institute a diliof slaves as are at present in force gent inquiry into the conduct of in Demerara, or as may at any


who may be respona future time be established there șible on the occasion. by any lawful authority.

“ You will not, however, for“You will, if necessary, apply get, in the execution of to the local government for any that it is also your duty to secure facilities which may give you a all the legal rights of the promore complete opportunity of re- prietor as well as of the slave, as ceiving and considering complaints far as they are involved in any which may be preferred by the transaction with you as protector. slaves against their owners, or any

“ You must exercise a constant other persons exercising a dele discretion in impressing upon the VOL. LXVIII,


your office, minds of the slaves in the most same time find you entirely deterforcible manner, that the measures mined to discountenance any frivo. which have been provided for their lous and unfounded complaints protection are in no degree to in- which may be preferred by them terfere with the unremitting prace against their masters. tice of industry and obedience, to “ You will not fail to make it which, under prescribed regula- your early and peculiar study to tions, their owners are by law en- fix on the minds of the slaves, by titled; but, on the contrary, that such arguments and explanations those duties are the more strictly as are suited to their state of into be observed by them in propor« formation and comprehension, the tion as the law and regulation in principles which are contained int terpose to prevent any improper this letter, and which pervade all exercise of the authority of the that course of legislation which his master.

majesty's government have esta “ You must explain to them, blished and recommended in putthat although they may always suance of the resolutions of both expect to find in you a vigilant Houses of parliament. I have, friend and protector in all cases &c: (Signed) BATHURST.” where such protection can be pro- “ Lieutenant-Colonel Young, perly required, they will at the Protector of Slaves."


CONVENTION of COMMERCE between his MAJESTY and the Most

CHRISTIAN KING, together with two Additional Articles thereunto annered, signed at London, January 26, 1826. In the Name of the Most Holy in the ports of the other, whether Trinity.

under the heads of duties of tona His Majesty the King of the nage, harbour, light-house, pilota United Kingdom of Great Britain age, and others of the same deand Ireland, on the one part, and scription, or in the shape of inhis Majesty the King of France and creased duties upon goods on acNavarre, on the other part, being count of their being importet or equally animated by the desire of exported in other than national facilitating the commercial inter- vessels ; have named as their course between their respective sub- plenipotentiaries, to conclude a jects; and being persuaded that no convention for this purpose, that thing can more contribute to the is to say :fulfilment of their mutual wishes His Majesty the King of the in this respect, than to simplify and United Kingdom of Great Britain equalize the regulations which are and Ireland,

the right hon. George now in force relative to the navi- Canning, &c. and the right hon. gation of both kingdoms, by the William Huskisson, &c. And reciprocal abrogation of all dis- his Majesty the King of France, criminating duties levied upon the and Navarre, the prince Jules, vessels of either of the two nations count de Polignac, &c.

Who, after having communicated at the same time, with the view to each other their respective full of diminishing the burthens impowers, found to be in due and posed upon the navigation of the proper form, have agreed upon two countries, his most Christian and concluded the following ar- majesty will always be disposed to ticles :

reduce the amount of the said Art. I._From and after the burthens in France, in proportion 5th of April of the present year,

to any reduction which may French vessels coming from, or de hereafter be made of those now parting for, the ports of France, or, levied in the ports of the United if in ballast, coming from, or de- Kingdom. parting for, any place, shall not be II.Goods, wares, and mersubject in the ports of the United chandize, which can or may be Kingdom, either on entering into legally imported into the ports of or departing from the same, to any the United Kingdom from the higher duties of tonnage, harbour, ports of France, if so imported in light-house, pilotage, quarantine, French vessels, shall be subject to or other similar or corresponding no higher duties than if imported duties of whatever nature or under in British vessels, and, reciprocally, whatever denomination, than those goods, wares, and merchandize, to which British vessels, in re- which can or may be legally imspect of the same voyages, are or ported into the ports of France, may be subjeet on entering into or from the ports of the United departing from such ports; and, Kingdom, if so imported in Brireciprocally, from and after the tish vessels, shall be subject to same period, British vessels coming no higher duties than if imfrom or departing from the ports ported in French vessels. The of the United Kingdom, or, if in produce of Asia, Africa, and ballast, coming from, or departing America, not being allowed to be for, any place, shall not be subject, imported from the said countries, in the ports of France, either on nor from any other, in French entering into, or departing from vessels, nor from France in French, the same, to any higher duties of British, or any other vessels, into tonnage, harbour, light-house, pi* the ports of the United Kingdom, lotage, quarantine, or other similar for home consumption, but only or corresponding duties, of what- for warehousing and re-exportaever nature, or under whatever tion. His most Christian majesty denomination, than those to which reserves to himself to direct that, French vessels, in respect of the in like manner, the produce of same voyages, are or may be sub- Asia, Africa, and America, shall ject, on entering into or departing not be imported from the said from such ports; whether such countries, nor from any other, duties are collected separately, in British vessels, nor from the or are consolidated in one and the United Kingdom in British, French, same duty, his most Christian ma- or any other vessels, into the ports jesty reserving to himself to regulate of France, for the consumption of the amount of such duty or duties that kingdom, but only for warein France, according to the rate at housing and re-exportation. which they are or may be estab- With regard to the productions lished in the United Kingdom ; of the countries of Europe, it is

understood between the high con- shall, in no case, obtain more tracting parties, that such pro- favourable conditions than those ductions shall not be imported in stipulated in the present convenBritish ships, into France, for the tion, in favour of British and consumption of that kingdom, un- French vessels. less such ships shall have been V.--The fishing-boats of either laden therewith in some port of of the two countries which may be the United Kingdom ; and that forced by stress of weather to seek his Britannic majesty may adopt, shelter in the ports, or on the coast if he shall think fit, corresponding of the other country, shall not be restrictive measures, with regard subject to any duties, or port duties, to the productions of the countries of any description whatsoever ; of Europe, imported into the ports provided the said boats, when so of the United Kingdom in French driven in by stress of weather, vessels: the high contracting par- shall not discharge or receive on ties reserving, however, to them- board any cargo, or portion of selves the power of making, by cargo, in the ports, or on the parts mutual consent, such relaxations of the coast where they shall have in the strict execution of the pre- sought shelter. sent article, as they may think

VI. It is agreed that the prouseful to the respective interests visions of the present convention of the two countries, upon the between the high contracting parprinciple of mutual concessions, ties shall be reciprocally extended, affording each to the other re- and in force, in all the possessions ciprocal or equivalent advantages. subject to their respective dominion

III. --All goods, wares, and in Europe. merchandize, which can or may

VII. The present convention be legally exported from the ports shall be in force for the term of of either of the two countries, ten years, from the 5th of April shall, on their export, pay the same of the present year; and further, duties of exportation, whether the until the end of twelve months exportation of such goods, wares, after either of the high contracting and merchandize, be made in Bri- parties shall have given notice to tish or in French vessels, provided the other of its intention to terthe said vessels proceed, respecs minate its operation : each of the tively, direct from the ports of the high contracting parties reserving one country to those of the other. to itself the right of giving such And all the said goods, wares, and notice to the other, at the

end of merchandize, so exported in British the said term of ten years; and it or French vessels, shall be reci- is agreed between them, that, at procally entitled to the same boun- the end of the twelve months' exties, drawbacks, and other allow- tension agreed to on both sides, ances of the same nature, which this convention, and all the stipuare granted by the regulations of lations thereof, shall altogether each country respectively.

cease and determine. IV.-It is mutually agreed be- VIII. The present convention tween the high contracting parties, shall be ratified, and the ratificathat in the intercourse of naviga- tions shall be exchanged in Lontion between their two countries, don, within the space

of one the vessels of any third power month, or sooner, if possible,

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