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SPECIAL CONSULAR REPORTS.
STREETS AND HIGHWAYS
REPORTS FROM THE CONSULS OF THE UNITED STATES ON STREETS
AND HIGHWAYS IN THEIR SEVERAL DISTRICTS, IN ANSWER
TO A CIRCULAR FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE.
ISSUED FROM THE BUREAU OF STATISTICS, DEPARTMENT OF STATE.
ALL REQUESTS FOR THESE REPORTS SHOULD BE ADDRESSED
REPORT BY CONSUL-GENERAL GOLDSCHMIDT, OF VIENNA.
In speaking of the construction, maintenance, and management of public roads in Austria a distinction must be made between the socalled Imperial or state roads, which are subject to the legislation and administration of the state, and the public streets and roads, which are subject to provincial legislation.
1. STATE OR IMPERIAL ROADS.
The principal regulations concerning the state roads have been given from case to case by special laws or orders. Of these may be mentioned provisional regulations for the maintenance of country roads, (order by the department of the interior of October 13, 1849, No. 415, E. B.); building and maintenance of those parts of imperial roads leading through communities (order by the department of the interior of March 20, 1855, No. 53); the clearing away of snow from state roads. (law of January 2, 1877, R. G. Bl., Nos. 33, 34). In addition to this, order by the department of the interior of May 5, 1877, and of July 7, 1876 (R. G. B., No. 100).
The total length of state or imperial roads throughout the kingdoms. and provinces at present represented in Parliament amounted in the year 1828 to 11,436 kilometres and in the year 1873 to 15,003 kilometres; therefore the increase in length in this time amounts to 24 per cent. of the latter figure. One square kilometre of state territory is consequently intersected by 0.0508 kilometre of state roads.