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Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives told, in another place, that it was “by faith,” of his sons with them, into the ark;

that, moved with fear, he prepared the ark, 14 They, and every beast after his kind,

preserved his family, condemned the world, and all the cattle after their kind, and every

and became heir of the righteousness which creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and every fowl after his kind,

is by faith. (Heb. xi. 7.) Had he been an every bird of every sort.

unbeliever, like the rest, he would no more 15 And they went in unto Noah into the ark, have obeyed the command which the Lord two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath had given to prepare the ark, than others of life.

regarded the warning of their approaching 16 And they that went in, went in male and

end, and he would have perished at last in female of all flesh, as God had commanded

the general overthrow. But Noah believed; him: and the LORD shut him in. 17 And the flood was forty days upon the

that faith led to obedience; and the conseearth ; and the waters increased, and bare up quences of that obedience we behold in the the ark, and it was lift up above the earth. chapter before us. (2 Pet. ii. 5-9.)

18 And the waters prevailed, and were in All things are ready ; the ark is prepared; creased greatly upon the earth; and the ark the time is at hand; the measure of the went upon the face of the waters.

world's iniquity is full. Now shall it be seen 19 And the waters prevailed exceedingly

whether a holy God does not as certainly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered.

know how to punish the wicked for their sin, 20 Fifteen cubits up vard did the waters

as to preserve his people by his grace. Before prevail; and the mountains were covered. the deluge breaks forth, Noah must be safe. 21 And all flesh died that moved


Not one drop shall be poured forth till he and earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, his are all secure. “ Come thou, says the and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon

Lord, and all thy family into the ark.” Oh! the earth, and every man: 22 All in whose nostrils was the breath of

sweet token of divine mercy and love! And life, of all that was in the dry land, died.

not only so; but when he enters that refuge, 23 And every living substance was destroyed

the same kind and merciful hand shut him which was upon the face of the ground, both in ; and the Lord himself would watch over man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and that ark all the time it would be tossed about the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed by the desolating waves of the flood! And from the earth : and Noah only remained alire, are not the eyes of the Lord always upon his and they that were with him in the ark. 24 And the waters prevailed upon the earth

people? Does he not keep and preserve, as an hundred and fifty days.

well as bless and save them? Will ever any

perish, whom he hath shut up in the faith (4) Or, floodgates. (5) Heb. wing.

revealed (Gal. iii. 2-3), and sealed as his own (3) Or, on the seventh day (6) Heb. the breath of the spirit

to the day of redemption? (Eph. iv. 30.)

But now the hour is come, and the flood In the last chapter we were told of the uni breaks forth. The windows of heaven are versal wickedness of man, the character of opened; the fountains of the great deep are Noah, God's determination to destroy the broken up; and for forty days and forty nights world and all that were in it, both of man and the rain pours down in torrents. The rivers beast, and the means appointed for Noah's swell; the valleys are full; the flood rises; safety. Now there is one thing said of this houses, hedges, trees, forests, hills, and mounholy man deserving special notice. When tains, are all covered, and swallowed up in God gave him directions for building the ark, one vast and universal desolation! Oh! the he began to act upon those commands; and misery of the wicked then! How they run ceased not to do so till the whole was done! and seek for safety! They go to the top of “Thus did Noah," it is said, “ according to all their houses; they climb the trees; they flee that God commanded him, so did he."

to the hills; they try to ascend the height It may be useful to inquire, how he came to of the mountains; but all in vain! The flood act in this manner; and by what principle reaches then still; they cry, but there is no was he guided throughout? You are expressly helper; their day is gone; they all die ; all

(1) Heb. seven seven. (2) Heb. blot out.

of life.

the earth no more.

perish; and all are swept away from the earth. whole earth : then he put forth his hand, and Thus was it then in that awful time of ven- took her, and pulled her in unto him into geance. Thus will it be in that far more

the ark. tremendous season which is yet to come ;

10 And he stayed yet other seven days;

and again he sent forth the dove out of the when the whole impenitent world will as

ark ; certainly perish by the fire of God's indig

11 And the dove came in to him in the nation in the day " which will burn like an

evening; and, lo, in her mouth was an olive oven” (Mal. iv. 1), as the whole ungodly leaf pluckt off: so Noah knew that the waters world then perished by the flood of waters. were abated from off the earth. (2 Pet. iii. 7, &c.)

12 And he stayed yet other seven days; But where is the ark; and where is Noah?

and sent forth the dove; which returned not Borne aloft on the surface of the flood, he out

again unto him any more.

13 | And it came to pass in the six hunrides the deluge in safety. And what will be

dredth and first year, in the first month, the the final state of all who are found in Christ?

first day of the month, the waters were dried Safe and blessed, as Noah was. Come then,


from off the earth: and Noah removed the and enter this divinely appointed ark. Come covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, yourselves. Come with all your families, and the face of the ground was dry. enter the ark of Christ for the salvation of your

14 And in the second month, on the seven souls.

and twentieth day of the month, was the earth dried.

15 | And God spake unto Noah, saying, CIIAPTER VIII.

16 Go forth of the ark, thou, and thy wife, 1 The waters assuage. 4 The ark resteth on Ararat. 7 The

and thy sons, and thy sons' wives with thee. raven and the dove. 15 Noah, being commanded, 18 goeth 17 Bring forth with thee every living thing forth of the ark. 20 IIe buildeth an altar, and offereth

that is with thee, of all flesh, both of fowl, and sacrifice, 21 which God accepteth, and promiseth to curse

of cattle, and of every creeping thing that ND God remembered Noahand every

creepeth ; they may breed

abundantly in the earth, and be fruitful, and was with him in the ark: and God made multiply upon the earth. a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters

18 And Noah went forth, and his sons, and asswaged;

his wife, and his sons' wives with him : ? The fountains also of the deep and the

19 Every beast, every creeping thing, and windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain

every fowl, and whatsoever crecpeth upon from heaven was restrained;

the earth, after their “kinds, went forth out 3 And the waters returned from off the

of the ark. earth 'continually: and after the end of the

20 | And Noah builded an altar unto the hundred and fifty days the waters were

LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of abated.

every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings 4 And the ark rested in the seventh month,

on the altar. on the seventeenth day of the month, upon

21 And the LORD smelled “a sweet savour; the mountains of Ararat.

and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again 5 And the waters ? decreased continually

curse the ground any more for man's sake; until the tenth month: in the tenth month, on

for the imagination of man's heart is evil the first day of the month, were the tops of

from his youth; neither will I again smite any the mountains seen.

more every thing living, as I have done. 6 And it came to pass at the end of forty

22 & While the earth remaineth, seedtime days, that Noah opened the window of the ark and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer which he had made:

and winter, and day and night shall not cease. 7 And he sent forth a raven, which went (1) Heb. in going and return-1 (4) Heb. caused her to come. forth 3 to and fro, until the waters were dried


(2) Heb. were in going and de- (6) Heb. a savour of rest. up from off the earth.


(7) Or, though.

(3) Heb. in going forth and re- (8) Heb. as yet all the days of 8 Also he sent forth a dove from him, to turning see if the waters were abated from off the face of the ground; 9 But the dove found no rest for the sole of

We read in the last chapter of the tremenher foot, and she returned unto him into the dous desolations of the deluge. All flesh ark, for the waters were on the face of the died that moved upon the face of the earth.


(5) Heb. families.

the earth.

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Noah only remained alive, and they that were of the deep were stopped; the rain ceased; with him in the ark. We may easily imagine and the waters returned from off the earth conwhat a trying season that must have been, tinually. Then the ark rested; and all things had he not been sustained by faith: and were making way for a happy termination of probably it was so, though he was upheld the trial. Is it not thus the Lord generally by that mighty principle. Noah, however, was succours his people? First one mercy comes, neither forgotten, nor forsaken ; though the then another is given, and, in due time, the waters prevailed exceedingly, and nothing deliverance is signal and complete. but desolation and death surrounded him on Behold these birds sent forth from the ark. every side, he was safe. The same gracious The dove found no rest for the sole of her Lord that bade him prepare the ark; that foot, and came flying back for safety. The directed him to enter the ark; and that shut raven was delighted to feed upon the dead, him into the ark; watched over him all the and thought of the ark no more. time it was tossed on the waves of the roaring are like the raven! They love the world ; deluge, and in due season brought him in they live upon the world; the world is their safety out of it. You may always confidently home, and their all. The ark is forgotten; rely on the Lord's protecting love and mercy, the Saviour is neglected; and for the sake of when walking in the way he bids you go ; the world they perish with them that are lost. and, especially so, when hid in the ark of the On the other hand, the dove resembles the gospel for salvation.

people of God. The world is no home nor It is said, “God remembered Noah, and all resting-place for them. IIere they are often that were with him in the ark.” The Church troubled and uneasy. In Christ alone is their of God was then in a very low estate indeed. comfort and safety; and the prevailing, desire The number was small; the peril was great. of their soul is, “O that I had wings like a But God remembered Noah; and that was dove; then would I flee away, and be at the pledge of his safety and deliverance. How rest!” (Ps. lv. 6.) often have the people of God experienced the Take notice, also, of Noah's patience and blessedness of being remembered by him! piety. Though the waters were abated, and Perhaps you have found it so. Amidst the

the earth dry, he would not leave the ark till various vicissitudes of life, your trials may God bade him; and then his first action was, have been many and great. Often has it as soon as he stood on the dry ground, to been, when all without and all within has. build an altar unto the Lord. Is not this the been like the roaring deluge. Deep called manner in which true faith, and real piety, will unto deep, as all the waves threatened to always be displayed? The genuine feeling overwhelm you. But you were neither swal- of every one that fears the Lord is, not to lowed up, nor destroyed; you were kept in move a step in any undertaking without the safety; the winds were hushed, the storm Lord's guidance and blessing. Then he is ceased, and you experienced a mighty deliver- safe, but not otherwise. And after mercies ance. Why so? Because the Lord remem- received, he praises the Lord for his goodbered you, as he did Noah. Oh! what a ness, still confessing his sins, and still pleadsweet prayer is that, “Remember me, O Lord, ing for pardon. with the favour that thou bearest unto thy Lastly, observe the Lord's perpetual faithfulpeople !” (Ps. cvi. 4.) May you, then, confi

The earth, as such, is still the same; dently rely on him in time to come? Yes, and man is the same polluted being as before. you may; and, doing so, you shall find that But, till the end of all things, the earth and all the promises of God will be to you all its fruits and seasons shall remain in rethe waters of Noah” (Is. liv. 9); and that the gular order and appointment. So to this day Lord will as certainly remember to help and it is. Thus the Lord fulfils his word; and deliver you, as he did his faithful servant on thus will every tittle of that word, in due this occasion.

time, be brought to pass. (Is. liv. 9, 10.) Observe the gradual indications of this deliverance. The waters asswaged; the fountains




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I will look upon it, that I may remember the 1 God blesseth Noah. 4 Blood and murder are forbidden. everlasting covenant between God and every 8 God's covenant, 13 signified by the rainbow. 18 Noah living creature of all flesh that is


the replenisheth the world, 20 planteth a vineyard, 21 is

earth. drunken, and mocked of his son, 25 curseth Canaan, 20 blesseth Shem, 27 prayeth for Japheth, 29 and dieth.

17 And God said unto Noah, This is the

token of the covenant, which I have estasaid unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply,

blished between me and all flesh that is and replenish the earth.

upon the earth. 2 And the fear of you and the dread of you

18 | And the sons of Noah, that went forth shall be upon every beast of the earth, and

of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth:

and Ham is the father of Canaan. upon every fowl of the air, upon all that

19 These are the three sons of Noah: and moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they

of them was the whole earth overspread. delivered.

20 And Noah began to be an husbandınan, 3 Every moving thing that liveth shall be

and he planted a vineyard : meat for you; even as the green herb have I

21 And he drank of the wine, and was given you all things.

drunken; and he was uncovered within his 4 But flesh with the life thereof, which is

tent. the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.

22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the 5 And surely your blood of your lives will

nakedness of his father, and told his two

brethren without. I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the

23 And Shem and Japheth took a garment, hand of every man's brother will I require the

and laid it upon both their shoulders, and life of man.

went backward, and covered the nakedness of 6 Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man

their father; and their faces were backward, shall his blood be shed: for in the image of

and they saw not their father's nakedness. God made he man.

24 And Noah awoke from his wine, and 7 And you, be ye fruitful, and multiply ; knew what his younger son had done unto bring forth abundantly in the earth, and mul- him. tiply therein.

25 And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a 8 | And God spake unto Noah, and to his

servant of servants shall he be unto his sons with him, saying,

brethren. 9 And I, behold, I establish my covenant 26 And he said, Blessed be the LORD God with you, and with your seed after you;

of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. 10 And with every living creature that is 27 God shall enlarge Japheth, and he with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan every beast of the earth with you; from all shall be his servant. that go out of the ark, to every beast of the 28 And Noah lived after the flood three earth.

hundred and fifty years. 11 And I will establish my covenant with 29 And all the days of Noah were nine you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any hundred and fifty years: and he died. more by the waters of a flood; neither shall

(3) Or, persuade. there any more be a flood to destroy the earth. 12 And God said, This is the token of the

EMERGING from the desolations of the flood, covenant which I make between me and you everything connected with the present state and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations :

of this earth and the history of man should 13 I do set my bow in the cloud, and it

be carefully noted. Two points arising from shall be for a token of a covenant between me the close of the last chapter, and several in and the earth.

this, demand consideration and improvement. 14 And it shall come to pass, when I bring How inveterate is the stain of sin! All the a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be

waters of the deluge could not wash it away. seen in the cloud:

The unrenewed heart of man is still as wicked 15 And I will remember

my covenant, which is between me and you and every living

as it was before ; and so will it ever be whilst creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no

the earth remaineth. Is there, then, no remore become a flood to destroy all flesh. medy? Blessed be God, there is. There

16 And the bow shall be in the cloud; and is a “fountain opened for sin and unclean

(1) Heb. Chenaan.

(2) Or, servant to them.

ness.” (Zech. xiii. 1.) The blood of Christ token in the cloud, learn to adore the divine can do what the waters of the deluge could goodness in preserving us from a watery not effect. It can cleanse from all sin, re- deluge, though we deserve it as much as the move all the curse, and bring to the believer sinners of the old world; and let it serve to pardon and peace here, and life and glory remind you of that adorable Jesus, in whom hereafter. But this must take place by the all the attributes of the Godhead, like the Spirit of God whilst this life continues, and blended colours in the bow, meet together for before the day of grace has passed away. our pardon and salvation. The world will as certainly perish at last, But let us take heed; there is danger as man must die; and when death comes everywhere. When we cease to watch and the state of all will be fixed for ever. “Now,"

pray, we soon fall into sin. Is this Noah, therefore, " is the accepted time; behold, now that found grace; that walked with God; is the day of salvation.” (2 Cor. vi. 2.)

that was preserved in the ark; the pious, The first action of God on Noah's coming out humble, thankful Noah? Ah! take heed of of the ark was to bless him. Let the blessing of intemperance; which is so dangerous to all, the Lord be the first mercy you seek, wherever and so unseemly for the man of God. Well you are, and whatever you do. “Oh! that thou

may we cry, Lord, what is man! What wouldest bless me, indeed” (1 Chron. iv. 10), stronger proof can there be of man's utter is a prayer you may well use on all occasions.

depravity than to see Noah drunken and unBut does the Lord hate sin less after the flood, covered in his tent?

Who will not pray, than he did before it took place? The state- Lord, keep me from evil; as well as, Lord, ments contained in this chapter teach us the pardon my sin! Learn also not to exult over contrary. Murder was the crying sin of Cain. the falls of others. Did God pronounce the Lamech, one of Cain's descendants, gloried fearful curse upon Ham, which rests on his in shedding blood, and in slaying others. posterity to this day, because of the unbecomIn process of time the earth was filled with ing manner in which he spake and acted in violence; and where violence is habitually respect of his father's fault? Then never make committed, men will feel but little hesitation a mock of sin. (Prov. xiv. 9.) Consider your in acting the greatest atrocities. There is own weakness, and pray for mercy and grace. reason, therefore, to conclude that this was On the other hand, see the mercy pronounced one of the prevailing crimes of the old world. on Shem and Japheth. The one was blessed; And how solemnly does God mark that sin the other shall be enlarged, and made parhere in this chapter! “Surely your blood of taker of Shem's blessing; whilst the curse your lives will I require,” “Whoso sheddeth rests on the head of Ham. And if a father's man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed."

curse be so terrible, what must the curse of Let all beware of evil dispositions, and learn God be on whom it falls! May our hearts to love their neighbour as themselves (Matt. be enlarged with the blessing of God, and xix. 19); and then there will be no violence, made one in Christ with the blessing of injustice, nor shedding of innocent blood; for Shem; so shall we be blessed for ever! “love worketh no ill to his neighbour.” (Rom. xiii. 10.)

CHAPTER X. But what proof had Noah that the world might not be deluged again? God had said 1 The generations of Noah. 2 The sons of Japheth. 6 The

sons of Ham. 8 Nimrod the first monarch. 21 The sons so, and he believed. But would the Lord be

of Shem. pleased to confirm that promise by some OW these are the generations of the visible token of its truth and certainty ?

sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and JaBehold his condescending goodness! By

pheth : and unto them were sons born after

the flood. setting the beautiful rainbow in the cloud he

2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, would, from time to time, by its brilliant dis

and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meplay, assure all the future generations of men, shech, and Tiras. that he would certainly keep the promise he 3 And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and had made. Whenever you see that splendid Riphath, and Togarmah.

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