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(5) Heb. Tzidon.
(6) Heb. Azzah.

(8) Heb. Shelah.

4 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and 27 And Iladoram, and Uzal, and Diklah, Tarshish, Kittim, and 'Dodanim.

28 And Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba, 5 By these were the isles of the Gentiles 29 And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: divided in their lands; every one after his all these were the sons of Joktan. tongue, after their families, in their nations. 30 And their dwelling was from Mesha, as

6 | And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Miz thou goest unto Sephar a mount of the east. raim, and Phut, and Canaan.

31 These are the sons of Shem, after their 7 And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, families, after their tongues, in their lands, after and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtechah: and their nations. the sons of Raamah ; Sheba, and Dedan.

32 These are the families of the sons of 8 And Cush begat Nimrod : he began to be Noah, after their generations, in their nations: a mighty one in the earth.

and by these were the nations divided in the 9 He was a mighty hunter before the earth after the flood. Lord: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod

(1) Or, as some read it, Rodanim. the mighty hunter before the LORD.

(2) Gr. Babylon.

(3) Or, he went out into Assyria. (7) Heb. Arpachshad. 10 And the beginning of his kingdom was (4) Or, the streets of the city.

(9) That is, Division. * Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. 11 Out of that land 'went forth Asshur, and

As all Scripture is given by inspiration of builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and

God, all is profitable for instruction. Even Calah, 12 And Resen between Nineveh and Calah:

those parts which contain the names and the same is a great city.

genealogies of men, as in the chapter before 13 And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Ana us, may be improved for our good. Indeed, mim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

we should never pass over any part of God's 14 And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of Word without seeking to obtain some blesswhom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim. ing, and some improvement. 15 And Canaan begat Sidon his first

Let us, then, examine these generations of born, and Heth, 16 And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and

Noah; and since we are told, at the end of the Girgasite,

the chapter, that “ by these were the nations 17 And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the

divided in the earth after the flood,” we must Sinite,

look somewhere for our own descent, and see 18 And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and in what line we stand. Ham was cursed, the Hamathite: and afterward were the fami and all his descendants. Shem was blessed. lies of the Canaanites spread abroad.

Japheth was to be enlarged, and dwell in the 19 And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto

tents of Shem, and partake of that blessing.

To which, then, of Noah's sons do we be• Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto

long? Ham's race is described from verse Lasha.

6 to 20. There were Babel and Nineveh, 20 These are the sons of Ham, after their the nations of Canaan, and Sodom and Gofamilies, after their tongues, in their countries, morrah, all to be destroyed. Blessed be God, and in their nations.

we are not there. Of Shem, it is said, he was 21 T Unto Shem also, the father of all the

the father of all the children of Eber; from children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.

whom, it is stated in the next chapter, 22 The children of Shem; Elam, and As

Abraham and his posterity were descended. shur, and 'Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

That is not the line of our natural descent. 23 And the children of Aram; Uz, and

Japheth remains; by his descendants the Hul, and Gether, and Mash.

isles of the Gentiles were divided in their 24 And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah lands; and here we find our proper place. begat Eber.

The blessing was first pronounced on Shem. 25 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was 'Peleg; for in his days was

God promised that he would enlarge or perthe earth divided; and his brother's name

suade Japheth, bring him into Shem's tent, and uus Joktan.

make him partaker of Shem's blessing. Oh! 26 And Joktan begat Almodad, and She wonderful prediction! Oh! precious promise! leph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,

Salvation was first “of the Jews” (John iv. 2.2),

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and first proclaimed to them; but they rejected pleasing tokens of being delivered from the Saviour and refused his love. The tent wrath, and saved with an everlasting salvaof Shem was empty, and Japheth stepped in, tion, through Christ the Lord. and gained the blessing. Oh! what astonishing mystery of love! From the very beginning it was the purpose of God that “the

CHAPTER XI. Gentiles should be fellow-heirs, and of the

1 One language in the world. 3 The building of Babel. same body, and partakers of his promise in

5 The confusion of tongues. 10 The generations of Shem.

27 The generations of Terah the father of Abram. 31 Christ by the Gospel." (Eph. iii. 6.) Oh!

Terah goeth from Ur to Haran. then let us feel for the poor benighted de ND the whole earth was of one ' language, scendants of Shem; and now that we are

and of one speech. in their tent, sitting under their vine, and 2 And it came to pass, as they journeyed partaking of their blessing, let us seek to

* from the east, that they found a plain in the bring them back to their tent again, that we

land of Shinar; and they dwelt there.

3 And - they said one to another, Go to, let may love and dwell together as brethren in

us make brick, and · burn them throughly. the same Lord, and partakers of the same

And they had brick for stone, and slime had salvation.

they for morter. Take notice, also, of the order in which the 4 And they said, Go to, let us build us a sons of Noah are now mentioned. First, city and a tower, whose top may reach unto Shem, Ham, and Japheth ; and then Japheth,

heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we Ham, and Shem. This is not owing to any

be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole

earth. contradiction or derangement in the sacred

5 And the LORD came down to see the city record. Inspired testimony is always infal

and the tower, which the children of men lible. Is it, then, the order of nature, or of builded. grace? Probably both. The first, the order 6 And the LORD said, Behold, the people of nature; the second, the order of grace. is one, and they have all one language ; and Grace makes the younger to become the elder,

this they begin to do: and now nothing

will be restrained from them, which they have or as our Lord speaks, the last first, and the

imagined to do. first last. (Matt. xix. 30.) Or it may be, that

7 Go to, let us go down, and there conthe Spirit foreseeing the rejection of Christ by found their language, that they may not the seed of Shem, and how that Saviour would understand one another's speech. be welcomed by the race of Japheth, puts

8 So the LORD scattered them abroad from Japheth as the first born, and Shem as the thence upon the face of all the earth : and they

left off to build the city. younger, and unites both as partakers of the

9 Therefore is the name of it called Babel; same blessing. And we find the devoted race

because the LORD did there confound the lanof Ham placed between the two, possibly

guage of all the earth: and from thence did because the seed of Japheth and Shem should the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face seek the welfare of Ham's wretched race, and of all the earth. unite and strive together for their good.

10 These are the generations of Shem: But there are some names in this catalogue

Shem was an hundred years old, and begat that should fill the mind with salutary alarm.

Arphaxad two years after the flood:

11 And Shem lived after he begat ArBabel was to be destroyed in after ages, and

phaxad five hundred years, and begat sons Nineveh swept away. The nations of Canaan

and daughters. would be cut off'; and Sodom, Gomorrah, 12 And Arphaxad lived five and thirty Admah, and Zeboim, perish by fire and brim years, and begat Salah : stone from heaven. And why? Because of 13 And Arphaxad lived after he begat their sins, the cry of which would reach up

Salah four hundred and three years, and begat to heaven, and bring down the threatened

sons and daughters. doom in its appointed season.

14 And Salah lived thirty years, and begat Let sinners

Eber: repent of their sins and seek the divine for

15 And Salah lived after he begat Eber giveness; then the blessing of Shem, and four hundred and three years, and begat sons the enlarged heart of Japheth, will form the and daughters.

16 And Eber lived four and thirty years, can be no doubt that a vain - glorious reand begat Peleg:

putation lay at the bottom of the design 17 And Eber lived after he begat Peleg

(v. 4). To get them a name, and to prevent four hundred and thirty years, and begat sons

their being dispersed abroad, is here openly and daughters. 18 And Peleg lived thirty years, and begat

avowed as the object they had in contemReu:

plation. Possibly there may be something 19 And Peleg lived after he begat Reu two

more connected with this design. When they hundred and nine years, and begat sons and planned the scheme of building a tower, whose daughters.

top may reach unto heaven, they might also 20 And Reu lived two and thirty years, and have secretly intended to set God at defiance, begat Serug: 21 And Reu lived after he begat Serug two

in case of a recurrence of the deluge, by hundred and seven years, and begat sons and

placing themselves out of the reach of danger; daughters.

so that even such a visitation might not touch 22 And Serug lived thirty years, and begat

them. In either case the design was exceedNahor:

ingly impious and wicked. 23 And Serug lived after he begat Nahor two But are not many like these builders of hundred years, and begat sons and daughters. Babel ? There is no object so eagerly sought 24 And Nahor lived nine and twenty years,

by mankind in general as to get them a name and begat Terah: 25 And Nahor lived after he begat Terah

in the earth; and to acquire a vain-glorious an hundred and nineteen years, and begat

distinction among men. Some, indeed, are sons and daughters.

so daring, as to imagine they can elude the 26 And Terah lived seventy years, and be wrath of the Almighty, and put themselves gat Abram, Nahor, and Haran.

out of danger, though they provoke his dis27 1 Now these are the generations of pleasure. They think the top of their tower Terah: Terah begat Abram, Nahor, and Ha

may reach unto heaven. And others, again, ran; and Haran begat Lot. 28 And Haran died before his father Terah

resemble the builders of Babel in respect of in the land of his nativity, in Ur of the

their own works and deservings. They think Chaldees.

they can merit heaven by their own duties, 29 And Abram and Nahor took them wives: and build their self-righteous tower so high, the name of Abram's wife was Sarai ; and the

that they may at last step from the top into name of Nahor's wife, Milcah, the daughter of

heaven, and be safe for ever. Haran, the father of Milcah, and the father of

Thus, all these characters, and many more, Iscah. 30 But Sarai was barren ; she had no child.

build their tower, and cherish their hopes: but 31 And Terah took Abram his son, and

their edifice is a Babel, and the end is conLot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai fusion. The world can never satisfy the wants his daughter in law, his son Abram's wife; of the soul. The vengeance of heaven finds and they went forth with them from Ur of the

out the daring sinner at last: and when it is Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan ; and

too late, the poor self-righteous, self-deluded they came unto IIaran, and dwelt there. 32 And the days of Terah were two hun

man finds that “ by the deeds of the law there dred and five years: and Terah died in Haran.

shall no flesh be justified” before God. (Rom.

iii. 30.) In all such instances the attempt is (1) Heb. lip. (4) Heb. a man said to his neigh

defeated, and the result is disappointment, (3) Or, eastward. (6) That is, Confusion.

vexation, misery, and woe.

Ah! when will men be wise? When will THREE points particularly claim our atten they learn that nothing but the blood of Christ, tion in this chapter: the building of Babel; the favour of God, and an interest in the the genealogy of Shem; and the first mention heavenly inheritance, can afford safety or hapof the descent of Abram.

piness here or hereafter? Men that seek not What could have been the object of these these blessings may learn their character and men in their attempt to build the tower of see their end at Babel: they are “written in the Babel ? The undertaking of such a work earth” (Jer. xvii. 13), and they perish in their must have had some object in view. There own impious attempts and wretched delusions.

(2) Heb. words.

bour.

Better be found in the line of predicted blessings, than be numbered with those that perish. A name and a place in the registers of heaven will be a far better portion, than to be found among those whose “god is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.” (Philip. iii. 19.) The hope springing from the faith of Christ, and the prospect of heaven, will never deceive the happy possessor, nor end in disappointment. Seek those blessings, and all will be well. To be blessed with faithful Abraham" (Gal. iii. 9) is to be blessed indeed! In that line the promise runs ; from that stock the Redeemer sprung; and “ blessed are all they that put their trust in him.” (Ps. ii. 12.)

wto the Lord, and called upon the name of the Lord.

9 And Abram journeyed, 'going on still toward the south.

10 | And there was a famine in the land : and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land.

11 And it came to pass, when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife, Behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon:

12 Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they shall say, This is his wife: and they will kill me, but they will save thee alive.

13 Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may be well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live because of thee.

14 | And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.

15 The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and commended her before Pharaoh : and the woman was taken into Pharaoh's house.

16 And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and he had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants, and maidservants, and she asses, and camels.

17 And the LORD plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai Abram's wife.

18 And Pharoah called Abram, and said, What is this that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife?

19 Why saidst thou, She is my sister? so I might have taken her to me to wife: now therefore behold thy wife, take her, and go thy way.

20 Ånd Pharaoh commanded his men concerning him: and they sent him away, and his wife, and all that he had.

(1) Heb. in going and journeying.

CHAPTER XII. 1 God calleth Abram, and blesseth him with a promise of

Christ. 4 He departeth with Lot from Haran. 6 He journeyeth through Canaan, 7 which is promised him in a vision. 10 He is driven by a famine into Egypt. 11 Fear maketh him feign his wife to be his sister. 14 Phrraoh, having taken her from him, by plagues is compelled to restore her. COW the LORD had said unto Abram, Get

thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will shew thee:

2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great ; and thou shalt be a blessing :

3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.

4 So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto him ; and Lot went with him : and Abram was seventy and five years old when he departed out of Haran.

5 And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in Haran; and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan ; and into the land of Canaan they came.

6 | And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land.

7 And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him.

8 And he removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Beth-el, and pitched his tent, having Beth-el on the west, and Hai on the east: and there he builded an altar

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Some mention was made of Abram in the latter part of the last chapter; and here we are presented with a more particular account of his call and blessing. Observe, first, his condition before his call took place. In another part of Scripture we are informed, that it was from the midst of prevailing idolatries he was taken by God, and made partaker of his blessing and salvation. (Josh. xxiv. 2.) But is not the conversion of every one that is saved an act of the most free grace on God's part, and the offspring of divine mercy and love alone?

How truly must it be said of all the redeemed, the faithful. Can it be said that such are By grace are ye saved.” (Eph. ii. 8.) you, as his believing children?

Abram's age, at the time of his call, is But who is without his faults ? “ There is worthy of notice. He was seventy-five years no man that sinneth not.” (1 Kings viii. 46.) old when the Lord thus visited him. How Corruption ever lurks within the human breast, wonderful are the ways of God!

Some are

ready to break forth as temptation may arise. called in their youth ; some live to a greater

Behold Abram in Egypt. What unbelief, age before they know the Lord; and some, what weakness, yea, what sin does he display! it is feared, are never converted at all. They and, but for the restraining power of God, die as they live, and perish in their sins, what guilt might he have occasioned to others! without hope or remedy. You should all Oh, take heed! Guard against forbidden pray for converting grace; and if you have paths; avoid Egypt. Never prevaricate; never obtained it, praise God for the blessing. commit sin under a seeming statement of truth;

But how will saving grace, or true faith, never teach others to tell a lie, in order to shew itself to be real? Only by the effects escape an imaginary danger; above all, never which follow. Abram obeyed the calling and follow the bent of your own natural will. followed the direction given. What was the Trust the God of your salvation in all diffoundation of that action? The promise of ficulties. “ The Lord knoweth them that are God believed, coupled with the blessing of his.” (2 Tim. ii. 19.) God never told Abram God received. Do you believe the promise to go down into Egypt; he went of his own of the gospel? Have you received the gospel accord. God never left him there, though he blessing? If so, you will imitate Abram. had dishonoured his holy name. Keep close You will forsake your sins, and all your to God, for counsel as well as for blessing. sinful ways, and you will follow the Lord He will teach you the way you should go, fully. Whatever your age may be, whether and keep you from all evil. young or old, you will love Christ more than all, and “count all things but loss” that you may“ be found in him.” (Philip. iii. 8–11.)

CHAPTER XIII. Take notice of this promise of the Redeemer

1 Abram and Lot return out of Egypt. 7 By disagreement

they part asunder. 10 Lot goeth to wicked Sodom. 14 (v. 2, 3). If it be asked, how can all the fami

God reneweth the promise to Abram. 18 He removeth to lies of the earth be blessed in him, the reply is, Hebron, and there buildeth an altar. that the blessing is to be found in the seed ND Abram went up out of Egypt, he, that sprung from Abram; namely, Christ the and his wife, and all that he had, and

Lot with him, into the south. Lord. All blessing is in him ; all salvation

2 And Abram was very rich in cattle, in is from him; all that are blessed, and all

silver, and in gold. that are saved, are blessed and saved by

3 And he went on his journeys from the him alone.

south even to Beth-el, unto the place where Take notice, also, of Abram's piety. True his tent had been at the beginning, between faith will be active; it will cultivate com

Beth-el and IIai; munion with God, as well as realise salvation 4 Unto the place of the altar, which he had in Christ. Wherever he went, he built an

made there at the first: and there Abram

called on the name of the LORD. altar unto God; and not only so, but he

5 | And Lot also, which went with Abram, called on the name of the Lord. His religion

had flocks, and herds, and tents. was not a mere form, but a blessed reality. 6 And the land was not able to bear them, Prayer sprung from his faith, and gave utter that they might dwell together: for their subance to his

es befor a reconciled God. stance was great, so that they could not dwell Are you like him? Is Christ your atonement?

together.

7 And there was a strife between the herdDo you pray to the Father through him? And wherever you go, do you carry your

men of Abram's cattle and the herdmen of

Lot's cattle: and the Canaanite and the Pereligion with you? Can it be seen that

rizzite dwelled then in the land. Christ is your hope, and that you hold com 8 And Abram said unto Lot, Let there be munion with God ? Such was the father of no strife, I pray thee, between me and thee,

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