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(5) Heb. nccks.
(6) Heb. fallest.

3000 men.

environ us round, and cut off our name from weight, then I coveted them, and took them; the earth: and what wilt thou do unto thy and, behold, they are hid in the earth in the great name?

midst of my tent, and the silver under it. 10 | And the LORD said unto Joshua, Get 22 | So Joshua sent messengers, and they thee up; wherefore liest thou thus upon thy ran unto the tent; and, behold, it was hid in face?

his tent, and the silver under it. 11 Israel hath sinned, and they have also 23 And they took them out of the midst of transgressed my covenant which I commanded the tent, and brought them unto Joshua, and them: for they have even taken of the ac- unto all the children of Israel, and Plaid them cursed thing, and have also stolen, and dis- out before the LORD. sembled also, and they have put it even 24 And Joshua, and all Israel with him, among their own stuff.

took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, 12 Therefore the children of Israel could and the garment, and the wedge of gold, and not stand before their enemies, but turned

his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and their backs before their enemies, because his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all they were accursed: neither will I be with that he had : and they brought them unto the you any more, except ye destroy the ac- valley of Achor. cursed from among you.

25 And Joshua said, Why hast thou trou13 Up, sanctify the people, and say, Sanc

bled us ? the LORD shall trouble thee this tify yourselves against to morrow: for thus day. And all Israel stoned him with stones, saith the LORD God of Israel, There is an

and burned them with fire, after they had accursed thing in the midst of thee, O Israel:

stoned them with stones. thou canst not stand before thine enemies, 26 And they raised over him a great heap until ye take away the accursed thing from of stones unto this day. So the Lord turned among you.

from the fierceness of his anger. Wherefore 14 In the morning therefore ye shall be the name of that place was called, The valley brought according to your tribes: and it shall of 10 Achor, unto this day. be, that the tribe which the LORD taketh shall

(1) i Chron. ii. 7, Achar. come according to the families thereof; and

(2) Or, Zimri, i Chron. ii. 6.

(3) Heb. about 2000 men, or about (7) Or, wickedness. the family which the LORD shall take shall

(8) Heb. tongue. (4) Or, in Morad.

(9) Heb. poured. come by households; and the household which

(10) That is, Trouble. the LORD shall take shall come man by man.

15 And it shall be, that he that is taken with the accursed thing shall be burnt with ISRAEL's triumphant success at Jericho was fire, he and all that he hath: because he hath recorded in the last chapter. They succeeded transgressed the covenant of the LORD, and

because they believed and obeyed the Lord's because he hath wrought ?folly in Israel. directions. Had there been no interruption

16 | So Joshua rose up early in the morning, and brought Israel by their tribes; and

in that obedience, their success would have the tribe of Judah was taken:

been continued : but here we are told of 17 And he brought the family of Judah;

a sudden check they met with, and a sad and he took the family of the Zarhites: and reverse. God had commanded them utterly he brought the family of the Zarhites man by to destroy the city, and all that was therein: man; and Zabdi was taken:

only the silver and the gold they were to put 18 And he brought his household man by man; and Achan, the son of Carmi, the son

into the treasury of the house of the Lord of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of

(ch. vi. 19). This was the Lord's command. Judah, was taken.

One man presumed to violate that command. 19 And Joshua said unto Achan, My son,

Achan the son of Carmi, when he saw some give, I pray thee, glory to the LORD God of of the spoil, coveted it.

A fine garment, Israel, and make confession unto him; and some hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge tell me now what thou hast done ; hide it not

of gold, he took, and secretly hid them in from me. 20 And Achan answered Joshua, and said,

the earth in his tent (v. 21). As none of Indeed I have sinned against the LORD God

the people saw him do this, he thought no of Israel, and thus and thus have I done: eye was privy to it. This was a trespass in 21 When I saw among the spoils a goodly the

the “accursed thing" (v. 1). The conseBabylonish garment, and two hundred shekels quence was, God was displeased; and the of silver, and a Swedge of gold of fifty shekels people could not stand before their enemies.

wh

This made Joshua pray; and the answer

sinner pause before he committed his wicked given to that prayer led to the detection and deed, if he only considered, God's eye is punishment of the guilty offender.

upon me; and that a day is coming when What an evil thing is sin! What an evil G God will “bring to light the hidden things thing is that “love of money, which is the of darkness ?” What a day will that be! root of all evil!” That covetous feeling led What discoveries will then be made! What to this sin of stealing, and to all these re- hidden sins will then be made manifest! corded disasters. He wished to be rich. What confusion and dismay will then overThey "that will be rich fall into temptation whelm the guilty and undone ! Oh, that and a snare, and into many foolish and sinful men were wise! Oh, that they understood lusts, which drown men in destruction and per- these things! Oh, that they would consider dition.” (1 Tim. vi.9.) Here it was that Balaam

their latter end ! stumbled and fell : he “ran greedily after the reward.” Here it was that Judas stumbled and fell: he coveted the "thirty pieces of silver,"

CHAPTER VIII. and went to his own place. Here it was that Ananias and Sapphira stumbled and fell:

1 God encourageth Joshua. 3 The stratagem whereby Ai was

taken. 29 The king thereof is hanged. 30 Joshua buildeth they “kept back part of the price,” and were un altar, 32 writeth the law on stones, 33 propoundeth

blessings and cursings. struck dead for lying against the Holy Ghost. wretched man stuinbled

ND the LORD and fell, and came to an awful end, as the

notneither :

the people of war with thee, and arise, go up chapter here records. Ah, “take heed and

to Ai: see, I have given into thy hand the beware of covetousness.” A man's life does not

king of Ai, and his people, and his city, and “consist in the abundance of the things which his land: he possesseth.” If the case were so, the rich

2 And thou shalt do to Ai and her king as would always be happy, and the poor would

thou didst unto Jericho and her king: only always be miserable. The case, however, is not

the spoil thereof, and the cattle thereof, shall

ye take for a prey unto yourselves: lay thee so. He that has the favour of God in the faith

an ambush for the city behind it. of Christ, whether rich or poor, is a happy

3 | So Joshua arose, and all the people of man: he that is not possessed of that faith,

war, to go up against Ai: and Joshua chose whatever else he may have, cannot but be out thirty thousand mighty men of valour, miserable. (Luke xii. 15.)

and sent them away by night. How easily can the Lord detect the crimes

4 And he commanded them, saying, Be

hold, ye shall lie in wait against the city, of men, and bring them to their deserved

even behind the city: go not very far from end! In this case, every thing seemed to

the city, but be ye all ready: favour the guilty culprit. No one knew what

5 And I, and all the people that are with he had done: the things he had stolen were me, will approach unto the city: and it shall all hid in the earth in his tent; and when the come to pass, when they come out against several tribes were called forth, and the lot us, as at the first, that we will flee before was cast, what probability was there, humanly

them, speaking, that, amidst so many thousands of

6 (For they will come out after us) till we

have drawn them from the city; for they will Israel, he should be found out? But God

say, They flee before us, as at the first: therelooks with an unerring eye.

He saw the

fore we will flee before them. guilty thief in all his ways; he saw him steal 7 Then ye shall rise up from the ambush, the spoil, and take it to his tent; he saw him and seize upon the city: for the LORD your dig the hole in the earth, and put it therein.

God will deliver it into your hand. Mind this. You can hide nothing from God.

8 And it shall be, when ye have taken the Does he not see through the dark cloud ?

city, that ye shall set the city on fire: ac

cording to the commandment of the LORD Can any hide himself, or any thing, however

shall ye do. See, I have commanded you. secretly done, that he cannot see him? If

9 Joshua therefore sent them forth: and this truth were duly attended to, would it they went to lie in ambush, and abode benot tend to check evil? Would not many a tween Beth-el and Ai, on the west side of

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Ai: but Joshua lodged that night among the Israel, some on this side, and some on that people.

side: and they smote them, so that they let 10 And Joshua rose np early in the morn- none of them remain or escape. ing, and numbered the people, and went up, 23 And the king of Ai they took alive, and he and the elders of Israel, before the people brought him to Joshua. . to Ai.

24 And it came to pass, when Israel had 11 And all the people, even the people of made an end of slaying all the inhabitants of war that were with him, went up, and drew Ai in the field, in the wilderness wherein they nigh, and came before the city, and pitched chased them, and when they were all fallen on the north side of Ai: now there was a on the edge of the sword, until they were i valley between them and Ai.

consumed, that all the Israelites returned 12 And he took about five thousand men, unto Ai, and smote it with the edge of the and set them to lie in ambush between sword. Beth-el and Ai, on the west side of the city. 25 And so it was, that all that fell that day, 13 And when they had set the people,

both of men and women, were twelve thoueven all the host that was on the north of sand, eren all the men of Ai. the city, and 'their liers in wait on the west

26 For Joshua drew not his hand back, of the city, Joshua went that night into the wherewith he stretched out the spear, until he midst of the valley.

had utterly destroyed all the inhabitants of Ai. 14 | And it came to pass, when the king 27 Only the cattle and the spoil of that of Ai saw it, that they hasted and rose up city Israel took for a prey unto themselves, early, and the men of the city went out against according into the word of the LORD which Israel to battle, he and all his people, at a

he commanded Joshua. time appointed, before the plain; but he wist 28 And Joshua burnt Ai, and made it an not that there were liers in ambush against heap for ever, even a desolation unto this day. him behind the city.

29 And the king of Ai he hanged on a tree 15 And Joshua and all Israel made as if until eventide: and as soon as the sun was they were beaten before them, and fled by down, Joshua commanded that they should the way of the wilderness.

take his carcase down from the tree, and cast 16 And all the people that were in Ai it at the entering of the gate of the city, and were called together to pursue after them : raise thereon a great heap of stones, that and they pursued after Joshua, and were remaineth unto this day. drawn away from the city.

30 9 Then Joshua built an altar unto the 17 And there was not a man left in Ai or LORD God of Israel in mount Ebal, Beth-el, that went not out after Israel: and 31 As Moses the servant of the LORD comthey left the city open, and pursued after manded the children of Israel, as it is written Israel.

in the book of the law of Moses, an altar of 18 And the LORD said unto Joshua, Stretch whole stones, over which no man hath lift up out the spear that is in thy hand toward Ai; any iron: and they offered thereon burnt for I will give it into thine hand. And Joshua offerings unto the LORD, and sacrificed peace stretched out the spear that he had in his offerings. hand toward the city.

32 s And he wrote there upon the stones a 19 And the ambush arose quickly out of copy of the law of Moses, which he wrote in their place, and they ran as soon as he had the presence of the children of Israel. stretched out his hand: and they entered into

33 And all Israel, and their elders, and the city, and took it, and hasted and set the

officers, and their judges, stood on this side city on fire.

the ark and on that side before the priests 20 And when the men of Ai looked behind

the Levites, which bare the ark of the covethem, they saw, and, behold, the smoke of the

nant of the LORD, as well the stranger, as he city ascended up to heaven, and they had no that was born among them; half of them * power to flee this way or that way: and the over against mount Gerizim, and half of people that fled to the wilderness turned back them over against mount Ebal; as Moses upon the pursuers.

the servant of the LORD had commanded 21 And when Joshua and all Israel saw

before, that they should bless the people of that the ambush had taken the city, and that Israel. the smoke of the city ascended, then they 34 And afterward he read all the words of turned again, and slew the men of Ai.

the law, the blessings and cursings, according 22 And the other issued out of the city

to all that is written in the book of the law. against them; so they were in the midst of 35 There was not a word of all that Moses

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(4) Heb. hand.

commanded, which Joshua read not before all cut off in their own sins; and perish in their the congregation of Israel, with the women, strong delusions. Insidious disease, and the and the little ones, and the strangers that

fatal stroke of death, lie in ambush for them. were conversant among them.

They are pressed on every side ; and sink to (1) Heb. pulled.

(3) Heb. their lying in wait. (2) Or, of Ai.

rise no more. (1 Thess. v. 1-3.) (5) Heb. walked.

Again, we observe, Joshua's grateful obe

dience. Moses had already given directions This chapter relates the manner in which what they should do when they came to this Ai was taken; the encouragement Joshua place. Now Joshua did as the Lord thus received from the Lord to go on in his ap commanded. They reared an altar, and pointed course ; and what took place upon offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. the destruction of the city. Many things are Then he wrote upon the stones a copy of the here to be noted and improved.

law of Moses, as the Lord commanded. And Discouragements are no proof of being for then he read, in the audience of the people, saken. Israel had met with a rebuke. So all that the law contained, not omitting a long as Achan's guilt was undetected, they single word, according to the Lord's comcould not succeed. Joshua was greatly dis mandment (v. 30—35).

Here are many tressed. But the Lord had not forsaken things to be improved. them. The rebuff was needful ; it wrought You will always need pardon and peace. for their good. Sin was brought to remem Wherever you are, or whatever you do, these brance; the guilty was detected; and the blessings will always be needful. The blood evil done away.

Do you meet with dis of Christ, as your burnt offering, to pardon couragements in your way? You cannot your sin; and the peace of Christ, to cheer succeed; you obtain no blessing; your your heart, as a Christian, you can never lay enemies seem to obtain the mastery over aside. However successful you may be in you. Why is this? Is there not a cause? your spiritual warfare; whatever progress Is there no “secret thing” with thee? Search you may make in your Christian course; and look. See that there be no Achan in the these blessings are always indispensable. camp; no hidden iniquity; no troubler of Moreover, you should seek to have all the your soul. If there be, you cannot prosper truth of Christ plain before you. Clearly, till that be done away.

When that hath this is the Lord's will. Why was the law to taken place, fear not the

power or

the number be written on these stones; and written very of the enemies of your soul. God hath given plainly, as Moses commanded? That all the thein all into your hand; and he will enable people might see and read the word and will you to overcome them, and still to march on

of God. Why, again, did Joshua read all your way

the words of this law, the blessing and the But, though the wicked prosper for a time, cursing, even to every word and tittle which they will perish at last. Because the people that law contained ? That all the people of Israel could not stand before them at the might hear ; that they might all know what first, the men of Ai thought they should soon the Lord commanded; and that all might be gain an easy victory. This was their snare. prepared to obey. And why were they all In that net they were taken; and utter mutually to respond to the blessing and the destruction overtook them all. How often is curse, as Joshua propounded? That they this the case with the ungodly still! They

They might all give their hearty assent and think all is safe, when ruin is at hand. They consent to the whole will of God. Thus cry, “ Peace, peace, when there is no peace.' should it be with us. All the truth and will They say, “Peace and safety, when sudden of God should be laid up in our hearts, destruction" is near. Thus perished the men for our guidance and direction all the days of Ai, under the sword of Joshua. Thus

of our life. perish the wicked in hell, under the wrath of God. Their false security deceives them. They are taken in their own net. They are

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CHAPTER IX.

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1 The kings combine against Israel. 3 The Gibeonites by craft obtain a league. 16 For which they are condemned perpetual bondage. ND it came to pass, when all the kings

which were on this side Jordan, in the hills, and in the valleys, and in all the coasts of the great sea over against Lebanon, the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, heard thereof;

2 That they gathered themselves together, to fight with Joshua and with Israel, with one 'accord.

3 | And when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to Ai,

4 They did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up;

5 And old shoes and clouted upon their feet, and old garments upon them; and all the bread of their provision was dry and mouldy.

6 And they went to Joshua unto the camp at Gilgal, and said unto him, and to the men of Israel, We be come from a far country: now therefore make ye a league

with us.

become old by reason of the very long journey

14 And 'the men took of their victuals, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the LORD.

15 And Joshua made peace with them, and made a league with them, to let them live: and the princes of the congregation ware unto them.

16 | And it came to pass at the end of three days after they had made a league with them, that they heard that they were their neighbours, and that they dwelt among them.

17 And the children of Israel journeyed, and came unto their cities on the third day. Now their cities were Gibeon, and Chephirah, and Beeroth, and Kirjath-jearim.

18 And the children of Israel smote them not, because the princes of the congregation had sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel. And all the congregation murmured against the princes.

19 But all the princes said unto all the congregation, We have sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

20 This we will do to them ; we will even let them live, lest wrath be upon us, because of the oath which we sware unto them.

21 And the princes said unto them, Let them live; but let them be hewers of wood and drawers of water unto all the congregation; as the princes had promised them

22 | And Joshua called for them, and he spake unto them, saying, Wherefore have ye beguiled us, saying, We are very far from you; when ye dwell among us?

23 Now therefore ye are cursed, and there shall ‘none of you be freed from being bondmen, and hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of

my

God. 24 And they answered Joshua, and said, Because it was certainly told thy servants, how that the LORD thy God commanded his servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you, therefore we were sore afraid of our lives because of you, and have done this thing.

25 And now, behold, we are in thine hand: as it seemeth good and right unto thee to do unto us, do.

26 And so did he unto them, and delivered them out of the hand of the children of Israel, that they slew them not.

27 And Joshua Smade them that day

7 And the men of Israel said unto the Hivites, Peradventure ye dwell among us; and how shall we make a league with

you?

servants.

8 And they said unto Joshua, We are thy

And Joshua said unto them, Who are ye? and from whence come ye?

9 And they said unto him, From a very far country thy servants are come because of the name of the Lord thy God: for we have heard the fame of him, and all that he did in Egypt,

10 And all that he did to the two kings of the Amorites, that were beyond Jordan, to Sihon king of Heshbon, and to Og king of Bashan, which was at Ashtaroth.

11 Wherefore our elders and all the inhabitants of our country spake to us, saying, Take victuals with you for the journey, and go to meet them, and say unto them, We are your servants: therefore now make ye a league with us.

12 This our bread we took hot for our provision out of our houses on the day we came forth to go unto you; but now, behold, it is dry, and it is mouldy:

13 And these bottles of wine, which we filled, were new; and, behold, they be rent: and these our garments and our shoes are

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