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THREE things are commended to our notice in this chapter. The combination of the kings against Joshua; the conduct of the Gibeonites; and how they were treated by the people of Israel. The kings determined to resist Joshua. The Gibeonites resolved, by any means, to obtain peace; and their lives were spared. These things, also, are replete with instruction. Opposition must be expected in the Christian warfare. Indeed, how can there be a warfare, if there be no conflict How cam there be a conflict, if there be no foe 2 Whilst the sinner is dead in his sins, there is no opposition. All is the silence of death. The world gives him no trouble; the corruptions of the flesh are all at ease ; and the devil leads him captive at his will. But when the grace of God visits the soul, and brings salvation, the case is quite altered. Then, the grand confederacy is formed ; and all the enemies of the soul combine for its hindrance and destruction. The world cries out against uncalled-for precision. Corruptions rage and clamour for accustomed indulgence. And Satan, by every act in his power, seeks to defeat the purpose and work of God. Every follower of Christ must expect this. You ought never to be surprised, nor cast down, when you find it to be so. The Lord will give you strength; he will cover your head in the day of battle; and he will give you the victory over all your enemies. The Gibeonites were wise. Although we cannot commend the falsehoods they told, yet we must praise their policy. Their object was safety. They feared the sword of Joshua. They had seen what Israel had done to some of their countrymen ; they had heard what they had done to others. They were persuaded, that if Joshua found them among their open enemies they must certainly be destroyed. They, therefore, determined, in the most earnest and humi

liating manner, and in a way that deceived the officers of the people, to seek and sue for peace. Thus they acted, and gained their desire.

Would it not be well, if all unpardoned sinners would learn a seasonable lesson from these Gibeonites? Are you not exposed to the vengeance of heaven, and the wrath of God? Have not numbers already been cut off in their sins? Can you resist the arm, or escape the sword of the Almighty If found in your sins, will you not perish with his enemies? What, then, will you do? What did these Gibeonites? They sued for peace. Ought you not to do the same? There is no need of attempting to disguise your character or your condition. God knows it all; you can hide nothing from him. But he is ready to receive you; he is willing to pardon you. The blood of Christ is able to cleanse you from all sin. The grace of Christ can turn your heart, and put you among the people of God. Go, and crave his mercy. Go, and humble yourselves before him. Go, and confess your condition, and cry for mercy and pardon. Go, and beseech him to be gracious to you. He will not reject you; nor cast you out; but he will pardon, and bless, and save you for evermore.

What became of these Gibeonites ? At first, Joshua was displeased, because they had imposed on the people, and obtained a a promise of peace by craft and guile. But he would not break the word that had been given. He made them, indeed, to be servants for the service of God; but he spared their lives, and defended them from harm. Is there not a lesson here Are not the promises of God sure ? Will he not keep his word * What your condition may be in this world is of small consequence, if your soul be saved, and you have your part and lot with the people of God. And, to be a hewer of wood, and a drawer of water, in the service of God, is a greater honour, and confers a far higher happiness, than to be found among those who, however great or mighty, will be cut off in their sins and perish for ever. (Ps. lxxxiv. 10.)

CHAPTER X.

1 Fire kings war against Gibeon. 6 Joshua rescueth it.

10 God sighteth against them with hailstones. 12 The sun and moon stand still at the word of Joshua. 16. The five kings are mured in a care. 23 They are brought forth, 24 scornfully used, 26 and hanged. 28 Seven Kings more are conquered. 43 Joshua returneth to Gilgal. OW it came to pass, when Adoni-zedec king of Jerusalem had heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and had utterly destroyed it; as he had done to Jericho and her king, so he had done to Ai and her king; and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and were among them; 2 That they feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, as one of the 'royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all the men thereof were mighty. 3 Wherefore Adoni-zedec king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying, 4 Come up unto me, and help me, that we may smite Gibeon: for it hath made peace with Joshua and with the children of Israel. 5 Therefore the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon, gathered themselves together, and went up, they and all their hosts, and encamped before Gibeon, and made war against it. 6 *| And the men of Gibeon sent unto Joshua to the camp to Gilgal, saying, Slack not thy hand from thy servants; come up to us quickly, and save us, and help us: for all the kings of the Amorites that dwell in the mountains are gathered together against us. 7 So Joshua ascended from Gilgal, he, and all the people of war with him, and all the mighty men of valour. 8 *| And the Lord said unto Joshua, Fear them not: for I have delivered them into thine hand; there shall not a man of them stand before thee. 9 Joshua therefore came unto them suddenly, and went up from Gilgal all night. 10 And the LoRD discomfited them before Israel, and slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased them along the way that goeth up to Beth-horon, and smote them to Azekah, and unto Makkedah. 11 And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Beth-horon, that the LoRD cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died: they were more which died with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword.

12 * Then spake Joshua to the Lord in the day when the Lord delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, “stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon. 13 And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of "Jasher So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day. 14 And there was no day like that before it or after it, that the LoRD hearkened unto the voice of a man: for the Lord fought for Israel. 15 of And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, unto the camp to Gilgal. 16 But these five kings fled, and hid themselves in a cave at Makkedah. 17 And it was told Joshua, saying, The five kings are found hid in a cave at Makkedah. 18 And Joshua said, Roll great stones upon the mouth of the cave, and set men by it for to keep them : 19 And stay ye not, but pursue after your enemies, and "smite the hindmost of them ; suffer them not to enter into their cities: for the Lord your God hath delivered them into your hand. 20 And it came to pass, when Joshua and the children of Israel had made an end of slaying them with a very great slaughter, till they were consumed, that the rest which remained of them entered into fenced cities. 21 And all the people returned to the camp to Joshua at Makkedah in peace: none moved his tongue against any of the children of Israel. 22 Then said Joshua, Open the mouth of the cave, and bring out those five kings unto me out of the cave. 23 And they did so, and brought forth those five kings unto him out of the cave, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon. 24 And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war which went with him, Come near, put your feet upon the necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them. 25 And Joshua said unto them, Fear not, nor be dismayed, be strong and of good courage : for thus shall the Lord do to all your enemies against whom ye fight.

26 And afterward Joshua smote them, and slew them, and hanged them on five trees: and they were hanging upon the trees until the evening. 27 And it came to pass at the time of the going down of the sun, that Joshua commanded, and they took them down off the trees, and cast them into the cave wherein they had been hid, and laid great stones in the cave's mouth, which remain until this very day. 28 "I And that day Joshua took Makkedah, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and the king thereof he utterly destroyed, them, and all the souls that were therein; he let none remain: and he did to the king of Makkedah as he did unto the king of Jericho. 29 Then Joshua passed from Makkedah, and all Israel with him, unto Libnah, and fought against Libnah: 30 And the Lord delivered it also, and the king thereof, into the hand of Israel; and he smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein; he let none remain in it; but did unto the king thereof as he did unto the king of Jericho. 31 "I And Joshua passed from Libnah, and all Israel with him, unto Lachish, and encamped against it, and fought against it: 32 And the Lord delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel, which took it on the second day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein, according to all that he had done to Libnah. 33." Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining. 34 " And from Lachish Joshua passed unto Eglon, and all Israel with him; and they encamped against it, and fought against it: 35 And they took it on that day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein he utterly destroyed that day, according to all that he had done to Lachish. 36 And Joshua went up from Eglom, and all Israel with him, unto Hebron; and they fought against it: 37 And they took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof, and all the souls that were therein; he left none remaining, according to all that he had done to Eglon; but destroyed it utterly, and all the souls that were therein. 38 “s And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it: 39 And he took it, and the king thereof,

and all the cities thereof; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and utterly destroyed all the souls that were therein; he left none remaining: as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, and to the king thereof; as he had done also to Libnah, and to her king. 40 || So Joshua smote all the country of the hills, and of the south, and of the vale, and of the springs, and all their kings: he left none remaining, but utterly destroyed all that breathed, as the LoRD God of Israel commanded. 41 And Joshua smote them from Kadeshbarnea even unto Gaza, and all the country of Goshen, even unto Gibeon. 42 And all these kings and their land did Joshua take at one time, because the Lord God of Israel fought for Israel. 43 And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, unto the camp to Gilgal.

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(1) Heb. cities of the kingdom. (4) Heb, cut off the tail.

(2) Heb. be silent. | WE were told in the last chapter of the confederacy of the kings against Joshua, and of the manner in which the Gibeonites made peace with the children of Israel. In this chapter we are further informed of what those confederate kings did in waging war with Gibeon for making peace with Israel; how Joshua came to their succour; and the victories he gained over them all. These particulars suggest many useful hints for practical improvement. Ungodly sinners have many fearful forebodings of what will come upon them. These kings feared greatly, because Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and because Joshua had taken Ai and Jericho. These successes greatly alarmed them, and they apprehended their own approaching doom. Thus sinners often fear what is before them. Belshazzar was filled with dismay when he saw the hand-writing on the wall. (Dan. v. G.) Felix trembled when he heard Paul reasoning of righteousness, temperance, and judgment to come. (Acts xxiv. 25.) The apostle tells us that there is “a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries.” (Heb. x. 27.) And many a hardened sinner sees and knows that this is the case. The guilty fears which agitate his bosom, the painful forebodings which disturb his wicked conscience, often appal his wretched soul, and afford a dreadful earnest of the wrath to come. Let sinners think of these things in time, before the door of mercy is closed for ever; and seek the Lord while he may be found. The enmity and rage of the wicked are often called forth the more by the success of the gospel, and the addition of others to the kingdom of God. The confederate kings were not only alarmed, but they were greatly enraged; and they raged the more, because Joshua was triumphant and the Gibeonites were safe. How often may we see something of the same sort under the preaching of the gospel! How often did the enemies of Christ rage on account of his success ' And when the gospel began to spread, and souls were converted to the faith, there were numbers who only fretted and raged the more. But why did the “heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing?” Why did the “kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together against the Lord, and against his anointed f" He that sitteth in the heavens disappointed their attempts, and held them in derision. (Ps. ii. 1–3). His cause triumphed over all opposition; and the gospel of his grace was crowned with his abundant blessing. The fact is, truth is mighty, and the gospel will certainly prevail. Joshua triumphed over them all. Encouraged by the Lord, he went forth to the conflict. One after another was overcome. In due time all were vanquished and slain; and Joshua made the people put their feet on the necks of their enemies, in token of their triumph, and what the Lord would do with all their foes in time to come. In like manner the believer goes forth to the fight of faith. Encouraged by the Lord, he enters the lists, and every foe yields before him. He does not gain these victories all at once. First he overcomes one, and then another. He goes on from conquering to conquer. Many a sore conflict has he to sustain. But the strength of Christ invigorates his soul. The grace of Christ is sufficient for him. The God of peace bruises his foes under his feet; and he stands victorious on the field of battle in the strength of the Lord his God. Happy is he who, looking to Jesus, can say, “I have fought

a good fight; I have finished my course; I have kept the faith. Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will give me in that day; and not to me only, but unto all them also who love his appearing.” (2 Tim. iv. 7, 8.)

CHAPTER XI.

1 Divers kings overcome at the waters of Merom. 10 Hazor is taken and burnt. 16 All the country taken by Joshua. 21 The Anakims cut off. ND it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor had heard those things, that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph, 2 And to the kings that were on the north of the mountains, and of the plains south of Chinneroth, and in the valley, and in the borders of Dor on the west, 3 And to the Canaanite on the east and on the west, and to the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Jebusite in the mountains, and to the Hivite under Hermon in the land of Mizpeh. 4 And they went out, they and all their hosts with them, much people, even as the sand that is upon the sea shore in multitude, with horses and chariots very many. 5 And when all these kings were "met together, they came and pitched together at the waters of Merom, to fight against Israel. 6 *| And the LoRD said unto Joshua, Be not afraid because of them : for to morrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel: thou shalt hough their horses, and burn their chariots with fire. 7 So Joshua came, and all the people of war with him, against them by the waters of Merom suddenly; and they fell upon them. 8 And the LoRD delivered them into the hand of Israel, who smote them, and chased them unto *great Zidon, and unto **Misrephoth-maim, and unto the valley of Mizpeh eastward; and they smote them, until they left them none remaining. 9 And Joshua did unto them as the Lord bade him : he houghed their horses, and burnt their chariots with fire. 10 || And Joshua at that time turned back, and took Hazor, and smote the king thereof with the sword: for Hazor beforetime was the head of all those kingdoms. 11 And they smote all the souls that were therein with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying them : there was not “any left to breathe: and he burnt Hazor with fire.

12 And all the cities of those kings, and all the kings of them, did Joshua take, and smote them with the edge of the sword, and he utterly destroyed them, as Moses the servant of the LoRD commanded. 13 But as for the cities that stood still "in their strength, Israel burned none of them, save Hazor only; that did Joshua burn. 14 And all the spoil of these cities, and the cattle, the children of Israel took for a prey unto themselves; but every man they smote with the edge of the sword, until they had destroyed them, neither left they any to breathe. 15 "I As the LoRD commanded Moses his servant, so did Moses command Joshua, and so did Joshua; 7 he left nothing undone of all that the LoRD commanded Moses. 16 So Joshua took all that land, the hills, and all the south country, and all the land of Goshen, and the valley, and the plain, and the mountain of Israel, and the valley of the same ; 17 Even from * the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir, even unto Baal-gad in the valley of Lebanon under mount Hermon: and all their kings he took, and smote them, and slew them. 18 "Joshua made war a long time with all those kings. 19 There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, save the Hivites the inhabitants of Gibeon: all other they took in battle. 20 For it was of the Lord to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that he might destroy them utterly, and that they might have no favour, but that he might destroy them, as the LoRD commanded Moses. 21 "I And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakims from the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel: Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities. 22 There was none of the Anakims left in the land of the children of Israel: only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, there remained. 23 So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the LoRD said unto Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance unto Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. And the land rested from war. (1) Heb. assembled by appoint- } Heb. any breath.

ment. ) Heb. on their heap. (2) Or, Zidon-rabbah. (7) Heb. he removed nothing. (3) Or, Salt pits.

(8) Or, the smooth mountain. (4) Heb. Burnings. (9) Till 1445, ver, 23.

THIs chapter contains a further narration of the victories of Joshua. Some were overcome at the waters of Merom; others were taken and destroyed as they became exposed to the sword of Israel. The whole land was conquered by Joshua. The mighty Anakims were also destroyed. Whithersoever he went, the arm of the Lord was victorious.

If the various inhabitants of Canaan were thus cut off and destroyed, because of their great wickedness, will not all the ungodly, continuing such, be sooner or later swept away and perish : What one truth, in all the book of God, stands more clearly revealed than this God can never suffer impiety to triumph. The glory of his character forbids it. The honour of his kingdom demands their punishment. Even the gospel itself declares, “Those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither and slay them before me.” The certainty of the doom of the ungodly is past all contradiction. Beyond all doubt, the “wicked will be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God.” (Luke xix. 27; Ps. ix. 17.)

It may not, however, come all at once. In the longsuffering of God, there may be a great respite. In his forbearing mercy, there may be long delay. The doom of the people of this land had been long denounced. Even before Israel was born as a nation, God foretold how he would visit them in due season, and why, in the meantime, he would delay. When the measure of their iniquities were full, then the vengeance foretold would surely reach them; and so it came to pass. (Gen. xv. 13–16.) Now, the Lord deals with individuals, as such ; as he does with nations, as such. There is a respite ; there is time given; there is space for repentance. But when men have sinned away their time, as well as ruined their souls, they then find that God neither winked at their wickedness, nor forgat their sins.

Again : if the vengeance that overtook these nations was so unspeakably great; cut off and destroyed in the manner they were ; what will be the nature of that wrath which will overwhelm the impenitent at last and for ever? Can any pen describe the dreadful horrors of that visitation? Can any tongue

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