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THE DOMESTIC COMMENTARY
On the Old and New Testament.
THE FIRST BOOK OF MOSES,
seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it
I and the earth.
CHAPTER I. 1 The creation of heuven and earth, 3 of the light, 6 of the
firmament, 9 of the earth separated from the waters, 11 and made fruitful, lt of the sun, moon, and stars, 20 of fish and foul, 24 of beasts and cattle, 20 of man in the image of God. 29 Also the appointment of food. N the beginning God created the heaven
and the earth. 2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided 'the light from the darkness.
5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night.
And the evening and the morning were the first day.
6 | And God said, Let there be a 'firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.
7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.
8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.
9 | And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it
12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind : and God saw that it was good.
13 And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14 | And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide • the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years :
15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.
17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,
18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
20 | And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath & life, and 'fowl that may fly above the earth in the 10
open firmament of heaven. 21 And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind : and God saw that it was good.
22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.
23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.
10 And God called the dry land Earth ; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas : and God saw that it was good.
11 And God said, Let the earth bring forth * grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose
ihe face of all the earth, and every tree, in the the motion of the Spirit concurring, with the
24 And God said, Let the earth bring original; and thus it is, in deed and in truth, forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, the Word of God, “ able to make us wise and creeping thing, and beast of the earth
unto salvation, through faith which is in Christ after his kind : and it was
Jesus." (See 2 Sam. xxiii. 2; 1 Cor. ii. 13; 25 And God made the beast of the earth
2 Pet. i. 21; 2 Tim. iii. 15, 16.) after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and
It was needful to offer this observation at every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good. the commencement of the remarks which are
26 | And God said, Let us make man in intended to be made, in due time, and by the our image, after our likeness : and let them
divine blessing, upon the whole body of the have dominion over the fish of the sea, and
Sacred Volume. May the same blessed Spirit over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creep
direct, guide; and bless us throughout the ing thing that creepeth upon the earth.
whole of our meditations, for the good of im27 So God created man in his own image,
mortal souls, and to the glory and praise of in the image of God created he him ; male the triune God of our salvation ! and female created he thein.
Everything we see and behold was made 28 And God blessed them, and God said by God. There was a time when no created unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and re
thing had any existence, beyond the purpose plenish the earth, and subdue it and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over
of God to bring it into being, which in due the fowl of the air, and over every living thing
season came to pass. First, the mass of matter that " moveth upon the earth.
was created, out of which the whole universe 29 | And God said, Behold, I have given was subsequently formed. Then there was you every herb 1 bearing seed, which is upon the
power of God, acting upon that created mass which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to
preparatory to its being reduced into form you it shall be for meat.
and order.' After that, the Almighty fiat goes 30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that
forth for the specific work of each successive creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is day's creation. Then there was light; the 13 life, I have giren every green herb for meat: expansive separation was made in the formaand it was so.
tion of the heavens and the gathering toge31 And God saw every thing that he had ther of earth and water, each to its proper made, and, behold, it was very good. And the
place; the productions of the earth were evening and the morning were the sixth day.
brought forth ; the lights in the firmament of (1) Heb. between the light and be. (6) Heb. for the rule of the day. heaven were created, to rule over the day
(7) Or, creeping (2) Heb. and the evening was, and
and over the night, and the stars also. Next the morning was.
(9) Heb. let fowl fly. (3) Heb. expansion.
(10) Heb. face of the firmament of (4) Heb. tender grass.
came the production of the waters, the fishes (5) Heb. between the day and be- (11) Heb. creepeth.
of the sea, and the fowls of the air, the cattle (12) Heb. sceding seed. (13) Heb. a living soul.
and the various insects, reptiles, and beasts
of the earth. We are here presented with the only authentic And then the creation of man took place, record of the creation of the world. We may as the crowning work of the whole, in the truly say the only authentic record, because image of God; the blessing was given for this is given by the inspiration of God. Moses fruitfulness, and power was delegated for wrote as the Spirit of God dictated to his dominion and authority. Everything was mind and guided his pen; so that the record, adjusted after its kind; and, viewed as a thus given, is as surely the Word of the living complete performance to answer the end and God as if Moses had never been employed purpose for which it was created, the whole to write, and God himself had personally was pronounced very good. uttered every word and fact, thus written, How does the wisdom, goodness, power, from first to last. This is the true character majesty, and glory of God shine throughout of divine inspiration. All Holy Scripture the whole! What a word was that which is given by the same means, and in the same spake, and it was done; which commanded, way, and bears the same stamp of its divine and it stood fast! Oh! let us pause, and
tween the darkness.
(8) Heb. soul.
tween the night.
look around, and admire the beneficence of 3 And God blessed the seventh day, and the glorious Creator in all he has made ! sanctified it: because that in it he had rested All this entire series was completed in six
from all his work which God 'created and
made. days, without cessation, from the first act of
4 These are the generations of the creation to the finishing of the whole. Com
heavens and of the earth when they were paring this chapter with other parts of Scrip- created, in the day that the Lord God made ture, there can be no doubt, that all the three the earth and the heavens, persons in the Godhead, Father, Son, and 5 And every plant of the field before it was Holy Ghost, were actively and unitedly en- in the earth, and every herb of the field before gaged in this magnificent and glorious work.
it grew: for the Lord God had not caused it Here we are expressly told, that “in the
to rain upon the earth, and there was not a
man to till the ground. beginning God created the heaven and the
6 But there went up a mist from the earth, earth;" that “the Spirit of God moved upon and watered the whole face of the ground. the face of the waters ;” and elsewhere it is
7 And the LORD God formed man 3 of the affirmed, that " God made all things by Jesus dust of the ground, and breathed into his Christ.” (Eph. iii. 9; Col. i. 16-18.)
nostrils the breath of life; and man became a How delightful is this thought! The God living soul. of creation is the God of our salvation ; and
8 | And the LORD God planted a garden
eastward in Eden; and there he put the man that salvation was planned in the councils of
whom he had formed. heaven before the creation took place! (Titus
9 And out of the ground made the Lord. i. 2; Eph. i. 4.) Hence the constant reference
God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the to this mighty work in the salvation of the soul. sight, and good for food; the tree of life also The prayer of David is, “ Create in me, O in the midst of the garden, and the tree of God, a clean heart.” (Ps.li. 10.) The affirma- knowledge of good and evil.
10 And a river went out of Eden to water tion of the Apostle is, “ If any man be in
the garden; and from thence it was parted, Christ, he is a new creature.” (2 Cor. v. 17.)
and became into four heads. And of all believers it is said,
“ For we are
11 The name of the first is Pison: that is his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus.”
it which compasseth the whole land of Ha(Eph. ii. 7.) The same Omnipotent Power vilah, where there is gold; that made the world is put forth to save 12 And the gold of that land is good : there the soul. The same glorious Being that is bdellium and the onyx stone. created all things is engaged in the blessed
13 And the name of the second river is work of mercy and love. By the Father we
Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the
whole land of Ethiopia. are chosen ; by the Son we are redeemed ;
14 And the name of the third river is Hidby the Spirit we are called. And as the
dekel: that is it which goeth “toward the heavens declare the glory of God, and the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is firmament sheweth his handiwork, so, in a far Euphrates. higher sense, is the salvation of the soul to 15 And the LORD God took the man, the glory and praise of his name. (Matt. xv.
and put him into the garden of Eden to dress
it and to keep it. 34; Rev. v. 9; John vi. 63.)
16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden
7thou mayest freely cat: CHAPTER II.
17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good 1 The first sabbath. 4 The manner of the creation.
and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the planting of the garden of Eden, 10 and the river thereof.
day that thou eatest thereof 8 thou shalt 17 The tree of knowledge only forbidden. 19; 20 The naming of the creatures. 21 The making of woman, and
surely die. institution of marriage.
18 And the LORD God said, It is not VHUS the heavens and the earth were good that man should be alone; I will make
finished, and all the host of them. him an help meet for him. 2 And on the seventh day God ended his 19 And out of the ground the LORD God work which he had made ; and he rested on formed every beast of the field, and every fowl the seventh day from all his work which he of the air; and brought them into 10 Adam to had made.
see what he would call them : and whatsoever
(1) Heb. created to make.
(10) Or, the man,
(4) Heb. Cush.
(12) Heb. builded.
Adam called every living creature, that was command, all rational and accountable creathe name thereof.
tures are bound perpetually to keep holy that 20 And Adam 11 gave names to all cattle,
hallowed day. Nothing can release any man and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast
from that divine obligation, or set aside the of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.
authority of that paramount duty. 21 And the LORD God caused a deep
The same might be said of the Sabbath-day sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and when viewed in its Christian aspect, and as he took one of his ribs, and closed up the binding upon men as redeemed sinners. It flesh instead thereof;
was upon the full completion of the glorious 22 And the rib, which the LORD God had
work of redemption, when he, “ who was taken from
delivered for our offences, rose again for our brought her unto the man.
23 And Adam said, This is now bone of justification” (Rom. iv. 25), the gospel Sabmy bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be
bath followed as a matter of course, as at the called Woman, because she was taken out first upon finishing the works of creation. of 1 Man.
Hence the duty becomes more binding, and 24 Therefore shall a man leave his father
the obligation more sacred, stamped, as it and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife:
now is, with all the ineffable majesty of reand they shall be one flesh.
deeming love and pardoning mercy. Let all, 25 And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.
then,“ remember to keep holy the Sabbath
day.” (Ex. xx. 8.) (7) Heb. cating thou shalt eat. (2) Or, a mist which went up (8) Heb. dying thou shalt die.
We next observe the condition of Adam in from, &c.
(9) Heb. as before him. (3) Heb. dust of the ground.
his state of innocence. Man must labour, (11) Heb. called. (5) Or, eastward to Assyria.
in Eden; but there his labour was (6) Or, Adam. (14) Heb. Ish.
sweet. Man must obey, even in Paradise ;
but then his obedience was pleasant. Man THERE are several important facts to be im- was not to be alone, even there ; but means proved in this chapter, as they are introduced were provided for his comfort and happiby one remark upon the completion of the
The same hand that brought him into whole creation. “ Thus," it is said, “the being, bestowed upon him all his comforts. heavens and the earth were finished, and all Observe, also, the holy and sweet simplicity the host of them.” Thus, as is here related, of primeval purity. No unhallowed thought at that time, in this order, by such means, and entered the mind. Adam stood there as the to this end; and all was very good.
visible lord of the creation. The very beasts The first subject here to be improved is, the of the earth passed in review, as it were, besacred institution of the Sabbath. In six days fore him; and each received its appropriate God created the heavens and the earth, and name as Adam was pleased to call them. reduced the whole universe to its legitimate But Adam was a dependant being; he owed form and order. “And on the seventh day all to his Maker; he was, therefore, bound God ended his work which he had made; and to love and serve him. Two emblematical he rested on the seventh day from all his trees in the garden of Eden were to prove the work which he had made.” That day God test and issue of this love. The tree of life blessed and sanctified, because that in it he stood in the midst of the garden, as the visirested from all his work which God created ble token and pledge of a blessed immortality. and made. It is evident, from this infallible The tree of knowledge of good and evil, was testimony, that the sacred observance of the the practical test whether he should attain Sabbath is of perpetual obligation. No formal that happy state or not. By abstaining from law was given when that day was first set its fruit, as God commanded, he would come, apart by God for the glory of his name. Its in the end, to eternal life. By eating of that institution resulted, so to speak, naturally and tree, in defiance of that command, the blessnecessarily from what had taken place; and ing would be lost, and misery incurred. Such therefore, after the example of the great and was Adam's state in Eden. The plain and glorious Creator, as well as by his express positive prohibition was, “Of every tree of
the garden thou mayest freely eat: but of the 9 And the LORD God called unto Adam, tree of knowledge of good and evil, thou and said unto him, Where art thou? shalt not eat of it; for in the day thou eatest
10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the thereof, thou shalt surely die.” Note this; for garden, and I was afraid, because I was
naked; and I hid myself. we shall soon come to a grievous fall.
11 And he said, Who told thee that thou In the last place, it is evident that marriage,
wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, the bond of social comfort and domestic
peace, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest was also instituted of God in the time of
not eat? man's innocency; and, therefore, everything 12 And the man said, The woman whom contrary to the mutual endearments of that thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tender relation, is positive sin in the sight of
tree, and I did eat.
13 And the LORD God said unto the woGod. The same God who “ sanctified Adam
man, What is this that thou hast done? And and Eve, and joined them together in mar
the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, riage," hath expressly commanded, “ Thou and I did eat. shalt not commit adultery” (Ex. xx. 14); and 14 And the LORD God said unto the solemnly affirmed that, “ Whoremongers and serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou adulterers God will judge.” (Heb. xiii. 4.)
art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of
thy life: CHAPTER III.
15 And I will put enmity between thee I The serpent deceiveth Eve. 6 Man's shameful fall. 9 God and the woman, and between thy seed and
arraigneth them. 14 The serpent is cursed.
her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou first clothing. 22 Their casting out of paradise.
shalt bruise his heel. COW serpent was more subtil than 16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly
any beast of the field which the Lord multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in God had made. And he said unto the wo- sorrow thou shalt bring forth children ; and man, 'Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat thy desire shall be ó to thy husband, and he of every tree of the garden?
shall rule over thee. 2 And the woman said unto the serpent,
17 And unto Adam he said, Because thou We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and garden:
hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded 3 But of the fruit of the tree which is in the
thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall
is the ground for thy sake ; in sorrow shalt not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest
thou eat of it all the days of thy life ;
18 Thorns also and thistles shall it bring 4 And the serpent said unto the woman,
forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of Ye shall not surely die:
the field; 5 For God doth know that in the day ye 19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, bread, till thou return into the ground; for and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and
out of it wast thou taken : for dust thou art, evil.
and unto dust shalt thou return. 6 And when the woman saw that the tree
20 And Adam called his wife's name was good for food, and that it was * pleasant
7 3 Eve; because she was the mother of all to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make living. one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did 21 Unto Adam also and to his wife did
the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed also unto her husband with her;
gave and he did eat.
them. 7 And the eyes of them both were opened,
22 | And the LORD God said, Behold, the and they knew that they were naked; and man is become as one of us, to know good they sewed fig leaves together, and made and evil : and now, lest he put forth his hand, themselves : aprons.
and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and
live for ever : 8 And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the 4 cool of the 23 Therefore the LORD God sent him forth day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from the presence of the LORD God amongst
from whence he was taken. the trees of the garden.
24 So he drove out the man; and he placed