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give utterance to the fearful torments of hell? the middle of the river, and from half Gilead, Weeping, wailing, and gnashing of teeth; even unto the river Jabbok, which is the bor
der of the children of Ammon; everlasting fire; everlasting burnings; the
3 And from the plain to the sea of Chinsmoke of their torment ascending up for ever
neroth on the east, and unto the sea of the i and ever! Oh, how fearful! how tremen
plain, eren the salt sea on the east, the way dous ! how dreadful ! Yet such will be the
to Beth-jeshimoth; and from 'the south, doom of the wicked hereafter. Unspeakably under · Ashdoth-pisgah: blessed as the righteous will be in heaven; 4 And the coast of Og king of Bashan, so, equally miserable will the wicked be in which was of the remnant of the giants, that
dwelt at Ashtaroth and at Edrei, hell! And, as it was in the case of these Canaanites; so will it be in regard to all that
5 And reigned in mount Hermon, and in
Salcah, and in all Bashan, unto the border of perish. The enmity and hatred of their hearts
the Geshurites and the Maachathites, and against the holiness and authority of God, half Gilead, the border of Sihon king of are some of the means by which they are Heshbon. hardened to their ruin, and which will tor 6 Them did Moses the servant of the LORD ment them hereafter for ever!
and the children of Israel smite: and Moses But let us note the conclusion. It is ex
the servant of the LORD gave it for a pos
session unto the Reubenites, and the Gadites, pressly said, that Joshua “ took the whole
and the half tribe of Manasseh. land, according to all that the Lord had said
7 | And these are the kings of the country unto Moses. And Joshua gave it for an
which Joshua and the children of Israel inheritance unto Israel, according to their
smote on this side Jordan on the west, from divisions by their tribes. And the land
Baal-gad in the valley of Lebanon even rested from war" (v. 23). Observe this ; for unto the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir ; it is a point of main importance. The whole which Joshua gave unto the tribes of Israel land was taken; the whole land was divided for a possession according to their divisions ; There was no more war; because there were
8 In the mountains, and in the valleys, and
in the plains, and in the springs, and in the no more foes. Thus God fulfilled his word
wilderness, and in the south country ; the as he had spoken. Thus, in like manner,
Hittites, the Amorites, and the Canaanites, the will the Lord fulfil his word in the truth of
Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites: the gospel, as he hath said. The whole land
9 The king of Jericho, one; the king of Ai, is your’s. The whole salvation of Christ, in
which is beside Beth-el, one; grace and glory, is the believer's happy 10 The king of Jerusalem, one; the king of
Hebron, one; portion for ever. All your enemies will be destroyed; all your sins will be taken away;
11 The king of Jarmuth, one; the king of
Lachish, one; all your wants will be supplied; all your
12 The king of Eglon, one; the king of fears shall be removed. The glory prepared Gezer, one; above is laid up for all those who overcome 13 The king of Debir, one; the king of by the blood of the Lamb. (Rev. xii. 11.) Geder, one;
14 The king of Hormah, one; the king of Arad, one;
15 The king of Libnah, one; the king of CHAPTER XII.
Adullam, one; 1 The treo kings whose countries Moses took and disposed of.
16 The king of Makkedah, one; the king 7 The one and thirty kings on the other side Jordan which
of Beth-el, one;
17 The king of Tappuah, one; the king of OW these are the kings of the land, Hepher, one;
which the children of Israel smote, and 18 The king of Aphek, one; the king of possessed their land on the other side Jordan
* Lasharon, one; toward the rising of the sun, from the river 19 The king of Madon, one; the king of Arnon unto mount Hermon, and all the plain
Hazor, one; on the east:
20 The king of Shimron-meron, one; the 2 Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt in king of Achshaph, one; Heshbon, and ruled from Aroer, which is 21 The king of Taanach, one; the king of upon the bank of the river Arnon, and from Megiddo, one;
(1) Or, Teman.
(2) Or, The springs of Pisgah, or, The hill.
(3) Or, Sharon.
22 The king of Kedesh, one; the king of count slackness; but is longsuffering to usJokneam of Carmel, one;
ward, not willing that any should perish, but 23 The king of Dor in the coast of Dor,
that all should come to repentance" and live. one; the king of the nations of Gilgal, one;
(2 Peter iii. 9.) Let all, then, be assured, 24 The king of Tirzah, one: all the kings thirty and one.
that the Lord's word, both of mercy to his people, and of judgment upon his enemies, will surely come to pass. God is not a man
that he should lie; neither the son of man In this chapter we have an account of the that he should repent: what he hath said he number of kings which were conquered by will do; what he hath promised he will perMoses and Joshua ; by Moses, before his form. (Num. xxiii. 19.) death, and by Joshua, after he succeeded to In the last place, from this enumeration the command of the people. Sihon king of of the kings which had been overcome by the Amorites, and Og the king of Bashan, Joshua and Moses, we may learn, that, in were conquered by Moses; and their lands a Christian sense, every child of God should were given to the Reubenites, the Gadites, and endeavour to be able to declare what the the half tribe of Manasseh, for a possession. Lord hath done for his soul; what mercies he Joshua's conquests were much more exten- hath received; what deliverances he hath exsive. One and thirty kings are here enume- perienced; what support he hath found; what rated as having been overcome by him; and answers to prayer he has had ; in short, what all their lands were given to the other tribes pardon, life, peace, and salvation, he has for their possession.
obtained in Christ for his needy soul. So When God works, much may be done in a speaks the apostle Peter. Be ready always little time. The space in which all these victo- to give an answer to every man that asketh ries were gained, was very small: the thing you a reason of the hope that is in you
with was soon done, because the Lord did it. meekness and fear. (1 Peter iii. 15.) This Now, you may here learn a seasonable truth. honoureth the Lord, confirms your own faith, It is no proof that God's purposes will not and gives glory and praise to his blessed name. be fulfilled, because you do not see them soon brought to pass. Years may elapse, but there is no delay; the Lord only waits
CHAPTER XIII. the appointed time, and when that comes, 1 The bounds of the land not yet conquered. 8 The inherithis will is done. How long were Israel in
ance of the two tribes and half. 14, 33 The Lord and
his sacrifices are the inheritance of Levi. Egypt before their deliverance took place! of the inheritance of Reuben. 22 Balaam slain. 24 The
bounds of the inheritance of Gad, 29 and of the half tribe Yet, when the predicted time came, they
of Manasseh. were all brought forth. (Ex. xii. 41.) How
OW Joshua was old and stricken in long was it, after the Saviour was first pro
years; and the LORD said unto him, mised, before he actually appeared!“But Thou art old and stricken in years, and when the fulness of the time was come, God there remaineth yet very much land 'to be sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made
possessed. under the law, to redeem them that were
2 This is the land that yet remaineth: all
the borders of the Philistines, and all Geshuri, under the law, that we might receive the
3 From Sihor, which is before Egypt, even adoption of sons.” (Gal.iv. 4,5.) In either case, unto the borders of Ekron northward, which properly speaking, there was no delay. So is counted to the Canaanite : five lords of the with regard to the day of judgment; because Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashit is not yet come, many wicked men think it dothites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites, and never will come. Their language is, “Where
the Ekronites; also the Avites : is the promise of his coming? for since the
4 From the south, all the land of the
Canaanites, and 'Mearah that is beside the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as
Sidonians, unto Aphek, to the borders of the they were from the beginning of the crea
Amorites: tion.” (2 Peter iii. 4.) But the Lord “is not 5 And the land of the Giblites, and all slack concerning his promise, as some men Lebanon, toward the sunrising, from Baal
15 The bounds
gad under mount Hermon unto the entering which were dukes of Sihon, dwelling in the into Hamath.
country. 6 All the inhabitants of the hill country 22 T Balaam also the son of Beor, the from Lebanon unto Misrephoth-maim, and soothsayer, did the children of Israel slay all the Sidonians, them will I drive out from with the sword among them that were slain before the children of Israel: only divide thou by them. it by lot unto the Israelites for an inheritance, 23 And the border of the children of Reuas I have commanded thee.
ben was Jordan, and the border thereof. This 7 Now therefore divide this land for an was the inheritance of the children of Reuben inheritance unto the nine tribes, and the half after their families, the cities and the villages tribe of Manasseh,
thereof. 8 With whom the Reubenites and the 24 And Moses gave inheritance unto the Gadites have received their inheritance, which tribe of Gad, even unto the children of Gad Moses gave them, beyond Jordan eastward, according to their families. even as Moses the servant of the LORD gave 25 And their coast was Jazer, and all the them;
cities of Gilead, and half the land of the 9 From Aroer, that is upon the bank of the children of Ammon, unto Aroer that is before river Arnon, and the city that is in the midst Rabbah; of the river, and all the plain of Medeba unto 26 And from Heshbon unto Ramath-mizDibon;
peh, and Betonim; and from Mahanaim unto 10 And all the cities of Sihon king of the the border of Debir ; Amorites, which reigned in Heshbon, unto 27 And in the valley, Beth-aram, and Beththe border of the children of Ammon;
nimrah, and Succoth, and Zaphon, the rest 11 And Gilead, and the border of the of the kingdom of Sihon king of Heshbon, Geshurites and Maachathites, and all mount
Jordan and his border, even unto the edge Hermon, and all Bashan unto Salcah;
of the sea of Chinnereth on the other side 12 All the kingdom of Og in Bashan, which
Jordan eastward. reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei, who re
28 This is the inheritance of the children mained of the remnant of the giants: for these of Gad after their families, the cities, and did Moses smite, and cast them out.
their villages. 13 Nevertheless the children of Israel expel
29 | And Moses gave inheritance unto the
half tribe of Manasseh: and this was the led not the Geshurites, nor the Maachathites: but the Geshurites and the Maachathites dwell
possession of the half tribe of the children among the Israelites until this day.
of Manasseh by their families. 14 Only unto the tribe of Levi he gave
30 And their coast was from Mahanaim, none inheritance; the sacrifices of the LORD
all Bashan, all the kingdom of Og king of God of Israel made by fire are their inherit
Bashan, and all the towns of Jair, which are ance, as he said unto them.
in Bashan, threescore cities : 15 | And Moses gave unto the tribe of
31 And half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and the children of Reuben inheritance according Edrei, cities of the
kingdom of Og in Bashan, to their families.
were pertaining unto the children of Machir 16 And their coast was from Aroer, that is
the son of Manasseh, even to the one half of on the bank of the river Arnon, and the city
the children of Machir by their families.
32 These are the countries which Moses that is in the midst of the river, and all the
did distribute for inheritance in the plains of plain by Medeba; 17 Heshbon, and all her cities that are in
Moab, on the other side Jordan, by Jericho,
eastward. the plain ; Dibon, and 'Bamoth-baal, and Beth-baal-meon,
33 But unto the tribe of Levi Moses gave 18 And Jahaza, and Kedemoth, and Me
not any inheritance: the LORD God of Israel phaath.
was their inheritance, as he said unto them. (1) Heb. to possess it.
(2) Or, The cave. 19 And Kirjathaim, and Sibmah, and Za
(3) Or, The high places of Baal (4) Or, Springs of Pisgah, or, The reth-shahar in the mount of the valley.
20 And Beth-peor, and Ashdoth-pisgah, and Beth-jeshimoth, 21 And all the cities of the plain, and all
The first thing we are reminded of in this the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, chapter is, the age of Joshua. He was old, which reigned in Heshbon, whom Moses
and stricken in years. No doubt Joshua
felt and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, There are certain monitors attending old
and house of Baal-meon.
(5) Or, diviner.
age, which, if attended to, will always tell days, divide this land among the several tribes us where we are in the course of time; there as the Lord directed. There never can be a are weaknesses and infirmities peculiar to the time when you have nothing to do: a Chrisaged, of which youth knows little or nothing; tian's life must be active to the last. Idleness till the young become old, and then they in all persons is sinful; but in a Christian it begin to feel what others have felt before is most of all unbecoming. Mind this; you them. Let us pause, and learn wisdom. have always something to do. Ask you what?
How soon does the life of man pass You have sin to flee from, blessings to pray away! A few years, and we are gone! Like for, enemies to resist, the flesh to crucify, the grass of the field, “in the morning it the world to overcome, the Saviour to cleave Hourisheth, and groweth up: in the evening to, the Spirit to walk in, the prize to press it is cut down, and withereth.” (Ps. xc. 6.) after, the crown to keep in view. You have Shall we not be wise? Will you not learn friends to admonish, souls to warn, neightrue wisdom ? Are you young? Ah, re- bours to edify, the gospel to spread, the member youth is but a fading flower. How cause of Christ to further, and a thousand many young persons come to an early grave! other things daily to attend to as followers Oh, seek the Lord in your early days. Re- of the Lamb; and, the shorter the time is, the member your Creator, your Redeemer, your louder is the call for diligence and action. Sanctifier, in the days of your youth, before Who, then, can say, I have nothing to do? the evil days come. (Eccles. xii. 1.) Are you Even in heaven itself, activity in the service in the prime of life? Let not the strong man of God will be the unceasing employment glory in his strength, nor the healthy man and delight of the glorified saints for ever glory in his health. How many are cut down
Where, then, we repeat the quesin the prime of life: their days end, their tion, is he who can say, I have nothing to purposes are broken, and they are seen no do? O Lord! may all our time be employed more. Ah, think of this! Many a strong in thy service; and may all our powers be man lies in the grave; many a once healthy devoted to thy glory! man is now food for worms. Oh, “seek the Lord while he may be found: call ye upon him while he is near.” (Is. lv. 6.) Are you
CHAPTER XIV. more advanced in life? Like Joshua, are 1 The nine tribes and a half are to have their inheritance by you old and stricken in years ?
lot. 6 Caleb by privilege obtaineth Hebron. ,
children of Israel inherited in the land on to your last end? Remember, that end
of Canaan, which Eleazar the priest, and cannot be very far distant; at all events, it
Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the must soon come. Are you, then, prepared ? fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, Are you ready? Is your heart changed ? distributed for inheritance to them. Are your sins pardoned? Have you peace 2 By lot was their inheritance, as the with God? Have you a good hope, through LORD commanded by the hand of Moses, for grace, that, when you die you shall depart
the nine tribes, and for the half tribe.
3 For Moses had given the inheritance of in peace a happy monument of the Lord's
two tribes and an half tribe on the other side grace, and a happy recipient of his salvation?
Jordan: but unto the Levites he gave none Look to these things in time; do not put
inheritance among them. them off to a future day; a dying bed is but 4 For the children of Joseph were two a poor place to begin to seek those blessings tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim: therefore which ought to be the great object of your they gave no part unto the Levites in the desire and pursuit all your life through.
land, save cities to dwell in, with their
suburbs for their cattle and for their subBut, although Joshua was old and stricken
stance. in years, God had more work for him yet
5 As the LORD commanded Moses, so the to do, before he died, for the good of the children of Israel did, and they divided the people. The land was conquered, but not land. possessed: he must now, therefore, in his last 6 | Then the children of Judah came unto
Joshua in Gilgal: and Caleb the son of “another spirit” in him, and that he followed Jephunneh the Kenezite said unto him, 'Thou
the Lord fully: on that account the Lord knowest the thing that the LORD said unto
promised, that he and Joshua, of all that Moses the man of God concerning me and thee in Kadesh-barnea.
congregation, which came up out of Egypt,
should alone see that good land. The rebel7 Forty years old was I when Moses the servant of the Lord sent me from Kadesh
lious multitude were to wander and die in the barnea to espy out the land; and I brought wilderness, and their children should possess him word again as it was in mine heart. the promised inheritance. (Numb. xiv. 6–35.)
8 Nevertheless my brethren that went up That promise had been fulfilled : all those with me made the heart of the people melt:
evil men were dead, with the exception of but I wholly followed the LORD my God. 9 And Moses sware on that day, saying,
the two specified. Joshua led the people into Surely the land whereon thy feet have trod
the land, and was now actually dividing it den shall be thine inheritance, and thy chil
among the several tribes: and here was Caleb dren's for ever, because thou hast wholly coming forward to confess the Lord's goodfollowed the Lord my God.
ness, and to ask for his inheritance among 10 And now, behold, the Lord hath kept the Israel of God (v. 6—15). me alive, as he said, these forty and five
How delightful is the spirit of this holy years, even since the Lord spake this word
man! How evident is it that he possessed a unto Moses, while the children of Israel I wandered in the wilderness: and now, lo, I
true faith in the Lord God of Israel! It was am this day fourscore and five years old.
as if he had said, I was one of those who were 11 As yet I am as strong this day as I at that time sent forth; I well remember what was in the day that Moses sent me: as my
the Lord said on that occasion: I have never strength was then, even so is my strength lost sight of his word. Forty years old was
war, both to go out, and to come in. 12 Now therefore give me this mountain,
I then; eighty-five years old am I now. whereof the LORD spake in that day; for
These forty and five years hath the Lord thou heardest in that day how the Anakims
kept me alive, as he spake unto me. As I was were there, and that the cities were great
in the day that Moses sent me, so strong am and fenced: if so be the LORD will be with
war, and to go out and to come in. me, then I shall be able to drive them out, Give me, then, this mountain which the Lord as the LORD said.
promised; and, if so be that the Lord will be 13 And Joshua blessed him, and gave
with me, then I shall be able to drive out the unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh Hebron for an inheritance.
people that are there, as the Lord hath said. 14 Hebron therefore became the inherit
Such was the spirit of Caleb on this interesting ance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the
occasion; and how was it met by Joshua ? Kenezite unto this day, because that he
He blessed him in the name of the Lord, wholly followed the LORD God of Israel. and gave him the portion which the Lord
15 And the name of Hebron before was Kirjath-arba; which Arba was a great man
assigned him, “because that he wholly fol
lowed the Lord God of Israel" (v. 14). among the Anakims. And the land had rest
What an honourable testimony to this (1) Heb. walked.
man's faith and devotedness to God! Are
you like him? Amidst the general prevaSOME things are stated in this chapter about lence of vice and ungodliness, of unbelief the inheritance of the tribes which were yet and distrust, around you, is there “another unprovided; but the chief circumstance re spirit” in you? When others are turning lates to Caleb the son of Jephunneh. This aside, or going back, do you wholly follow
one of those who were sent by the Lord your God? Do you follow him as Moses in the first instance to spy out the Caleb did? Are you neither deterred by land; and when his companions gave an evil danger, nor shaken by fear? Can you testify report of it, which led the people to murmur the Lord's goodness, as he did? Can you and rebel, he and Joshua were the only witness his truth and faithfulness after his persons who told the truth, and endeavoured example? This man's strength wasted not to still the tumult. It is said, there was by time; and his faith was as strong and