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that found the mules in the wilderness, as he ALTHOUGH Esau lost his birthright, he was fed the asses of Zibeon his father.

not deprived of temporal wealth. He had set 25 And the children of Anah were these;

his heart upon the things of this world, and Dishon, and Aholibamah the daughter of

would have them at any sacrifice. The potAnah. 26 And these are the children of Dishon;

tage, the field, and the chase, were the chief · Hemdan, and Eshban, and Ithran, and

things in which his soul delighted. There Cheran.

can be little doubt, that, all through the 27 The children of Ezer are these ; Bilhan, course of his life, he acted upon a principle and Zaavan, and 8 Akan.

of narrow covetousness. He despised the 28 The children of Dishan are these; Uz, birthright, in comparison with any sensual and Aran. 29 These are the dukes that came of the

gratification. Horites; duke Lotan, duke Shobal, duke

Such was Esau ; such are the people of the Zibeon, duke Anah,

world still; such are the votaries of fashion, 30 Duke Dishon, duke Ezer, duke Dishan: pleasure, and amusement, to this time. These these are the dukes that came of Hori, men have their portion in this world ; they among their dukes in the land of Seir.

have riches, honours, possessions; so had Esau 31 And these are the kings that reigned

and his descendants. Here is a long list of in the land of Edom, before there reigned any king over the children of Israel.

names of dukes and kings; but what avails 32 And Bela the son of Beor reigned

their pedigree, or their honour ? Though in Edom; and the name of his city was

they are mentioned, they are not commended; Dinhabah.

their portion was here below. 33 And Bela died, and Jobab the son of Ah! when will men be wise ? When will Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead.

the eye penetrate the false glitter of the 34 And Jobab died, and Husham of the land of Temani reigned in his stead.

pomps and vanities of this world, and see 35 And Husham died, and Hadad the son

that the whole is but a splendid dream of of Bedad, who smote Midian in the field of false joy and empty delusion? When will Moab, reigned in his stead: and the name of the mind perceive that they who have their his city was Avith.

portion in this world, have no inheritance 36 And Hadad died, and Samlah of Mas- with the saints in light? “The friendship rekah reigned in his stead.

of the world is enmity with God.” (James 37 And Samlah died, and Saul of Rehoboth

iv. 4.) by the river reigned in his stead. 38 And Saul died, and Baal-hanan the son

Esau's opposition was restrained for a of Achbor reigned in his stead.

time; but we never read of his conversion. 39 And Baal-hanan the son of Achbor died, The old enmity after a while revived, and and Hadar reigned in his stead: and the name was perpetuated among his descendants from of his city was Pau; and his wife's name was generation to generation. Is it not so with Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daugh

the world? Sometimes the Lord puts forth ter of Mezahab. 40 And these are the names of the dukes

a spirit of restraint upon men's minds and that came of Esau, according to their fami

actions, and they cannot do what they would. lies, after their places, by their names; duke

But restraint is not grace: there is deepTimnah, duke Alvah, duke Jetheth,

seated hostility at the bottom; and time and 41 Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke occasion frequently make it manifest. The Pinon,

world is never to be really trusted. 42 Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar,

weep at times, and can even regard and re43 Duke Magdiel, duke Iram: these be the dukes of Edom, according to their habitations

spect when under a constraining power. But in the land of their possession: he is Esau the

it is the world still, and always will be. father of the Edomites.

There can be no truce with it. In it you are,

but of it you must not be. If you are the (6) Or, Shephi.

heirs of the promise, you must come out (3) Or, Zephi.

from among them, and be separate,” and the (5) Or, Alian. (10) Heb. Edom.

Lord will receive and bless you as his “
and daughters.” (2 Cor. vi. 17, 18.)

It can

(1) Heb. souls.
(2) Heb. Edom.

(7) Or, Amram.
(8) Or, Jakan.
(9) Or, Aliah.

(6) Or, Homam.


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again. So he sent him out of the vale of 2 Joseph is hated of his brethren. 5 His two dreams. 13

Hebron, and he came to Shechem. Jacob sendeth him to visit his brethren. 18 His brethren 15 | And a certain man found him, and, conspire his death. 21 Reuben saveth him. 26 They sell him to the Ishmeelites. 31 His father, deceived by the

behold, he was wandering in the field: and bloody coat, mourneth for him. 30 He is sold to Potiphar the man asked him, saying, What seekest in Egypt.

thou? ND Jacob dwelt in the land 'wherein his 16 And he said, I seek my brethren: tell

father was a stranger, in the land of me, I pray thee, where they feed their flocks. Canaan.

17 And the man said, They are departed 2 These are the generations of Jacob. hence; for I heard them say, Let us go to Joseph, being seventeen years old, was feed- Dothan. And Joseph went after his brethren, ing the flock with his brethren; and the lad and found them in Dothan. was with the sons of Bilhah, and with the 18 And when they saw him afar off, even sons of Zilpah, his father's wives: and Joseph before he came near unto them, they conbrought unto his father their evil report. spired against him to slay him. 3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all

19 And they said one to another, Behold, his children, because he was the son of his

this dreamer cometh. old age : and he made him a coat of many 20 Come now therefore, and let us slay . colours.

him, and cast him into some pit, and we

will 4 And when his brethren saw that their say, Some evil beast hath devoured him: and father loved him more than all his brethren,

we shall see what will become of his dreams. they hated him, and could not speak peace- 21 And Reuben heard it, and he delivered ably unto him.

him out of their hands; and said, Let us not 5 | And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he kill him. told it his brethren: and they hated him yet 22 And Reuben said unto them, Shed no the more.

blood, but cast him into this pit that is in the 6 And he said unto them, Hear, I pray you, wilderness, and lay no hand upon him ; that this dream which I have dreamed:

he might rid him out of their hands, to deliver 7 For, behold, we were binding sheaves in him to his father again. the field, and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also 23 | And it came to pass, when Joseph stood upright; and, behold, your sheaves was come unto his brethren, that they stript stood round about, and made obeisance to Joseph out of his coat, his coat of many my sheaf.

colours that was on him; 8 And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou 24 And they took him, and cast him into a indeed reign over us? or shalt thou indeed | pit: and the pit was empty, there was no have dominion over us? And they hated him water in it. yet the more for his dreams, and for his words.

25 And they sat down to eat bread: and 99 And he dreamed yet another dream,

they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, beand told it his brethren, and said, Behold, hold, a company of Ishmeelites came from I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, Gilead with their camels bearing spicery and the sun and the moon and the eleven stars balm and myrrh, going to carry it down to made obeisance to me.

Egypt. 10 And he told it to his father, and to his 26 And Judah said unto his brethren, What brethren: and his father rebuked him, and profit is it if we slay our brother, and conceal said unto him, What is this dream that thou his blood ? hast dreamed? Shall I and thy mother and 27 Come, and let us sell him to the Ishthy brethren indeed come to bow down our- meelites, and let not our hand be upon him; selves to thee to the earth?

for he is our brother and our flesh. And his 11 And his brethren envied him; but his brethren were content. father observed the saying.

28 Then there passed by Midianites mer12 And his brethren went to feed their chantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph father's flock in Shechem.

out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ish13 And Israel said unto Joseph, Do not meelites for twenty pieces of silver: and they thy brethren feed the flock in Shechem ? brought Joseph into Egypt. come, and I will send thee unto them. And 29 9 And Reuben returned unto the pit; he said to him, Here am I.

and, behold, Joseph was not in the pit; and 14 And he said to him, Go, I pray thee, he rent his clothes. see whether it be well with thy brethren, and 30 And he returned unto his brethren, and well with the flocks; and bring me word said, The child is not; and I, whither shall I go?


nuchs, but also chamber-
lains, courtiers, and officers.

(4) Heb. master of dreams.

or, executioners.

(6) Heb. hearkened.

31 And they took Joseph's coat, and killed of the same evils; and instead of love and a kid of the goats, and dipped the coat in the concord shedding their happy influence blood;

throughout the whole family, how often do 32 And they sent the coat of many


we find envy, strife, and malice, leading and they brought it to their father; and said, This have we found : know now whether it be

surely to domestic misery, and sometimes thy son's coat or no.

even to crime and bloodshed. In the events 33 And he knew it, and said, It is my son's related in this chapter, let us mark the directcoat; an evil beast hath devoured him; Joseph ing and controlling power of God. It is clear, is without doubt rent in pieces.

as the event shews, that in the providence 34 And Jacob rent his clothes, and put

of God, the foundation was laid in these sackcloth upon his loins, and mourned for his

events for the future development of Israel's son many days.

35 And ali his sons and all his daughters history, from their sojourning in Egypt to rose up to comfort him; but he refused to be

their settlement in Canaan, though not to comforted; and he said, For I will go down take place for hundreds of years. Nor can into the grave unto my son mourning. Thus anything more clearly prove how wonderful his father wept for him.

the Lord is in counsel, and how mighty in 36 And the Midianites sold him into Egypt working, than the eventful records now openunto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, and

ing before us. 8 9 captain of the guard.

Joseph had a succession of dreams, which (1) Heb.of his father's sojournings. (7) Heb. eunuch: But the word (2) Or, pieces.

he told to his father and his brethren. For

doth signify not only eu. (3) Heb. see the peace of thy bre

these dreams they hated him the more. His thren, &c.

(8) Heb. chief of the slaughtermen, (5) Or, pieces.

father, indeed, rebuked him; but he observed (9) Or, chief marshal.

the saying. May not God, at any time, in

timate his purposes in a dream ? He did so Our sojourning in this life is much like that in this case ; He did so to Pharaoh ; as also of other generations who preceded us. We

to Joseph, concerning Mary the mother of live in the same world, are exposed to the Jesus; and even to Jacob himself, when he same trials, and possess the same joys and slept at Bethel. sorrows, as our fathers who have lived before

Let us see how Joseph's history stands They have gone the way of all the connected with his dreams. When sent to earth; and we, in due time, shall follow visit his brethren, they consulted to destroy them. Thus Jacob dwelt in the land wherein him, and to put an end to his dreams. In his father was a stranger. Happy for us if that they were overruled; and for the sake we live, as he did, in the land of promise. of money, they sold him as a slave, to be Then, when our sojournings cease, we shall carried into a distant land, thinking, doubtenter the everlasting rest above.

less, they should never hear of him again. Some of Jacob's family troubles we have To make all sure, and impose on their father, already seen ; here we read of more. The

they dip Joseph's garment in blood, carry it greater part of his sons appear to have added home to confirm their tale that he had been no comfort to his advancing years. Ile

torn to pieces, and devoured by beasts. How heard of their evil report, and was grieved. cruel was their conduct! How deep their Ilis beloved son Joseph had a different parent's sorrow! And when all the sons, as mind. He was vexed at the misconduct

well as daughters of Jacob, rose up to comfort of his brethren, and thought it his duty to him, what a mixture of hypocrisy and villany inform his father, who loved him much, and does their conduct betray! They pretended gave visible proof of his marked affection to mourn his loss, though they knew they had for him. But this led to much envy and sold him as a slave, and would have put

him ill-will in the family. Joseph's brethren to death! Is not this a most striking proof hated him, and would not speak comfortably that "the heart is deceitful above all things, to him. How distressing must all these and desperately wicked?” (Jer. xvii. 9.) And things have been; and how painful is the in every point of view, how abominably reflection that most families know something wicked does their conduct appear!


6 Er marrieth

a kid


Pharez and Zarah.

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But who can doubt the hand of God in did. And Tamar went and dwelt in her father's overruling the wickedness of man to shew

house. forth his praise? (Ps. Ixxvi. 10.) Just at

12 And in process of time the daughter

of Shuah Judah's wife died; and Judah was | the very time when they would have carried

comforted, and went up unto his sheepshearers | their murderous design into effect, they are

to Timnath, he and his friend Hirah the Aduldiverted from their purpose by the appear- lamite. | ance of a company of strangers; and for a 13 And it was told Tamar, saying, Behold

few pieces of silver, they sold, as a slave, thy father in law goeth up to l'imnath to shear him whom before they had determined to put

his sheep to death! How often has the providence of

14 And she put her widow's garments off God interposed to defeat the schemes of the

from her, and covered her with a vail, and wicked?

wrapped herself, and sat in " an open place, The Scriptures abound in these

which is by the way to Timnath ; for she saw blessed proofs of divine wisdom and love. that Shelah was grown, and she was not given | The histories of Joseph, Moses, David, Esther, unto him to wife.

Jeremiah, Peter, and others, clearly prove 15 When Judah saw her, he thought her that the God who judgeth the earth, careth

to be an harlot; because she had covered her

face. for the righteous, marks their steps, and

16 And he turned unto her by the way, and keeps their souls.

said, Go to, I pray thee, let me come in unto thee; (for he knew not that she was his

danghter in law.) And she said, What wilt thou CHAPTER XXXVIII.

give me, that thou mayest come in unto me ? 1 Judah begetteth Er, Onan, and Shelah.

17 And he said, I will send thee 4 8 The trespass of Onan. 11 Tamar stayeth for

from the flock. And she said, Wilt thou give Shelah. 13 She deceiveth Judah. 27 She beareth twins,

me a pledge, till thou send it?

18 And he said, What pledge shall I give Judah went down from his brethren, and

thee? And she said, Thy signet, and thy turned in to a certain Adullamite, whose name

bracelets, and thy staff that is in thine hand. was Hirah.

And he gave it her, and came in unto her, 2 And Judah saw there a daughter of a

and she conceived by him. certain Canaanite, whose name was Shuah; 19 And she arose, and went away, and laid and he took her, and went in unto her.

by her vail from her, and put on the garments 3 And she conceived, and bare a son; and

of her widowhood. he called his name Er.

20 And Judah sent the kid by the hand of 4 And she conceived again, and bare a son;

his friend the Adullamite, to receive his pledge and she called his name Onan.

from the woman's hand: but he found her not. 5 And she yet again conceived, and bare a 21 Then he asked the men of that place, son ; and called his name Shelah : and he saying, Where is the harlot, that was openly was at Chezib, when she bare him.

by the way side? And they said, There was 6 And Judah took a wife for Er his first- no harlot in this place. born, whose name was Tamar.

22 And he returned to Judah, and said, I 7 And Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in cannot find her; and also the men of the place the sight of the LORD ; and the LORD slew him. said, that there was no harlot in this place.

8 And Judah said unto Onan, Go in unto 23 And Judah said, Let her take it to her, thy brother's wife, and marry her, and raise lest we be shamed: behold, I sent this kid, np seed to thy brother.

and thou hast not found her. 9 And Onan knew that the seed should not 24 | And it came to pass about three be his; and it came to pass, when he went in months after, that it was told Judah, saying, umto his brother's wife, that he spilled it on Tamar thy daughter in law hath played the the ground, lest that he should give seed to harlot; and also, behold, she is with child by his brother.

whoredom. And Judah said, Bring her forth, 10 And the thing which he did 'displeased and let her be burnt. | the LORD: wherefore he slew him also.

25 When she was brought forth, she sent 11 Then said Judah to Tamar his daughter to her father in law, saying, By the man, in law, Remain a widow at thy father's house, whose these are, am I with child: and she till Shelah my son be grown: for he said, said, Discern, I pray thee, whose are these, Lest peradventure he die also, as his brethren the signet, and bracelets, and staff.

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26 And Judah acknowledged them, and probably pardoned.

All unhallowed consaid, She hath been more righteous than I; nexions will produce evil, judgment, and because that I gave her not to Shelah my

wrath. And to how shameful a condition, And he knew her again no more.

even in this world, do not sinners often 27 | And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that, behold, twins were in her womb. bring themselves in the sight of others wicked 28 And it came to pass, when she travailed,

as themselves? Those who have been forethat the one put out his hand : and the mid- most in crime, are not unfrequently most ready wife took and bound upon his hand a scarlet to condemn others, even the objects of their thread, saying, This came out first.

own vile affections !

What a day will that 29 And it came to pass, as he drew back

be, when the secrets of all hearts shall be his hand, that, behold, his brother came out :

disclosed! Oh! the long-suffering of God, and she said, "How hast thou broken forth? this breach be upon thee: therefore his name

who sees all that is going on from age to was called Pharez.

age, and yet bears with men; gives them 30 And afterward came out his brother, time for repentance; and sometimes snatches that had the scarlet thread upon his hand : one, here and there, as a brand out of the fire ! and his name was called Zarah.

But if you consult the genealogy of Christ (1) Heb. was evil in the eyes of the (6) Heb. a kid of the goats. (Matt. i. 3), you may see another reason

(5) Or, in Enajim. (2) Heb. the clays were multi-(0) Heb. become a contempt. why these sad facts may have been recorded. plied.

) Or, Wherefore hast thou made (3) Heb. the door of eyes, or, of this breach against thee? Wonderful as it may seem, fo!ır of the names (8) That is, A breach,

mentioned in this chapter stand in that

genealogy in the direct line of Christ accordThe history of man when impartially told, is ing to the flesh ! The mention of these one continued record of wickedness. If all

names as in the pedigree of Christ could not human histories were as honestly written as have been necessary to prove the descent of the Sacred Scriptures, this sad truth would Christ through Jacob, from Abraham, because universally appear. And even with all the

Jacob had other sons; and Judah was not by specious glosses thrown over the actions of birth the first-born. Might not the purpose men to deceive a world willing to be de- of God have been to shew, by the actual deceived, enough plainly appears in all ages scent of Jesus, the very object for which He and nations to convince every unprejudiced came, viz., to save sinners; yea, the vilest observer that the earth is full of evil. Here, and chief of sinners? then, you may see one striking proof of the What a blessed truth is this! 'It is the truth of the Sacred Volume. Man, when it very essence of that “ faithful saying, worthy suits his purpose, hides the faults, and ex- of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came tenuates the sins, of his fellow-men; God

into the world to save sinners.” (1 Tim. i. 15.) writes all with an impartial pen, and tells

Let us prize that “saying." Let us welcome the faults even of his servants, as well as the the Saviour it reveals. Let us embrace the sins of the wicked. Let us learn, then, to

Let us learn, then, to salvation it proclaims, and cast our sinful prize the inspired Word, and aim to regulate souls at the feet of that Redeemer who will all our opinions, as well as our faith and

be all our salvation, and all our desire. hope, according to its unerring truth.

(2 Sam. xxiii. 5.) On looking over this chapter, it may reasonably be asked, what was the purpose of the Holy Spirit in giving us this record ? Most

CHAPTER XXXIX. probably it was written to shew us both the

1 Joseph advanced in Potiphar's house. 7 He resisteth his wickedness of man, and the goodness of God. mistress's temptation. 13 He is falsely accused. 20 He

is cast in prison. 21 God is with him there. At all events, in this light it admits of very recorded is, indeed, very great.

and All were

captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him wicked, and sinners before the Lord exceed

of the hands of the Ishmeelites, which had ingly. Some of them the Lord slew and cut brought him down thither. off in their sin; others were spared, and 2 And the LORD was with Joseph, and he

profitable improvement. The wickedness here A Nan Joseph was brought down to Egypt;

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