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life;

the grave.

house.

found shall be my servant; and ye shall be said, Surely he is torn in pieces; and I saw blameless.

him not since : 11 Then they speedily took down every 29 And if ye take this also from me, and man his sack to the ground, and opened every mischief befall him, ye shall bring down my man his sack.

gray

hairs with sorrow to the grave. 12 And he searched, and began at the 30 Now therefore When I come to thy sereldest, and left at the youngest: and the cup vant my father, and the lad be not with us; was found in Benjamin's sack.

seeing that his life is bound up in the lad's 13 Then they rent their clothes, and laded every man his ass, and returned to the city. 31 It shall come to pass, when he seeth

14 And Judah and his brethren came to that the lad is not with us, that he will die : Joseph's house ; for he was yet there: and and thy servants shall bring down the gray they fell before him on the ground.

hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to 15 And Joseph said unto them, What deed is this that ye have done? wot ye not that 32 For thy servant became surety for the such a man as I can certainly • divine ? lad unto my father, saying, If I bring him not 16 And Judah said, What shall we say

unto thee, then I shall bear the blame to my unto my lord ? what shall we speak? or how

father for ever. shall we clear ourselves ? God hath found 33 Now therefore, I pray thee, let thy serout the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we

vant abide instead of the lad a bondman to are my lord's servants, both we, and he also my lord; and let the lad go up with his with whom the cup is found.

brethren. 17 And he said, God forbid that I should 34 For how shall I go up to my father, and do so; but the man in whose hand the

the lad be not with me? lest peradventure I is

cup found, he shall be my servant; and as for

see the evil that shall * come on my father.

you, get you up

in
peace
unto your
father.
(1) Heb. him that was over his (2) Or, maketh trial?

(3) Or, make trial? 18 | Then sudah came near unto him, and

(1) Heb. find my father, said, Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word in my lord's ears, and let not

In shewing kindness to others, there is need thine anger burn against thy servant: for thou art even as Pharaoh.

of much judgment, lest we betray some im19 My lord asked his servants, saying,

proper feeling. It is far more difficult to Have ye a father, or a brother?

maintain an even path in an elevated situa20 And we said unto my lord, We have a tion, than many suppose. Joseph had been father, an old man, and a child of his old age, kind to his brethren, though they knew him a little one; and his brother is dead, and he

not. He intended still to shew them more alone is left of his mother, and his father

kindness, when he had made himself known. loveth him. 21 And thou saidst unto thy servants, Bring

But that would form no excuse for adding to him down unto me, that I may set mine eyes

their sorrows, or assuming a position which did

not properly belong to him. The expedient 22 And we said unto my lord, The lad can he adopted in taking Benjamin from them, as not leave his father : for if he should leave his he had taken Simeon before, certainly proves father, his father would die.

the truth of the above remark. His motive 23 And thou saidst unto thy servants, Ex

may have been good, in wishing to know cept your youngest brother come down with

whether his brethren loved Benjamin as they you, ye shall see my face no more. 24 And it came to pass when we came up

said they did. But his manner of testing it unto thy servant my father, we told him the surely proves that the best of characters are words of my lord.

not without faults; and that all are sinners 25 And our father said, Go again, and buy in the sight of God. us a little food.

Imagine the distress of the brethren when 26 And we said, We cannot go down: if

detected in an apparent theft, though really our youngest brother be with us, then will we

innocent of the crime imputed to them. No go down: for we may not see the man's face, except our youngest brother be with us.

doubt they felt shocked at the charge, and 27 And thy servant my father said unto us,

were overwhelmed with pain and sorrow, Ye know that my wife bare me two sons :

chiefly, as the result proves, on account of 28 And the one went out from me, and I Benjamin and their father. This is clear,

upon him.

me.

our

from the eloquent and touching appeal which

And there stood no man with him, Judah made on behalf of his brother, which

while Joseph made himself known unto his

brethren. may be justly pronounced one of the most beautiful specimens of real eloquence ever

2 And he 'wept aloud: and the Egyptians

and the house of Pharaoh heard. uttered by the lips of man.

3 And Joseph said unto his brethren, I am Does not this incident afford us a simple Joseph ; doth my father yet live? And his illustration of the Redeemer's engagements brethren could not answer him; for they were for his people? One of the most cheering 'troubled at his presence. offices he holds, is that of our surety and 4 And Joseph said unto his brethren, Come substitute. He stands before the throne of near to me, I pray you. And they came near. the Father as the sinner's surety, and pleads

And he said, I am Joseph your brother, whom

ye sold into Egypt. on behalf of his people. “He was wounded

5 Now therefore be not grieved, 'nor angry for our transgressions, he was bruised for

with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace God did send me before you to preserve was upon him ;” by his “stripes we are life. healed.” (Is. liii. 5.) All this he freely 6 For these two years hath the famine been undertook and fully accomplished, as

in the land : and yet there are five years, in

the which there shall neither be earing nor surety ; just as Judah became surety to his

harvest. father for Benjamin's safe return.

7 And God sent me before you to preThe consequence of the suretyship of

serve you a posterity in the earth, and to save Jesus, is his glorious and effectual inter

your lives by a great deliverance. cession. Because he is our surety, he is our 8 So now it was not you that sent me

advocate with the Father.” (1 John ii. 1.) hither, but God: and he hath made me a father “ He ever liveth to make intercession” (Heb. to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a vii. 25) for us. That all his redeemed might

ruler throughout all the land of Egypt. be called, pardoned, justified, sanctified,

9 Haste ye, and go up to my father, and

say unto him, Thus saith thy son Joseph, God saved, glorified (see Rom. viii. 29, 30), is

hath made me lord of all Egypt: come down his constant plea. And oh! how eloquently,

unto me, tarry not: how affectionately, how successfully, does 10 And thou shalt dwell in the land of GoJesus plead! “Father, I knew that thou shen, and thou shalt be near unto me, thou, hearest me always.” (John xi. 41, 42.) and thy children, and thy children's children, Father, I will that they also, whom thou

and thy flocks, and thy herds, and all that

thou hast : hast given me, be with me where I am, that

11 And there will I nourish thee; for yet they may behold my glory.” (John xvii. 24.)

there are five years of famine; lest thou, and Are you the object of that intercession?

thy household, and all that thou hast, come to Is the Lord Jesus your advocate with the

poverty. Father? Are all the concerns of

your
soul

12 And, behold, your eyes see, and the eyes and of your body entrusted to his hands ? of my brother Benjamin, that it is my mouth Are you washed in his blood ? Do you rely

that speaketh unto you. on his merits? Are you upheld by his grace?

13 And ye shall tell my father of all my Survey your glorious advocate. Dwell upon

glory in Egypt, and of all that ye have seen; the riches of his love. Plead his gracious

and ye shall haste and bring down my father

hither. intercession. Rejoice in his great salvation.

14 And he fell upon his brother Benjamin's neck, and wept; and Benjamin wept upon

his neck. CHAPTER XLV.

15 Moreover he kissed all his brethren, and 1 Joseph maketh himself known to his brethren. 5 He com

wept upon them: and after that his brethren forteth them in God's providence. 9 He sendeth for his

talked with him. father. 10 Pharaoh confirmeth it. 21 Joseph furnisheth them for their journey, and exhorteth them to concord.

16 | And the fame thereof was heard in

Pharaoh's house, saying, Joseph's brethren THEN Joseph could not refrain himself are come: and it pleased Pharaoh well, and before all them that stood

his servants. he cried, Cause every man to go out from 17 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Say unto

25 Jacob is revived with the news.

him

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thy brethren, This do ye; lade your beasts, The plea of Judah (in the former chapter) and go, get you unto the land of Canaan; prevails; Joseph could no longer refrain from 18 And take your father and your house

making himself known. But this he would holds, and come unto me: and I will give you

do in a manner that became the occasion. the good of the land of Egypt, and ye shall

It must be to his brethren alone : no man eat the fat of the land. 19 Now thou art commanded, this do ye;

must be with him. All his attendants, and take you wagons out of the land of Egypt for others, must go from his presence. There your little ones, and for your wives, and bring he stands in the presence of his brethren your father, and come.

alone; and they stood wondering and trem20 Also fregard not your stuff; for the good bling before him. Then the great secret of all the land of Egypt is your's. 21 And the children of Israel did so: and

comes forth; his heart is ready to burst; the Joseph gave them wagons, according to the

tears gush from his eyes; he lifts up his voice ? commandment of Pharaoh, and gave them and weeps aloud, so that the Egyptians hear provision for the way.

him; then he speaks the affectionate words, 22 To all of them he gave each man “I am Joseph ; doth my father yet live?” changes of raiment; but to Benjamin he gave Judge of the surprise, the astonishment, three hundred pieces of silver, and five changes

the confusion, the dismay of their minds, of raiment.

when they heard these words. He whom 23 And to his father he sent after this manner; ten asses ® laden with the good things they had envied and hated; whose life they of Egypt, and ten she asses laden with corn

had devised to take away; whom they had and bread and meat for his father by the way.

cruelly and unnaturally sold as a slave, re24 So he sent his brethren away, and they gardless of his entreaties and cries, now stood departed: and he said unto them, See that ye before them as the ruler of all the land of fall not out by the way.

Egypt, with full power to avenge all his 25 | And they went up out of Egypt, and came into the land of Canaan unto Jacob

wrongs, and yet declaring himself their brotheir father,

ther! No wonder they could not answer 26 And told him, saying, Joseph is yet

him; no wonder they were troubled at his alive, and he is governor over all the land of presence. Shame and confusion, fear and Egypt. And Jacob's heart fainted, for he terror, must have filled their minds. Nor was believed them not.

it until he had kindly dissipated their fears, 27 And they told him all the words of Jo

by acknowledging the hand of God in orderseph, which he had said unto them: and when he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry

ing his course, and assuring them of his forhim, the spirit of Jacob their father revived:

giveness and love, and that he would take 28 And Israel said, It is enough ; Joseph

care of his father, and of them, and all their my son is yet alive: I will go and see him households during the famine, and by giving before I die.

them renewed tokens and pledges of his (1) Heb. gave forth his voice in (5) Heb. was good in the eyes of unalterable affection, that they could venture

werping. (2) Or, terrified.

even to look upon his countenance, or speak (3) Heb. neither let there be anger (7) Heb. mouth. (8) Heb. carrying.

freely unto him. The happy intelligence (6) Heb. to put for you a remnant. I (9) Heb. his.

spread throughout the court.

Pharaoh was

pleased. Joseph was commissioned to bring This chapter brings us to the point towards the whole family into Egypt; and there, in which the preceding events have been gradu- the best of the land, they were to be fed and ally leading; namely, Joseph's making him- nourished all through the famine. His breself known to his brethren, together with their thren hasten home; they bring the joyful news mutual expressions of affection and goodwill, to their father. The aged saint at first and the abundant provision he made for the distrusts their words; but when he sees the whole of his family. Altogether it is one of provision made by his beloved son for his the most interesting records contained in the journey, his spirits revives; his fears are Bible. It displays the providence of God, gone ;

he resolves to go and see his son the workings of filial affection, and the power before he dies. of divine grace, in a remarkable degree.

Such is the account given of Joseph's

Pharaoh.
(6) Heb. let not your eye spare,

&c.

in your eyes.

woman.

making himself known to his brethren. Now of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob. And he take notice, by way of improvement, there is

said, Here am I. that interesting period in the experience of

3 And he said, I am God, the God of thy the children of God when the Lord makes him

father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I

will there make of thee a great nation: self known to them, as their brother, Saviour,

4 I will go down with thee into Egypt; and and Redeemer. Till this takes place, they are I will also surely bring thee up again : and not brought into the glorious liberty of the chil- Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes. dren of God; nor can they say,“ My beloved

5 And Jacob rose up

from Beer-sheba: and is mine, and I am his.” (Cant. ii. 16.) There

the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, may indeed be much known of the Lord, and

and their little ones, and their wives, in the what he hath done for the soul; and they may

wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him.

6 And they took their cattle, and their have often had many pleasing indications of

goods, which they had gotten in the land of his mercy and love, as Joseph's brethren had

Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all before they knew him. But all this is mixed

his seed with him : with a very great degree of fear and uncer- 7 His sons, and his sons' sons with him, tainty respecting the safety of the soul after his daughters, and his sons' daughters, and all. Sometimes that fear becomes very

dis- all his seed brought he with himn into Egypt. tressing indeed; and they are led to very

8 | And these are the names of the chilearnest and urgent cries for mercy, throw

dren of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob

and his sons: Reuben, Jacob's firstborn. ing them more entirely than ever on the

9 And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and undertaking and death of the blessed Re

Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi. deemer. In that state they may be for some 10 And the sons of Simeon; 'Jemuel, time; but then comes the happy day of the and Jamin, and Ohad, and ?Jachin, and 3 ZoSaviour's manifestation to the soul. Oh! har, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish what a time of love is that. No tongue can describe it; no heart but that which receives

11 | And the sons of Levi; "Gershon,

Kohath, and Merari. it can at all enter into the

vouchsafed.

12 And the sons of Judah ; Er, and Onan, The Holy Spirit manifests the Saviour to the

and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zarah: but Er heart, reveals him to the soul; and the happy and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And believer is assured of his interest in the the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamel. Saviour's love and salvation. His fears are 13 And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and gone. He rejoices in the Lord, and joys in Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron. his salvation. (Hab. iii. 15.) Thus he no

14 | And the sons of Zebulun; Sered, and longer confers",with flesh and blood.” (Gal.

Elon, and Jahleel.

15 These be the sons of Leah, which she i. 16.) He has the spirit of adoption.” (Rom.

bare unto Jacob in Padan-aram, with his viii. 15.) He can“cry Abba, Father.” (Rom. daughter Dinah : all the souls of his sons and viii. 15; Gal. iv. 6.) The Spirit bears witness his daughters were thirty and three. with his spirit that he is a child of God. 16 9 And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and (Rom. viii. 16.) He walks with God as a

Hlaggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and 'Arodi, Father: and Christ is in him, the hope of

and Areli.

17 And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and glory. (Col. i. 27.)

Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their
sister: and the sons of Beriah; Heber, and

Malchiel.
CHAPTER XLVI.

18 These are the sons of Zilpah, whom

Laban gave to Leah his daughter, and these 1 Jacob is comforted by God at Beer-sheba : 5 Thence he with his company goeth into Egypt. 8 The number of his

she bare unto Jacob, even sixteen souls. family that went into Egypt. 20 Joseph meeteth Jacob. 19 The sons of Rachel Jacob's wife; Jo31 He instructeth his brethren how to answer to Pharaoh.

seph, and Benjamin. ND Israel took his journey with all that 20 | And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt

he had, and came to Beer-sheba, and were born Manasseh and Ephraim, which offered sacrifices unto the God of his father Asenath the daughter of Poti-pherah priest Isaac.

of On bare unto him. 2 And God spake unto Israel in the visions 21 | And the sons of Benjamin were Belah,

mercy

A

and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, His whole life had literally been a pilgrimage. Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and ’Huppim, and Such had been his father's before him. Here Ard.

again he is called, in the providence of God, 22 These are the sons of Rachel, which

to take another and his last journey into were born to Jacob: all the souls were fourteen.

Egypt; but probably this was of a far more 23 | And the sons of Dan; 10 Hushim. agreeable nature than any he had taken before. 24 | And the sons of Naphtali; Jahzeel,

When he first left his home it was as an and Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem.

exile. When he returned it was in great 25 These are the sons of Bilhah, which fear. During his sojourn in the land of Laban gave unto Rachel his daughter, and

promise, he had many sorrows and trials; she bare these unto Jacob: all the souls were

but now he was going to see his long-lost seven, 26 All the souls that came with Jacob into

and most beloved son Joseph; and the very Egypt, which came out of his "loins, besides prospect of the interview gave fresh vigour Jacob's sons' wives, all the souls were three to his aged steps. May it not be so ordered score and six;

in the providence of God, that our last days 27 And the sons of Joseph, which were may be some of the sweetest we have ever born him in Egypt, were two souls: all the

passed ? and our last moments some of the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten.

sweetest enjoyments on this side glory? 28 | And he sent Judah before him unto

Many of the Lord's people find it so, After Joseph, to direct his face unto Goshen; and many a severe storin, they have had a sweet they came into the land of Goshen.

Serenity at last. Departing in peace, they 29 And Joseph made ready his chariot, have entered into that rest which remaineth and went up to meet Israel his father, to for the people of God. Goshen, and presented himself unto him; and

Israel had a long journey before him, but he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while.

he was wonderfully strengthened for it. Not 30 And Israel said unto Joseph, Now let

a step would he move, till he had first comme die, since I have seen thy face, because mitted himself and all that belonged to him thou art yet alive.

to God. He offered sacrifices to the God of 31 And Joseph said unto his brethren, and his father Isaac. What a lesson to all! unto his father's house, I will go up, and shew

Ought you not to act in the same manner ? Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father's house, which were in the land of

Before you set out on your way, or before Canaan, are come unto me;

you take any matter in hand, ought you not to 32 And the men are shepherds, for their

seek the mercy and favour of our reconciled trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have

God ? Jacob's God is our God. The God brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that his father Isaac adored, is the God rethat they have.

vealed in the gospel. Do you not need his 33 And it shall come to pass, when Pha

mercy and grace, his blessing and guidance ? raoh shall call you, and shall say, What is

In answer to Jacob's prayer, the Lord apyour occupation? 34 That ye shall say, Thy servants trade peared unto him in the visions of the night,

, hath been about cattle from our youth even

and assured him of his interest in his love. until now, both

He would be with him in Egypt. He would ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for bring his seed up again from thence; there every shepherd is an abomination unto the

he should close his eyes in peace, and enter Egyptians.

into his final rest. How cheerful, how refreshing, how supporting, must this manifestation

of peculiar favour and love have been to (1) Heb. thigh.

his soul! It was the very blessing suited (6) Or, Ozoi. (12) Heb. they are men of cattle.

to his case; and according to his day, so his

strength was given. May you not expect the The journeying of life never ceases, till we same? Is not the promise sure? Will not lay down our bodies in the grave.

Jacob the Lord be with his people still? Will he had many wanderings from place to place. not cheer them by his presence, guide them

we, and also our fathers : that 11

(1) Or, Nemuel.
(2) Or, Jarib.
(3) Or, Zerah.
(1) Or, Gershom.
(5) Or, Puah, and Jashub.

(7) Or, Arod.
(8) Or, prince.
(9) Hupham.
(10) Or, Shuham.

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