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(1) Heb. Yea, because, &c.
(6) Heb. cause to bud.
at the cast of the garden of Eden Cheru- treachery and deceit. First, he assaults Eve bims, and a flaming sword which turned
in an unexpected manner; he raises a doubt every way, to keep the way of the tree
in her mind whether the prohibition were really of life.
given. Then he denies it, and affirms the (5) Or, subject to thy husband.
contrary to what God had said. And under
the prospect of attaining an imaginary enjoy(8) That is, living.
ment, he couched the most deadly designs
and the most fearful ruin. The scheme sucThe first three chapters of this Book form the ceeded. Eve ate the forbidden fruit; gave practical foundation of the whole body of also to her husband with her, and he did eat. divine revelation. A right understanding, The command of God was broken ; the curse therefore, of these three chapters is essential denounced would follow. Our first parents to the true development of the mind of God were now fallen, guilty, and undone ; and all in all the subsequent parts of the Sacred their future offspring would be involved in Volume, In the first, we have the account of the same condemnation. Thus “ sin entered the creation of all things, and of man in par- into the world, and death by sin, and so death ticular, who was created in the image of God. passed upon all men; for that all have sinned.” His body was taken from the dust of the
(Rom. v. 12-21.) ground, and his spirit was imparted by the What followed? Their eyes were, indeed, God who made him ; and so man became a opened; but were they as gods? Rather they living soul. In the second, we are informed were become more like that evil spirit by of his condition in Paradise, of the happiness whom they had been seduced, and drawn he there enjoyed, and the state of trial, the into sin, They had known something of the test of his obedience, in which he was placed. placed good, and might have known more.
But now llow long that state of happiness and purity they began to know and feel the evil. The continued we are not told. But in this chap- eyes of them both were opened; they knew ter another and a sad and sorrowful account they were naked; they tried to hide their of the state and condition of our first parents shame; and began to flee from Cod. Fear is given. May we be humbled in the review, and terror took hold of their mind. God's and seek that grace and salvation which we voice was terrible in their ear ; all need!
trees of the garden they sought to screen themMan fell. The melancholy fact must not, selves from his wrathful frown. Alas! how and cannot, be hid; and by that fall misery changed! how fallen! Nor had they aught and death, and all the wretchedness entailed to expect but the instant infliction of the on the whole race of mankind, both in this dreadful curse. world and the next, immediately ensued. Behold the goodness of God! In the midst Let uis observe the solemn truth, and trace of wrath he remembers mercy.
l'irst, the the means and progress of that awful down- tempter is cursed ; but for ruined man the fall.
Saviour is promisel.
The seed of the woman Satan envied their happiness, and wrought shall bruise the serpent's head; the Son of their run. That evil spirit had already broken God shall “destroy the works of the devil” huis allegiance to his Maker, drawn others into (1 John iii. 8); and to man, though doomed to the foul conspiracy, and was cast, with all his die, shall “life and immortality” be brought followers, out of heaven into hell. And now to light through tlie gospel.” (2 Tim. i. 10.) bis object was to bring man into the same But though Adam might be partloned, he must condemnation with himself: and in this he was feel and lament his sins. To the woman permitted to succeed, though overruled by God would multiply sorrows.
Adam must God for the more signal display of his mercy labour in the sweat of his brow; the very and love.
ground is cursed for his sake; and to mark Behold the means.
It is in the force of the divine abhorrence of his sin, man was extemptation the power of Satan chiefly consists; pelled from the paradise of Eden; doomed and his aim is generally accomplished by to toil in suffering and pain to the end of
among the his days, and then to return to the ground 7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be from whence he was taken.
accepted ? and if thou doest not well, sin But even here there was mercy and love.
lieth at the door. And ? unto thee shall be
his desire, and thou shalt rule over him. The expulsion from Paradise opened and se
8 And Cain talked with Abel his brother : cured the way of life. The cherubim and flaming sword turned every way to keep the
and it came to pass, when they were in the
field, that Cain rose up against Abel his way of the tree of life, shewing, guarding, brother, and slew him. and preserving it. Not, we may presume, to 9 And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is hinder or forbid, but to invite and encourage Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Adam's approach ; shewing him how to draw Am I my brother's keeper ? near to a reconciled God with acceptance, and
10 And he said, What hast thou done? the what provision was made for the pardon of his
voice of thy brother's s blood crieth unto me
from the ground. sin and the life of his soul, though thus guilty
11 And now art thou cursed from the earth, and fallen, lest he should be tempted to de
which hath opened her mouth to receive thy spair of mercy, or be induced to seek the
brother's blood from thy hand ; acquisition of that blessing by any unau- 12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall thorised means, as he had lost his original not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a rectitude by his own previous transgression. fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the
earth. Behold, then, the evil of sin ! Behold the
13 And Cain said unto the LORD, 'My pugoodness of God! Man is lost; but Christ
nishment is greater than I can bear. is the Saviour; he is “the Lamb slain from
14 Behold, thou hast driven me out this the foundation of the world." (Rev. xiii. 8.)
day from the face of the earth; and from thy Learn, however, to be humble. From the face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive guilty source of Adam's fall proceed all the and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall polluted streams of human depravity in all come to pass, that every one that findeth me ages, and in all places; and, therefore, whilst
shall slay me.
15 And the LORD said unto him, Therefore we thankfully confess that we are saved by
whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be grace (Eph. ii. 8.), our humble cry must always
taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a be, “Woe is me, for I am undone !” (Is. vi. 5);
mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should and, “God be merciful to me a sinner !” kill him. (Luke xviii. 13.)
16 | And Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on
the east of Eden. CHAPTER IV.
17 And Cain knew his wife ; and she con1 The birth, trade, and religion of Cain and Abel. 8 The ceived, and bare 1° Enoch: and he builded a
murder of Abel. 11 The curse of Cain. 17 Enoch the first city. 19 Lamech and his two wives. 25 The birth
city, and called the name of the city, after of Seth, 26 and Enos.
the name of his son, Enoch. ND Adam knew Eve his wife, and she 18 And unto Enoch was born Irad: and
conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat have gotten a man from the Lord.
Methusael: and Methusael begat "Lamech. 2 And she again bare his brother - Abel. 19 | And Lamech took unto him two And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain wives: the name of the one was Adah, and was a tiller of the ground.
the name of the other Zillah. 3 And 'in process of time it came to pass,
20 And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground of such as dwell in tents, and of such as hare an offering unto the Lord.
cattle. 4 And Abel, he also brought of the first- 2 And his brother's name was Jubal : he lings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And was the father of all such as handle the harp the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering :
22 And Zillah, she also bare Tubal-cain, an 5 But unto Cain and to his offering he had instructor of every artificer in brass and iron: not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and and the sister to Tubal-cain was Naamah. his countenance fell.
23 And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah 6 And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lathou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen? mech, hearken unto my speech: for 13 I have
slain a man to my wounding, and a young
offering of Cain was not the appointed lamb ; man " to my hurt.
and the mind with which it was brought was 24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold,
not that which God required. There was truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.
no faith, no sorrow, no contrition. Abel 25 And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name
15 16 Seth:
came with his typical offering a penitent For God, said she, hath appointed me another
and believing sinner; and found mercy. seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.
Cain brought his own offering, and came 26 And to Seth, to him also there was born before God with a self-righteous, proud, and a son; and he called his name 7 Enos: then unhumbled heart; and here you behold the began 18 men to call upon the name of the LORD.
awakening result ! (1) That is, Gotten, or, acquired. (10) Heb. Chanoch.
Why, then, did Cain hate Abel, and seek (2) Heb. Hebel.
(11) Heb. Lemech. (3) Heb. a feeder. (12) Heb. whetter.
to slay him ?
“ Because his own works were (4) Heb. at the end of days. (13) Or, I would slay a man in my (5) Heb. sheep, or, goats.
evil, and his brother's righteous." (Gen. iii. (6) Or, have the excellency? (14) Or, in my hurt. (7) Or, subject unto thee. (15) Heb. Sheth.
15; 1 John iii. 10-12.) You may see from (8) Heb. bloods.
(16) That is, Appointed, or, put. (9) Or, Mine iniquity is greater (17) Heb. Enosh.
this circumstance why, in all ages, the evil than that it may be for- (18) Or, to call themselves by the given.
name of the LORD.
hate the good; whence arises persecution ;
who are the chief actors in cruelty and From the date of the foregoing chapter, the bloodshed; and who are the general objects sad proofs of man's fallen and lost condition of their enmity and wrath.
The enmity will meet our eye at every step we take, and between the serpent's seed and the Church in every event we consider. May we always of God was manifest from the fall of man; remember this, walk humbly with God, and it hath continued unto this day, and will be earnestly sue for his pardoning mercy and perpetuated to the end of time. sanctifying grace!
But will God wink at the shedding of innoHow often are parents deceived in respect cent blood ? Behold Cain, and learn the of their children! When Cain was born, his contrary. Wretched man ! In vain did he mother thought she had gotten a treasure ; seek to evade the searching inquiry (v. 9). though he proved to be a murderer, and a God witnessed the wicked deed, and heard child of the wicked one! And when Abel the voice of that innocent blood which cried was brought into the world, he was compara- aloud for vengeance ? Oh! miserable man, tively disregarded, though he became a child what hast thou done! Behold his guilty of God, a martyr, and a saint! Let parents conscience. What terror and dismay does learn to be watchful. Instead of forining he feel within ! "My punishment is greater hasty conclusions, let them pray. Children than I can bear." There was the appointed are blessings, or otherwise, as they seek and victim ; but he rejected it. There was the find the mercy of God. And they that obtain revealed
bat he set it at not that blessing, can afford but poor conso- nought. How, then, can he escape? Or if lation to those who have had the sorrow and he escape for a time, will not the hand of grief of bringing them into this world.
God find him out at last? Oh! let all shun Here is the history of Cain and Abel. The the feelings of anger, and the first approaches one was a tiller of the ground; the other was to the dreadful crime of murder; for “no a feeder of the flocks. Their religion, also, murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.” is brought before us: the offering of the one (1 John iii. 12-15.) was the fruit of the ground, the work of his Ilow painful is it to look over this record ! own hands, which was rejected; that of the Cain's seed are much like himself, men of other was of the lambs of his flock, which the world. Some were noted for one art and was mercifully accepted. Why was this? science, and some for another. Many of their Abel's offering was in accordance with the
names were like those of the sacred line, the will of God, both as to the offering itself, people of God; but their portion was in this and the mind with which it was presented. life ; and some, like Lamech, were even more It was “by faith Abel offered a more excel- hardened in sin than their unhappy parent. lent sacrifice than Cain.” (Heb. xi. 4). The When men can turn the patience and for
bearance of God into an occasion of setting 12 | And Cainan lived seventy years, and heaven and earth at defiance, that they may
begat . Mahalaleel: work their iniquity, and glory in their shame
13 And Cainan lived after he begat Maha
laleel eight hundred and forty years, and begat with impunity, as that wicked man
sons and daughters : to have done, we need not wonder that in pro
14 And all the days of Cainan were nine cess of time the earth was filled with violence, hundred and ten years: and he died. and God determined to arise to judgment. 15 | And Mahalaleel lived sixty and five
But when some are removed, others will years, and begat Jared : be raised up. Abel is murdered; but another
16 And Mahalaleel lived after he begat seed is given instead of Abel. Thus the
Jared eight hundred and thirty years, and Church of God never fails; the gates of hell
begat sons and daughters :
17 And all the days of Mahalaleel were eight never prevail against it. And, generally speak- hundred ninety and five years: and he died. ing, it is in the worst of times God raises
18 | And Jared lived an hundred sixty and up a people to shew forth his praise. The
two years, and he begat Enoch : history of the church proves this, and the 19 And Jared lived after he begat Enoch instance here recorded illustrates the fact. eight hundred years, and begat sons and It was when the extreme wickedness of La
20 And all the days of Jared were nine mech is mentioned, that others of a different
hundred sixty and two years: and he died. mind “began to call upon the name of the
21 | And Enoch lived sixty and five years, Lord.” And we know that “whosoever shall
and begat Methuselah: call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.” 22 And Enoch walked with God after he (Rom. x. 13.)
begat Methuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters :
23 And all the days of Enoch were three CHAPTER V.
hundred sixty and five years :
24 And Enoch walked with God: and he 1 The genealogy, age, and death of the patriarchs from Adam unto Noah. 24 The godliness and translation of
was not; for God took him.
25 And Methuselah lived an hundred eighty THIS is the book of the generations of
and seven years, and begat • Lamech: Adam. In the day that God created
26 And Methuselah lived after he begat man, in the likeness of God made he him;
Lamech seven hundred eighty and two years, 2 Male and female created he them; and
and begat sons and daughters : blessed them, and called their name Adam,
27 And all the days of Methuselah were in the day when they were created.
nine hundred sixty and nine years: and he 3 And Adam lived an hundred and thirty
died. years, and begat a son in his own likeness,
28 | And Lamech lived an hundred eighty after his image; and called his name Seth:
and two years, and begat a son: 4 And the days of Adam after he had be
29 And he called his name 67 Noah, saying, gotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he
This same shall comfort us concerning our begat sons and daughters:
work and toil of our hands, because of the 5 And all the days that Adam lived were
ground which the LORD hath cursed. nine hundred and thirty years: and he died.
30 And Lamech lived after he begat Noah 6 And Seth lived an hundred and five
five hundred ninety and five years, and begat years, and begat Enos:
sons and daughters : 7 And Seth lived after he begat Enos eight
31 And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred and seven years, and begat sons and
hundred seventy and seven years: and he died. daughters:
32 And Noah was five hundred years old: 8 And all the days of Seth were nine hun
and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth. dred and twelve years: and he died.
9 And Enos lived ninety years, and begat Cainan :
10 And Enos lived after he begat Cainan cight hundred and fifteen years, and begat sons and daughters :
In this chapter we have a brief mention of 11 And all the days of Enos were nine
the ages and names of the principal persons hundred and five years : and he died.
who lived from the creation of Adam to the
(1) Heb. Kenan.
(4) Gr. Mathusala. (2) Gr. Maleleel.
(5) Heb. Lemech. (3) Heb. Jered.
(6) Gr. Noe. (7) That is, Rest, or, Comfort.
days of Noah, a period embracing more than He gives the saving knowledge of the only fifteen hundred years.
But in this short true God, and of himself whom He hath sent. reeord there are several points demanding our (John xvii. 3.) Tle brings the sinner nigh improvement.
to this reconciled God as a father and a In the first place, take notice of the differ- friend. And then, in the faith of his name, ence between the creation of Adam and the the happy believer may say, “And truly our generation of his descendants, though sprung fellowship is with the Father, and with his from him. “In the day that God created Son Jesus Christ.” (1 John i. 3.) Thus, man, in the likeness of God created he him ;" like Enoch, all true believers in Christ walk that is, in uprightness, righteousness, and true with God. He did so by looking to the holiness. But in the day that Adam begat a Saviour promised; we do so by looking to son, it was “in his own likeness, after his the Saviour come. The salvation is the same; image begat he him.” The former'expression and the blessings and the end are the same. denotes the state of man in his original purity; All who walk with God on earth, will dwell the latter is intended to express the sad with God in heaven. All may not be transchange that took place in consequence of the lated, as Enoch was, that they should not fall. The image of God is gone; man is now
But they shall triumph over a polluted and depraved being. Instead of death, and at last meet together in the realms coming into this world in the image of God, above. we are all born in Adam's likeness; we are This leads us to notice, in the last place, all born in sin; we are all by nature the the solemn fact here recorded respecting all children of wrath ; and in every person born these characters but Enoch. They all died. into this world that original sin, which we all Long as they lived, and many of them lived inherit from Adam, "deserves God's wrath and to an almost incredible age, they all died at damnation.” The image of God is never re- last. That is the common end of all men ! gained till that happy change takes place, There is no discharge in that war. All must by which the children of wrath become the die, because all are sinners; and as death is children of God. (See Eph. ii. 1-3.) Let all a part of the wages due to sin, if you die in seek that new birth; for you must be born your sins, the death of the body will be the again before you can see, or enter, the king- certain prelude to the death of your body and dom of God. (John iii. 3, 5, 7.)
soul in hell for ever. Blessed be God for the In the next place, we notice the character gospel of Christ, which tells us how our sins of Enoch ; of him, and he is the only one of may be pardoned, and our souls may be saved. whom this is specially here recorded, it is Oh! let us learn to prize that gospel ; to love said, “And Enoch walked with God, and he that Saviour; to improve this high privilege ; was not; for God took him.” Walking with to walk in this way, and thus, by a life of faith God evidently denotes a very high degree of and communion with God on earth, prepare experimental and saving godliness. Before for the full enjoyment of his presence above a man can walk with God, he must know for ever and ever! him; for how can you walk with him of whom you are ignorant ? He must be at
with him; for how can two walk together, except
CHAPTER VI. they be agreed? He must have some pleasure
1 The wickedness of the world, which provoked God's wrath, and delight in his ways; for how can you walk and caused the flood. 8 Noah findeth grace. 14 The with one whose person you dislike, or whose order, form, and end of the ark.
to brief and beautiful epitome of the true nature of real religion? Do you ask how we obtain
daughters were born unto them,
2 That the sons of God saw the danghters this knowledge, this peace, this pleasure, and
of men that they were fair; and they took delight, in the God against whom we have
them wives of all which they chose. sinned ? Solely through the faith of Jesus 3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not Christ. He died to make peace with God. always strive with man, for that he also is