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.consider herself worthy os fitting in his .presence^ while she spurns from her own, the humble child of poverty, and affliction?
I have just returned from my first visit to Doctor Severan^-the gentleman to whole attentions Grey has most particularly recommended me; nor could he, .according to the opinion of Delomocd, have done me a more essential service. My accomplished friend, who was, it seems, the companion of his youthful studies, tells me, that at the university, it appeared evident- that he was born to be the ornament of Science. Whilst other young men were pursuing the gaudy phantom of pleasure, his time was occupied in investigating the Laws of Nature, in tearing the choicest secrets from her reluctant bosom, or, in tracing her foot-steps through the various phænomena of the material world.—Nor, continued Delomond, as we drove to this .gentleman's house, is he less estimable as a man, than respectable as a philosopher. But, indeed, the connection between philosophy and virtue, k "so natural, that it is only their separation that can excite surprise'; for is not the very basis of science, a sincere and disinterested love of truth? An enlarged view of things cannot fail to destroy the effects of prejudice: and while it awakens in the mind, the most sublime ideas of the great original cause-; it promotes, most necessarily, a detestation of every thing that is mean or base," We jttft then stopped at the door of his 'friend, and were ushered into an apart-ment surrounded with shelves of books, arranged in no very good order; every table, and almost every feat, was occupied by numerous odd shaped vessels, some of glass, and others of metal, but for what use I could not poffibly comprehend. The phildsopher himself, at length appeared. A tall thin man, of about forty years of age, his dress put on in a manner particularly careless; but his countenance, so mild, and serious! it was the very personification of benignity. 'He appeared rejoiced at seeing Delomond, who, if poflible, was exalted in my esteem, by seeing the degree of estimation in which he was held by the philosopher. Myself he received in the most gracious manner; and, by his kindness to me, he gave the most convincing proof of his regard for my friend Grey, of whom, indeed, be spoke very handsomely. He informed me, that Lady Grey, widow to the brother of our friend, was then at her country residence, but that her brother, Sir Caprice Ardent, for whom I.had likewise a letter of intro
ducticn, was in London; and added, that he should do himself the pleasure of accompanying me to the house of this gentleman, the day after to-morrow; and hoped that I would come to eat my breakfas i with him, before we went. You will smile at the invitations and, no doubt, be surprised to find this philosopher, whom one would expect to soar above the practices and notions of the vulgar, taking such a method of shewing his hospitality; but it is a difficult thing to get the better of early prejudice; nor does the generality of mankind in any country, enquire into the propriety of customs, to which they have been rendered familiar by use. Though to us it appears highly absurd, as well as grossly indelicate, to fee people looking in* each others' faces while they chew theirfood, andcallingit sociable to swallow their morsel at the same moment; it is possible, that these Europeans may think our solitary manner of eating equally ridiculous j and if they abstain from censuring it, is it uot a proof of their being more enlightened? Often have I observed to you, and often do I see reason to repeat the observation,. that it is they only who have conquered the force of prejudice in themselves, that can make any allowance for the effects of it in others. Vol. II. C
Coffee-houses, similar to that described in one of my letters from Calcutta, are to be met with in every quarter of this city. Those I have here seen, are schools of politics, resorted to by all who take an interest in public affairs ;—a true and authentic statement of which is daily printed en large sheets of paper, and copies are, I am told, sent to every part of the island. In the Coffee-houses, these are handed about from politician to politician, and furnish matter for the general discourse. For my part, though possessed of a sufficient share of curiosity, I did not care to be too forward in seeking to pry into the state affairs of the country; but having accompanied Delomond, yesterday, into a neighbouring ' coffee-house, and hearing a gentleman who sat near me, declare, that the paper he was then perusing, wa« indubitably published under the immediate direction of the British minister, I could not restrain my impatience, to-examine its contents—and the moment he laid it down, I eagerly flew to its perusal.
It is impossible to describe to you, the admiration with which the reading of this paper inspired me, for the talents and virtues of this sapient noble, who presides in the supreme councils of this happy nation. So extensive! so multifarious! so minute were the subjects of his concerns, that one contemplates with astonishment, the mind that is capable of grasping such an infinity of objects. In one paragraph, .he reports to the natioD, the account of a victory whichtheir armies had obtained. or nearly obtained over the forces of their Christian enemies; tells the number of the stain— of thole who are .still suffering the agonies of pain, far from the soothing balm of affection! far from the healing consola3 lions of friendship !—To the families of such as are in a situation to afiord the expensive insignia of sorrow, the names of their.fallen friends are announced; but, to the poor, who can only aflbrd to wear mourning ip their hearts, there is no neceffity of giving such a particular account of their friends; it is sufficient for them to know, that few, very few of them can ever again behold their native homes! In the next paragraph, this puissant statesman informs the world of the safe arrival in town of Sir Dapper Dawdle, in his phaeton and four; which, and many similar pieces of intelligence, are, no doubt, given with the beneficent intention of informing the poor and wretched, where they may find their benefactors; those, who by their liberal and repeated