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ALIEN PASSENGERS AT NON-IMMIGRATION PORTS.
Table I. shows that the alien passengers arriving at non-immigration ports from European and Mediterranean ports numbered 4,214 during the year, of whom 1,250 were stated to be proceeding to a destination outside the United Kingdom, and 1,200 were seamen. (Table III. P.)
ALIEN PASSENGERS TO AND FROM EXTRA-EUROPEAN PORTS.
With regard to the extra-European traffic, the only figures that can be given for the whole year are those of transmigrants outwards (Table VI.), which have already been dealt with. Other figures of extra-European traffic both inwards and outwards, are collected in returns which have only gradually been getting into working order during the year, and it is not possible to show any complete results for 1906.
The provisions of Section 1 of the Act as to inspection apply to the inward portion of this traffic as well as to that of the European traffic, but as regards the vast majority of the alien steerage passengers they operate in a different manner. The power of the Secretary of State to exempt immigrant ships from inspection upon certain conditions has already been referred to. In pursuance of this provision total exemption from section 1 of the Act has been granted to certain shipping companies as regards such of their ships as are immigrant ships within the meaning of the Act, upon bond being given that no undesirable immigrants will be landed in the United Kingdom from those ships except for the purposes of transit. Under the obligation thus imposed a number of aliens deported on warrant during 1906 as undesirable from the United States and Canada-including 21 deported as insane and 22 on other medical grounds-and brought to this country were not allowed to remain in the United Kingdom.
The companies to which total exemption has been granted include almost all the great passenger lines to and from the United States, British North America, South Africa, and Australia, and the result is that as regards the bulk of the alien steerage passenger movement from extra-European ports, the Act operates by means of the bond above mentioned.
ALIEN PASSENGERS OUTWARDS AT CROSS-CHANNEL PORTS.
The returns which deal with the outward European traffic could not be brought into operation until about the middle of last year, and were not fully furnished until a later period, except at the cross-channel ports.
Table IX. gives for the period July 1st to December 31st, the number of alien passengers outwards at the cross-channel ports of Dover, Folkestone, Harwich, Newhaven, Queenborough and Southampton, divided into classes. The ports of destination on the Continent were Calais, Ostend, Boulogne, Hook of Holland, Antwerp, Dieppe, Flushing, Havre, Cherbourg, and St. Malo. The total number of such passengers was 130,209, of whom 66,906 were firstclass, 45,406 second-class, and 19,897 third-class. 47,224 embarked at Dover, 23,671 at Newhaven, 19,187 at Harwich, 17,754 at Folkestone, 15,070 at Queenborough, and 7,303 at Southampton. Owing to the conditions under which this traffic is carried on, it is impossible to procure any further information with regard to the alien passengers than that embodied in the table.
PROSECUTIONS UNDER SECTION 1 (5) OF THE ACT.
The masters of two ships which arrived in the Port of London were prosecuted in January and April respectively for allowing immigrants to land who had been refused leave to land. In one case a fine of £10, with £10 10s. costs, was imposed, and in the other case a fine of 1s.
POOR LAW AND OTHER RELIEF GRANTED TO ALIENS.
Appendix II. shows the number and nationality of aliens who received Poor Law relief during 1906 in London and certain provincial unions. The total number relieved was 6,050, of whom 2,039 received in-door relief, 3,101 out-door relief, and 548 were vagrants. The number of aliens sent to lunatic asylums was 266. Of the total number who received relief, including vagrants, 3,231 were Russians and Poles, 898 Germans, 298 Italians, 241 Norwegians, Swedes and Danes, 188 Austrians, Hungarians and Bohemians, and 856 belonged to other nationalities. Appendix III. contains particulars of the relief granted to aliens by certain charitable organizations. It was not possible to obtain statements for the year from certain other societies, but these will, I hope, be embodied in the Report for 1907.
In conclusion, I desire to express my deep obligation to Mr. Robert Henderson, C.B., Secretary to the Board of Customs, and to Mr. J. L. Mackie, of that department, for the great assistance they have rendered during the year, and to all the Collectors of Customs at the immigration ports for their invariable courtesy and consideration. My thanks are also due to Mr. Norman Hill, Secretary of the Liverpool Steamship Owners' Association, who has never failed to give me the advantage of his great experience and knowledge.
I am, Sir,
Your most obedient Servant,
W. HALDANE PORTER.
April 10th, 1907.
TABLE I.-General Summary of the Alien Passengers landed in the United
TABLE II.-Return of certain alien passengers landed in the United Kingdom during 1906 from ports in Europe and the Mediterranean Sea :
A. Grouped according to ports of arrival...
TABLE III.-Return of Alien Passengers landed in the United Kingdom during 1906 from ports in Europe and the Mediterranean Sea, distinguishing ports of arrival and departure:
A. Port of Arrival: The Immigration Port of Cardiff, including)
TABLE IV.-Nationality of certain alien passengers landed in the United Kingdom during 1906 from ports in Europe and the Mediterranean Sea :
TABLE V.-Nationality of certain alien passengers landed at London during 1906 from ports in Europe and the Mediterranean Sea, grouped according to ports of departure :
TABLE VI.-Transmigrants entering the United Kingdom during 1906 :
A. Grouped to show port of arrival, port of departure, and nationality... 28-29
TABLE VII.-Return of cases in which leave to land was withheld at port of
A. Grouped according to ports of arrival ...
TABLE IX.-Return of alien passengers leaving the United Kingdom by the "Channel ports" for the Continent during the six months ended 31st December, 1906
GENERAL SUMMARY of the ALIEN PASSENGERS landed in the UNITED KINGDOM during 1906 from ports in EUROPE and the MEDITERRANEAN SEA.
Including passengers brought in one Bremen ship and in one Hamburg ship touching at Antwerp. + Including passengers brought in a Hamburg ship touching au Boulogne.
Including 3,040 day-trippers.
§ Including 1,437 day-trippers.
Including passengers brought in four Copenhagen ships touching at Scandinavian Ports.
Including passengers brought in two Mediterranean ships touching at Spanish and Portuguese Ports
++ Including passengers brought in three Spanish ships touching at La Rochelle.