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provided, whilst these things should be figured, His union as Jesus with the DIVINITY, in the office of priest, should be at the same time not discountenanced, but enforced, as signified by the declared union of the son of Nun in the cha«. racter of Jesus. with the person of El-eAZER the high priest, (a) so close, that his movements were to be considered as those of this priest, GOD THE HELPER : according to which the true JESUS says, as THE FATHER (this God in him so called) gave me commandment, so I do, Joh. xiv. 31. But that there might be no doubt this office was contained in the character, as its most essential part and the spring of all the rest, the fon of JeHose DeCH, who was the high-priest, has to perfea the representation the name Jesus, and is described in the same words, ftationed for the use of the person of The ANGEL Jehovah, i. c. the true [EL-CAZER] GOD THE HELPER. The only difference is that the type of THE God, for the use of whom the fon of Nun was fationed, is in one instance called the high-priest; in this other the son of JoseDeCH, stationed for the use of this angel Jehovah, is so called : in other terms, that the DIVINITY in connection with Man is fo ftiled in the one place, in this other Man in wnion with this God; to shew the true
(a) He is therefore mentioned first in conjunction with Jekoshua as the portioner-eat of the typic inheritance, Num,
Jėsus should be such in both respects, which without this distinction in the two typic persons could not have been signified; as well as to prove the priefly office is included in this character ; it being annexed to it in the for of Nun, and actually borne in it by this son of JoseDeCH.
Being therefore an high pries in this connection, he was an hallowed person, and made a MESSIAH or CHRIST, for in Ex. xxix. 7, on the confecration of AARON, &c. Jehovah says to Moses take the anointing oil (of Jehovah, Lev. xvi. 7,) and pour it upon his head, and (onun MeseHet} anoint him (a) - and ver. 29, the holy garments of AARON shall be his fons after him, to be [Mesen e] anointed therein So c. xl. 13, thou sbalt (Mesen] Anoint him, and SANCTIFY him that he may minister anto Me in the PRIEST'S office; by which he became a Messiah ar ANOINTED ONE, and by being this, a priest, as others did kings, Pf. ii. 1. Lam. 20. and prophets, I. Ixi. 1. But left men should not draw this easy conclufion, in c. iv, 4, 5, 16. 6. vi. 159 she facrificing priest is repeatedly called (b) Mese SIAH or CHRIST in order to give the people an
idea (a) Compare Lev. viii. 12. (6) Hence Euseb. in Eccl. Hiß.b. I. c. 3. says juftly, “ sbis
name was of old honoured among the prophets, &c. Fir& of " all, Moses knowing the name of Christ to be most espe“ cially venerable and glorious, when he delivered types and " symbols of heavenly things, &c, the man, whom he entitled,
as much as he might, the bigb-priest of God, the same he 6 Biled C# 216T, and thus to the dignity of the big baprieftbrod,
idea of what the true MESSIAH promised under this name should be and offer for them. They knew therefore, and the Jews must now own every priest was a MESSIAH, or CHRIST, as well as that to be a facrificing, atoning prieft was his office as CHRIST, and of course that this Jesus was such, as R. Levi, as well as Limborch's Jew calls him, p. 159. But if this is so, then what some may wonder at, but all should believe, is as clear as the sun at noon, that by the union of these titles in the person of this for of JoseDeCH, this priest, raler and judge, he was indeed called, and at that time most certainly known under, as he is now revealed to us by the very names of Jesus CHRIST, (our way of writing JeHOSHUA MESSIAH) as the confessed HIGH-PRIEST, INTERCESSOR and MEDIATOR between God and man, as the acknowledged ADVOCATE of the ranfomed people; and that his facrifice and service was under stood to be, and regarded by the people as the propitiatory facrifice and service of a Jesus CHRIST, through which they and the nations afar off had pardon from, peace with, and access by faith to the grace of, God. A confideration enough to convert the Jews, who would liften
« &c. for honor and glory put the name of CHRIST, &c. The name of CHRIST hath
made figurative CHRISTS, and - certain of the prophets, &c. Theophylact also on Mat. i, p. 4, says “ Kings and priefts were 6 called CHRISTS."
to the voice of the prophets and are really concerned for the faluation of their souls, and also proving that this Jesus as MESSIAH had, like his figure Phineas, Jehovah ASSOCIATE with him. For if he was a type, it follows the Jesus of the gospel is the CHRIST.
Now the fame arguments which have proved the fon of Nun will prove him also to have borne ir as such. For to make it a name proper to him he must have been really, or in type, what it signifies. But that he was not the very [JeH] ESSENCE THE (HOSHUA) SAVIOR in the flesh, the very CHRIST is on all hands al. lowed. It remains then he was this only as a type of Him who was to come, and be really such ; and they must have viewed this person under his title of JESUS CHRIST, or CHRIST Jesus the bigh-priest in this light, or seen him in a false one. Accordingly the Jews rank him among him among the personal types. The apostle affirms their priests were such, as does Philo after them. Tertullian, p. 401, says, “ in the person of JeHOSHUA, nay, in the sign of " the very name, the true HIGH-PRIEST of “ THE FATHER, CHRIST Jesus is figured in “ Zec. iii. 1. c. vi. 11." Juft. Mart. against Trypha in Zec. p. 343, 344, says, “ this was “ the præconium or proclamation of the things “ to be done by our high-pries, both God and « CHRIST, the son of the FATHER of all
“ things.” Eusebius Ecc. Hift. B. I. c. 3, speak. ing of the persons called CHRIST, says, “ all " these have a relation unto the true CHRIST, the « divine and heavenly WORD, the only high
priest of the whole world, &c.". Jerom, tom. II. p. 158, IV. 139. V. 199, 223, 226, 236, 239, makes him a figure, and some in his days indeed thought him the true Jesus, as I think S. Cyprian does p. 406, because of its plain reference to Him, and because the distinction of the fon of Jeho SEDECH is wanting in c. iii. 1. Ambrose, tom. III. 778, thought him a type according to his rule. (a) The bishops in G. B. insert this marginal note (m) on Zec. vi. 11. “ JEHOSHUA must represent the Mes
SIAH, who was both priest and king,” on ver. 12, note (u) meaning CHRIST, of whom “ JeHOSHUA was a figure, for in Greek they " were both called Jesus," and on the words he fall bear THE GLORY, note (9), 66 whereof “ JEHOSHUA had but a shadow.” Our present translation gives the contents of Zec. iii, thus, “ under the type of Joshua the restoration of “ the church is promised ;” and of c. vi. 9, thus, “ by the crowns of Joshua are thewed “ the temple and kingdom of CHRIST, THE “ BRANCH.” Broughton, p. 351. Andrew's Ser, on Phil. ii. Pembellus, Calvin, Mercer,
(a) All the holy men almost, &c, in some respect prefigured