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meaning CHRIST's Divinity, which proof of it he then teaches the people, (how weakly will appear in its place,) to evade. Great reason therefore had the divines, who fled in Q. Mery's reign and tranflated the bible, (from thence called the Geneva bible, though printed at London,) to affirm, as they do, that by “restoring the names to their integrity many places of “ the SS and secret mysteries of the Holy « Ghost shall better be understanded.” and to speak of them as having “ some godly * advertisements in them," and being “ memo“ rials, though they have been forgotten and “ now seem strange to us," and for these caufes to give a version of them. Whence the learned Broughton says, p. 198, “ God giveth no
names at random, but to fingular great use, to “ make plain the story, as in the whole course " of SS is seen. Bochart (a) was so well convinced of this defign in the names, that he confelles “ it was of great service to him in his " work to observe the signification of the " words, which are seldom" (he might have faid never) “ without their due significancy;" and truly adds, “ if they are not written in «« vain, neither can the explication of them be " without its use.” From all which we may gather this firm conclusion, that it is agreeable to the nature of language, to the matter of fact
in (a) In his preface to Pbaleg.
in every age of revelation, both before, in the time of, and after CHRIST, and to the sentiments of Jews and CHRISTIANS, that the NAMES were given to be, and therefore are so many notorious indexes or memorials of, or (as Mr. Locke has it (a),) stand“ for ideas” of certain properties of persons or things, which they then had, or were to have in time to come ; and which fo belonged to them, as to make their respective names to be, truly and ftretly fpeaking, proper names.
But if names in general are found to be these indexes or memorial signs of the characters or properties of persons, &c. then, without all doubt, the more frequent and eminent any particular name is, the more extraordinary and interesting the occasion on which it was given, the less reasonably can it be supposed to stand in the revelation of God without an important meaning. Now what name in the New Testament (for its place in the Old will be spoken of in its order) is more frequently mentioned than that of JESUS? It has been computed by Genebrard to occur, in the epiftles of St. Paul only, 500 times. Much more frequent must its occurrence be, if the Gospels and the rest of the New Teftament are taken into the account. Nor is it more distinguished for the frequency of its occurrence, than for its transcendent dignity and
eminence, (a) Efa, &cc, vol, I, b. 2,
eminence darkning all human, all created glory. The bearer of it is revealed to be God manifef in the flesh, 1 Tim. iii. 16; GoD the WORD, John i. 1; the GREAT and TRUE LIGHT, Mat. iv. 16. John i. 9; the MAKER of all things, v. 3; the son OF MAN which is in heaven, 6. iii. 13. Mat. 13, 14. xxvi. 64. Dan. vii. 13, 14; the Son of God, Euk. i. 35; of the HIGHEST, v. 32 ; of the MOST HIGH GOD, Mar. v. 7; the SAVIOR of the world, Luk. i. 11. John iv. 42 ; He that mould REDEEM ISRAEL, c. xxiv. 21; the HOLY ONE OF God, Luk. iv. 34; the MESSIAH or CHRIST, Mark viii. 29. John iv. 26, &c. the END' or “ CONSUMMATION" of the law, Rom. X. 4; He of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets. did write, John i. 45. c. 5. 46; the great PROPNET, who should come into the world, c. vi. 14 ; the great HIGH-PRIEST, Heb. iv, 14; who came ta give His life a. ransom for the multitude, Mat. XX. 28; and by. His own bloodi entered once into the holy place (heaven) having qbtained eternal redemption for us, Heb. ix. Il; the KING of kings, and LORD of lords, Rev. xix. 16; with all power in heaven and earth, Mat. xxviii. 18; the JUDGE of the world, the quick and dead, Atts X. 42. c. xvii. 31; the GLORY of his people, Luke ii. 32, Jahn ii. lI. Characters these, that place him indeed for aboue all principality, and. power; and his name, what it is declared to be,
far above every name, that is named, Ephef. ii 21, Then the occasion, on which it was given, is most extraordinary and interesting. It was at a time of a general expectation of the MESSIAH or CHRIST to be the greater GLORY of the fecond temple, Hag. ii. 10, at the fulness of time predicted for His advent, Gal. iv. 4. Dan. ix. 25. when all ranks of people were waiting for the kingdom predicted in Dan. c. ii. 44, to take place on the abolishing of the image, (which the Roman taxation fully proved,) and for the MESSIAH; and were looking for the signal characteristics or tokens of Him, the [T+32 NeGiD] GOVERNOR, Mati ii. Luk. i. 66. ii. 25, 31. which made all men mufe in their bearts of John, if he were not the Christ, iii. 15. - made the wife men come to search him out, Mat. ii. and the Jews fend to JOHN to enquire, John i. 19, 21. who he was, whether the Christ or ELIAS, or that PROPHET? (referring to Deut. xviii. 15,) which made the woman of SAMARIA fay to her people, Is not He the Christ? John iv, 29,—and many thus speak When the Christ cometh will he de more miracles than this man bath done? 6. vii. 31 ; and others say, This is the CHRIST, v. 41, &c. It was at the time when the Baptiff's father had been so wonderfully visited in the fight of all the people, Luke i. 10, 21, 22 ; when the vision, the falutation of the virgin, and the prophecies concerning her son were noifed
abroad through all the hill-country of JUDEA, v. 65; and when God was about to bring into the world the PERSON who was this desire of all the nations, Hag. ii. 8. to restore the tribes of Israel, to be a LIGHT to lighten the GenTILES, Luk. ii. 32, and to be His salvation unto the ends of the earth, Is. xlix. 6: nay, further, at the very juncture, when the suspicions, JoSEPH had entertained about his espoused wife, were to be removed by a discovery of the wonderous circumstance and a description of the Person to be born, and he to be awed thereby into resignation and obedience. We have therefore the strongest grounds for saying, that this moft excellent name, afligned on so important. and critical a juncture, to a person of such exalted characters, must have a determinate meaning, equal in importance to this occafion, and the high dignity and office He undertook to be manifest in and perforin. If the eminent personages in SS have their fignificancy, as the Jews confess they have, much more must the name of the MESSIAH, of whom they own these but to be lively svadows and figures. Which will be yet clearer, if we take into our confideration that the name, at this time given HIM, was not (a) “ unadvisedly or accidentally im“ posed at the pleasure of a man,” neither conferred by a man claiming a divine direction, but
As Calvin words it Inf. b. II, c. xvi. $ s.