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[6] from me all my toil and all my father's house, c. xli. 51. And the name of the second called he EPHRAIM, the ONE MADE TO BE FRUITFUL;" for God hath [13997 EPHRA-NI] caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction, ver. 52.. PHARAOH's daughter, who took Moses for her son, called his name Moses," the DELIVERED ONE, as well as “DELIVERER;” and or for she said, because [1990's Mositu) I drew or delivered him out of the water. Ex. ii. 10.

When ZIPPORAH bare a fon, Moses called his name GERSHOM, " the s'TRANGER,” or SOJOURNING NAME;" for he said, I have been [Ger] a franger in a strange land, ver. 22. After him in the time of the judges, when Gideon had cast down the altar of Baal, and JoAsh his father said unto all that food against him, will you plead for BAAL, &c. ? therefore on that day he called him JERUBBAAL, " the IMPLEADER WITH [BAAL] THE RULING ONE;". saying, let BAAL (27. Jerub] plead against him, because he hath thrown down his altar. Judg. vi. 30, 31, 32. Naomi said unto the people of Beth-lehem, call me not NAOMI, call me [reore MARA] the same as Mary, " the EMBITTERED ONE;" for the ALMIGHTY hath (W7 E-Mar] dealt very bitterly with me, &c. Ruth, c.i. 20. So PHINEHAS's wife named her child I-CHABOD, the

BE DESIRED GLORY,” saying, [1939 nba GeLE CHABOD] the GLORY is departed




from ISRAEL, I S. iv. 21.

The WORD OF the LORD said prophetically of SOLOMON, Behold a son shall be born to thee, who fhall be a man of reft, and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about : for his name hall be [oost Solome or Eng!.] Solomon, “ the one TO BE PEACE;" and I will give (Siw Solom] peace and quietness unto Israel in his days. 1 C. xxii. 9. as also foretold in Ps. lxxii, 3, 7. In Isaiah's time the LORD said unto him concerning the son of the prophetess, call his name MAHAR-SHALAL-HASH-BAZ, SPEED TO THE SPOIL HE HASTNETH THE PREY," Marg. for before the child fall have knowledge to cry s my father and my mother,” the riches of DAMASCUS and [550 Shalal] the spoil of SAMARIA shall be taken away before the king of ASSYRIA. IS. c. viii. 3, 4. Of the city JERUSALEM, the type of the human nature of the Messiah, and of his mystic body, the church, it is said, thou shalt be called HEPHZ-I-BAH, “MY DELIGHT (is) IN HER,” and thy land BeuLAH, the MARRIED ONE;" for the LORD [ron Hephez 73 Bek] delighteth in thee, and thy land shall be [syon Te-BeoL] married. c. lxii. 4. OF GOMER's fon the LORD said unto Hosea, call his name JEZREEL, the seed or ARM OF GOD;" for yet a little while and I will avenge the blood of JEZRĘEL upon the house of Jesu, " the EXISTING ONE" or " ESSENCE," &c. Hof. i. 4. ; and of the daughter

call her name LORUHAMAH, for I will [x's LO] no more (>1x A-Ruham] have mercy upon the house of ISRAEL, &c. ver. vi. of the other son, call his name LO-AMMI: for ye are ['OYS Lo AMMI] not my people, and I will not be your GOD, ver. 9.

Sufficient proofs these of the propriety with which the NAMEs in SS were given, and that we may say of them all, what ABIGAIL said of NaBAL, AS HIS NAME is so is HE, I S. xxv. 25. as was evidently true in his case, according to her comment upon it; NABAL, “ the FOOLISH or EMPTIED OUT ONE" (is) HIS NAME, and [nba: NaBale) FOLLY, or EMPTINESS, (is) WITH HIM,

ver. 25

From hence it is no wonder we should find the tradition of such defcriptive, nay, prophetic propriety in names among the revolting heathens, whose fore-fathers were well acquainted with this truth. The Athenians thought of nothing but triumphs in the Sicilian war, because Nicias, the general employed in it, had his name from (rexn, Nike] victory, which good men were of opinion was a favourable prefage. Nay, we learn from Plato in his Cratylus, it was matter of question even with the antient philosophers, whether there was not some secret fate or providence in it, that men should have names given them, so exactly tallying with their future circumftances


[9] in life, whether adverse or prosperous. Whence it is clear, whoever those antient philosophers were, that they, in order to make a question of it, must have known it for a truth, that there had been men who were thus correspondently named; or that such descriptive names had really been given to men: which, as it is an evidence of there hav. ing been a providential imposition of them, proves also the existence of the persons recorded under such names in SS; as they, and they alone ever bare or could bear such. The Greeks called such persons (Deparulice Pheronyma) persons of their own name, what they were called. Hence (Espnyatos) Irenæus, “ the peaceable one,' was so called by Eufebius, and Severus the emperor is said by Lampridius to be a severe or serious person and a man ( fui nominis) of, or answering to his own name; being what it fignified him.

The Albans and Sabines, and thence the Latins did doubtless from this original office or use of names first derive what they called Pre-nomen, set before their name, as Silvius Numitor, Titus Tatius, &c. ; their Prænomina being in plain English - Fore-names”, names given beforthand at a certain age, (ominis gratia) “ for the fake of” or “ by way of prediction" or " foretelling what should be their portion;" as Val. Max. Lib. 10, says Tullus was, from rollo, as one (tollendus) to be taken off ; the o being turned into H. The cognomen or Tur-name was



and so one added to that, which a man had of his father from some remarkable event or action. And the agnomen was the name or title which was added to a man's name, (as if it were adnomen) “ a name to a name,” say some ; but I rather think (from agnofco) as denoting fomewhat he was acknowledged to have done, or be ; as M. Portius Cato Cenforinus was called so from his office of censor, Scipio Africanus from his conquest of Africa, or William the conqueror, Edward the confesor, &c. And on the decline of the propriety in names, and of their correspondency with their after characters, which, it is evident, must have ceased, when not imposed by one who had a prophetic view of what the perfon was to be, or do, or when not given by one, that was under the over-ruling direction of HIM who had such view; people afterwards had these epithets given them, called prænomen, cognomen, and agnomen by the Romans, which were descriptive of what they had shewn themselves to be, or were commemorative of some passage in their lives; a practice, which has not only defcended to our times, in the additional titles of the great, the good, right honourable, &c. given to princes sometimes, and eminent persons; but is to be traced in the surnames of most people, which are in general descriptive, as Bird, Fox, Hart, Lyons, &c. though not designedly now of any charaEter of the people; and also in CHRIST


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