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may maintain, without being at bottom a But, besides this confideration, there is truly worthry man, I must observe farther, another of ftill higher importance, though I that besides the weight which it adds to cha- I am not sure of its being attended to as much racter, real virtue operates alto in other | as it deserves; namely, that from the founways, to the advantage of cloquence. tain of real and genuine virtue, are drawn

First, nothing is so favourable as virtue to those sentiments which will ever be most the prosecution of honourable studies. It powerful in affc&ting the hcarts of othersprompts a generous emulation to excel; it Bad as the world is, nothing has so great and inures to industry; it leaves the mind vacant univeual a cominand over the minds of inen and free, matter of itse!f, dilencumbered of as vireue. No kind of language is so generally those bad paffions, and disengaged from those understood, and so powerfully felt, as the nao mean pursuits, which have ever been found tive language of worthy and virtuous feelings. the greatest enemies to true proficiency. He only, therefore, who poffeftes these full Quinctilian has touched this contideration and strony, can speak properly, and in its Very properly: “ Quod fi agrorum nimia own language, to the heart. " cura, et follicitior rci familiaris diligentia, lubicêts and occasions, there is a dignity, " et venandi voluptas, et dati spectaculis dies, there is an energy in noble sentiments, which “ multum ftudiis auferunt, quid putamus is overcoming and irresistible. They give an “ facturas cupiditatem, avaritiam, invidiam ardour and a Hame to one's discourie, which “ Nihil enim eft tam occupatum, tam multi- felcom fails to kindle a like filaine in those who " forme, tot ac tam variis affcctibus conci- hear; and which, mere than any other cause, " lum, atque laceratum, quam mala ac im-beliows on eloquence that power, for which is " proba mens. Quis inter hæc, literis, aut is famed, of seizing and transporting an au" ulli bonæ arti, locus ? Non hercle magis dience. Here art and imitation will not avail.

quam frugibus, in terra fentibus ac rubis An assumed character conveys nothing of this occupata *.”

powerful warmth. It is only a native and

unaffected glow of feeling, which can trans*." If the management of an estate, if an- mit the emocion to others. Hence the most re“ xious attention to domestic economy, a par- nowned orators, such as Cicero and Demof" lon for hunting, or whole days given up to thenes, were no less distinguished for some of "public places and amusements, consume fo the high virtues, as public fpirit and 7: al for “ much time that is due to study, how much their country, than for eloquence. L'eyond "greater waste must be occafioned by licentious doubt, to these virtues their cloquerce owed " desires, avarice, or envy? Nothing is fo much s hurried and agitated, fo contradi&tory to its much of its citiet; and thotë' orari 25 of

felf, or to violently' torn and shattered by theirs, in which there breathcs mit the "confi&ing pallions, as a bad heart. Amid virtuous and magnanimous fpirit thofc “ the distraction which it produces, what room

which have most attracted the saltat.on of " is left for the cultivation of letters, or the ages. “ pursuit of any honourable art? No more

Nothing, therefore, is more nece!,! For “affaredly, than there is for the growth of thofe who would excel in any of the muner “corn in a field that is over-run with thorns kinds of oratory, than to cultivate labits of

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the several virtues, and to refine and improve great and high objects which mankind are
all their moral feelings. Whenever these naturally formed to admire. Joined with the
became dead, or callous, they may be assured, manly virtues, he thould, at the same time,
that on every great occafion, they will speak pofless strong and tender sensibility to all the
with less power, and less success. The fen- injuries, distresses, and sorrows, of his fellow.
timents and dispositions particularly requisite creatures; a heart that can casily relent; that
for them to cultivate, are the following: the can readily enter into the circumítances of
love of justice and order, and indignation at others, and can make their case his own. А
infolence and oppreffion ; the love of honcsty proper mixture of courage, and of modesty,
and truth, and detestation of fraud, mean- muit also be studied by every public speaker.
Dess, and corruption; magnanimity of spirit: Modesty is essential : it is always, and justly,
the love of liberty, of their country anel the supposed to be a concomitant of merit; and
public; zeal for all great and noble designs, cvery appearance of it is winning and pre-
and reverence for all worthy and heroic cha- possessing. But modesty ought not to run
racters. A cold and sceptical turn of mind into excessive timidity. Every public Speaker
is extremely adverfe to eloquence ; and no thould be able to reit somewhat on himself;
less fo, is that cavalling disposition which takes and to assume that air, not of self-compla-
pleasure in depreciating what is great, and cency, but of firmness, which bespeaks a
ridiculing what is generally admired. Such consciouiness of his being thoroughly per-
a disposition bespeaks one not very likely to fuaded of the truth or justice, of what he
cxcel in any thing; but lcast of all in oratory. delivers ; a circumstance of no small conse.
A true orator Thould be a person of generous quence for making impression on those who
fentiments, of warm feelings, and of a mind hear.
turned towards the admiration of all those

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CONTENTS.

C Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S.

INTRODUCTION; On Pronunciation, or Delivery : from Dr. Blair's Lectures –

NTRODUCTION; On Pronunciation, or Delivery: from Dr. Blair's Lectures

Pag. it.

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10

12

Hurd. 29

Blair. 19

Blair. 35

Seet.
Authors. Pag. Sect.

Authors. Pag. THE Vifion of Mirza Spectator. 1 23 Beginnings of Evil to be regsted 3 Omniscience, &c. of the Deity Spect. 6 25 Idleness avoided by observing it 27 4 On the Immortality of the Soul

8 26 Beginnings of Passion to be opposed 28 5 Duty of children to their parents

27 Government of the Temper

23 6 Importance of Time

28 Usefulness of virtuous Discipline 29 7 Punilament of mis-spent Time Guard. 14 29 True and false Politeness 8 Importance of Time to Youth Cbekerf. 16 30 Temple of virtuous Love

Tailer. 31 Speg. 17 31 of Luft

32 10 Neceffity of forming Religious Principles 32

of Virtue

32 at au early Age

33
of Vanity

33 11 of early acquiring virtuous Dif

34 of Avarice

34 pofitions and Habits

19 35 Pungency of guilty Pallion 12 Happinefs and Dignity of Manhood

36 On Gratitude

Speel. 36 depend on youthful Conduct

37 Bad Company

Gilpin. 36 13 Religion never co be treated with Le 38 Ridicule one of the chief Arts of vity

Corruption

39 14 Temperance in pleasure recommended 39 On Honour

Guard. 40 15 Irregular Pleasures, bad Effects of

40 On Modesty

Spest. 42 16 Industry and Application in Youth

4. The Choice of Hercules

Tatier. 43 17 Employment of Time 18 Necefity of an early and close Application

to Wisdom 19 Unhappiness of not early improving

CATECHETICAL LECTURES. thc Mind

24 20 Affluence not to exempt from Study 25 42 Introduction to the Catechism

Gilair. 45 21 Advantages of a Place of Education 25 43 On the Creed--the Belief of God 46 22 Discipline of a Place of Education 26 44 On the Belief of Jelus Chiift

49

20

21 21

21
22

22

Seed. 23

57 65

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Sect.
Authors. Pag. Sect.

Authors. Page 45 On the Conception and Birth of

63 Of Exodus

Chapone. 95 Chrift

Gilpin. $3 64 Leviticus, Numbers, and Deum 46 On Christ's Ascension; Belief in the

teronomy

96 Holy Ghost

Joshua

97 47 On the Holy Catholic Church 60 | 66 Judges, Samuel, and Kings

97 48 On the Resurreâion of the Body

62 67

Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, and 49 On the Ten Commandments

64

Esther go Worship and Honour of God 68 68 Job

98 51 Honour due to God's Word

71 69 the Pralms 52 Duties owing to particular Persons 73 | 70 the Proverbs, Ecclefiastes, So53 Duty to our Teachers and Instruc

lomon's Sorg, the Prophelies,
tors, &c.

74
and Apocrypha

100 54 Behaviour to Superiors

7771
the New Testament

IOI 55 Against wronging our Neighbour by

72 - our Saviour's Example, &c. injurious Words

781-73 Comparative View of the Blefied and
by injurious Actions

81
Cursed

103 57 Duties to ourselves 83 | 74 Character of St. Paul

104 58 On covering other Men's Goods

86 75 Of the Epistles 59 On the Sacrament of Baptism

Epistle of St. James

106 160 On the Sacrament of the Lord's Sup

77 Epistle of St. Peter, &c. 106 per

Revelation

106 79 A Morning Prayer for a young Student at School

Apthorpe. 107 So Evening Prayer

107 61 Scriptures the Rule of Life Chatonc. 93 81 The Lord's PRAYER

108 62 Of Genclis

94

101

56

TOS

89 76

90 / 78

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Seet,
Authors. Pag. Sect.

Authors. Pag. 14. Style, Nervous and Feeble Blair. 117 44 Of Pacuvius and Actius

Spence. 133 15 Harihness of

che Rise of Satire; of Lucilius,
16
the Dry

118
Lucretius and Catullus

136 17 the Plain

- the Criticisms or Cicero, &c. 137 18 the Neat

120 47 - the flourishing State of Poetry
19 the Elegant

among the Romans
the Florid
121 48 Observations on the Æneid

139
21 Simplicity, different kinds of
122 49 Of Horace

140 appears easy

12350 Tibullus, Propertius, and Ovid 145 23 Naiveté

12351
Phadrus

142 24 Ancients eminent for

124 52
Manilius

143 25 che Characteristic of Tillotson's

53 the Poets whose Works have not
Style

124
come down to us

143
26 of Sir W. Temple's Style 125 54 the Fall of Poetry among the Ro-
of Mr. Addison's Style
125

145
28
of Style-never varies

126 1 55
- Lucan

144
29 Lord Shafieibury deficient in
126 1 56 Perfius

145 30 On the Veheinent Style 12757 - Silius, Statius, and Val. Flaccus

145 31 lord D lingbruke excelled in it 128 58 Martial

147 32 Directions for forming a Style

Juvenal

147 33 Practice necessary for forming a

60 the Introduction, Improvement, Style

129

and Fall of the Arts at Rome 148 34 Words, too anxious a care about to

61 Decline of the Arts, Eloquence, and be avoided

129

Poctry, on Augustus's Death 148 35 Acquaintance with the best Authors

62. On the great Historical Ages neceflary to the Formation of a 63 On the English Conftitution Monte/?. 152 Style 130 | 64 Of Columbus, and America

Voliaire. 159 36 A servile Imitation to be avoided 13065 Influence of Science on Men Roberts. 165 37 Style must be adapted to the Subject 13166 Respect paid to old Age 38 Attention to Style must not detract

67 On Pætus and Arria

Pliny. 168 from Attention to Thought 13168 Sidonians Choice of a King Q. Curt. 169 39 Of the Rise of Poetry among the 69 Refignation of Charles V.

Roberts. 170 Romans

Spence. 132 70 A remarkable Instance of Filial
40 Of Livius, Nævius, and Ennius

133
Duty

Pliny. 172
41
Plautus

134 71 Continence of Scipio Africanus Livy. 173 Terence

134 72 Private Life of Æmilius Scipio Rollin. 174 Afranius

135

128 ) 59

06

Voltaire. 149

Speét. 168

5 1

BOOK

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