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The Official Log-book is the log-book which the master is compelled to keep in the form prescribed by the municipal law of the country to which the vessel belongs.

The Ship's Log is the log kept by the master or mate for the information of the owners of the vessel.

The Builder's Contract is found on board a vessel which has not changed hands since she was built. It sometimes serves, in the absence of the pass or sea-letter or certificate of registry, for verification of a vessel's nationality.

The Bill of Sale is the instrument by which a vessel is trans. ferred to a purchaser. It should be required whenever a sale of a vessel is alleged to have been made either during the war or just previous to its commencement, and if there is any reason to suspect that the vessel is liable to detention, either as an enemy's vessel or as a British or allied vessel trading with the enemy.

Bills of Lading usually accompany each lot of goods.

A Bill of Lading on board a vessel is a duplicate of the document given by the master to the shipper of goods on the occasion of the shipment; it specifies the name of the shipper, the date and place of the shipment, the name and destination of the vessel, the description, quantity, and destination of the goods, and the freights which are to be paid.

The Invoices, which should always accompany the cargo, contain particulars of each parcel of goods, with the amount of the freight, duties, and other charges thereon, and specify the name and address of the shippers and consignees.

The Manifest is a list of the vessel's cargo, containing the mark and number of each separate package, the names of the shippers and consignees; a specification of the quantity of goods contained in each package, as rum, sugar, &c., and also an account of the freight corresponding with the bills of lading. In many cases packages are signed for "contents unknown.”

The Manifest is usually signed by the ship-broker who clears the vessel out at the custom-house, and by the master.

The Clearance is the certificate of the custom-house authorities of the last port from where the vessel touched, to show that the custom duties have been paid. The clearance specifies the cargo and its destination.

Shipping Articles are the agreements for hiring seamen. They should be signed by every seaman on board, and should describe accurately the voyage and the terms for which each seaman ships, and specify the provisions to be given.

Crew List and Shipping Articles.-Upon arriving in a foreign country the master of a vessel deposits these papers with the Consul representing the flag which covers the vessel, and takes a receipt therefor: these papers are returned to the master when clearing from his Consul.

The Bill of Health is a certificate that the vessel comes from a place where no contagious distemper prevails, and that none of her crew were infected at the time of her departure, and is endorsed if any sickness was prevalent.

TIME AND KNOT TABLE. The figure in this table which corresponds to the time in which a vessel

passes cver the measured knot is her rate of speed per hour in knots.

Secs.

2 min. 3 min.'4 min. 5 min. 6 min. 7 m. 8 m. 9 m. io m. 11 m. 12 m. 13m. 14 m.

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30'000 20'000 15000 12'000 10'000 8.571'7*500 6667 6*o0o 5*455'5'000 4'615 4.286 1 29'752 19.890 14'938 11.960' 9'972 8.5517 484 6'654'5'990 5.4464.993 4 609 4 281 2 29-508 19*780'14876 11.921 9*945'8'531 7-469 6.6425.980 5 438 4.986 4.604 4275 3 29.268 19:672 14.815 11.881 9'917,8 511 7'453,6'6305-970 5*430 4'979 4.598 4-270 4 29-032 19-565 14754 11'842 9890 8.49174386.618 5'460 5.422 4 972 4.592 4:265 5 28'800 19-459 14694 11*803 99863'8:4717*423 6606 5.950 5'414 4-965 4.586 4'260 6 28.571 19*355 14'634 11°765 9-836 8:451 7 407 695935947'5'405 4.959 4 580 4:255 7 28-346 19-251 14'57511°726 9809'8.4317392 6.581'5931 5'397 4 952 4*574 4:250 8 28*125 19:149 14'516 116688 9783,8.411 7.377,6.569 5'9215'389 4'945485684245 9 27'907 19'048 14'45811650 9756 8.392 7-362 6.5575911 5-381 4 938 4 563 4240 10 27.692 18.947 14 400 11613 9730 8·372 7*347 6.545 5 902 5*373 4.931 4'557 4'235 II 27.481 18·848 14-343 114576 9*704 5.363 7'332 6'534 5'892 5*365 4'925 4.551 4'230 12 27'273 18.750 14.286 17°538 9'677 8.333 7 317 6.522 5.88256357 4'9184'545 4'225 13 27'06811653 14'229 11.502 96518-314 7.302 6510 5*873 5'349 4'9114'5404-220 14 26-866 18.557 14:273 11.465 9'626 8.2957*287 6:498 5*863 5*341 4'9054-534 4215 15 26-667 18:461 14'118 11.429 9600 8.276,72736-486,58545-333,4898 4.528 4'210 16 26 471 18.367 14*062 114392 9.574 8.257 7.258 6:475'5844 5*325,4-891 4.523 4.206 17 26:277 18:274 14'008 11.3569-549 8:2387'2436.463 5'8355-318.4-885 4.51714-201 18 26°087 18*182 134953 11•321 9*524 8.219 7*229 6.452 5*825.5*310'4-878 4.511 4'196 19 25*89918.090 13.900 1r.285 9-499 8.200 7*2146.440 5*816 5 302'4*871 4.5064-191 20 25*714 18.000 13084611.250 9'474 8*182 7-2006-4295-8065*2944-865 4.500 4.766 21 25 532 17*910 13*793 11.215 9.449 8'163,7*1866.417 5 797 5:286 4858 4 494 4'181 22 25-352 17082213-740 11.180 9424.8.145 7'1716-406,59788 5271'4*852 4.489 4.176 23 25*175 17-734 13.688 11-146' 9*399 8'126 7 157 6.394 5*778 5*271 468454-483 4'171 24 25'000 17*647' 13-636 II'III 9-375 8.108 7*1436'383'5-769 5*263 46839 4478 4'267 25 24'828 17 561 13.58511-077 9*351 8'ogo 7'129 6'372 5760 5.255 4-832 4 472 4'162 26 24658 17'476 13.534 11.043 93268.072'7'1156-360 5*751 5*2484-8264-4664 157 27 24'490 17-391 13:483 11*009 9*302 3.054 7'101 6'3495 742 5240 48194-4614'152 28 24'324 17 308 13*433 10-976, 9'278, 8.036,7'087 6338 5*732 5 233 4-813 4 455 4'147 29 24*161 17'225'13'383 10°942 9'254 8 018 7'0736-327'5*7235*225 4306 4'450 4'143 30 24.000 1743:13-333 10.909 9'231 8.000 7059 6-316 5-714 5'217 4'800 4-4444'138 31 236841 17'062 13.284 10.8769*207 7'982 7'045 6-305.5 703 5'2104 794 4.439 4*133 32 23*684 16'981 13-235 10-843, 9*184 7'965 7°031 6.294 5'696 5'202 4-787 4 433 4'123 33 23'529 16.90113*187 10.811 9*160 7.947 7'018,6'283, 5'6875*195 4'781 4428 4'124 34 23.377 16.822 13-139 104778 9*137 7'930 7.004 6272 5'678 5*187 4'774 4'4234119 35 23*226 16'744 13.091 10.746 9'114 7'912 6.990 6*261,5'669 5*180 4 768 44174114 36 23'077 16.667 13*043 10714 990917-8956.9776-250,5660 5*172 47624-412 4'110 37 22'930 16'590129996 10682 9 068 7.8776.963 6*239'5'651 5*165 4'756 4406 4 105 38 22°785 16.514 12'950 10'651 9045 7*860 6.9506-228 5643 5*158 4°7494 401 4-100 39 22'642 16:438 12.903 10.619 9'0237*8436-9366-2185 634 5-1504743 4396 4 og 6 40 22'500 16°364'12.857 10'588 9 000 7.826,6.923 6'207 5625'5'143 4737 4 390 4'0gr 41 22'36016*290 12.811 10'557 8.978 7.809 6.910 6*196 5'6165-136 4 731 4385 406 42 22'222 16216 12*766 10-526 8.955 7 792 6.8976-186 5'607 5 128 4724 4'379 4'082 43 22'086 16'143 12721 10:496 8.933 7*775 6883 61755-599 5*1214 718 4'374 4077 44 21951 16 071 12.676 10'465 8.911 7*7596-870 6*164 5.590 5*114 4712 4 369 4'072 45 21818 10'000 12.632 10°435 8.889 7*742,6.857 6:154 5 581 5*10647064-364 4 068 46 21687 15'929 12-587 10 405 8*867 7*725 6.844 6*1435 5735 099 4700 4'358 4'063 47 21'557 15.859 12'544 109375 8.845 7*709 6.831 6:1335-564'5'092 4.6934 353 4059 48 21'42915*789 12*500 10°345 8.824 7.692 6'8186122 5 556 5'085 4 687 4*348 4054 49 21*302 15*721 12'457 10*315 8.802 7676 6-8056112 5.547 5*078 4'681 4.343 4'049 50 21*176 15'652 12'414 10*286 8-780 7 660 6792 6 102 5538 5*070 4675 4.337 4045 51 2105315*584 12'371 10*256 8.759 7 643 6780 6'091 5 530 5'063 4-669 4'332 4040 52 20 930 15.517 12'329 10*227 8.73876276-7676'0815 531 5'0564-663 4327,4'035 53 20'809 15.451 12'287 10*198 8971717-611 6-7546'071 5'513 5'049 4657 4'322 4'031 54 20 690 15 385 12'245 10*169 8.696 79595 6*742 6061 5 505 5'042 4651 4.316 4.027 55 20*57115*319 12 203 10'141 8.675 7 5796-7296.050 5496 5'035 46454311 4'022 56 20'455 15*254 12'162 10*112 86547-5636-7166040 5 488 5'0284639 4'3064'018 57 20'339 15'190 12*121 10*084 8.633 7.547 6-704 6'030 5.479 5021 4633 4'301 4'013 58 20'225 15 126 12'081 10 056 8.612 7'531 6.691 6'020 5.471 5014 4627 4.296 4'009 50 '20'11215*063 12'040'10'028 8.502 7.516 6-670/6*010 5.463'5'007 4'621/4'2014'004 BRITISH NAVAL SERVICE. ADMIRALTY OFFICE (£203,400). NAVAL DEPARTMENT.

Whitehall. Hours 11 to 5. LORDS COMMISSIONERS (£15,900). FIRST LORD, Right Hon. Lord

G. F. Hamilton, M.P. (with house), £4,500. NAVAL SECRETARY, Capt. A. T. Dale, £500 (in addition to pro

fessional pay). ASSISTANT SECRETARY AND PRINCIPAL CLERK, Richard D.

Awdry, £1,000. CONTROLLER OF NAVY, Rear-Admiral John 0. Hopkins, £1,700

(in addition to professional pay). DIRECTOR OF NAVAL CONSTRUCTION, W. H. White, £2,000. DIRECTOR OF VICTUALLING DEPARTMENT, Henry F. R. Yorke,

£800. DIRECTOR OF NAVY CONTRACTS, John Collett, £1,200. MEDICAL DIRECTOR-GENERAL, Sir John W. Reid, K.C.B., M D.

£1,300. ACCOUNTANT-GENERAL AND COMPTROLLER NAVY PAY, Sir

Gerald FitzGerald, K.C.M.G., £1,500. DIRECTOR OF TRANSPORTS, Captain Harry W. Brent, £1,900. DIRECTOR OF WORKS, Colonel Percy G. L. Smith, R.E., £1,300. HYDROGRAPHER, Captain William J. L. Wharton, F.R.S., £1,000. SUPERINTENDENT OF NAVAL RESERVES, Rear-Admiral Sir George Tryon, K.C.B., £1,596.

THE BOARD OF TRADE. ORGANISATION AND DIVISION OF LABOUR. In the Civil Service, the Board of Trade, over which Sir Michael Hicks Beach at present presides, is usually termed the “Big Board," more because of the numerous matters dealt with by the Board than from the large number of membersnominal for the most part-of which it really consists. The Board practically consists of the president, the permanent secretary (Sir H. G. Calcraft, C.B.), and an assistant secretary attached to the Marine Department, Finance Department, Harbour Department, Railway Department, Statistical Department, and Fisheries Department respectively.

Marine Department. (Assistant Secretary, Mr. GEORGE J. SWANSTON, C.B.)

SUBJECTS.-Admiralty Courts. Albert Medal. Chains, Cables, and Anchors Act. Crew Spaces. Discipline. Distressed Seamen, Relief of (Rules and Principles). Examinations of Masters, Mates, and Engineers. International Code of Signals. International Questions concerning Shipping: Life-Saving Apparatus. Lights and Fog Signals. Lime and Lemon Juice, and Anti-Scorbutics. Medical Scale for

Merchant Ships. Mercantile Marine Offices and Local Marine Boards. Misconduct, Inquiries into. Naval Reserve. Passenger Ships, Survey of. Rewards for Saving Life. Tonnage, Measurement of. Training Ships. Unseaworthy Ships. Wrecks and Casualties, Inquiries into. Wreck Register.

Finance Department. (Assistant Secretary, Mr. ALLEN STONEHAM.) SUBJECTS.—Accounts and Estimates of all Departments of the Board of Trade. Accounts of Lighthouse Boards. Accounts of Consuls and Colonial Shipping Masters, including Accounts of Relief of Distressed Seamen. Accounts of Superintendents and Receivers of Wreck. Claims on Owners of Vessels. Greenwich Sixpences Fund. Life Assurance Companies Returns. Merchant Seamen's Fund (Pensioners'). Money Orders. Pensions. Greenwich Hospital Fund. Seamen's Savings Banks. Seamen's Temporary Deposit Bank (Liverpool). Wages and Effects of Deceased Seamen.

Harbour Department. (Assistant Secretary, Mr. CECIL TREVOR, C.B.) SUBJECTS.- Average. Explosives Act. Fisheries. Fore. shores. Freight. Harbours. Liability of Shipowners. Lighthouses and fixed Fog-signals. Loans to Harbour Authorities. Local Charges on Shipping. Pilotage. tection of Navigable Channels, Ports, &c. Provisional Orders, Piers and Harbours. Provisional Orders, Oyster and Mussel Fisheries. Quarantine. Registration of Ships. Standards. Suez Canal." Tidal Waters, Wreck and Salvage.

Railway Department. (Assistant Secretary, Mr. E. COURTENAY BOYLE, C.B.)

SUBJECTS.-Alkali Act. Art Unions. Charters. Copyright and Trade Marks. Gas Companies. Industrial Exhibitions Act. Joint Stock Companies. Partnerships. Railways. Registry of Designs. Telegraphs and Electric Lighting

Statistical or Commercial Department.

(Assistant Secretary, Mr. R. GIFFEN.) SUBJECTS.-Statistics generally, and Corn Returns.

Fisheries Department. (Assistant Secretary, Mr. ARTHUR D. DERRINGTON.) SUBJECTS.-Administration of Merchant Shipping (Fishing Boats) Act, 1883, &c. and other matters relating to the Sea Fishing Service.

Bankruptcy Department.
Inspector-General in Bankruptcy, Mr. JOHN SMITH.

Chief Official Receiver, Mr. R. P. HARDING.

SUBJECTS.-General Administration of Bankruptcy Act, and regulations and procedure thereunder.

General Registry and Record Office of Shipping and Seamen,

Custom House, London, E.C.

(Registrar-General of Shipping and Seamen,

Mr. J. CLARK HALL.)

SUBJECTS.—Transcripts of Registers of British Ships. Ownership and Mortgages, &c. Custodian of Agreements with Crews. Official Logs. Apprentices' Indentures. Certificates of Masters, Mates, and Engineers, Royal Naval Reserve.

TABLE OF CONSULAR FEES.

(Consular Fees Order in Council, 1888.)

General.

China

and Japan.

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For Declaration to register, transfer, and trans

mission of ships, &c..
Endorsing change of master upon register...
Recording mortgage of ship or shares..

Recording the transfer of
» Recording discharge of
» Every sale of
» Inspection of ship's register...
» Every seaman engaged

Alteration in shipping agreements
» Every seaman discharged or left behind
» Every desertion.....
» Attesting a seaman's will..

Examination of provisions or water......
On Disbursements for distressed seamen, Com.

mission zh per cent. For Noting protest

Order of survey.

Extending protest or survey
And if over 200 words, for every 100 words plus..
For attendance, out of Consular Office, for ship,

&c., over and above travelling ex., per diem Attending valuation of goods, if less than 2 hours Do for each additional hour 10/- 'with maximum

per day .................... Do. Maximum.. For attending sale Certificate of landing.. Bill of health

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