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and in the case of “Hall v. Cardiff Pilotage Board,” November 18, 1879, that is defined to be “Eastward of a Meridional Line from North to South through Lundy,” which line is 4° 40' W. long. Rates:

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Towage.--Sailing Vessel, per ton reg. :-Holmes to Avonmouth Docks, 5d. ; to Portishead Docks, 5d. ; to Bristol Docks, 7d. Kingroad to Avonmouth Docks, 3d. ; to Portishead Docks, 3d. ; to Bristol Docks, 5d. Avonmouth to Kingroad or Portishead, 3d.; to Cardiff, 6d. ; to Newport, 6d. ; to Penarth, 6d. ; to Holms, 5d. Portishead to Kingroad, 3d. ; to Cardiff, 6d. ; to Newport, 6d. ; to Penarth, 6d. ; to Holms, 5d. Bristol to Avonmouth, 4d. ; to Portishead, 4d. ; to Kingroad, 4d. ; to Newport, 8d. ; to Penarth, 6d. ; to Cardiff, 8d. ; to Holms, 6d.

Sailing vessels over 700 tons and not exceeding 1,300 tons, to and from Bristol and Kingroad, are entitled to a second tug without extra charge, and if over 1,300 tons, to a third tug without extra charge. Sailing vessels over 800 tons register, toand from Avonmouth or Portishead Docks, are entitled to a second tug without extra charge.

Steamers : Kingroad to Avonmouth or Portishead when required, by agreement. Kingroad to Bristol when required, 4d per ton ; charge for one tug not to exceed £14. Bristol to Kingroad when required, 3d. per ton ; charge for one tug not to exceed £10. For each additional tug required, up or down the river, £5.

N.B.–These rates are now under consideration, with the view of a lower tariff being established at an early date.

Officials.-Sec. and Gen. Man., F. B. Girdlestone ; Engineer, J.W. Girdlestone ; Haven Master of the Port, Capt. E. T. Parsons, R.N. City Docks: Water Bailiff and Quay Warden, Capt. S. Baker ; Deputy do., Capt. J. Turner; Traffic Man. and Supt. of Warehouses, J. Macnab; Dock Master (Cumberland Basin), Capt. J. Tomlinson ; Deputy do., Capt. W. Cook; Dock Master (Bathurst Basin), G. Dando. Avonmouth Docks: Traffic Man., J. Robson ; Dock Master, Capt. C. Hodder ; Lloyd's Agent, Capt. Tozer, I.N. Portishead Dock : Traffic Man., T. Butler; Dock Master, E. W. Harvey ; Coll. of H.M. Cust., F. W. Bisshop; Lloyd's Agent, F. Barnard.

Hotels. — “Grand,” “Royal College Green,” T. J. Chapman ; "Clifton Down," H. F. Barton ; “Grosvenor," Misses Stockham and Vallender ; “Colston,” The Manageress ; and “St. Vincent Rocks," The Manageress.

BRIXHAM, Devonshire. Lat. 50° 24' N ; long. 3° 30' W. On

W. side of Torbay. Ry. Gt. Western. Auth. Commrs. under Statute i Vict., c. 75, and Brixham Harb. Orders 1875 and 1877. THW. f. and c. 6h 14m. There are no docks, but a breakwater is in course of construction. When completed the harb. will have area of 145 acres, with D. from 6 to 24ft.

Official.-Clerk, W. P. Spark.
BROADSTAIRS, Kent. Lat. 51° 21' N; long. 1° 22' W.

Isle of Thanet. Auth. Pier and Harb. Commrs., acting under Statutes 31 and 45 Geo. III c. 86 and 102. THW. f. and c. uh 38m. W. prev. N. Area of harb. about 15 acres. No vessels can enter at LW., but ships of 120 tons enter HW. D. HWST. 7ft.

Charge.--1/6 per ton on coal.
Pilotage.- Acccording to agreement,
Officials.-Clerk, R. Š. Dawson ; Harb. Mast., S. Holbourn.
Hotels.--"Grand,' Albion," and "Balmoral.”
Coal Depot.-R'S. Dawson & Co.
BRORA, Sutherlandshire. Lat. 58° O'N; long. 4° 7' W. N.

of Dornock Firth. Auth. Owner, the Duke of Sutherland. THW. f. and c. th 38m. Used by about 70 coasters of up to about 70 tons. There are no dues.

Official. - Factor, D. McLean, Esq., Goldspie.

BROUGHTY FERRY.-See Dundee. Pier with 10ft D. at end LW. A lifeboat station. Ry. N.B. BRUCEHAVEN, Linlithgow. Sub-port of Grangemouth.

D. HWST. roft ; HWNT. 6ft. BRUCKLESS, Donegal, Ireland. A small harbour belonging

to the Grand Jury of Co. Donegal. Official.-F. Gahan, Esq., C.E., County Surveyor, Donegal. BRYERS.--See Scilly. BUCKHAVEN, Fifeshire. Lat. 56° 10' N ; long. 3° 1'44". W.

5 miles from Dysart. No harb. auth. THW. f. and c. 2h 33m.

BUCKIE, Nether, Banffshire. Situated on the river Buckie.

Lat. 57° 40' N; long. 3° 0' W. Auth. Owner, Sir Robert Glendonwyn Gordon. THW. f. and c. 12h 43m. W. most dangerous NÉ. Area of harb. about 2 acres. D. 9 to lift at HWST., and 7 to gst at HWNT. Entrance nearly dry at LW. Used principally by fishing boats. BUCKIE (Cluny Harb.). Accn. Basin 5ooft by 250ft with

900ft quayage and 2 jetties. Outer En. Soft wide. Inner En. 36ft wide. D. 8ft LW., 19ft HWST., and 16ft HWNT. Auth. Owner, Mr. Gordon, of Cluny. A lifeboat station.

Official.-Harb. Master, Robert Reid.
Hotel.- The “Cluny."
BUDE, Cornwall. Two miles NW. of Stratton. Lat. 50° 49' N;

4° 32' W. Auth. Owner, W. Davey, of Hele Bridge, Marbam, Church Stratton. THW. f. and c. 6h 3m. Quayage in the canal of about gooft frontage with D. roft HW. No entrance except at HW. A lifeboat station.

BUDLE CREEK.-See Warrewater.
BUNAN HARBOUR.-See Kenmare Bay. There is a pier at

this place in 12ft at HW. BURGHEAD, Elgin, Scotland. Lat. 57° 43'N ; long. 3° 20' W.

Auth. Owner, William Young, under the Burg. head Harb. Act, 1858, and Burghead Harb. Order, 1881. THW. f. and c. uh 45m. W. prev. W., most dangerous NE. D. at entrance 7ft LWST., 20ft HWST. LV. steamer 527 tons. Burghead affords great facilities for despatching steamers, having railway accommodation all round the quays. Crane always lying at quays in readiness for discharging vessels.

Pilotage (compulsory). —3d per ton reg. on all vessels loading or discharging or windbound, and 2d per ton on steamers.

Charges. --4d per ton reg. on vessels loading or discharging coastwise, ad per ton reg. on windbound vessels.

Officials.-- Grigor and Young, Solicitors, Elgin ; Harb. Mast., Capt. A. Taylor ; Collector, C. F. Morrison.

BURNHAM, Somerset. (See Bridgwater). Lat. 51° 15' N ;

long. 3° 0' W. A landing place, dry at LW., leased by the M. and L. and S. W. Ry: Comps. since 1885 under the Burnham Tidal Harbour Act. No harb. dues.

Official.-R. Speight, Secretary, Derby.
BURNHAM OVERY, Norfolk. A creek of port of Wells.

D. on bar 12ft HWST., 6ft HWNT. BURNTISLAND, Firth of Forth. Lat. 56° 3' N ; long. 3°14' W.

Pop. 5,000. Auth. Harbour Commis. sioners, under Act, 1881. P. C. THW. 2h 24m; Sp. rise 164ft ; N. rise 120ft._W. prev. SW. and W. ; most dangerous SE. and S. Ry. N.B. Tr.-i. General; E. principally coal. LV. 1,416 tons reg.

Vessels cannot enter harb, or dock at LWST. Accn. The harb. is easy of access, and has a good roadstead in front. It has an area of in acres, enclosed by piers, with an entrance 125ft wide, facing south. D. between pierheads 6ft LWST., and over rest of harb, dry. There is a wet dock of 5) acres; entrance golt wide ; depth 22ft hin over sill at ST ; about 1,900ft of quayage.

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Appliances for shipment of coal-four hydraulic hoists, ballast cranes, and a 2-ton lifting crane.

Charges.-Harb. rates from id to 4d per ton. Light dues fd per ton. Ballast 1/ per ton in dock, 9d in tidal harbour. Rates on vessels using dock : Coastwise 4d, foreign 4d to 6d per ton reg. ; Steamers-coastwise 55d, foreign 6d per ton reg. Pilotage. - Rates (inwards and outwards) :£ s. d.

£ s. d. Vessels under 100 tons reg. ..

Vessels and under 500 tons o 17 6 100 and under 150 tons o


000 150

700 800



1,000 tons and upwards i to Towage.- Inwards or outwards 2d per reg ton, or by agreement. From Leith to Burntisland, 60 tons and under £1 15s, and 5s for every additional 20 tons.

Officials.-Harb. Master, W. Galloway ; Town Clerk and Clerk 10 Commrs., T. A. Wallace; Coll. of H.M. Cust., G. Davidson Harb. Dues Coll., J. Isles ; Lloyd's Agent, Capt. W. Galloway ; Stevedore, Peter Robb.

BURRY PORT, Carmarthenshire. Lat. 5° 40' N; long.

4° 15' W. Auth. Bury Port & Gwendreath Valley Ry., under Acts of Parliament. THW. f. and c. 6h 8m. Accn. Tidal barb. 15 acres in area. En. 220ft wide. D. on sill 22ft HWST., and 15ft at HWNT. Dock 4oost by 16oft, with entrance 45st wide, and quayage of about 250ft. There are ballast cranes delivering 30 tons per hour, and staiths for coals lifting 400 tons per hour. Cranes up to 5 tons. A life-boat station.

Floating Docks accommodating vessels up to 3,000 tons ; gates 45ft ; D. on sill 22ft at HWST. and 15ft at HWNT.

Charges. -Vessels seeking shelter or freight in outer harb. free ; in inner harb. 2d per ton. Vessels discharging and loading 3d per ton, or discharging or loading only ad per ton. Towage.- From port to sea, or from sea to port: Under .......... 150 tons register

4d per ton.
150 and under 200



5 d
300 tons and upwards

6d Officials. -Dep. Harb. Master, John Mitchell ; Coll. "of Harb. Dues, Edward Evans.

Hotels._" Neptune,” “Gwendraeth,” “Cambrian,” “Harbour
View," &c.
BURTONPORT, Co. Donegal, Ireland. Lat. 55 N; long.

8° 45° W. Auth. Grand Jury, Co. Donegal. Accn. Area 12,000 sq yds. D. Dry at LWOST., 15st at HWOST. Csed by vessels of up to 250 tons. W. prev, and most dangerous, W. and SW. THW. f. and c. 5h 56m.

Official.-Denis Boner, Harbour Constable.
CAHIRCIVEEN, Co. Kerry. Lat 51° 58' N ; long. 10° 20' W.

3 miles from Valentia. Auth. The Grand Jury of Co. Kerry. Accn. A good pier protected from the W. by á mole. Has a' berth for a steamer of about 200 tons. D. 6ft LW., and zoft on bar at HW. THW. f. and c. 4h 2m.

CAISTOR. A fishing station near Yarmouth. No harb, works. CALEDONIAN CANAL. Connecting the North and Irish

Seas, from the Firth of Moray to Loch Eil. Length 604 miles, of which 37} are composed of locks, and the remainder of canal. Opened in 1822. Dimensions of locks, 160ft by 38ft and 15ft deep. Further information obtainable by application to the Superintendent of the Caledonian Canal, Inverness. High water at full and change at Corran Ferry, western end of canal, 5.15. High water at Kessock, eastern end of canal, 12.14.

Officials. -Res.- Engineer, John G. Davidson ; Collectorat Clachnaharry, W. T. M. Burrell ; Collector at Corpach, Evan Cameron. CALSTOCK, Cornwall. Port of Plymouth. D. HWST. 15ft.

HWNT. 8ft. Official. -Customs Agent, T. Greenfell. CAMBUS, Clackmannan, Scotland. Lat. 56° 6' N ; long.

4° 0' W. Firth of Forth. Auth. Proprietor, Lord Abercrombie ; Agents, T. & B. Ranken, 17, St. Andrew's Square, Edinburgh. Accn. D dry at LW., Sft HWNT., and 13ft HWST. Used by grain vessels up to 100 tons. THW. f. and c. 3h 33m. CAMPBELTOWN, Argyllshire. Basin of the Clyde. Lat.

55° 25' 30" N ; long. 5° 35' 30" W. Pop. 7,700. Auth. Town Council, under Statute, 1876. P. NC. THW. uh 45m; Sp. rise 81 ft ; N. rise 6st. D. from 8 to 10 fathoms ; there is a rise of Sft in ST; in harb. ST. 14ft at end of quay, inside quay 8ft. W. prev. E and S. Tr.-I. Barley ; coa ting coals; E. draft and coals. LV. 871 reg. ton. Accn. Campbelton Loch, which is almost entirely landlocked, forms a natural harb. for the port. There are no harb. works, with the exception of three piers or quays, named respectively the Old, New, and Dalintober Quay. This loch constitutes the harbour; it has an area of about 13 square miles, and a depth of from 8 to 12 fathoms, and has about 50oyds of quayage. Vessels of ust dit. can come up to the quay at LW., and as there is a rise of tide from 8ft to rost, vessels of 19 or poft dst. may be berthed at the end of

Crane power, 3 tons. Charges.-Rates on vessels entering or using the harb. 3d to 6d reg. ton. Fishing boats under 15 tons 2/6 per annum. Coal dues 3d ton. Rates on goods shipped or unshipped at the harb. as per schedule. Plankage I to 3/.

Pilotage.--District not defined. Rates as per agreement, but varies generally between 20) and 30/ vessel.

Towage ---As per agreement.

Officials.- Town Clerk, D, Mactaggart ; Harb. Master, vacant ; Coll. of H.M. Cust., J. Barnes.

Hotels. Argyll Arms,” “White Hart,” “Steamboat," and “Lloyd's."

CAPE CLEAR, Co. Cork, Bantry Bay.
Official.- Patrick Cotter, Harb. Constable.
CARDIFF, seaport, S. Wales. Lat. 51° 27' 48" N ; long.

3° 9' 42" W. Pop. 130,000. Auth. The Bute Docks Co. P. NC. Tr.-1. Provisions, grain, timber, esparto, iron ore, and all kinds of general produce ; E. Coal is the chief export ; large quantities of iron, steel, patent fuel, and general merchandise. W. prev. W., SW., SSE. to NE. Most dangerous

the quay:

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