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CLARE CASTLE, Co. Clare, Ennis, Ireland. Lat. 52° 49′ N ; long. 8° 57′ W. Situated on the river Auth. Trustees, under Act 9 and 10 Vict., c. 86. Accn. Quayage 700ft, sheltered from all winds. Dry at Used by vessels up to 500 tons.

Fergus. Ry. L. & E.

LW.

D. in river 18ft to 22ff.

CLAY.-See Blakeney.

CLEVEDON, Somerset, near Avonmouth, Bristol Channel. Auth. Clevedon Pier Co. A pier 840ft long.

D. at pier head at HWST. 45ft, and 7ft LWST.

Charges.-2d per person landing or embarking. No cranes. Officials.-Sec., H. C. Fry, Clevedon; Pier Master, W. Mants. Hotel.-"Royal Pier."

10° o' W.

CLIFDEN, Co. Galway.-See Ardbear. Lat. 53° 30′ N; long. A pier belonging to the Grand Jury of Co. Galway. D. HWST. 12ft, HWNT. 7ft. Dry at LW. Used by small coasters. Sometimes vessels of 100 to 200 tons load and discharge at pier, and vessels of 800 tons have discharged in bay. W. prev. SW. THW. f. and c. 4h 30m.

Official.-Edward Kendall, Clifden.

CLONIKILTY, Co. Cork. Lat. 51° 35' N; long. 8° 50′ W. Pop. 3.600. D. HWST. 12ft, HWNT 8ft,

alongside quay. No harb. dues.

Official.-Harb. Master, R. E. Honner.

CLONTARF, on N. side of Dublin Bay. D. HWST. 9ft, HWN. 7ft.

Pro

CLOVELLY, Devonshire. Lat. 51° o' N ; long. 4° 23′ W. A small harb. dry at LW. Auth. Owner, Mrs. Christine Louisa Hamlyn. W. prev. W. to N. and NE. tected by a small breakwater. Dry till half flood. 8ft. THW. f. and c. 6h om. A lifeboat station.

D. from 3ft to

Officials.--T. J. Pitts Tucker, Barnstaple; Harb. Master, W. Moss.

Hotels. "Red Lion" and "New Inn."

CLYTH, Caithness (see Auchmaster). Lat. 58° 17′ N; long. 3 15 W. A fishing harbour. D. HWST. 11ft, HWNT. 8ft.

Official.-Harb. Master, J. Sutherland.

COCKENZIE, Haddingtonshire, Scotland. Lat. 55° 58' N ; long. 2° 55′ W. No harb. authority. Used by fishing boats and by vessels belonging to the Tranent Collieries. THW, f. and c. 2h 16m. Depth at HWST. 15ft to ft. Prevailing and most dangerous winds, SE. Harb. Master, J. Ross. Official. -Owner, John Polson, Esq., Castle Leven, Greenock. COLCHESTER, Essex. Lat. 51° 52′ N; long. o° 49′ E. Pop. 28,374. Auth. Colchester Navigation Improvement Commissioners, under Act 10 and 11 Vict., c. 281. P. NC. THW. (Colne Point) 12h; Sp. rise 14ft; N. rise 1oft; R. of N. 6ft. D. on bar, Sp. 1oft; N. 5ft; in channel HW. 18ft to 20ft. Bar dries at LW. It is at Colnemouth, some miles from Brightlingsea. W. Unaffected by winds. Ry. G.E. Tr.— I. Grain, timber, &c.; E. Oysters and local produce. LV. One of H.M. vessels, 1,200 reg. ton. 160 reg. ton. at Hythe; 300 reg. ton. at the entrance to Wivenhoe. Vessels of 200 tons can

enter channel at LW. One 1-ton crane. Quayage at Hythe 1.485ft, and at Wivenhoe 430ft. Also a patent slipway at the latter place, taking vessels 120ft long, 20ft wide, and drawing 12ft.

Charges.-Harb. dues 1d to 1/6 ton, according to size. Coal dues 6d ton, payable by merchant; vessels bringing coal, half these rates. Ballast 1/ ton put on board.

Pilotage. District. From a line drawn from the Naze Tower to the buoy of the Gunfleet, up the Colne river to Colchester, and vice versa. Rates (inward and outward). East buoy of Gunfleet to Eastness 2 6 foot; Eastness to Pyefleet 13; Pyefleet to Wivenhoe 1/6; Wivenhoe to the Hythe, Colchester 16. A pilot taken on board, or discharged from, a vessel to the eastward of the Priory Spit Buoy, is entitled to 1 in addition to the above rates. London pilots are to be paid from Orfordness to Eastness 6/ foot.

Towage. As per agreement. Boarding Station at Brightlingsea. Officials. Clerk to Coms., Henry Goody; Channel Surveyor, J. W. Starts; Harb. Master, W. Crosby; Coll. of Channel dues, T. M. Johnstone.

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Hotels. The ** Cups," Red Lion," and "* George."
COLDINGHAM, near Berwick on Tweed.

20ft.

D. LW. at en.

COLERAINE, Londonderry. On the Bann, 5m from the sea. Lat. 55° 10' N ; long. 6° 43′ W. Pop. 6,684. Auth. Harbour Commissioners, under Act, 1879. P. C. THW. 6h 24m; Sp. rise 6¦ft: N. rise 4ft. D. on bar 10ft LWOST. W. prev. from W. to SW., most dangerous from NW. to N. Ry. B. & N.C. Tr. I. Coal and general goods, coasting trade; E. Cattle and local produce. LV. 372 reg. ton. of about 14!ft dft. It was nearly HW. of ST. when this veszel crossed the bar. Accn. Good quays with about 250ft lin. and a depth at LWST. 12ft, NT. 14ft.

Charges. Port charges 6d reg. ton. usually 1 ton.

Ballast as per agreement,

The river Bann.

From the quays at

Pilotage.--District. town of Coleraine to an imaginary boundary line at sea running through a point northward of the mouth of the river, Im from end of east pier at its mouth. Rates. 16 foot inwards, and 9d foot outwards. No printed return exists, and the Harb. Commissioners exempt from pilotage rates all vessels towed into the river by agreement with the owner of a steam tug.

Towage.-Inwards with cargo and out light 6d reg. ton, if with cargo 3d. Pilotage optional when a tug employed.

Officials. Sec. to Com., W. Eccles; Harb. Master, Edward Steele; Coll. of H. M. Cust., J. Harty.

COLISTON, Aberdeenshire.

A small harb.

Lat. 57° 22' N; long. 1° 57′ W. Dry at LW.

CONNAH'S QUAY.-See Chester.

CONWAY, Carnarvon, Wales. Lat. 53° 17 N; long. 3° 50' W. Ry. Chester & Holyhead. Accn. D. on bar 3ft LW., and 20ft HWST., affording entrance to vessels drawing 6ft at half tide. W. prev. N.W. to N. Auth. Town Council, under Prov. Order, 1878. THW. f. and c. 11h 30m.

Charges.-4d per ton anchorage. Quay dues 2d per ton.
Pilotage. As may be agreed upon.

Officials.-Town Clerk, T. F. Parry; Harb. Master, Evan

Evans.

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Hotels. - "Castle," Erskine Arms," "Blue Bell," and "Harp."

COOMBE MARTIN, Devonshire. Lat. 51° 13' N; long. 40° 1' W. Auth. Owner, Sir C. Watson. There is an anchorage in 8 to 9 fms. THW. f. and c. 5h 50m.

Official.-C. M. Cole, Solicitor, 36, Essex Street, Strand, W.C. CORK, Munster. On the Lee, 15m from the sea. Lat. 51° 47′ 33′′ N; long. 8° 15' 14" W. Pop. 100,000. Auth. Harbour Commissioners, under Statute 1 Geo. IV., c. 52, and by a recent enactment. P. NC. THW. f. and c. 4h 58m Sp. rise 123ft; N. rise 10ft. D. in river, Sp. 27ft, N. 24ft HW. Alongside the jetties there are 20ft at LW. and vessels of 23ft dft. can lie afloat at all times of tide at a portion of the deep-water quays. W. prev. The quays of Cork are sheltered from all winds; quays at Queenstown are exposed to S. and SE. winds. Rys. G. & S. W., Cork and Bandon, Cork and Macroom Direct; Cork, Blackrock and Passage. Tr-I. General; E. Grain, butter, provisions, live stock, whisky, porter, &c. LV. using the quays and discharging cargo are grain vessels, which come up to Cork and use the deepwater quays there. These enter the harb. and come up as far as Passage, which is 6 miles from Cork, at all states of the tide. From Passage to the quays of Cork they are brought up at or near HW. The following are some of the largest vessels which have discharged at the Cork deep-water quays, lying afloat at all states of the tide, viz. :—

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Cork Harb. is one of the most capacious and secure harbs. in the British Islands. Water area at Cork between quays is 463 acres, with a maximum depth of 23ft at LWST. There is a timber wharf on piles, 200ft in length, at Penrose Quay, Cork, with 15ft at LW; a timber wharf on piles. 290ft long, at ballast quay, Queenstown, with 11ft at LW; timber wharves on piles at Victoria and Penrose Quays, Cork, total length 1,245ft, with a depth alongside of 20ft at LWOST; a deep-water quay at Queenstown, affording a depth alongside of 24ft at LWOST, 60oft long on river face; deep-water quay, at Cork, 660ft in length, with a depth alongside of 23ft at LWST; deep-water quay at Cork, 1,405ft in length, with a depth alongside of 20ft at LWST; landing-piers or quays for the use of passenger steamers and other small craft at Ballinacurra, East Ferry, Crosshaven, Ringaskiddy, and Blackrock;

boat-harb, at Queenstown, with breakwater for shelter and accommodation for small boats. The river Lee is navigable for ships of the largest class for about 2 miles above Haulbowline to Passage West, whence the river channel to Cork is 5 miles long by 250ft to 300ft wide, with 14ft depth at LWST. The quays along the river Lee are under the jurisdiction of the Harb. Commissioners. The greatest depth alongside quays in Queenstown Harb. at LW is 24ft at new deep-water quay. Altogether the quayage space is upwards of four miles in length, with a depth of from 7ft to 23ft at LW. Dry Docks, &c. :

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Water St., Dockyard Patent Slip..
Harb. Comrs. Yard Patent Slip

Charges.-Tonnage dues from 3d to 1/ per ton.

goods.

Pilotage. -District. The river, harbour, and port of Cork, the southern or seaward boundary being a straight line extending from Poor Head on the east, to Cork Head on the west. all vessels, inwards or outwards :

Rates for

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And inwards-for all vessels and lighters 6 to be added for every 100 tons or surplus fraction (not being less than 50 tons), of every 100 tons over 1,000 tons up to and including 2,000 tons surplus, and for every 100 tons, or like fraction of 100 tons, over 2,000 tons surplus, as far as a vessel of 5,000 tons inclusive, 3/: and outwards-for all vessels and lighters 4/ to be added for every 100 tons or surplus fraction (not being less than 50 tons), of every 100 tons over 1,000 tons, up to and including 4,000 tons surplus. The excess over 5,000 tons is not charged with pilotage rate, either inwards or outwards. For every vessel or lighter, British and

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foreign, using a pilot, only within the limits in this table, coasters and colliers included:

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Add 2/6 for every 100 tons or surplus fraction (not being less than 50 tons), of every 100 tons over 1,000 tons, up to and including 4,000 tons surplus above 1,000 tons as far as a vessel of 5,000 tons inclusive. The excess over 5,000 tons is not charged with pilotage rate. The rates to and from Monkstown, and to and from the East Ferry, are the same as those to Passage; and the rates to and from Ballinacurra are the same as those to Cork. Vessels or lighters proceeding to Blackrock, or higher up, pay the same rates as to Cork, or lower down than Blackrock pay the same rates as to Passage. Pilot, in case of extra detention in the vessel or lighter, north of the southern limits of the port, to be paid 5/ per day in addition to his pilotage. Any pilot placing a vessel or lighter in any berth to which a harb. master objects, shall remove her without charge. No pilot is allowed to make terms; 5 in addition to pilotage allowed for mooring.

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From Sea or

Adding 10 for every 100 tons, or part of same.
Queenstown to Cork, 6d per reg. Ton, down towage free. From
Sea or Queenstown to Passage, 4d. per reg. ton, down towage free.
From Passage to Cork, 3d. per reg. ton, down towage free.
Steamers :-Attendance, Queenstown or Passage to Cork, or vice
versâ, £7 per tug per tide.

Officials.-Sec. to Com., W. Donegan; Engineer, P. Barry, M.I.C.E.; Coll. of Harb. and tonnage dues, J. P. Lyons; Harb. Master, N. Sutton; Deputy Harb. Master at Queenstown, G. Usborne.

Hotels.-The "Imperial" and Victoria,"

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