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GALTHORP, a wharf at Gainsborough.
GANNEL, a creek of Padstow. D. HWST. 21st, HWNT.

12lt hin GARDENSTOWN, Banffshire. Near Troup Head. Lat. 57°

40' N; long. 2° 20' W. Auth. Owner, Col. Francis Campbell, or Troup, under the Gardenstown Harbour Order, 1876. "THW. f. and c. oh zom. Accn. Harbour is of triangular shape, with WS. and E. quays, length of quayage being 1,669ft. D. Dry at LW., u HÚST, and gt HWNT. W. prev. and most dang. N to NE. LV. 13; tons.

Charges.-3d per ton reg.
Pilotage.-4d per ton reg.
Officials.-Agents, Burnett & Reid, of Aberdeen. Harb.
Master, Capt. J. T. Nicolson.

Hotel.-“Garden Arms" Hotel.
GARLIESTOWN, Wigtonshire.—Lat. 54° 45' N ; long. 4° 20'

W. THW. corresponds with time of Liverpool. Auth. Harb. Committee, without Parliamentary powers. W. prev. S and SE. Accn. Tidal harbour, dry at LW., with 18ft HIWST, and 10 to 12st HWNT. LV. 300 tons.

Crane power to 5 tons. Covered sheds, passenger steamer to Liverpool weekly.

Charges.-1}d per ion reg. on vessels discharging or loading, id per ton on vessels taking shelter. Dues on cargo landed : coal and lime id per ton, manures and feeding stuffs 3d, other goods. fron id to 1/8 per ton. Harb. boat 2 to 10, according to tonnage.

Pilotage.-5/ to 10).
Officials.- Sec., J. Fingland ; Harb. Master, Rubt. Highet.
Hotels.-"Galloway Arms” and “ Queen's Arms."
GARMOUTH, or Kingston, Morayshire. Lat. 57° 41' N;

long. 3° 10' W. There are no harb. works. Ships lie in the estuary of the River Spey. GARSTON DOĆKS, Lancashire. On the Upper_Mersey, 4

niiles S. of the Liverpool S. Docks, and on the same side of the river. Auth. L. & N.V. Ry. Co., under Co.npany's Acts of Parliament. The river is navigable for vessels up to 1,200 reg. ton. Ry. L. & N.W. Tr.--General I. and E., specially coals E. LV. Steamers of 1,99; reg. ton. and sailing vessels of 1,803 reg. ton.

THW. f. and c. 12h om noon. Accn. :

Depth over Sill.

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New Dock..
There is a gridiron 300ft long, situated so as to give vessels four
hours clear between the tides for repairs; hydraulic capstans ;
numerous cranes up to 40 tons' power ; patent machinery for weigh-
ing cargoes ; special facilities for shipment of coal, including eight
high-level coal-tips, capable of tipping 1,000 tons each per day;
about 113 acres of storage accommodation for goods ; railway lines
along docks and quays ; more than 5,00oft lin. of quayage space.

Pilotage.— See Liverpool.
Towage. - See Liverpool.

Charges.--Dock dues, old dock 3d ton, new dock, 2d ton.

Officials.-Gen. Man., L. & N. W. Ry., G. Findlay ; District Goods Man., E. Braide; Dock Supt. C. R. Jones.

Hotels.-.“ Garston” and “ Wellington.'
GATEHOUSE, or Port MacAdam, Kirkcudbright. Situated

on the river Fleet, 3 miles above Wigtown Bay. Lat. 50° 46' N; long. 4' 19' W. Auth. Owner, H. G. Murray Stewart, Esq., of Cally, Gatehouse. A dry harb. The Fleet is navigable for vessels of 80 tons.

Charges.—Harb. dues ad per ton.
Official.-David Morton, Harb. Master.
GATESHEAD.-See Newcastle-on-Tyne.
GERMAINS.--See St. Germains.
GIGHA ISLAND, Argyllshire. Lat. 55° 42' N; long. 5° 43'

w. There are 3 good anchorages on E. side, Gigulam Sound being the best. GILL, Westra Island, Orkneys. Lat. 59° 18' N ; long. 2° 58'

W. THW. f. and c. ioh iom. Auth. Orkney Harb. Commissioners, under Orkney Harbours Act, 1887. Accn. A harbour with a stone pier zoofi long, carried out to 2oft. HWST., and oft LWST. Crane power to 3 tons.

Charges.-Harb. dues according to size ild to 6d per ton. Officials. — Clerk, Duncan J. Robertson, solicitor, Kirkwall; Harb. Master, S. Hutcheon.

Hotel.—“Trenabie,” N. Goldberg.
GIRVAN, Ayrshire. Lat. 55° 12' N ; long. 4° 50' W. Situated

at the mouth of the Girvan. Ry. G. & S. W. THW. f. and c. 1h 45m. Auth. Commissioners, under Pro. visional Orders, 1865, 1867, and 1881. Accn. Area about 15 acres. Quayage about 2,100ft. D. on sill i to 3st LW., and 121t HWST. Used by coasters and small steamers. Convenience for shipping coals.

Charges.--Same as Ayr.
Officials.-Clerk, Wm. Murray; Harb. Master, John Davidson.
Hotels.—“Queen's ” and “ King's Arms."
GLANDORE, Co. Cork. Lat. 51° 33' N : long. 9° 5' W. No

Harb. Auth. D. LW., 13ft.
GLASGOW, Lanark. On the Clyde. Lat. 55° 52' 10" N ; long.

4° 15' 51" W. Pop. 730,000. Auth. Clyde Navi. gation Trustees. P.Č. THW. f. and c ih gm; O Sp. rise nift 2in; ON. rise gst zin ; extreme R. of T. within the last two years 2iit 4in; duration of flood tide OST. 1880, 5h 44m ; duration of ebb tide OST. 1880, 6h 35m ; velocity of food tide at Elderslie 5 miles from Glasgow Bridge OST. I statute miles, ļ tide ; velocity of ebb tide at Elderslie OST. Iš statute miles, & tide. D. on bar in the river channel varies from about 13st. in Glasgow Lower Harb. to 16ft at Port Glasgow OLWST. W. prev, are from SW., and together with NW. are the most dangerous. SW. winds generally cause high tides in the river, and E. winds and frost, low tides, often to the extent of several ft higher or lower than the preceding tide. Rys. Cal., City of Glasgow Joint(N. B. & G. & S.W.), Glasgow and

Paisley Joint (Cal. & G. & S.W.), G. & S. W., and N.B. Tr.-I. Grain flour, tiniber, sugar, sulphur, hides, ores, oil, seeds, beef, pork cheese, iron, &c. ; E. Cotton, linen, woollen and jute manufactures,

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iron, copper, machinery, chemicals, coal, &c. LV. entering the Clyde 23st dít. Glasgow is the chief port, and first commercial manufacturing city of Scotland. Its manufactures are unequalled for variety by any town of the United Kingdom, excepting London ; it is the largest shipbuilding port in the world. Accn. The property of the Clyde Trustees is as follows:-Total length of quayage of harbs. and docks 10,624 lin. yds ; area of water space 1534 acres ; area of quays, roads, sheds, &c., 73 acres; area of sheds 27 acres ; area of timber yards, 17 acres ; total area of lands, including quays, roads, yards, works, and properties belonging to the Trustees, but excluding all water space, about 230 acres. Kingston dock, a tidal basin, 53 acres of water area, entrance, 6oft wide, general depth, 23 to 24ft at HWOST., total length of quayage, 830 yds ; quay space covers about 31 acres, and is provided with goods sheds, portable steam cranes, and railway connections; the entrance is spanned by a swing bridge, opened and shut by steam power. Queen's Dyck, a tidal basin or dock, having an outer basin 1, onoft long by 695ft at the widest part, a north basin, 1,866ft long by 270ft wide, and a south basin, 1,647st long by 230ft wide, with a quay between, 19jft broad ; entrance rooft wide ; total water area 331 acres; general depth from 27 to 30ft at HW.; quay space, about 27} acres ; total length of quayage, 3, 334yds. The north quay is reserved for coal and mineral traffic, and is provided with four 19-ton hydraulic cranes, two 35cwt. portable hydraulic cranes, and two 3-ton and two 5-ton portable steam

The quay is provided with lines of rails in connection with the N.B. and Cal. Rys., and there are 21 hydraulic capstans for working the wagons at the cranes. The west quay is provided with a 30-cwt. portable hydraulic crane, and the centre quay with a 15-ton steam crane ; the south and centre quays have goods sheds 6ost wide, and include several enclosed portions for transit purposes, searchers' offices, &c., the whole covering an area of nearly 7} acres; the dock entrance is spanned by a swing bridge worked by hydraulic power ; it connects the north-west and south quays, and carries road and railway traffic, the lines of rails extending all round the docks. The hydraulic power is provided by two pumping engines, one of 75 and one of 100-horse power, supplied by steam from four boilers and an accumulator, giving a pressure of 700lb per square inch in the mains. There are a customs, watch-house, dock master's and superintendent's offices, &c., and several 30-ton weighing machines for cart and wagon traffic are also erected on the quays ; the quays and sheds are lighted with gas, and a water main is laid along the breast of the quays for water supply to vessels, and for fire extinguishing purposes. The area of water-space in Glasgow Upper Harb., opposite ihe quay, which is only on one side, and 505yds long, is about 14 acres, the depth near to the face of the quay being from 15 to 17st at HW. The Lower Harb. has a water area of about 100 acres opposite the quays, and a depth of 24 to 27ft at HWOST. The total length of quajs is 5,955yds. During the last 20 years the quays and wharves of the Lower Harb. have been extended down the river a distance of 1,512yds on the north side, and 525 fyds on the south side. The quay space, amounting to about 39) acres, is provided with goods' sheds, lines of rail in connection with the Cal and N.B. Rys., a 60-ton and a 75-ton steam crane, two 75-ton weighing machines, several 30-ton, 20-ton and 15-ton weighing machines for cart and railway traffic.

The quays and roadways are causewayed, lighted with gas, and are provided with water supply for vessels, water troughs, drinking fountains, closet ranges, protection fencing, waiting-rooms at passenger wharves, and ferry landings ; numerous warehouses, &c. Several canals connected with the port. Graving Docks, &c. :

| Depth
Name.

H. of T.
Length Width. on Sili

Owner.
OHW.

ST.

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Cessnock Dock, in course of construction, will have an area of 38} acres, and quayage of 3,786 lin. yds frontage.

Charges.-River rates. Rates on vessels crossing from the Furth and Cart Junction Canal to the river Cart 6d and 9d. Rares for swinging buoys id reg. ton. River and harb, rates, in or out ind per ion for coast wise vessels, and 4d per ton for foreign. Rates or use of planks 1/ per week, and rhones 1/ per week and id for every wagon loaded. Rates on animals and carriages shipped or unshipped in river or at barb. vary from }d to 1/6. Rates on goods 3d to 2%.

Pilotage.--District. Between Glasgow and Greer.ock. The pilots licensed by the board consist of two classes, viz :- River pilo's licensed to pilot vessels between Glasgow and Greenock, and deep-sea pilots licensed to pilot vessels between Greenock and the Island of Little Cumbrae, including vessels proceeding outwards from Port Glasgow or inwards to Port Glasgow. In the case of steamers making trial trips to adjust their compasses or for other such casual purposes, the owners, or persons in charge of such steamers, are entitled to take either river pilots, or, when going from Port Glasgow or Greenock, deep-sea pilots, in their option. Rates. From Greenock, or off Greenock, or the Tail of the Bank, to Glasgow; or from Glasgow to Greenock, or off Greenock, or the Tail of the Bank, including the unmooring of the ship, for all vessels under rost dft. 1/6; vessels with roft dft. and under 12ft 2/; vessels with 12st dít. and not exceeding 15ft 2!6. All vessels exceeding 15ft. dit. 3' foot. Vessels to and from Bowling Bay or Dumbarton are charged at two-thirds of these rates ; and vessels from Renfrew or Dalmuir 10 G:eenock or Port Glasgow, or from these two ports to Dalmuir or Renfrew, are charged the same rates as from Glasgow. Odd inches are charged in proportion. From Gla-gow to Renfrew and vice versa 5!. From any place betwixt the Cumbrae and Cloch Lights to Greenock or Port Glasgow, including mooring the ship or waiting the tide, id 10n. From a line drawn between the Cloch light and Dunoon pier to Port Glasgow, or to any intermediate place d ton. The same for like distances outwards. Fractional tonnage charged in proportion. From Greenock, or off Greenock, to Garelochhead, and zice versa, including detention in swinging the vessel id ton, but 10 pilot is obliged to pilot a vessel to the Garelochhead and back for a less sum than 13/ each way. For every day the pilot is kept on board after the compasses are adjusted he is entitled to charge 7/6. For piloting vessels up or down the Leven, to or from Dumbarton, the pilots are not entitled to charge more than 4/ in addition to the rate for piloting such vessels on the Clyde, and 4/ for each additional tide he may be detained after the first. Any pilot, whether deep-sea or river, who may be detained at the request of the owner or person in ch irge of the vessel, after his duties as pilot have been completed, in addition to receiving his provisions, is to be paid 716 per day, and so in proportion for any lesser period. No dirferential rates are recoverable in respect of foreign vessels. Shifting vessels in hub, under 500 tons 76; joo tons and upwards 10%. All vessels to and from Renfrew, Paisley Water, and Dalmuir, are charged the same as a shist, but if required to go more than once for the same veszel, the pilot to be paid for expenses every time after the first 2/6 ; attending launch 15/ ; ani per tide detention 5l. Bowling and Dumbar on the same rates as io and from Greenock. Leven Pilotage. - Il vessels under 100 tons reg. 51; all vessels over 100 tons and under 500, 7/6 ; all vessels of 500 tons and upwards 10/ ; and per tide detention 5. Steam vessels, when in the river, to remain as they are. All vessels towed to be allowed one-fifth of the full rates. Trial trips. - All vessels from 500 to 1,000 tons reg., per ton reg. 14d, and for every additional 100 tons 5), anl for de. tention over 27 hours, per day 7/6. Gareloch Rate to remain as it is, but when a pilot is kept on board after compasses are adjusted he is entitled to 7/6 per day. Vessels under 500 tons reg. going on a trial trip £3. Detention money is charged only aíter the actual commencement of the service for which the pilot is engaged.

Towage.-Shifting Vessels. In harb, or towing to or from slip 20'; to or from Partick slip or docks 30/ ; in harb. or to slip under 1,000 reg. tons net 30'; in harb. or to slip above 1,000 tons and under 2,000 40/; in harb, or to slip above 2,000 and under 3,000, 6o/ each tug; larger in proportion. In Port Glasgow 40/

Vessels for Glasgow towed from sea to Greenock or Port Glasgow, and stopping there to discharge cargo 1/ :on to Glasgow; or, at the option of the owner, the rate from sea and river towage, according to the light draught. River rates, reg. ion :

From Greenock to

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Deep-sea Towage according to the distance towed, in addition

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