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the Dee. Ry. L. & N. W. Auth. Owners, Messrs. Muspratt Bros. & Huntley, Ld., of Flint. Accn. The dock is the outfall of a brook trained into shape by being piled on either side. Area 300ft x roost. D. of water 5st less than at Liverpool. Used by vessels drawing 12 to 15st, entering at HW.

Charges. By arrangement. Appliances for unloading 300 tons per day. Hotels.-“Ship,” “Royal Oak,” “Swan,” and “ Cross Foxes.” FOLKESTONE, Kent. Seaport. Lat. 51° 4' 40" N ; long.

1° 1' 35" E. Pop. 18,816. Auth. S.E. Ry., under their Act of Parliament, 6 and 7 Vict., c. 51.

P. NC. THW. f. and c. uh 7m; Sp. rise 2oft ; N. rise 16 ft. D. HWST. 39ft; LWST. 161st at se. end of the pier. At pier heads ST. 19 to 21st; NT. 10 to 14ft. There is no bar at the en. trance to the harb. The harb, is dry at LW. W. prev, and most dangerous from S. to SW. Ry. S.E. Tr.-A large general Import and Export trade. LV. 342 tons, and the Co.'s ss. of 359 tons. The total area of existing harbs. (inner and outer) is 12a 31p. The total quay space of inner and outer harbs. is 405yds lin. The Company's passenger and goods steamers running the services between Folkestone and Boulogne, use the new pier for landing and embarking purposes, when there is not suflicient water to permit of the boats entering or leaving the harb. Ships entering this harb. should not draw more than 12ft. There is a gridiron 181st long x 3oft wide, also a slipway 450ft long. Cranes, sheds, &c.

Charges.--Harb. dues ad reg. ton.
Pilotage.--See London District.
Towage.-10 to 20), according to size of vessel.

Officials.-Man. S. É. Ry., Sir M. Fenton ; Harb. Mast, and
Supt., Capt. Boxer.
FORTROSE, Rosshire. Int. 57° 30' N; long. 4° 10' W.

Situated on the Moray Firth. Dry at LW. THW. f. and c. uh 46m. FORT WILLIAM, Inverness. S. end of Loch Linne. Nearest

Ry. Station, Kingussie, on the Highlands & Sutherland Ry. Auth. Owner, Mrs. Cameron Campbell, of Monzie. Accn. A pier about 180st long. LV. 99 tons.

FOSDYKE.-See Spalding.
FOSDYKE BRIDGE, on the River Welland, 8 miles below

Spalding. Auth. The River Welland Outfall Trustees. HW. f. and c. 7h om. D. ST. 12 to 151t. LV. Vessels up to 16ost in length can swing.

Charges.--River Welland dues, same as for Spalding.

Pilotage.-Clayhole, to or from, under Sít 1/9 per foot, over Sít 2/ per foot. Steam tugs from Boston, ballast and silt free.

Officials.-Clerks, Messrs. Bonne & Calthrap, solicitors, Spalding ; Harb. Master, John Kingston. FOWEY, Cornwall. About midway between Falmouth_and

Plymouth. Lat. 50° 21' N ; long. 4° 38' W. Pop. 1,800. Auth. Harb. Commissioners. P. NC. THW. f. and c. 5h 14m ; Sp. rise 17ft ; N. rise 12ft. D. ST. 36ft ; NT. 3oft ; LST. 18st.W. prev. SW. and SSE. Ry. Cornwall Minerals. Tr.-I. Timber, coal, and limestone ; E. China-clay, gunpowder,

ironstone, &c. LV. 3,000 tons. The harb. is perfectly safe at all times of tide. There are railway jetties for shipping china clay, and three jetties with hydraulic tips and cranes.

Charges.-Harb. dues, discharging or loading id reg. ton, windbound Id ton. Ballast 70 ton.

Pilotage.--District. From Looe, inclusive, to the Dodman. Rates. On vessels boarded within the Land off Looe, or the Dodman (which must be known by the Western land, called the Gray, being open of the Dodınan), into the harb. of Fowey, Mevagissey Pier, Pentuan Basin, Charlestown Basin, or Looe: Vessels not exceeding 100 tons per register as foot, and 6d for every additional 50 tons. No pilotage to be charged for less than half a foot. On vessels boarded without the limits above defined 1/ foot, in addition to the foregoing raies, is chargeable. The pilotage outwards, from any of the said harbs. to sea, is two-thirds of the aforegoing, according to the vessel's then dst. of water. All vessels which anchor on their arrival, either in Mevagissey Bay, or the Sands of Fowey, pay one-half of these rates. All vessels, inwards, anchoring in Fowey Harb., and afterwards removed to Lew Roads, and ali vessels outwards removed from Lew Roads and anchored in Fowey Harb., pay 1/ foot extra, if drawing 14st of water, and 9d foot if drawing less than 14st. Vessels removed from one of the abovenamed harbs. to another, pay the same pilotage as if boarded within the headlands coming in from sea. A pilot taken on board at sea, is entitled to the following additional rate of pay :-|| at three leagues without a line drawn from the Looe to the Dodman £3 35. If at six leagues without a line drawn from the Looe to the Dodman £4 4s. If at ten leagues without a line drawn from the Looe to the Dodman £6 6s, and proportionately for intermediate distances. All coasting vessels, excepting limestone barges, piloted into the harb. of Looe pay id ton, new registry, and the same outwards. All limestone barges piloted into the harb. pay 2,6 each and the same outwards. Charge for use of boats and warps 5/ vessel.

Towage.-As per agreement.

Officials.—Harb. Master, W. H. Harman; Supt. H. M. Customs, H. Hicks; Lloyd's Agents, Lowry & Davis.

Hotel.-" The Harbour."
FOYNES, Co. Kerry. On the Shannon below Limerick. Lat.

52° 36' N ; long 9° 5' W. Auth. Trustees, Lord Monteagle of Mount Trenchard, Foynes. Chairman. Accn. Area about 3 acres. LV. 300 tons. D. Dry at LW. Springs rise 15}st, neaps 12ft. THW. f, and c. 5h 35m. A good anchorage.

Official.-W. B. Soady, Sec. to Comm. of Public Works, Dublin. FRASERBURGH Aberdeenshire. Lat. 57° 41' N ; _long.

2° O'W. Ry. G.N. of Scotland. THW. f. and c. oh 4om. Auth. Commissioners under Fraserburgh Harbour Act, 1878, and Harbour Order, 1884. Harbour is protected by the Balaclava Breakwater and Pier 2,265ft long, carried into 1510 depth LW. at end, and by a south break water in course of construction.

Width of Length of


Entrance. Quayage. HW. LW. Balaclava Tidal Harbour.

85ft 3,900 ft 12 ft

oft North Tidal Harbour


1,180,, South Tidal Harbour

There is a steam crane listing 30 tons. LV. 500 tons.


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Officials.-Gen. Man. and Eng., W. H. Bartholomew ; Harb. Master and Supt. of Graving Dock, W. J. Bowman ; Resid. Agent of Trus. of Aire & Calder Nav. Co., W. E. Grayburn; Coll. of H.M. Cust., Alex. Scott.

Hotel. - Principal hotel, the “Lowther."
GOREY.-See Channel Islanıls.
GOSPORT -See Portsmouth.
GOURDON, Kincardineshire. Lat. 56° 48' N ; long. 2° 19' W.

THW. f. and c. 3h Om. Auth. Owner, James Farquhar, Esq., of Hallgreen. A small tidal harbour, dry at LW., with 15 t. at HWST. Quayage of 1ooft. A lifeboat station.

Charges.-14d per ton.
Officials.- Agent, Patrick Dickson, of Laurencekirk, V.B. ;
Harb. Master, Jas. Moir.

Hotel.--.“The Commercial.”
GOUROOK, Renfrew, Scotland. Lat. 55° 58' N ; long.

4° 30' W. A small harb. on the River Clyde, belonging to the Caledonian Ry. Co.

Official. - James Thompson, Gen. Manager, Glasgow. GRANGEMOUTH, Stirling. At the entrance of the Forth and

Clyde Canal. Lit. 56° 6' N ; long. 3° 49' W. Pop. 5,000. Auth. Cal. Ry. Co., under Act, 1867. P. NC. THW. f. and c. 2h Iom. D. at New Dock entrance 24ft when full. W. prev, are E. and W. Most dangerous are NW. gales. Rys. Cal. and N.B. Tr.- Large general I. and E. LV. sailing 1,499 tons ; steamer 1,450 reg. ton. Docks, &c. :

Depih of Name.

Area. Water on Sill




8 20

24 24

Old Docks New Dock Entrance Lock Timber Basin Grangemouth Dry Dock No vessel can enter at LW. of St. Quayage space 3,217 lin. ft in New Dock ; quayage wall outside of entrance lock 583 lin. ft; two timber jetties in dock 4oft long each. The average depth of River Carron is 22st below HW. mark of OST. Total area of docks about 23 acres. Ilydraulic and other cranes, hydraulic elevators, extensive shed and wharf Accn., and every modern appliance. Large timber ponds about 24 acres.

Charges. -Harbour, wharf, basin, and lamp dues.

Pilotage.—The harb. of Grangemouth and the pilotage limits for which the Cal. Ry. Co. are constituted the Pilotage Authority, includes all the docks, basins, locks, cuts, entrances, quays, and other works belonging to and authorised to be constructed by that Co. at Grangemouth, together with the portion of the river Carron specified in the Cal. Ry. (Grangemouth Harb.) Act, 1876, and the banks thereof, and the portion of the river Forth opposite the junction of the river Carron therewith, and extending for a distance of half a mile westward and two miles eastward from such junction. Table of Rates. - Maximum rates of pilotage. The rates of pilotage for every vessel piloted into or out of the harbour of Grangemouth shall be as follows :

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EXTRA ATTENDANCE. For extra attendance not exceeding 12 hours, when requested by Ship Masters

(other than piloting), 35.

Officials.-Gen. Man. Cal. Ry., J. Thompson ; Harb. and Dock Master, Capt. J. Pollock; Coll. of Dock and Harb. dues, C. Bibb; Coll. of H.M. Cust., James Russell. GRANTON, Edinburgh. On Fir h of Forth. Lat. 55° 59' N ;

long. 3° 15' W. Pop. 1,000. Auth. H.G. Duke of Buccleuch and Queensbury, K.T., under Statute William IV., c. 15, and Act 5 Vici., 1842. P.NC. THW. f. and c. 2h 20m ; Sp. rise 16ft ; N. rise 12 ft ; R. of N. gft. D. at LWST. in harb. 13st. There is no bar. W, prev. blow from a Sw. direction, and the NE. are most dangerous, bui, as the water to seaward of the harb. is not particularly deep, and the Island of Inchkeith forms a breakwater, in that direction at a distance of between 4 and 5 miles, affording partial shelter, the sea is never so high as to prevent vessels entering ihe harb. Rys. Cal. and N.B. Tr. - 1. Timber, iron, grain, esparto, pavement, cement, china clay, rosin, turpentine, bottles, bark, and live stock; E. Coal, iron, oil, machinery, castings, and general merchandise. LV. Cousins Arbib, 1,647 tons; Haverton, 1,645 tons. These ships are the largest which have arrived at the port with full cargoes. The Seamew, 765 reg. tons, is the larg st vessel which has come to a discharging berth at LW. of OŠT. with a general cargo. Accn. There are no docks. The total area of the harb. (which is forme l by two breakwaters, E. 2,840ft, and W. 2,987ft) is 129 acres, measured at HW., whereof 77 acres lie W. of the pier and 52 acres to E. Both the W. and E. breakwaters are carried into 13ft at LW. of ST., and the entrance between the heads is 340ft wide. A pier 20ost wide runs out between the breakwaters for about 1,700ft. Hawthorn's Patent Slip, which can take vessels up to 1,400 reg. tons. is 26oft long, 40ft wide, with 13ft at ST., and 8ft at NT. There is good cranage accn., and every requisite of a first-class port. There are six coal tips, each loading about 110 tons per hour.

Charges.—Tonnage dues 2d to gd reg. ton. Rates and dues as per schedule.

Pilotage.—District not defined. Rates. Same as Leith. Towage.—As per agreement. Officials.-Gen. Supt. of Harb., J. Howkins, C.E. ; Coll. of H.M. Cust., A. J. W. Cameron. GRAVESEND, Kent. On the S. side of River Thames. 20

miles SE. from London, and opposite Tilbury Docks. Vessels wait here for tide to come up to London. THW. f. and c. ih iom.

GT. GRIMSBY.-See Grimsby.
GT. WESTERN DOCKS, Millbay.-See Plymouth.
GT. YARMOUTH.-See Yarmouth.
GREENFIELD, River Dee. 3 miles above Mostyn (see

GREENHITHE, River Thames. Ry. N.K. There is a pier at

this place, used by vessels loading lime. GREENOCK, Renfrew. On the Firth of Clyde. Lat. 55° 57'

N; long. 4° 44' W. Pop. 77,000. Auth. Harbour Trust, under the Greenock Harbours Acts, 1866 and 1880, P. NC. THW. oh 8m; Sp. rise roft ; N. rise 8fft. W. prev. NW. 10 SW. Rys. G. & S.W. and Cal. Tr.—I. Sugar, timber, grain, cotton, hemp, iron, oil, fish; E. Refined sugar, coal, iron, and machinery. LV. Largest vessels afloat, 32st sill. James Wait Dock oniy dock with gates on river. Accn. There is every accn. for shipping, hydraulic cranes, warehouses, &c.

Harbs.: Old Works:-

[blocks in formation]

acres. sq. yd. ft. ft. ft. ft. ft. ft. ft it. West 721,822 3,410 1,100 180 460 800 1,100 20..

Dry to 12ft. East India 67 25,404 2,660 1,200 440 150 1,040 | 1,250 20..

2 to 12ft. Victoria .. 5$ 20,466 1,870 400 550 550 400 520 23:14 Albert... 101 '28,755 2,750 1,250 420 450 1,000 1,000 23.14

New Works :-Garvel Basin (tidal): quays, 2,48ost; depth along south-west pier, 35ft AW. for 6ooft. James Watt Wet Dock : 32st on sill; 2,000ft long by 300 to 350ft wide ; central jetty ; length of quays 6,400ft ; grain stores. Great Harbour (tidal): 3,23oft long by boost wide, 35ft deep HW. when completed. The Greenock docks and piers are approached direct from the deep channel of the Frith. The new works present the feature of an "always afloat” dock, hitherto unknown on the Clyde ; the James Watt Docks eastern and western entrances being closed by

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