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W. Pop. 17,366. Auth. Harbour Trust, under statute 9 July, 1817, and Provisional Order 27 June, 1883. P. NC. THW... and c. at Kessock Pier, oh 18m; Sp. rise 12ft; N. rise 9}st; R. of N. 7ft. D. on bar about 6st at LWST. W. The harb. is so situated that no wind is dangerous.

Ry. H.

Tr.-1. Grain, guano, timber, tar, bones, coal, lime, iron, slates; E. Herrings, pite props, sleepers, staves, timber, turnips, potatoes, and grain. LV. 688 tons, at LWST. 30 tons, Accn. The area of the harb., formed by the lower reach of the river Ness, is about 3 acres, and there are about 800 yards of quayage space. Depth at Old Harb. ST. rise 13ft to 14t; NT. soft to ust; at New Quay (Thornbush) ST. 17st to 18:1; NT, rise 13ft to 14ft.

Charges.-Dues 1}d ton ; dues on ballast 2 i ton.

Pilotage.- District. One section is licensed for the extent of the jurisdiction of the port authorities. Rates. Vessels under 50 tons 4/ in, and the same out, and id ton additional sor every ton over 50 tons.

Towage.-2/6 per horse from sea to Thornbush ; and it stopped at Thornbush for one tide, then from Thornbush to Old Harbour 2/6 per horse. Direct from sea to Old Harbour 3/ per horse.

Officials.-Clerks to Trust, A. P. and R. Hay, Solicitors ; Ry. Man., A. Dougall ; Harb. Mast., Capt. W. Morrison ; Coll. of Harl). Dues, G. Munro ; Coll. of H.M. Cust., S. Massy, IPSWICH, Suffolk. On the Orwell, about 11 miles from the

Lat. 53° 35' N ; long. 0° 4' E. Pop. 57,000. Auth. Dock Commission, under Statutes 45 Geo. III., c. 101, I Vic.. c. 74, 15 Vic., c. 116, and 40 and 41 Vic., c. 216, P. N.C. THW. f. and c. ch 35m ; Sp. rise 13}ft at Ipswich Dock. D. Between the entrance lock and Pin Mill Reach there is a depth of water in the river channel of 21}ft at OST and 181st at ONT. In Pin Mill Reach there are iron screw moorings and buoys for lightening with 22ft at LWST. W. prev. SW. to W.; no wind can be considered actually dangerous within the port limits. Ry. G.E. Tr.-I. Grain, cheese, timber, seeds, coal, wines and spirits; E. Iron, machinery, phosphates, agricultural implements, grain, patent manures, bricks, oil, roots, &c. LV. Harvestoe, 1,372 reg. ton. Accn. The area of the port is the whole of the estuary of the river Orwell above an imaginary line drawn between Shotley Point and Fagborough Cliff (the limits of the jurisdiction of the Harwich Harb. Conservancy Board), including therein a large floating dock. The area of the dock, which is approached by an entrance lock zoost long, 5oft wide, is about 294 acres. Depth on sill at mean HWST. 235/t, NT. 201st. Warehouse accn. and every facility, The dock takes Vesels of 175st dft. Within the floating dock there are 1,150yds of walled public quay, 300yds of the same unwalled, and with earth slope, 4oöyds' of the Commissioners' and private quays, and 300yds of the Commissioners' ballast quay. On ihe E. bank of the river there is a timber quay. Outside the dock there are 1,000yds of walled tidal quay, used by vessels up to about 200 tons burthen, and 1,500yds of dwarf tidal quay on the frontages of roadways not used for trade. There are also tidal quays at Bournebridge Creek, at Pin Mill, Chelmondiston, and at Lëvington Creek. For ships and boats the present depth of the channel at Mulberry Middle, Downham Reach, is 22}ft and in Cliff Reach 21}ft at HWST. The depth of the dock over 15 acres at HWST.

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level varies from 173st to 21ft. Crane power to 25 tons. Slips, &c. :

Depth | Height of sides
Name.
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(Carriage can be lengthened to 140ft.) Charges.-Import and export rates on goods. Wharfage 2d ton on customary dead weight.

Pilotage.-District. From Ipswich quays to: Harwich Harb. and vice versa. Rates per foot. From the dock entrance to Downham Reach, or vice versii, for every sloop or vessel with one mast 1/; for every other vessel with two or more masts 1/3; from Downham Reach to Levington Creek, or vice versa, for every ship or vessel 6d; from Levington Creek to Harwich Harb., or vice versii, for every ship or vessel 6d ; for every vessel coming inwards from Harwich Harb. to Downham Reach 1); for every vessel outward bound from Downham Reach to Harwich Harb. 11. Towage.-Small vessels :From Ipswich to

Bridge. Puntless,

Levington

Harwich. Creek.

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Officials.-Clerks to the Dock Com., Messrs. Long & Casley ; Engineer, Thos. Miller; Harb. and Dock Master, E. Garwood ; Coll. of Rates, E. H. Drummond ; Assist. Coll., F. Page ; Dock Traffic Supt., E. Hughes; Supt. of H. M. Cust., J. Hedges ; Lloyd's Surv., E. Robertson.

Hotels.—“Great White Horse," " “Golden Lion," “ Crown and Anchor," &c. IRVINE, Ayrshire. On the coast, between Troon and Aruros

Lat. 53° 37' N; long. 4° 41' W. Pop. 8 520. Auth. Harbour Trust, under Irvine Harb. Act, 1873. P. NC. THW. f. and c. u1h 50m; Sp. rise 1oft ; N. rise 8ft. D. on

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bar at LW. about 4ft ; at HWST. 13ft to 14st; N. init W. prev. SW. The harb. is sale for vessels in any wind. Ry. G. & S.W. Tr.-1. Limestone, salt, grain, timber; E. Coal, pig iron, and chemical products. LV.830 reg. tons. Accn. The area of the harb. is about 43,444 yards; of this area 31,752 yards have a depth from about 3ft to an average of about 7st at LÝ. There are no docks.

The length of the quay space is 1,665st, having a depth alongside of from 7ft to uft. LWST. There are steam hoists, cranes, &c.

Charges.-Harb. ducs, 3d per reg. ton; ballast 40 and 8d per ton; goods 2d to 6d

per Pilotage. id per reg. ton. Towage.-(Compulsory.) 2d reg. ton.

Officials.-Sec., J. Dickie; 1Iarb. Mast., M. Boyd ; Dep. Harb. Mast., D. McCallum ; Coll., J. Maclean; Ry. Supt., T. McKend. IRELETH, a creek under port of Lancaster. An

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beach, D. 1oft HWST., 4st HWNT. ISLAY, a creek under port of Greenock. ISLE OF MAN. In the Irish Sea, 26 miles W. of England

between St. Bee's Head and the Point of Ayre, 153 miles S. of Scotland between Burrow Head and the same Point, 27 miles E. of Ireland between the point W. of South Rock and Contrary Head, and 39 miles N. of Wales between Llanhana Head, Anglesea, and the Calf. Extreme length 32! statute miles, breadth about it statute miles. Contains about 180,000 statute acres. Lat. 54° 18' N; long. 4° 32' W. Auth. Harbour Commissioners. Tr.-1. Spirits, wines, colonial produce and manufactured goods; E. Fish, agricultural produce, lead ore, paper, linen, sailcloth, &c. Accn. The principal ports of the island are :-(a) Douglas. Pop. 19,000.' Formed by the outlet of Douglas river. The inner harb. is covered in and defended by a north-eastern pier 173} yards long and 13! to 30 yards broad. Is well quayed for about 1 mile. There is also a transverse jetty. Area of harb. about 11 acres, nearly all dry at LW. The bottom is principally gravel over marl. As a rule, vessels drawing 13ft can enter at ST., and those drawing gft at N. In the outer harlı. are two deep-water landing piers, one extending ESE. 1,30oft., the other NNE. 700ft. Depth of water alongside at LWOST. 12st. Depth of water at entrance at OST. about 30't. No bar. The Harb. Commissioners are at present lengthening the Victoria Pier 10 450ft, a red buoy being placed 100ft ahead of the works whilst in progress:

W. prev. S. and W., but they do not affect the harb., which is open to winds from E. to SÉ. only. LV. which has entered harb. was of about 1,500 tons burthen. THW. f. and c. Douglas Bar nih 12m ; OST. rise 2011t; N. rise 16ft. Charges: Harb. dues 3d per ton on all goods landed; windbound }d per ton; vessels not landing cargo and not landing or embarking passengers 2d per ton. (6) Peel. A tidal harb. formed by the outlet of the river Neb; is defended eastward by a pier extending in a NNE. I E. direction for 100 yards, continued inwards for 300 yards, and northward by a pier extending NE. 200ft. Area 5 acres. Vessels drawing 12ft to 14ft can enter on ST., and those drawing 8ft to roft on N. W. S. and W. most prev.; harb. open to NE. LV. which has entered the port, a steamer of 663 ions reg. THW. f. and c. tih 8m ; equi. Sp. rise 20}\t; ord. Sp. rise 18}ft ; N. rise 143ft Charges same as Douglas. (c)

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Port St. Mary. A tidal harb., covered by a pier extending out for about a cable in a N. direction, and by an outer pier 1,000ft. long, extending in the same direction and terminating in soft water LWST. The harb. is quayed at the head and upon the W. side, and the passage into it between the pier head and the ledges from the shore is about 200ft wide. Area about 2 acres, over a bottom of mud and clay. Vessels of 12ft to 13st dft, can enter on ST., and those of 8 to gft on N. W. prev. S. and W. ; harb. affected by SE. to E. winds. LV., 200 tons reg. THW. f. and c. uh iom ; ord. Sp. rise 22st ; N. 18ft. Charges same as Douglas. (d) Castletown (Ön C. Bay). A swing bridge divides this hårb, into an inner and outer harb. The inner basin has an area of about 2 acres, the available width of entrance being 26ft. Vessels drawing 12ft can enter the outer harb. on ST., and those of 7ft on N. Depth at entrance to bay varies from 5 10 13 fathoms. THW. f. and c. uh

ST. rise 2oft ; N. rise 16ft. Charges same as Douglas. le) Ramsey Harbour. Formed by the outlets of the river Sulby; defended at entrance by tivo parallel piers. En. 50 yards wile. Vessels drawing 16st may reach the quay on average ST., and those of 9ft on N. W. prev. S. and W. Harb. open to E. THW. in Ramsey Bay uh. 12m ; ST. rise 201\t; N. 16ft. 600 yards south of the harb. entrance is an iron landing pier extending in an easterly direction 2,100st, terminating in 12ft of water at LWST. Charges as at Douglas.

Officials. Hari). Masters : C. B. Quane, Douglas; J. Morrison, Peel; H. Coole, Port Erin (see Port Erin); T. Qual. trough, Port St. Mary; J. Kewish, Castletown; T. Bryden, Ramsey.

ISLE OF WHITHORN.-See Whithorn.
ITCHENOR, a creek under port of Littlehampton. D. HWST.

14ft, HWNT. 1oft. Official.-Principal Customs Officer, J. Wiltshire. JARROW, on the River Tyne. The Mercantile Dry Dock,

recently constructed, has a breadth of 73ft. Entrance 6ost. Length 350ft. Depth of water on sill IIWST. 21ft.

JERSEY.-See Channel Islands
JOHNSHAVEN, Kincardineshire, Scotland. Lat. 56° 47 N;

long. 2° 21' W. Ry. N.B. THW. f. and c. ih 3om. Auth. Owner, Hercules Scott, Esq., of Brotherton, Johnshaven, N.B., under Prov. Orders 1871 and 1882. W. prev. W. and NSW. and most dangerous SE. Accn. Outer harb. about of an acre, inner harb. f an acre. D. Dry at LW., from 5 to 12ft at HW. Good quayage.

Charges. --30 per ton reg. Ballast 60 per ton, taking in or discharging. Master paying cartage over and above ballast dues. Windbound vessels Idd per ton.

Pilotage.-NC., as per agreement.

Officials.--Harb. Master, Wm. Low; Berthing Master, J. Douglas.

Hotels.-" Anchor” and “Ship."
KAMES BAY, I. of Bute. Lat. 55° 53' N ; long. 5° 3' W.

Frequented by yachts in the season. Good holding ground at moderate depths. KATËRLINE, Kincardineshire, Scot. Lat. 56° 33' N ; long.

2° 14' W. A small harb., dry at LW. THW. f. and c. 1h 15m.

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KEADBY, on an outlet from the river Don, nav. into the Trent.

M.S. and L. Ry. Man., W. Pollett. D. HWST. 22st, HWNT. 15st. KEILLS, Argyllshire. Lat. 55° 47' N ; long. 5° 40' W. There

is a good anchorage in 5 fms. KEISS, Caithness, Scot. Near Noss Head. A small fishing

harb. belonging to Mr. F. T. Barry, of Keiss. There are no dues. KELTON, a creek of Dumfries, under the river Nith Commis

sioners. Dues same as Dumfries. KEMMAES.-See Cemmaes. KENMARE RIVER, between Cos. Cork and Kerry, contains

Ardmore, Ballycrovane, Bunaw, Killmakilloge, Kenmare, Ormond, and Dunkerrow Harbours. Ken. mare, lat. 51° 34' N; long. 9° 35' W, has a tidal pier, the property of the Grand Jury, Co. Kerry, used by a weekly steamer fron Cork and by coasting vessels. THW. f. and c. 3h 52m.

Official.-S. Goodwin, Co. Surveyor, Killarney. KENNETPANS, Clackmannan, on N. bank Frith of Forth,

26 miles above Queen's Ferry. Lat. 55° 5' N; long. 3° 49' W. Used by steamers shipping coals of the Clackmannan Ccal Co. D. HWST. 18ft, HWNT. 14it. THW. f. and c. Toh om.

Steam cranes. Vessels up to 1,000 tons lie on soft mud 7ít to gft deep.

Official.--Harb. Master, G. Proctor.
Charges.-Id per ton reg.
KESSINGLAND, fishing village near Lowestoft.
KIDWELLY, Carmarthenshire, 9 miles S. from Llanelly.

Auth. Corporation of Kidwelly. Ry. G.W. W. prev. SW. Accn. A pier with about 6ft at LW. Tr.-E. Coal, tinplate, iron, and bricks.

Official.-Town Clerk, D. C. Edwards.
KILKEEL, Co. Down, a fishing village. Lat. 54° 4' N; long.

6° 0' W. D. HWST. 13ft, HWNT. 8ft. Official.- Harb. Master, T. Grills. KILLALA, Co. Mayo. Lat. 54° 13' 55" N ; long. 9° 11' 45" W.

There is a pier, alongside which vessels drawing gft lie. KILLARROW.-See Bowmore. KILLEANEY BAY, Inishmore Island, Arran Islands, Galway.

Lat. 53° 6' 56" N ; long. 9° 37' 45" W. There is a small pier with D. Toft at HWST., alongside. KILLIBEGS, Co. Donegal. Lat. 54° 34' 8" N ; long. 8° 27' 23" W. Auth. Grand Jury, Co. Donegal.

Accn. Any vessel can enter at all times. KILLOUGH, Co. Down, Ireland. Lat. 54° 15' N ; long. 5° 36'

W. THW. f. and c. uh Om. Ry. Belfast & Co. Down to Downpatrick, which is 5 miles distant. Auth. Owner, Viscount Bangor, under a grant made to Sir Robert Ward, 23 Charles II. Accn. Area 200 statute acres. D. on bar 13 fathoms HW. Pier about 180 yards long, dry at LW., with 14ft HWST. and 9ft HWNT.

No crane power.

LV. has been one of 218 tons.

Harb. safe and commodious, either for quayage or anchorage.

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