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bar at LW. about 4ft; at HWST. 13ft to 14ft; N. 11t W. prev. SW. The harb. is safe for vessels in any wind. Ry. G. & S. W. Tr.-I. Limestone, salt, grain, timber; E. Coal, pig iron, and chemical products. LV. 830 reg. tons. Accn. The area of the harb. is about 43,444 yards; of this area 31,752 yards have a depth from about 3ft to an average of about 7ft at LW. There are no docks. The length of the quay space is 1,665ft, having a depth alongside of from 7ft to 11ft. LWST. There are steam hoists, cranes, &c.
Charges. Harb. dues, 3d per reg. ton; ballast 4d and 8d per ton; goods 2d to 6d per ton.
Pilotage. 1d per reg. ton.
Towage. (Compulsory.) 2d reg. ton.
Officials.-Sec., J. Dickie; Harb. Mast., M. Boyd; Dep. Harb. Mast., D. McCallum ; Coll., J. Maclean; Ry. Supt., J. McKend. IRELETH, a creek under port of Lancaster. An open beach. D. 1oft HWST., 4ft HWNT.
ISLAY, a creek under port of Greenock.
ISLE OF MAN. In the Irish Sea, 26 miles W. of England between St. Bee's Head and the Point of Ayre, 15 miles S. of Scotland between Burrow Head and the same Point, 271⁄2 miles E. of Ireland between the point W. of South Rock and Contrary Head, and 39 miles N. of Wales between Llanhana Head, Anglesea, and the Calf. Extreme length 32 statute miles, breadth about 11 statute miles. Contains about 180,000 statute acres. Lat. 54° 18′ N; long. 4° 32′ W. Auth. Harbour Commissioners. Tr.-I. Spirits, wines, colonial produce and manufactured goods; E. Fish, agricultural produce, lead ore, paper, linen, sailcloth, &c. Accn. The principal ports of the island are:-(a) Douglas. Pop. 19,000. Formed by the outlet of Douglas river. The inner harb. is covered in and defended
by a north-eastern pier 173 yards long and 13 to 30 yards broad. Is well quayed for about mile. There is also a transverse jetty. Area of harb. about II acres, nearly all dry at LW. The bottom is principally gravel over marl. As a rule, vessels drawing 13ft can enter at ST., and those drawing 9ft at N. In the outer harb. are two deep-water landing piers, one extending ESE. 1,300ft., the other NNE. 700ft. Depth of water alongside at LWOST. 12st. Depth of water at entrance at OST. about 30ft. No bar. The Harb. Commissioners are at present lengthening the Victoria Pier to 450ft, a red buoy being placed 100ft ahead of the works whilst in progress. W. prev. S. and W., but they do not affect the harb., which is open to winds from E. to SE. only. LV. which has ever entered harb. was of about 1,500 tons burthen. THW. f. and c. Douglas Bar 11h 12m; OST. rise 20ft; N. rise 16ft. Charges: Harb. dues 3d per ton on all goods landed; windbound d per ton; vessels not landing cargo and not landing or embarking passengers 2d per ton. (b) Peel. A tidal harb. formed by the outlet of the river Neb; is defended eastward by a pier extending in a NNE. E. direction for 100 yards, continued inwards for 300 yards, and northward by a pier extending NE. 200ft. Area 5 acres. Vessels drawing 12ft to 14ft can enter on ST., and those drawing 8ft to 1oft on N. W. S. and W. most prev.; harb. open to NE. LV. which has entered the port, a steamer of 663 tons reg. THW. f. and c. 11h 8m ; equi. Sp. rise 20ft; ord. Sp. rise 18ft; N. rise 143ft Charges same as Douglas. (c)
Port St. Mary. A tidal harb., covered by a pier extending out for about a cable in a N. direction, and by an outer pier 1,000ft. long, extending in the same direction and terminating in 10ft water LWST. The harb. is quayed at the head and upon the W. side, and the passage into it between the pier head and the ledges from the shore is about 200ft wide. Area about 2 acres, over a bottom of mud and clay. Vessels of 12ft to 13ft dft. can enter on ST., and those of 8 to 9ft on N. W. prev. S. and W.; harb. affected by SE. to E. winds. LV., 200 tons reg. THW. f. and c. 11h 10m; ord. Sp. rise 22ft; N. 18ft. Charges same as Douglas. (d) Castletown (Ôn C. Bay). A swing bridge divides this harb. into an inner and outer harb. The inner basin has an area of about 2 acres, the available width of entrance being 26ft. Vessels drawing 12ft can enter the outer harb. on ST., and those of 7ft on N. Depth at entrance to bay varies from 5 to 13 fathoms. THW. f. and c. 11h Iom. ST. rise 20ft; N. rise 16ft. Charges same as Douglas. (e) Ramsey Harbour. Formed by the outlets of the river Sulby; defended at entrance by two parallel piers. En. 50 yards wide. Vessels drawing 16ft may reach the quay on average ST., and those of 9ft on N. W. prev. S. and W. Harb. open to E. THW. in Ramsey Bay 11th. 12m; ST. rise 20ft; N. 16ft. 600 yards south of the harb. entrance is an iron landing pier extending in an easterly direction 2,100ft, terminating in 12ft of water at LWST. Charges as at Douglas.
Officials. Harb. Masters: C. B. Quane, Douglas; J. Morrison, Peel; H. Coole, Port Erin (see Port Erin); T. Qualtrough, Port St. Mary; J. Kewish, Castletown; T. Bryden, Ramsey. ISLE OF WHITHORN.-See Whithorn.
ITCHENOR, a creek under port of Littlehampton. D. HWST. 14ft, HWNT. 1oft.
Official.-Principal Customs Officer, J. Wiltshire.
JARROW, on the River Tyne. The Mercantile Dry Dock, recently constructed, has a breadth of 73ft. Entrance 6oft. Length 350ft. Depth of water on sill HWST. 21ft. JERSEY.-See Channel Islands
JOHNSHAVEN, Kincardineshire, Scotland. Lat. 56° 47 N; long. 2° 21' W. Ry. N.B. THW. f. and c. Ih 30m. Auth. Owner, Hercules Scott, Esq., of Brotherton, Johnshaven, N.B., under Prov. Orders 1871 and 1882. W. prev. W. and NSW. and most dangerous SE. Accn. Outer harb. about an acre, inner harb. an acre. D. Dry at LW., from 5 to 12ft at
HW. Good quayage.
Charges. 3d per ton reg.
Ballast 6d per ton, taking in or
discharging. Master paying cartage over and above ballast dues. Windbound vessels 1d per ton.
Pilotage.-NC., as per agreement.
Officials.--Harb. Master, Wm. Low; Berthing Master, J.
Hotels." Anchor" and "Ship."
KAMES BAY, I. of Bute. Lat. 55° 53' N; long. 5° 3′ W. Frequented by yachts in the season. Good
holding ground at moderate depths.
KATERLINE, Kincardineshire, Scot. Lat. 56° 33′ N; long. 2° 14′ W. A small harb., dry at LW. THW.
f. and c. 1h 15m.
KEADBY, on an outlet from the river Don, nav. into the Trent. M.S. and L. Ry. Man., W. Pollett. D. HWST. 22ft, HWNT. 15ft.
KEILLS, Argyllshire. Lat. 55° 47' N ; long. 5° 40′ W. There is a good anchorage in 5 fms.
KEISS, Caithness, Scot. Near Noss Head.
are no dues.
A small fishing
harb. belonging to Mr. F. T. Barry, of Keiss. There
KELTON, a creek of Dumfries, under the river Nith Commissioners. Dues same as Dumfries. KEMMAES.-See Cemmaes.
KENMARE RIVER, between Cos. Cork and Kerry, contains Ardmore, Ballycrovane, Bunaw, Kill
makilloge, Kenmare, Ormond, and Dunkerrow Harbours. Kenmare, lat. 51° 34' N; long. 9° 35′ W, has a tidal pier, the property of the Grand Jury, Co. Kerry, used by a weekly steamer from Cork and by coasting vessels. THW. f. and c. 3h 52m. Official.-S. Goodwin, Co. Surveyor, Killarney.
KENNETPANS, Clackmannan, on N. bank Frith of Forth, 26 miles above Queen's Ferry. Lat. 55° 5' N; long. 3° 49' W. Used by steamers shipping coals of the Clackmannan Coal Co. D. HWST. 18ft, HWNT. 14ft. THW. f. and c. Vessels up to 1,000 tons lie on soft mud
10h om. Steam cranes.
7ft to 9ft deep.
Official.-Harb. Master, G. Proctor.
Charges. Id per ton reg.
KESSINGLAND, fishing village near Lowestoft.
KIDWELLY, Carmarthenshire, 9 miles S. from Llanelly. Auth. Corporation of Kidwelly. Ry. G.W. W. prev. SW. Accn. A pier with about 6ft at LW. Tr.-E. Coal, tinplate, iron, and bricks.
Official.-Town Clerk, D. C. Edwards.
KILKEEL, Co. Down, a fishing village. Lat. 54° 4' N; long. 6° o' W. D. HWST. 13ft, HWNT. 8ft.
Official.- Harb. Master, T. Grills.
KILLALA, Co. Mayo. Lat. 54° 13′ 55′′ N; long. 9° 11′ 45′′ W.
vessel can enter at all times.
KILLOUGH, Co. Down, Ireland. Lat. 54° 15′ N; long. 5° 36' W. THW. f. and c. 11h om. Ry. Belfast & Co. Down to Downpatrick, which is 5 miles distant. Auth. Owner, Viscount Bangor, under a grant made to Sir 23 Charles II. Accn. Area 200 statute acres. fathoms HW. Pier about 180 yards long, dry at HWST. and 9ft HWNT. No crane power. LV. has been one of 218 tons. Harb. safe and commodious, either for quayage or anchorage.
D. on bar 13 LW., with 14ft
Charges.-Anchorage: vessels under 50 tons, 2/2; 100 tons, 2/8; 150 tons, 3/3; 200 tons, 4/4; over 200 tons, 5/5. Quayage, per ton 1d. Coals 34d. per ton.
Official.—Harb. Master, Hugh Finlay.
Hotel." Bangor Arms."
KILLYLEAGH, Strangford Lough, Ireland. Auth. The Earl of Duftcrin. Accn. A quay dry at LW., and
10 to 15 ft HW.
KILMAKILLOGE, Kenmare Bay, Co. Kerry. Lat. 51° 48' N; long. 9° 51′ W. Good anchorage in deep water. KILMORE, Co. Wexford, Ireland, near the Saltees Islands, small harbour formed by a pier and a breakwater now in course of construction by the Irish Board of Works. KILORGLIN, near Valentia, Ireland. Lat. 51° 56' N long. 10° 19′ 16′′ W. Auth. The Grand Jury of Co. Kerry. A tidal pier, protected by a mud-bank.
KILRUSH, Co. Clare, Ireland. Lat. 52° 38′ N; long. 9° 30′ W. On the Shannon. Auth. The Kilrush Town Commrs. Accn. Harb. is formed by a pier, and is sheltered from all winds but W. D. at pierhead 8ft LW. Used by vessels of up to 200 tons.
KINCARDINE, Perthshire, Scot. Lat. 56° 5' N long. 3° 45′ W. Auth. Owner, Lady Wm. Osborne Elphinstone. Accn. Harb. formed by a pier 115 yards long. D. Dry at LW., 18ft HWST., and 12ft HWNT. THW. f. and c. 3h om. W. prev. NE. and SW., and most dangerous S. Official.—Agent, Charles Brown. Harb. Master, J. Thompson. KINGHOLM-ON-NITH, a sub-port of Dumfries.
Master, G. Little.
KINGHORN, Fifeshire. Lat. 56° 5' N; long. 3° 12′ W. A small harb. belonging to the N. B. Ry. Co. Official.-Gen. Manager, J. Walker, Edinburgh. KINGSBRIDGE, Devon, 32 miles SW. of Exeter. HWST. 14ft, HWNT. 9ft.
KINGS LYNN.-See Lynn.
KINGSTON (Elgin).-See Garmouth.
KINGSTON, Sussex.-See Shoreham.
KINGSTOWN.—See Dublin. THW. f. and c. 11h 12m. KINSALE (see Bandon Quay), Co. Cork. Lat. 51° 36' N ; long. 8° 31′ 38′′ W. Situated at the mouth of the Bandon. Ry. Terminus of Cork, Bandon & Kinsale Ry. Auth. Harb. Commrs., under Prov. Orders, 1870 and 1874. Accn. Harb. is formed by nature, and improved by the construction of a new pier and quay. D. at quays 8ft at HW., at bar 13ft at LW., and inside harb. 4 to 5 fms. Vessels can now get alongside quay
at all times. Cranes nil.
Charges.--Id per ton on reg. tonnage.
Officials.--Sec., M. Hegarty, Esq.; Harb. Master, James Coleman; Coll., J. Calgan.
Hotels." Kinsale Arms," "Commercial," and "Army and Navy.'
Lat 56° 7' N;
KIRBY IRELETH.-See Ireleth. KIRKCALDY, Fifeshire, in the Firth of Forth. long. 3° 10' W. Pop. 25,000. Comraissioners, under Act 12 and 13 Vict., c. 13, and Harb. Act, 1876. P. NC. D. on bar, dry at LW. In outer harb. ST. 161f; NT. 11ft. W. prev. NW. to SW.; most dangerous ENE. to ESE. Ry. N B. Tr.-I. Chiefly flax, timber, guano, corn, cork shavings, &c.; E. Manufactured goods, coal, grain, potatoes, and linoleum. LV. 2,040 tons (this vessel did not load at port). The harb., formed by an East pier and middle and West quay, has an area of 5 acres, including a dock, with an entrance 31ft wide, the outer entrance is 64ft wide, facing SSW., the entrance basin is 31ft wide. Total quayage space inside the harb. is about 1,300ft. The harb. is dry at LW., and has an average depth of 16ft at HWST. Good berthage from that depth to 10ft over a bottom of muddy sand. The dock has 2ft less water than the outer harbour. Extensive grain warehouses, &c., cranage, sheer legs for lifting boilers, and other facilities. Regular communication with London once a week. A new harbour is being constructed about 1 miles SW. of Kircalcy.
Charges.--Harbour dues, coastwise 3d ton in harbour and 4d ton in dock. Foreign 6d in harb., and 8d in dock.
Pilotage. District. From harb. to roadstead.
wards. Rates. Inwards, 1 foot, and 2/6 for boat attendance. Outwards as per agreement.
Towage. As per agreement.
Officials. Clerk to Commrs., W. M. Dow; Harb. Master, Capt. A. Henderson; Coll. of H.M. Cust., G. Pearson.
Hotels." Harbour Head," "National," and "George. KIRKCUDBRIGHT, Kirkcudbrightshire. Lat. 54° 48′ N; long. 4° 5' W. On the River Dee. Auth. Town Council, under Act 16 and 17 Vict., c. 93, s. 12; and a Schedule of Rates, approved by Board of Trade, February 22, 1854. Accn. A small harb. D. 2ft LW. Used by coasters. THW. f. and c. 11h 10m.
Official. John Gibson, Town Clerk. KIRKWALL, Orkneys. Lat. 58° 59' 10" N; long. 2° 57' 30" W. Pop. 4,100. Auth. Orkney Harb. Commrs., under the Orkney Harbs. Act., 1887. P. NC. THW. 10h 9m; Sp. rise oft; N. rise 7ft. W. prev. from SW. to W.; most dangerous NE. Accn. The harb. is a small natural bay, sheltered from the northward by a pier, extending about 373yds from the shore, with a return head of 33yds pointing to the NW. There are warehouses, and the piers have 22ft at HWST. and 12ft LWST. There are also cranes to 3 tons' power, and other accommodation. Charges.-Harb. dues according to size 1d to 6d ton. Harb. lights 1/ for every vessel above 20 tons reg. Mooring anchors 1/ for every vessel making fast.
Towage. As per agreement.
Officials. Clerk to Commrs., D. J. Robertson; Harb. Master, R. Heddle; Asst. Harb. Master, J. T. Irvine; Cust. Officer, W. Duffus.
Hotel."The Kirkwall," Wm. Dunnet.
KITCHEN COVE, Bantry Bay, Co. Cork. Lat. 51° 43′ N; long. 9° 35′ W. This is fair shelter for
craft drawing up to 13ft.