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Officials.-Clerk to Harb. Comm., J. Jennings ; Harb. Master Llanelly, Capt. T. Jones; Dock Master Llanelly Ry. & Dock Co.'s Dock, Capt. Lowther ; Dock Master Cambrian Dock, J. Gibson ; Dock Master Copper Works Dock, J. Gibson ; Resident Superintendent of Llanelly Ry. Dock Co., W. H. Ludford ; Coll. of Dues, Pilotage, &c., A. Stone ; Coll. of H.M. Cust., T. E. Fielding LONDON. The capital of the United Kingdom. Lat. 51° 30'

N; long. 0° 5'W. On the River Thames about 50 miles from its mouth. The limits of the port are from London Bridge to the Naze at Walton. The River Thames is under the jurisdiction of the Thames Conservancy Board, whose rights extend from Cricklade to Yantlet Creek, and to the Crow Stone near Leigh in Essex. All along the river on both banks are numerous warehouses, and wharves where vessels may load and discharge, all these being provided with hydraulic and steam cranes, &c. These are owned principally by private firms, Railway Cos., &c. The shallowest part of the navigable channel of the estuary is to the south of the Leigh Middle Bank. about a mile above Southend, where the depth is 24ft at LWOST. HW, f. and c. at London Bridge at ih 58m; Sp. rise 202ft ; N. rise 177ft. There are four principal Dock Cos. — The LONDON & Sr. KATHARINE's, the East & West INDIA (who own the Docks at Tilbury), and the MILLWALL, on the north side of the river, and the SURREY COMMERCIAL Docks on the south side.

Harbour Dues, payable to the Thames Conservancy, are from }d to fd per ton.

Pilotage.--Rates for pilots licensed by the Corporation of Trinity House of Deptford Strond, or acting as such under the authority of the Acts of Parliament, 6 Geo. IV. c. 125, 16 and 17 Vict. c. 129, and 17 and 18 Vic. c. 104, for piloting ships and vessels within the limits mentioned in the table on pp. 247, 248. From sea in or out of Ramsgate, Margale, Dover, or Sandwich Harbs. 5/ ft dst. For vessels ex. 22ft an increase in the rates for each foot or part of a foot, in the same proportion as between 22 and 23st. For putting a pilot on board a vessel, either from the cutters or from the shore, 60 and under 150 tons 20', 150 and under 250, 25%, 250 and under 400, 30), 400 and under 600, 40, 600 and under 1,000, 50, 1,000 and upwards 63. Vessels not ex. 70 tons, chiefly laden inwards with fish, corn, or other provisions, pay during the summer months, viz., from Lady-day to Michaelmas-day inclusive, the following rates, viz., from sea to London or vice versa 94/6, Gravesend to London or vice versá 25/. Vessels ex. 70 tons and not ex. 100 tons, chiefly laden inwards with fish, corn, or other provisions, pay during the summer months, viz., from Lady-day to Michaelmas-day inclusive, the following rates for the outward voyage, viz., from London to Gravesend 25/, to the Nore 58', to the sea 105l. A pilot taking charge of a foreign vessel, on board of • which there may not be any individual qualified to interpret his orders, is authorised to employ a person to assist him as leadsman or interpreter ; provided it be distinctly understood that the necessity for the employment of such person shall be proved to the satisfaction of the Corporation of Trinity House, in which case only the follow. ing rates shall be chargeable in addition to the regular pilotage, viz., for the whole run from sea to Gravesend 507, from Gravesend to sea 201. The additional rate, for intermediate portions of a foot, in the

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Ls. Ls. Ls. LSL s. £ s. Ls. £s. L s. 6 s. £ s. L kl s.lt s. £ s. 6 s L s.
Isle of Wight, and vice versa The Downs

3 104

04 105 05 106 06 107 2 7 14 8 9 9 410 411 412 1414 416 18 4
Off Dungeness to off Folke.
stone, the Church bearing
Ditto

o 18 1 0 1 21
61 8 1 10 1 13 1 16 2

9 2 14 3 0 3 6
NNW. by compass, and

3 16 4 6
vice versa
Off Folkestone to the South

1
Foreland; the Lights in Ditto

0 100 120 140 160 18 1 O1

5
8 I 12 I 161 2

5 2 12 2 18 3 6 3 14
one, and zice versa.. .)
The Nore or Warps

3 5 3 14 4 3'4 125 15 10 5 19 6 9 6 19 7 15 8 11 9 11 10 11 U 1613 1 14 16 16 11
ness, or Hoseley Bay, and
The Sea, the Downs, Orford. Sheerness, Stangate Creek, or

Blackstakes 3 14 4 5 4 165 75 186

97 07.13 8 6 9 4 10 trice rersei

211

7 12 12 14 4 15 16 17 16 19 16 Gravesend or Chatham

4 3 + 16,5 96 26 15.7 88 8 16 9 11 10 11 11 11 13 1 14 11 16 11 18 11 20 16 23 1
Pilots (In or out) continuing

in charge to or from any or
the following places are to
be paid =
Long Reach or Greenhithe
. 4 75 1'5 156 97 37 17 8 119

1 10 1911 1713 12 15 7 17 1219 722 724 17
The Sea, the Downs, Erith

4 125 66 0 6 147 8 8 28 16 9 12 10 811 812 814 816 818 13 20 18 23 13 26 8
Orfordness, or Hose- Woolwich or Blackwall. 4 145 96 46 19 7 14,8 99 4 10 0 10 16 11 16 12 16'14 16 16 16 19 6 21 16 24 11 27 6
ley Bay,and viceverså Moorings, London Docks, City

Canal, or St. Kath.'s Docks5 05 156 107 58 08 15 9 10 10 711 412 413 4115 9,17 14.20 4 22 14 25 14 28 14
Greenhithe, Long Reach, or
Chatham
2 2 2 7 2 12 2 173 23 73 12 3 18 4 4 4 12 5

5 10 6

0 6 15 7 10 8 8 9 16 The Nore, or Warps, Erith

5 2 11 2 17 3 33 9:3 154 Il 4 81 4 15 5 6 5 17 6 12 7 7 8 5 9 310 811 13 and mice versa Woolwich or Blackwall, 2 10 2 16 3 2 3

8 3 14 4
04 6 4 16 5 6 5 18 6 10' 7 5 8 09

011 JO 13
Moorings, London Docks, City
Canal, or St. Kath.'s Docks 2 183 53 123 194 6 4 13 5 0 5 10 6

0 6 12 7 4 8

4 9 4 10

911 14 13
The Nore, or Warps,

Sheerness, Stangate Creek, or
Blackstakes

o 171
01 31

61 and nice tersi

91 12'1 15 I 18) 2 6 2 10 2 141 2 18 3

3 10 3 14 Gravesend....

'1 152 5.2 10 2 153 03 5 3 II 3 17. 4 5 4 13 5 5 5 17 0 13' 7 9 8 9 9 9 Woolwich or Blackwall

O 150 18 91 141 192 5 2 11 2 18 3 5 3 13 4

1 5 13 6 5 Erith Reach and rice rersit Moorings, London Docks, City Canal or St. Kath.'s Docks'I

71 101 15 2

5 2 11 2 17 3 4 3 11 3 19 4 7 4 17 5 7 5 14 6 11

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£s. L sl sols. £ s. £ s.Ls.it sit siL s. £ s. £ s. s. t sot s. £ s. £ s. Greenhithe or Long Reach ...o 90 13 0 171 51

91 13 I 18 2 3 2 9 2 151 3 2 3

6 3 11 4 6 18

5 10 Erith ..0 151 oli 511 10 1 15 2 0,2 5 2 11 2 17 3

4 3 11 1

5 5 5 19 6 17 7 15 Woolwich or Blackwall 01 61 121 16 2 4,2 10 2 16 3

3 19 4 7 4 19 5 11 6 11 7 11 8 16 to
Moorings, London Docks, City

Canal, or St. Kath.'s Docks I 4.1 11 18,2 5 2 12 2 19 3 6 3 14 4 2 4 11 5 0 5 15 6 10 7 15 9 0 10 10 12
Sheerness, Stangate Creek, or
Blackstakes

2 10 2 153 03 43 103 154 0 4 71 4 14 5 4 5 14 6 6,6 18 7 13 8 8 9 610 4
Chatham

2 18 33 8 3 133 184 34 8 4 15 5 21

2 6 17 7 12 8 51 9

8 10

8
Woolwich or Blackwall,
31 61 12 1 18 2 4 2 12 3 0 3 9 3 18 4 8

5 16 6 14 7 14

8

14
Moorings, London Docks, City
Canal, or St. Kath.'s Docks'ı
31 61 91 14 2 2 2 10 2 18

3
6

3 1414 3, 4 12 5 4 5 16 6 11 7 6 8 1 9 16
Sheerness, Stangate Creek,

2 183 13
4'3 73 14.4

8
4 15 5 2 5 10 18 6 8 6 18

7 13 S 8

9 Chatham 3 63 93 123 154 34 114 1915

7 5 13 6 3
6 131 7 81 8

3 8 14 9 410 1911 19
Moorings, London Docks, City
Caval, or St. Kath.'s Docks.o 17 i Or 31

91 12,1 15 1 18 2
6 2 10 2 14 2 18 3 2 3

6

3 10 3 14
Sheerness, Stangate Creek, or
Blackstakes
3 6 3 10 3 14 3 184 24 10 4 18 5 8 5 18 6 107 2 7 148 5

8 14'10 IT 1513
Chatham
14 3 17,4 0 4 3 4 11 4 19 5 7 5 17 6 7

6 19 7 11 8 5 8 14 9 4 11

O 12

5 13 10 Sheerness, Stangate Creek, or Blackstakes 12 412 11 2 183 51 3 12 3 19 4 61 4 13 5 ol 5 7 5 14 6

1 6 11 7

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Gravesend Reach and vice

verse

o 171

Greenhithe, or Long Reach,

and vice versa

or Blackstakes

Woclwich, or Blackwall, and

vice versa

Chatham

151 18/2

I

dt, to be regulated as follows, viz., for zin and under no addition, for more than zin and under gin, the medium between the
two rates, for gin and upwards, the rate for the next foot. For removing a ship cr vessel from moorings into a dry or wet
dock, or from one part of the river situated above Blackwall to another part of the river so situated, for a ship under 300
tons 15/; of 300 to 600, 21/; of 600 to 1,000, 31/6: above 1,000, 42). In the Thames above Gravesend, for a boat of a class
carrying an anchor of above 4 cwt with a corresponding tow-line 42), for a boat of a class carrying an anchor of above 2 cwt,
21/, for a boat of a class carrying an anchor under 2 cwt, 15). Per trip for the whole distance from Gravesend to London,
and in proportion for any part of that distance, and for each man's service in those boats 8/ tide.

Towage.---As per agreement.

Officials.--Sec. to Thames Conservancy, J. II. Gough; Harb. Masters-London, Capt. L. Bowen; Charlton, Commr.,
I. Fitzgerald, R N. ; Gravesend, Capt. R. Marsden ; Controller-Gen. II.M. Cust., J. J. Weir; Coll. II.M. Cust., H.
Lindsay

Area.

of en

PARTICULARS OF VARIOUS DOCKS IN LONDON.
B.- Blackwall. L.-Limehouse. THW.-Trinity High Water.

Width Length Depth Outer
Name of Dock

between on sill LW

Owned by.
trance. gates. THW. depth.
acs. ft.in.

ft. in.: ft. in. London

40 Shadwell, No. 1

60
350 28

8
45

26 Wapping

London & 40 167 23 Hermitage

St. Kath. St. Katharine's

180

Docks 28

8 Royal Victoria..

Co. 330

8 Royal Albert, No. No. 2....

80

550

No. 2

180

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Now under the London and India Ducks Joint Committee.

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East

&
West

India
Dks. Co.,

Ld.

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West India Import
West India Export..
South-West India.
Junction Dock.
River Entrance.
Blackwall Basin.
River Entrance.
Sourh Dock Basin.
South Dock, River En. B.
Do.

L.
East India Import.

Do. Export..

Do. Basin.
Upper River Entrance.
Lower Do
Collier Do.
Tilbury Tidal Basin.

Do. Main Dock.
Millwall..
Albion.
Basin..
Canada.
Island.
Stave
Russia.
South.
Greenland.
Norway
Lady.
Timber Ponds.

6

6
51

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23 38

80

450

Mil. Dock

Co., Ld.

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THE LONDON & INDIA Docks JOINT COMMITTEE, under the London & St. Katharine and East and West India Docks Act, 1888, are now working the undertakings of both the London and St. Katharine's, and the East and West India Docks.

THE LONDON & ST. KATHARINE Docks. In addition to the above docks, an extensive railway depôt in East Smithfield (in connection with the docks); and the Cutler-street warehouses, in Houndsditch and Bishopsgate, City. The St. Ratharine Docks adjoin the London Docks. Both these docks have large warehouses and sheds specially adapted for housing, working, and showing wool, tea, coffee, indigo, cigars and manufactured tobacco, cried fruits, sugar, four, ivory, spices, bark, gums, metals, drugs, cotton, bacon, &c. The vaults beneath the

warehouses hold about 65,000 pipes of wine, 10,000 puncheons of spirit, 6,500 tons of oil, 50,000 hogsheads cf brandy, 8,000 puocheons of rum. The Royal Victoria Docks are just below Blackwall. The Royal Albert Docks are a prolongation of the Royal Victoria Docks, with which they are connected by a short

passage, 8ost long. The two docks are together 2im long. The new deep water entrance to the Royal Albert Docks, which provides a third means of access to the docks, where vessels of large size may lie, is 550st long by Soft wide, and has 36t of water, allowing margin for the largest draught merchant vessels afloat, and there is also extensive wharfage accn., and a large landing-stage upwards of 1,000ft long. These docks are in direct communication with the London and St. Katharine's Docks and all the different railways. In the Royal Victoria Dock is special accommodation for receiving and storing Australian and New Zealand sheep and American beef and mutton in refrigerating chambers capable of holding 60,000 carcases at a time. Special facilities also for landing and storing grain. Extensive shed accn. Docks are lighted by electric light, and afford accn. for the largest vessels. In the Albert Docks are two dry docks, one 502ft. in length, the other 41oft. The Gallions flotel (Albert Dock) is the property of the Dock Co. The Railway Depôt, East Smithfield, is connected with the docks by frequent trains. Here goods are distributed for the warehouses, for London, and for all parts of the kingdom. The Cutler-street warehouses occupy four acres in the centre of the City, and are largely used for the storage of valuable property. There are cranes of the most approved type provided throughout the entire system of docks, and there is also a floating steam crane capable of listing 30 tous, available for service at any part of the docks; together with shear-legs, worked by steam, to list heavy weights up to 60 tons, and a hydraulic crane to lift about 15 tons. The charges of The LONDON & St. KATHARINE Docks Co. and the EAST AND WEST INDIA Dock Co. include so many different classifications and special descriptions that space does not allow a record of them. Indeed the same remark applies equally to the charges of all the London companies.

THE EAST AND WEST INDIA DOCK estate comprises the East India Docks at Blackwall, the West India Docks at Poplar, the Tilbury Decks opposite Gravesend, the Depot in Commercial-road, and the warehouse in Crutched Friars. The East India Docks and West India Docks (213 acres of land and 127 acres of water, with warehouse accommodation for 212,000 tons,) are in direct communication with all the principal railways. The crana ge power consists of 222 hydraulic and 19 steam cranes-also of two floating derricks (listing power 20 and 30 tons respectively). At the West India Docks there is extensive accommodation for the timber trade and frozen meat business, also a depôt for wines and spirits (storage capacity 40,000 puncheons). The docks at Tilbury, about 20 miles From London Bridge, in direct communication with all the principal railways, comprise a tidal basin and inner docks, and some 450 acres of land. The quays of the tidal basin (water area 19 acres; depth from 45st HWST, to about 26st LWST.) are fitted with sheds and cranes for the discharge and loading of baggage and cargo. At the NW. quay there is a large business in transhipment and other goods to and Irom the Continent. On the SW. side of the basin a

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