Sivut kuvina

B.-Blackwall. L.-Limehouse. THW.-Trinity High Water.

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Now under the London and India Ducks Joint Committee.


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West India Import

B162 B241


(L1501 L22 (L171 West India Export.

B38 24

s B160 B21 B18 (L36 (L151


L13 South-West India. 261

no lock

27 231 Junction Dock

25 211 River Entrance.

22 2h Blackwall Basin.

East River Entrance.

1915 22} Sourh Dock Basin. 151

West South Dock, River En. B.

300 27

192 23 5

Dks. Co.,
East India Import..
473 209 24 10

Ld. Do. Export..

Do. Basin.
Upper River Entrance.

47 5 2101
Lower Do
Collier Do.
Tilbury Tidal Basin.
Do. Main Dock.

555 Millwall.

Mil. Dock

Co., Ld.


15. There are fourriverentrances to these Docks, viz.Island



ft. ft.
81 The South Dock.

28 Timber Ponds. 73 Greeenland Dock.

209 421 1 Lavender Dock.

320 34 18 Surrey Dock.

250 50 28 THE LONDON & INDIA Docks Joint COMMITTEE, under the London & St. Katharine and East and West India Docks Act, 1888, are now working the undertakings of boih the London and St. Katharine's, and the East and West India Docks.

THE LONDON & St. KATHARINE Docks. In addition to the above docks, an extensive railway depôt in East Smithfield (in connection with the docks); and the Cutler-street warehouses, in Houndsditch and Bishopsgate, City. The St. Ratharine Docks adjoin the London Docks. Both these docks have large warehouses and sheds specially adapted for housing, working, and showing wool, tea, coffee, indigo, cigars and manufactured tobacco, cried fruits, sugar, four, ivory, spices, bark, gums, metals, drugs, cotton, bacon, &c. The vaults beneath the

Length. Width. Depth

on sill.






warehouses hold about 65,000 pipes of wine, 10,000 puncheons of spirit, 6,500 tons of oil, 50,000 hogsheads cf brandy, 8,000 puncheons of rum. The Royal Victoria Docks are just below Blackwall. The Royal Albert Docks are a prolongation of the Royal Victoria Docks, with which they are connected by a short passage, Soft long. The two docks are together_2im long. The new deep water entrance to the Royal Albert Docks, which provides a third means of access to the docks, where vessels of large size may lie, is 55oft long by Soft wide, and has 36t of water, allowing margin for the largest draught merchant vessels afloat, and there is also extensive wharfage accn., and a large landing-stage upwards of 1,00oft long. These docks are in direct communication with the London and Sl. Katharine's Docks and all the different railways. In the Royal Victoria Dock is special accommodation for receiving and storing Australian and New Zealand sheep and American beef and mutton in refrigerating chambers capable of holding 60,000 carcases at a time. Special facilities also for landing and storing grain. Extensive shed Docks are lighted by electric light, and afford accn. for the largest vessels. In the Albert Docks are two dry docks, one 502st. in length, the other 410ft. The Gallions lotel (Albert Dock) is the property of the Dock Co. The Railway Depôt, East Smithfield, is connected with the docks by frequent trains. Here goods are distributed for the warehouses, for London, and for all parts of the kingdom. The Cutler-street warehouses occupy sour acres in the centre of the City, and are largely used for the storage of valuable property. There are cianes of the most approved type provided throughout the entire system of docks, and there is also a floating steam crane capable of listing 30 tous, available for service at any part of the docks; togeiher with shear-legs, worked by steam, to list heavy weights up to 60 tons, and a hydraulic crane to lift about 15 tons. The charges of The LONDON & ST. KATHARINE Docks Co. and the EAST AND WEST INDIA Dock Co. include so many different classifications and special descriptions that space does not allow a record of them. Indeed the same remark applies equally to the charges of all the London companies.

THE EAST AND WEST INDIA Dock estate comprises the East India Docks at Blackwall, the West India Docks at Poplar, the Tilbury Decks opposite Gravesend, the Depot in Commercial-road, and the warehouse in Crutched Friars. The East India Docks and West India Docks (213 acres of land and 127 acres of water, with warehouse accommodation for 212,000 tons,) are in direct communication with all the principal railways. The crana ge power consists of 222 hydraulic and 19 steam cranes-also of two floating derricks (listing power 20 and 30 tons respectively). At the West India Docks there is extensive accommodation for the timber trade and frozen meat business, also a depôt for wines and spirits (storage capacity 40,000 puncheons). The docks at Tilbury, about 20 miles from London Bridge, in direct communication with all the principal railways, comprise a tidal basin and inner docks, and some 450 acres of land. The quays of the tidal basin (water area 19 acres; depth from 45st HWST. to about 26st LWST.) are fitted with sheds and cranes for the discharge and loading of baggage and cargo. At the NW. quay there is a large business in transhipment and other goods to and from the Continent. On the SW. side of the basin a

coaling jelty with hydraulic cranes is provided for the discharge of coal from colliers into barges or railway trucks. A large hotel, fitted with all the most recent improvements and lighted ty electricity, stands on the river bank within Icoyds of the entrance and the baggage warehouse. The lock leading from the basin to the inner docks is Soft wide and 70ost long. Parallel with the lock are 4 dry docks, which can be entered from either the basin or ioner docks, the two larger (width 7oft, depth on sill 35ft) and the two smaller dry docks (width 6ost, depth on sill 27st) have a length which can be varied (by means of movable caissons) from 400 to 550ft. The inner docks (depth 38(t) consist of a main dock (1,000ft long, 6oost wide) and three branch docks (1,600ít long300ft wide). The quays of these clocks (1,300 ft in length) are fitted with 24 sheds (each 300't long and 120ft wide), with lines of rail in front and at the back of each shed. The cranage power consists of some 60 movable hydraulic cranes and leads, and a floating derrick capable of lifting 50 tons. Electric light is employed throughout the whole dock system. Officials.-

Joint Committee : Managers, H. W. Williams and E. H. Baily; Secretary, H. J. Morgan. London and St. Katharine's Dock Company : Secretary, S. J. Becher. East ani Ilest India Dock Company: Secretary, J. G Broodbank. Superintendents : G. Cox (London and St. Katharine Docks), T. Beck (East and West India Docks), J. Megson (Roral l'ictoria Dock), W. Morrison (Royal Albert Dock), R. Adams (Tilbury Dock), A. Champ (Town IVarehouses): Chief Engineer, R. Carr; Dock Masters, Captain J. H. Duckham (East India Dock); Capt. W. E. Dove (West India Dock): Capt. T. F. E. Ayles ( Tilbury Dock): Capt. G. D. Taylor (London Dock): Capt. Irvine Ross (St. Katharine's Dock); Capt. C. Hogg (Royal Victoria Dock); Capt. G. B. Linch (Royal Albert Duck).

Chief Office, Dock House, 109, Leadenhall Street, E.C.

The SURREY COMMERCIAL DOCKs occupy nearly the whole of a peninsula in the Thames, between the Lower Pool and Limehouse Reach. The principal trade of these docks is in timber, grain, and seed. There are sheds for the storage of prepared wood goods covering about 20 acres, and granary accommodation for 300,0CO qrs. The area of piling ground for the storage o' wocd cargoes is 222 acres. The length of the quayage available for use by vessels is about 5 miles. The Surrey Canal--the property of the Dock Company–which is over 4 miles in extent, and has an area of about 40 acres, runs from the docks at Rother hithe to Camberwell, with a branch to Peckham. The docks are in communication with the L. B. & S.C. Ry., on the south of the Thames, and with the various railways on the north of the river. Charges.-Tonnage rates on steamers and sailing vessels vary from 3d to 1/ reg. ton. sor dues, and £d to id reg. ton for rent per week. Special rates for vessels wholly grain laden, and various exceptions and special rates.

Officials.-Sec., J. Griffin ; Supt., S. Brownfield ; Engineer, J. A. McConnochie ; Dock Master, Capt. Welch.

Chief Office, Dock House, 106, Fenchurch-st., E.C.

The Millwall Docks are situate on the Isle of Dogs, immediately south of the West India Docks. Railway entrance from the Millwall Dock Station of the N.L. & B. Rys. River entrance from Limehouse Reach, just opposite the Deptford Victualling lard, and about two-thirds of a mile south of the

entrance to the South West India Dock. The entrance lock is 45oft long and soft wide, depth on sill, 28st below Trinity H.W.M. It is crossed by the West Ferry-road, opening on to the outer dock, which occupies the whole of the shorter, and about a third of the longer limb. The docks are in the form of the rather narrow gnomon of a parallelogram, about sooyds x bocyds. The longer arm, running north and south, is 350ft wide, and the shorter arm, which runs east and west, also 350ft wide. The whole system covers about 226 acres-36 of water and 180 of land. The capacity of the docks is stated at “ about 100,000 tons gross register.” The docks are in communication with all the principal railway companies north of the Thames. The principal business is with steamers, chiefly to and from European and American poits. The chief imports are grain and timber.

Officials.--Gen. Man., G R. Birt ; Sec., H. J. Robinson ; Supts. (outdoor), J. Campbell, (indoor) J. S. Wood ; Dock Master, Capt. D. Home.

Offices, Dock House, 1, Railway Place, Fenchurch-st., E.C. LONDONDERRY, UIster. On the river Foyle, 23 miles

from the sea. Lat. 55° 1' N ; long. 7° 18' W. Pop. 28,497. Auth. Port and Harbour Commissioners, under Acts 17 and 18 Vict., c. 177; 37 and 38 Vict. c. 49, and 45 and 46 Vict., c. 142. P.C. THW. f. and c. 8h im; Sp. rise 7lst; N. rise 6st. D. The channel winds towards Derry, with a depth of about 16st, deeping as the town is neared from 3 and 4 to 6 and 7 fathoms near the S. end of the city. Rys. B. & N.C., G.N. R. & L. & L.S.R. Tr.-I. Timber, grain, iron, coal, flax, seed, four, and guano; E. Principally agricultural produce. Accn. Harbour is large and commodious; the quay-side extends for about two miles along the river ; vessels may anchor anywhere in front of the town ready for hauling alongside the quays. There is a graving dock 30; ft long (on floor), 50 feet wide ai entrance, depth of water IWST. 15ft 6in; NT. 13ft. Large vessels lighten off Quigley's before proceeding to Derry. One 60-ton crane, one 5-ton, and one 1-ton.

Charges.-Tonnage rates vary from £d to od ton.

Pilotage.---District. From one mile outside or seaward of the North-east. Buoy on the Tuns Bank to Bridge al Londonderry. Rates per vessel. Inwards : - 7st and under, 147, 7st and under Sft, 2], Sít and under gst, 2/2, gít and under rost, 2/4, 1oft and under ust, 2/8, ust and under 12st, 3), 12ft and under 13st, 34, 13ft and under 14st, 3/8, 14't and under 15ft. 47, 151t and upwarus 4/4 foot, and inches in proportion. Outwards :--7st and under, 10/6, 7ft and under 8ft, 1/6, 8ft and under gst, 1/9, 9ft and under rost, 2), soft and under uilt, 2/3, vist and under 12fı, 2/6, 12st and under 13ft, 29, 13st and under 14ft, 3), 14st and under 15ft 3 3, 15ft and upwards 3/6 foot, and inches in proportion. Vessels of 40 tons register and under, when sailing in ballast, free. Vessels of 30 tons burthen per register and under, pay 10/ inward, and 6 outward ; above 30 tons and not exceeding 40 tons, il bound coast wise sailing in ballast 61 outwards; windbound vessels half pilotage in and half pilotage out, to or from Moville or Quigley's Point. All vessels laden with bark under 120 tons, pay 6d foot extra pilot. age ; 120 tons and not ex. 150 tons 9d; exceeding 150 tons i/ foot extra. All ships from, or if bound to, foreign ports having on board half their reg. ionnage of cargo, or with passengers to pay 4d foot pilotage, in addition to the above rates. Vessels


trading to and from this port and harbour, and not proceeding further up the river than Carickarory Pier or Moville, pay one-hali pilotage inwards and one-half pilotage outwards ; not proceeding further than Quigley's Point, two-thirds pilotage inwards and two-thirds pilotage outwards. Vessels which have cleared the lough and by stress of weather obliged to return pay one-third in and one-third out, provided they do not anchor above Quigley's Point If above that, or at the ship quay, half pilotage. Pilots detained on board vessels, or in Derry, are entitled to 4 per day.

Towage.--As per agreement.

Officials.-Sec. to Commrs, and General Man., E. A. Hamilton Harb. Master, John Hamilton ; Coll. H.M. Cust., D. Burnett.

Hotels.—“Imperial,” “ Jury's," “ City,” Roddy's,” &c.
LONG HOPE, Orkney, port of Kirkwall. D. 3 to 6 fms LW.
Official.- Pier Master, R. Foubister.
LONG ISLAND CHANNEL, Co. Cork, creek of Skibereen,

near entrance to Schull. D. of anchorage, 30 to 36st No dues. LOOE, E. and W., Cornwall. Lat. 50° 42' N; long. 4° 27' W;

situated on both sides of the river Looe. Auth. Commissioners, under Act, 1848. Railway station at Liskeard (8 miles). W. prev. SE. Used by colliers drawing up to 12ft. THW. f. and c. 5h 26m. D. at LW. 2st and at HWST. izst. Crane power to 15 tons. A lifeboat station.

Charges.-Harb. dues inward, id per ton; outward 2d; discharging cargoes, 4d per ton on gross tonnage.

Pilotage.-Inwards or outwards, id per ton reg.
Officials.-Clerk, R. Thomas ; Harb. Master, J. Walters.
Hotels.—“The Ship” and “The Looe.”
LOSSIEMOUTH, Moray Frith, Elgin, Scotland. Lat. 58°

43'N ; long. 3° 24' W. Ry. Elgin & Lossiemouth. Auth. Harbour Co., under Act 4 and 5 William IV., c. 86, and Prov. Order 31 and 32 Vict., c. 47. Accn. Area 5 acres 3 roods ; quayage 4,000st. D. Dry at LW; at HWST. 12 to 13ft. sed by vessels of up to 280 tons, drawing 12st at HWST. THW. f. and c. oh. 23m. W. prev. W.; dangerous NE. to E. Crane power to 3 tons. A lifeboat station. Steps are being taken to lower the harbour to 610 LW.

Charges.-4d per ton reg. inwards or outwards.
Pilotage.--3d per ton reg. inwards or outwards.
Officials.-Clerk, J. Allan ; Harb. Master, John Ferguson.
LOUGHOR, Glamorganshire. -See Llanelly. Lat. 51° 42' N ;

long. 4° 4' W; 6 miles NW. of Swansea. No harb. works. Ry. G.W. LOUGH STRANGFORD, Co. Down, Ireland. A large inlet

of the sea between Belfast Lough and Dundrum Bay. It is studded with numerous rocks and islets, and the entrance is dangerous. There is good anchorage for ships in deep water inside. LOUGH SWILLEY, Co. Donegal, Ireland. The entrance is

between Fanad Point and Malin Head. LOWESTOFT, Suffolk. Lat. 52° 28' N ; long. 1° 45' E. Pop.

19,696. Auth. G.E. Ry., under Acts 9 and 10 Vict., c. 132 ; 10 and 11 Vict., c. 98 ; 25 and 26 Vict., c. 223 ; 40 and 41 Vict., c. 83, and 41 and 42 Vict., c. 154. P. N.C. THW. f.

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