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coaling jetty with hydraulic cranes is provided for the discharge of coal from colliers into barges or railway trucks. A large hotel, fitted with all the most recent improvements and lighted by electricity, stands on the river bank within 100yds of the entrance and the baggage warehouse. The lock leading from the basin to the inner docks is Soft wide and 700st long, Parallel with the lock are 4 dry docks, which can be entered from either the basin or ioner docks, the two larger (width 7oft, depth on sill 35ft) and the two smaller dry docks (width 6ost, depth on sill 27st) have a length which can be varied (by means of movable caissons) from 400 to 5 soft. The inner docks (depth 38ft) consist of a main dock (1,000ft long, 6oolt wide) and three branch docks (1,600st long 300ft wide). The quays of these docks (1,300 ft in lengi h) are fitted with 24 sheds (each 300't long and 120ft wide), with lines of rail in front and at the back of each shed. The cranage power consists of some 60 movable hydraulic cranes and leads, and a floating derrick capable of lifting 50 tons. Electric light is employed throughout the whole dock system.
Officials.- Joint Commiltte : Managers, H. W. Williams and E. H. Baily; Secretary, H. J. Morgan. "London and St. Katharine's Dock Company : Secretary, S. J. Becher. East and West India Dock Company: Secretary, J. G Brood bank. Superintendents : G. Cox (London and St. Katharine Docks), T. Beck (East and West India Docks), J. Megson (Royal Victoria Dock), W. Morrison (Royal Albert Dock), R. Adams (Tilbury Dock), A. Champ (Town Warehouses): Chief Engineer, R. Carr; Dock Masters, Captain J. H. Duckham (East India Dock); Capt. W. E. Dove (West India Dock); Capt. T. F. E. Ayles (Tilbury Dock); Capt. G. D. Taylor (London Dock): Capt. Irvine Ross (St. Katharine's Dock); Capt. C. Hogg (Royal Victoria Dock); Capt. G. B. Linch (Royal Albert Dock).
Chief Office, Dock House, 109, Leadenhall Street, E.C.
The SURREY COMMERCIAL DOCKS occupy nearly the whole of a peninsula in the Thames, between the Lower Pool and Limehouse Reach. The principal trade of these docks is in timber, grain, and seed. There are sheds for the storage of prepared wood goods covering about 20 acres, and granary accommodation for 300,000 qrs. The area of piling ground for the storage o! wocd cargoes is 222 acres. The length of the quayage available for use by vessels is about 5 miles. The Surrey Canal--the property of the Dock Company-which is over 4 miles in extent, and has an area of about 40 acres, runs from the docks at Rother hithe to Camberwell, with a branch to Peckham. The docks are in communication with the L.B. & S.C. Ry., on the south of the Thames, and with the various railways on the north of the river. Charges.—Tonnage rates on steamers and sailing vessels vary from 3d to 1/ reg. ton. for dues, and £d to id reg. ton for rent per week. Special rates for vessels wholly grain laden, and various exceptions and special rates.
Officials.--Sec., J. Griffin ; Supt., S. Brownfield ; Engineer, J. A. McConnochie ; Dock Master, Capt. Welch.
Chief Office, Dock House, 106, Fenchurch-st., E.C.
THE MILLWALL Docks are situate on the Isle of Dogs, immediately south of the West India Docks. Railway entrance from the Millwall Dock Station of the N.L. & B. Rys. River entrance from Limehouse Reach, just opposite the Deptford Victualling l'ard, and about two-thirds of a mile south of the
entrance to the South West India Dock. The entrance lock is 45oft long and soft wide, depth on sill, 28st below Trinity H.W.M. It is crossed by the West Ferry-road, opening on to the outer dock, which occupies the whole of the shorter, and about a third of the longer limb. The docks are in the form of the rather narrow gnomon of a parallelogram, about Sooyds x bocyds. The longer arm, running north and south, is 350ft wide, and the shorter arm, which runs east and west, also 350lt wide. The whole system covers about 226 acres-36 of water and 180 of land. The capacity of the docks is stated at “about 100,000 tons gross register.” The docks are in communication with all the principal railway companies north of the Thames. The principal business is with steamers, chiefly to and from European and American ports. The chief imports are grain and timber.
Officials.-Gen. Man., G. R. Birt; Sec., H. J. Robinson ; Supts. (outdoor), J. Campbell, (indoor) J. S. Wood ; Dock Master, Capt. D. Home.
Offices, Dock House, 1, Railway Place, Fenchurch-st., E.C. LONDONDERRY, Ulster. On the river Foyle, 23 miles
from the sea. Lat. 55° 1' N ; long. 7° 18' W. Pop. 28,497. Auth. Port and Harbour Commissioners, under Acts 17 and 18 Vict., c. 177; 37 and 38 Vict. c. 49, and 45 and 46 Vict., c. 142. P.C. THW. f. and c. 8h im; Sp. rise 74 ft ; N. rise 6st. D. The channel winds towards Derry, with a depth of about 16st, deeping as the town is neared from 3 and 4 to 6 and 7 fathoms near the S. end of the city. Rys. B. & N.C., G.N. R. & L. & L.S.R. Tr.-I. Timber, grain, iron, coal, flax, seed, flour, and guano; E. Principally agricultural produce. Accn. Harbour is large and commodious; the quay-side extends for about two miles along the river ; vessels may anchor anywhere in front of the town ready for hauling alongside the quays. There is a graving dock 305 ft long (on floor), 50 feet wide ai entrance, depth of water HWST. 15ft 6in; NT. 13ft. Large vessels lighten off Quigley's before proceeding to Derry. One 60-ton crane, one 5-ton, and one 1-ton.
Charges.-Tonnage rates vary from fd to od ton.
Pilotage.--District. From one mile outside or seaward of the North-east Buoy on the Tuns Bank to Bridge al Londonderry. Rates per vessel. Inwards : - 7st and under, 147, 7st and under Sft, 21, 8st and under gft, 2/2, gít and under roft, 2/4, soft and under Lift, 2/8, vist and under 12st, 3), 12ft and under 13st, 3/4, 13st and under 14st, 3/8, 14't and under 15ft, 47, 151t and upwards 4/4 foot, and inches in proportion. Outwards :-7st and under, 10/6, 7ft and under 8ft, 1/6, 8ft and under gft, 1/9, 9't and under rost, 2), 10ft and under ult, 2/3, vist and under i2fi, 216, 12st and under 13ft, 2/9, 13ft and under 14ft, 3), 14st and under 15ft 3 3, 15ft and upwards 3/6 foot, and inches in proportion. Vessels of 40 tons register and under, when sailing in ballast, free. Vessels of 30 ions burthen per register and under, pay 10/ inward, and 6 outward ; above 30 tons and not exceeding 40 tons, it bound coast wise sailing in ballast 6/ outwards; windbound vessels half pilotage in and half pilotage out, to or from Moville or Quigley's Point. All vessels laden with bark under 120 tons, pay 6d foot extra pilot. age ; 120 tons and not ex. 150 tons 9d; exceeding 150 tons 11 foot extra. All ships from, or if bound to, foreign ports having on board half their reg. tonnage of cargo, or with passengers to pay 4d foot pilotage, in addition to the above rates. Vessels trading to and from this port and harbour, and not proceeding further up the river than Carickarory Pier or Moville, pay one-halt pilotage inwards and one-half pilotage outwards ; not proceeding further than Quigley's Point, two-thirds pilotage inwards and two-thirds pilotage out wards. Vessels which have cleared the lough and by stress of weather obliged to return pay one-third in and one-third out, provided they do not anchor above Quigley's Point If above that, or at the ship quay, half pilotage. Pilots detained on board vessels, or in Derry, are entitled to 4' per day.
Towage.-As per agreement.
Officials.-Sec. to Commrs. and General Man., E. A. Hamilton Harb. Master, John Hamilton ; Coll. H.M. Cust., D. Burnett.
Hotels.—“ Imperial," “ Jury's," “City," Roddy's," &c.
near entrance to Schull. D. of anchorage, 30 to 36st No dues. LOOE, E. and W., Cornwall. Lat. 50° 42' N; long. 4° 27' W;
situated on both sides of the river Looe. Auth. Commissioners, under Act, 1848. Railway station at Liskeard (8 miles). W. prev. SE. Used by colliers drawing up to 12ft. THW. f. and c. 5h 26m. D. at LW. 2st and at HWST. izft. Crane power to 15 tons. A lifeboat station.
Charges.-Harb. dues inward, id per ton; outward 2d; discharging cargoes, 4d per ton on gross tonnage.
Pilotage.--Inwards or outwards, id per ton reg,
Lat. 58° 43ʻN; long. 3° 24' W. Ry. Elgin & Lossiemouth. Auth. Harbour Co., under Act 4 and 5 William IV., c. 86, and Prov. Order 31 and 32 Vict., c. 47. Accn. Area 5 acres 3 roods ; quayage 4,000ft. D. Dry at LW; at HWST. 12 to 13ft. Used by vessels of up to 280 tons, drawing 12ft at HWST. THW. f. and c. oh. 23m. W. prev. W.; dangerous NE. to E. Crane power to 3 tons. A lifeboat station. Steps are being taken to lower the harbour to 61t LW.
Charges.-4d per ton reg. inwards or outwards.
long. 4° 4' W; 6 miles NW. of Swansea. No harb. works. Ry. G.W. LOUGH STRANGFORD, Co. Down, Ireland. A large inlet
of the sea between Belfast Lough and Dundrum Bay. It is studded with numerous rocks and islets, and the entrance is dangerous. There is good anchorage for ships in deep water inside. LOUGH SWILLEY, Co. Donegal, Ireland. The entrance is
between Fanad Point and Malin Head. LOWESTOFT, Suffolk. Lat. 52° 28' N ; long. 1° 45' E. Pop.
19,696. Auth. G. E. Ry., under Acts 9 and io Vict., C. 132 ; 10 and í Vict., c. 98 ; 25 and 26 Vict., c. 223; 40 and 41 Vict., c. 83, and 41 and 42 Vict., c. 154. P. N.C. THW. f. and c. 9h 57m; Sp. rise 61st ; N. rise 54ft ; R. of N. 4 ft. D. on bar 14st. W. prev. E. ; most dangerous SSW. Ry. G.E. Tr.-I. Coal, timber, grain, seed, oilcake, cattle, stone, bark, &c. ; E. Bricks, grain, flour, herrings, &c. LV. Hibernia 19st dít. At LWST. ss. Maris 16ft dít. Accn. The harb. has an area of 48 acres including inner and outer harbs. The length of quay in use for wharfage purposes is 5,13oft, and the length of piers and jetties not used as wharves is 4,ooost. The depth of water varies from 15 to 19st at HT. There are three fish markets, the dimensions of which are as follows :-Old Market has a covere! area of 5,100 super. ft; Trawl Fish Market has a covered area of 29,600 super. st; Herring and Mackerel Market has a covered area of 48,300 super. st. There are, in connection with these markets, 54 offices occupied by fish merchants, &c. There is a patent slip and dry dock. Ample warehouse accommodation, hand hoist for coal, and cranes of 6 tons' power.
Charges. - Port charges on vessels with coal, with other cargoes, for trade, on ships, for resuge on ships, sailing, steam, screw and paddle. Ship charges. Daily charges. For use of docks. Pilotage.- District.
For piloting vessels into and out of the harb of Lowestoft. Rates per foot. Sft dft. and under 1/6; above 8ft and under gft 1/9; 9ft and under roft 21 ; Tost and under uft, 2/3 ; uft and under 121t, 26; 121t and under 13ft, 2/9; 13ft and under 14ft, 3); 14ft and under 15st, 316; 15ft and under 16 t, 4). All vessels receiving pilotage assistance inside the harb. are charged for such services a fixed sum, settled and determined by the Sub-Commissioners. Vessels piloted into the harb., is between 100 tons and 250 tons, pay 5/, and vessels ex. 250 tons pay 1/ for every 50 tons or any portion of 50 tons for use of boats.
Towage.--Sea rates. From roadstead into the harb., under 40 tons 5/; 40 tons and under 80, 776; 80 and under 100, 10); 100 to 150, 12/6; 150 to 200, 15/; 200 tons £1; over 200 tons, an additional 2/6 for every 25 tons to or from sea. From harb. to the roadstead, under 40 tons, 3/6 ; 40 tons and under 80, 5/; 80 tons and under 100, 716 ; 100 and under 150, 10/; 150 and under 200, 12/6 ; 200 tons 17/6 ; over 200 tons an additional 2/6 for every 25 tons to or from sea. For vessels damaged, with losses, disabled, in difficulties, or in bad weather, &c., by agreement with the master of the tug or referred to the harb, master. Vessels requiring to be towed from or to sea, beyond half a mile from the pierheads in moderate weather, as agreed. When the steamtug's tow-ropes are usei, a charge in addition to the above rates is made ; towage to be paid into the Dues Office when clearing.
Officials.-Gen. Man. G.E. Ry., W. Birt ; Harb. Master, H. J. Henderson ; Coll. of H.M. Cust., W. G. Lewis,
Hotels.—“Royal,” “Suffolk,” “ Harbour,” and “Crown." LUNDY ISLAND, at the mouth of the Bristol Channel, u
miles NW. from Hartland Point. In ancient times a noted stronghold of pirates. LYBSTER, Caithness. Lat. 57°18' N; long. 3° 15' W.
Auth. Owner, the Duke of Portland, under Prov. Orders, 1874 and 1879. Accn. Area 2 acres. D. 12}ft at entrance LWST. and 16st at HWST.; at HWNT. 12ft. Used by vessels up to 120 tons. THW. f. and c. i1h 28m. W. prev. W. and SW.; most dangerous E. and SE.
Charges.--2d per ton on vessels of 15 to 45 tons reg. ; 4d on vessels over 45 tons ; ad per ton on vessels in ballast ; light dues 1/.
Pilotage.--3d per ton inwards or outwards. Running out kedge 5/
Official.-Harb. Master, John Sutherland.
Auth. The Severn, Wye & Severn Bridge Ry. Co., under Acts 49 Geo. III., c. 215; 50 Geo. III., c. 215; 51 Geo. III., c. 159; 54 Geo. III., c. 142 ; 3 Geo. IV., c. 175; 16 and 17 Vict., c. 196 ; 32 and 33 Vict., c. 137 ; 33 and 34 Vict., c. 16; 35 and 36 Vict., c. 124 and c. 109; 40 and 41 Vict., c. 120 and c. 168 ; 42 and 43 Vict., c. 163. THW f. and c. about 8h. Accn. Tidal basin, 270 x 75ft ; width of entrance, 33't; depth at HWST., 23st. Dock, 780 x 105ft; width of entrance, 25ft ; depth 14ft. Upper basin, 908 x 88ft; depth 12lt. Canal, 3, 300 * 721t; depth 12st. There is a gridiron. Nine coal staiths, capable together of loading 1,000 tons per hour, but vessels carrying more than 300 tons are usually loaded at Sharpness. Crane power up to 10 tons. LV. 450 tons. W. prev. and most. dangerous sw.
Charges. -Harb. dues do not exceed 7/6 per vessel. Canal and dock dues, on all goods exported or imported, except coal, iron ore, and stone, 6d per ton. Wharfage, cranage, and use of coal tips, cranes, and wharf for coal and iron ore only ad per ton, if conveyed over Company's Railways.
Pilotage.-For all vessels coming light from Kingroad to Sharpness or Lydney bona fide for coal, and for all such vessels laden with coal from Sharpness or Lydney to Kingroad :£ s. d.
£ s. d. Under 40 tons
0 13 o 400 tons and under 500 40 tons and under 60
60 80 100 I PO 150 1 80 200 300
80 100 1 20 1 50 180 200 300 400
600 800 1000 1 200 1400 1600 1800
O 15 0
500 018 0 600 I O O 800 1
0 I 1400
3 2 6 3 15 6 4 7 6 5 5 0 6 7 8
1800 and upwards
Official.--Harb. Master, S. Lewis.
Situated in a cavity between two rocky hills, on the River Lyme. Nearest Ry. Axminster, 6 miles distant. THW. f. and c. 6h 21m. Auth. Mayor and Burgesses under Statute Geo. IV., c. 99. Accn. Harb. is formed by a stone pier called the Cobb, and is an excellent shelter for small vessels. 'D. Dry at LW.; at HWST. ust 6in. W. prev. SW. to WSW. A lifeboat station.
Pilotage. --According to Trinity Scale.
W. Ry. L. & SW. Auth. Town Council. W. prev. SW. D. at LW. 6ft to gft. THW. f. and c. 10h 25m. There is a small slipway. A lifeboat station.
Officials.--Town Clerk, J. Davis Rawlins ; Harb. Master, G. Keeping.