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13st HW., dry at LW. alongside. Depth in harb. 3st at LW. and 17ft at HWST. THW. f. and c. 7h 27m. PORTMAGEE, Valentia Island, Co. Kerry, Ireland. PORTMAHOMACK, Ross-shire. On Dornock Frith, E. coast

of Scotland. A small tidal harb, Auth, Constituted Ly Act of Parliament 25 and 26 Vict. c. 105, with a pier zocft long. Dry at LW; used by vessels drawing roft at HW. Official.-Factor for Cadbolt, J. Young. PORTMORE, Island of Colonsay, Hebri les. A safe harb., with

a sindy beach, but with numerous off-lying rocks. PORT MUCK, near Lough Larne, Co. Antrim, Ireland.

There is a fishery pier at this place. PORT MULGRAVE, Yorkshire, between Whitby and Scar.

borough. Auth. Owners, Palmer's Shipbuilding Co. Used by their vessels for the shipment of ironstone. PORT NA HAVEN, Island of Islay, Febri les. A shelter for

fishing vessels. PORT NA LONG, Oronsay, Hebrides. There is a narrow

inlet on the W. side two-thirds of a mile long, with a sandy beach, where boats can find ample security. PORTOBELLO. A pleasant seaport and witering place, 3

miles E. of Edinburgh. Ry. N.B. PORT ORIEL, Co. Louth, Ireland. There is a fishery pier at

this place. PORTPATRICK, Wigtownshire, Scotland. Lat. 54° 50' 20" N;

long. 5° 7' 2" W. No harb. authority. Ry. C. Was formerly a good harb., but is now decayei and fallen into disuse. A lifehort station. THW. f. and c. Ith iom. PORT PENRHYN. (See Bangor.) Lat. 53° 13' N ; long. 4°

10' W. Dry at LW.. 13ft HWST. A private port belonging to Lord Penrhyn.

Official.-E. A. Young, Agent to Lord Penrhyn.
PORT QUIN, N. Coast of Cornwall. A small harbour avail.

able for small craft. PORTREATH, Cornwall. Lat. 50° 15' N; long. 5° 17' W.

Auth. The Trustees of the late A. F. Basset, Esq., of Tehidy, Camborne ; leased to the Messrs. Williams, Portreath Co., and used by them for importing coals. Accn. A tidal port, dry at LW. No. 1 Dock, 195_105st; No. 2_Dock, 279 x 95ft ; No. 3 Dock, 180 x 150ft. En. 26ft wide. D. 17ft HWST. ; Toft HWNT. There are 3 jetties in the docks. PORTREE, Inverne-s-shire. Raasay Sound, Island of Skye.

Lat. 57° 24' N ; long. 6° 7' W. A spacious harb. with good anchorage. PORTRUSH, Londonderry. Auth. Harb. Board, under Act

7 and 8 Geo IV. A harb. used by coasters. D. at entrance roft LW. A lifeboat station.

PORTSEA.-See Portsmouth.
PORT ST. MARY.-See Isle of Man.
PORT SCALLOMEE, near Cape Wrath, Sutherlandshire.

There is a quay at this place in 6ft LW. PORT SETON, Haddingtonshire, Frith of Forth near Cockenzie.

D. HWS. 16ft; IIWN. 12ft. Official.- Clerk to Commrs., R. Ovens. PORT SKERRA, near Thurso, Caithness. A fishing station

between Armadale Port and Sandside Harb.

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PORTSMOUTH, Hampshire. Lai. 50° 48' N ; long. 1° 6' 1"

Pop. 127,989. Auth. Lord Commissioners of the Admiralty ; the Portsmouth Corporation own the Camber and Flathouse Wharves, under Acts 2 and 3 Vict. c. 72, and 31 and 32 Vict. c. 128. THW. Dockyard uh 41m; Sp. rise 12 ft ; N. rise roft. D. of water ST. 3oft; N. 17}ft. W. prev. SW. ; most dangerous S. Rys. L. & S.W. and L. B. & S.C. Tr.-1. Timber, coal, grain, guano, and Government stores ; E. Government stores, grain, &c.LV. 1,350 tons. Accn. Portsmouth is the chief naval station of England. The Royal Dockyard covers an area of 500 acres. En. to harb. about } mile wide, and extends several miles N., between the W. side of Portsea Island and the mainland, gradually widening out until near the northern shore it is about 3 miles.' Harbour affords ample accn. for the largest man-of-war. Crane power, two 10 tons and one 5 tons. Shear legs 30 tons.

Length. Breadth Depth of Water o'er Blocks

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Charges.--Harb. dues according to size. Tonnage dues 2d 3d, and 4d. ton.

Pilotage.-District. From the Owers, within and without the Isle of Wight, to Peverell, and vice versa, and to and from, and into and out of all ports and places within those limits, excepting those within the loole and Southampton districts. Rates :

17st. and

under.
Above 17
and not ex.

2oft.
Upwards
of zoft.

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Foot. Foot. Foot. From beyond one mile from Needles Point, and vice versa, s. d. s. ds d. to Portsmouth Harb. above the Swing Bridge

7 6 9 6 11 From beyond one mile from Needles Point, and vice versa, to Portsmouth Harb., below the Swing Bridge, or Lang. ston, or Lymington Harbs.

7 9 0 11 From beyond one mile from Needles Point, and vice zerså,

to Spithead, Motherbank, Stoke's Bay, Cowes Roads, or to a line drawn from the Lepe Buoy to Lee Point

5 6 6 6:7 From beyond one mile from Needles Point, and vice versa,

to Yarmouth, or Lymington Roads, for ships anchoring or remaining there.at

6 3 0 3 From beyond one mile from Needles Point, and vice versii, to St. Helen's

6 6 7 6 8 6 Fron within one mile of the Needles Point, and vice versi, to Portsmouth Harb., above the Swing Bridge..

6 6

7 9 From within one mile of the Needles Point, and vice versa.

to Portsmouth Harb., below the Swing Bridge, or Lang. ston, or Lymington Harbs

6

7 O! 9 0

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From within one mile of the Needles Point, and vice versii, Foot. Foot. Foot.

to Spithead, Motherbank, Stoke's Bay, Cowes Roads, or s. d. s. d. s. d. to a line drawn from the Lepe Buoy to Lee Point

4 6 5 6 6 6 From within one mile of the Needles Point, and vice versa,

to Yarmouth or Lymington Roads, for ships anchoring and remaining thereat

6

3 From within one mile of the Needles Point, and vice versi, to St. Helen's..

5 6 6 6 7 6 From between the Needles Point and Hurst Castle, and vice versa, to Portsmouth Harb., above the Swing Bridge 4 6

5

6 6 6 From between the Needles Point and Hurst Castle, and

vice r'ersâ, to Portsmouth Harb., below the Swing Bridge, or Langston, or Lymington Harbs.

5

6 0 From between the Needles Point and Hurst Castle, and vice versii, to Spithead, Motherbank, Stoke's Bay, Cowes Roads, or to a line drawn from the Lepe Buoy to Lee Point

6 3 6 4 6 From between the Needles Point and Hurst Castle, and vice versa, to Yarmouth or Lymington Roads, for ships anchoring and remaining thereat

6 From between the Needles Point and Hurst Castle, and vice versti, to St. Helen's ..

3 6 4 6 5 6 From between Hurst Castle and Newtown Creek, and vice

versâ, to Portsmouth Harb., above the Swing Bridge.. 3 6 4 6 5 6 From between Hurst Castle and Newtown Creek, and vice

versa, to Portsmouth Harb., below the Swing Bridge, or Langston, or Lymington Harbs.

3 4 5 0 From between Hurst Castle and Newtown Creek, and vice

versa, to Spithead, Motherbank Stoke's Bay, Cowes Roads, or to a line drawn from the Lepe Buoy to Lee Point

3 3 6 From between Hurst Castle and Newtown Creek, and vice verski, to St. Helen's

6 3 6 4

6 From beyond one mile seaward of Bembridge Ledge, and

vice versa, to Portsmouth Harb., above the Swing Bridge 7 6 y 6 11 6 From beyond one mile seaward of Bembridge Ledge, and

vice versie, to Portsmouth Harb., below the Swing Bridge, or Langston, or Lymington Harbs.

7 9 0 11 From beyond one mile seaward of Bembridge Ledge, and vice versat, to Spithead, Motherbank, Stoke's Bay, Cowes Roads, or to a line drawn from the Lepe Buoy to Lepe Point

5

6 6 6 7 6 From beyond one mile seaward of Bembridge Ledge, and

vice versii, to St. Helen's Roads, for ships anchoring and remaining thereat

6

3 3 6 From beyond one mile seaward of Bembridge Ledge, and vice verst, to Yarmouth or Lymington Roads

6 6 7 6 8 6 From within one mile seaward of the Bembridge Ledge

Buoy, and vice versa, to Portsmouth Harb., above the
Swing Bridge

6 6 7 6 96 From within one mile seaward of the Bembridge Ledge

Buoy, and vice versá, to Portsmouth Harb., below the
Swing Bridge, or Langston, or Lymington Harbs. 6 0

7 0 9 From within one mile seaward of the Bembridge Ledge

Buoy, and vice verså, to Spithead, Motherbank, Stoke's
Bay, Cowes Roads, or to a line drawn from the Lepel
Buoy to Lee Point

4 6 5 6 6 6 From within one mile seaward of the Bembridge Ledge

Buoy, and vice persá, to St. Helen's Roads, for ships anchoring and remaining thereat

6

3 From within one mile seaward of the Bembridge Ledge Buoy, and vice versa, to Yarmouth or Lymington Roads 5

6 6 6 7 6 From Spithead, Motherbank, Stoke's Bay, or Cowes Roads, and vice versa, to Portsmouth Harb., above the Swing Bridge

6 3 6 4 6 From Spithead, Motherbank, Stoke's Bay, or Cowes Roads,

and vice versa, to Portsmouth Harb., below the Swing Bridge, or Langston, or Lymington Harbs.

3 4 0 From Spithead, Motherbank, Stoke's Bay, or Cowes Roads,

and vice versa, to St. Helen's, or to a line drawn from the Lepe Buoy to Lee Point

6 6 16 From Cowes Roads, and vice versi, to Cowes Harb...

6 6 11 6

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Ships returning by stress of weather, contrary winds, or on account of accident, into ports within the Isle of Wight district, pay one-half these rates. A pilot taken on board a vessel outside the Needles Point or Nab Light, is entitled to the following additional pay, viz. : Under 500 tons £1,500 tons and upwards £2. The pilots of the Isle of Wight district have authority to supersede such of the London or Cinque Port pilots as are licensed for the charge of vessels to the Isle of Wight, when they arrive near the channels leading into the ports and harbs. within the Isle of Wight; but no master of a vessel is compelled to take an Isle of Wight pilot until at St. Helen's, if he be piloted thereto by a duly licensed London or Cinque Ports pilot. The following rates are chargeable for transporting vessels from one berth to another in Portsmouth or Cowes Harbs., but no pilot shall be entitled to claim these in respect of any vessel which he has brought into harb. unless he can prove to the Sub-Commissioners that the vessel could not be placed in her berth for discharging during the tide in which she came in, viz. : Not ex. 200 tons 106, ex. 200 and not ex. 300 tons 15, ex. 300 tons 21/. Ifa master choose to retain or employ a pilot whilst at anchor, the rate for the lay day is 7/6, not including the day coming in or going out.

Towage.-- From Spithead to any of the following places, and vice versa, for vessels of ico reg. tons and upwards :Camber or Gosport Beach 1.d reg. ton, if towed in and out 24 ton; Gosport afloat, Logo, Haslar, Weovil, or any part of the harb. between the Camber and the north course of H.M. Dockyard id reg. ton, is towed in and out 3d ton ; Extension Works, Gas Works, Flaihouse Quay, or Hardway 2d reg. ton, if towed in and out 3}d ton ; Fareham 4d reg. ton ; Langston to Brading 6d reg. ton ; Emsworth or Itchenor 6d reg. ton. Vessels under 100 tons, yachts, an i steamers, in tow from or to other places, by special agreement.

Officials.-Harb. and Dock Master, T. Meades; Coll. of
H.M. Cust., W. Mun.
Hotels. George,' Dolphin,"

"" Star and Garter.” PORTSOY, Banffshire, Scotland. Auth. Harb. Company,

under Act 1882. Accn. Dry at LW. Vessels drawing list enter at HW. Boats are beached by traction engines.

Officials.-Sec , James Young; Harb. Master, Capt. L. Jack. PORT TALBOT, Glamorgan, between Porthcawl and Neath.

Auth. Owner, C. R. M. Talbot, under Statutes 4 and 5 Wm. IV., c. 13, 6 and 7 Wm. IV., c. 78, and 3 and 4 Vict., c. 71. Accn. Area about 150 acres, a floating dock entered by a lock 300ft long, with a depth of water at the quays and jetties varying from 18 to 15ft. Breakwater 477yds long ; cranes 2 to 4 tons. Harb. about 1} miles long, by from 240 to gpoft wide, with quay 3000ft and 10 jetties. Entrance lock 44ft wide. Staiths for coal 100 to 150 tons per hour. W. prev. S. to WSW.

Official.-Harb. Master, L. H. Fitzmaurice.
PORT WILLIAM, Wigtonshire. A small port, dry at LW.,

with 14ft. at HWST. PORT WRINKLE, Cornwall, near Looe. A small harb., dry

at LW. PORTYNLLAEN. A sub-port of Carnarvon, used by a few

small vessels bringing coal.

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POULTON, Yorkshire. Lat. 54° 4' 20" N ; long. 0° 52' 30"

W. A small pier harb. with two piers and a wooden jetty. PRESTON, Lancashire. Quays about 17 miles from outer bar.

Lat. 53° 44' N; long. 2° 45' W. Pop. 96,537. Auth. Corporation of Preston, under Ribble Navigation Acts, 1853 and 1883. P. C. THW. uh 49m ; Sp. rise rost: ; N. rise 4Jft. D. on bar at LWOST. 5ft. W. prev. SW., most dangerous VW. Rys. L. & N. W., L. & Y., P. & L. Jn. (L. & Y. and L & NW.) Tr.-Principally coasting. LV. 500 tons burthen. Accn. The harb, extends from Preston to the sea, a distance at LW. of ST. of 17 miles, and therefore contains many acres. Lytham halftide dock is 2 acres, dock at Preston (now out of use) quarter of an

.

acre.

Length. Depth at ST. yds.

ft. Southport Pier

1,466

31 Lytham

298

23 St. Anne's-on-the-Sea

390

31 A vessel drawing 12 to 14ft can get up to Preston at ST., and drawing 7 to Sit at NT. There is a slipway sor vessels of 100 tons, and a gridiron 120ft long. Extensive dredging works are being carried on, and there is a great improvement in the depth of water.

Charges.-River dues 50 ton. Harb. light dues 3d ton, payable by vessels once every year. Officials.-Harb. Master, W. Worden. PULTENEY AND WICK.--See Wick. PWLLHELI, Carnarvon. Bay of Cardigan. Lat. 52° 51' N;

long. 4° 32' W. THW. f. and c. 8h 30m. Rys. The Cambrian and L & NW. Auth. Town Council. Accn. Depth at LW. 3st, and at HWST. 18ft. The harb. is well sheltered by banks, and is rising in importance as a watering place.

Charges.-14d per ton reg. and }d per ton on wind bound vessels.

Pilotage.-As per agreement
Official.-Harb. Master, John Owen.
Hotels.-" Tower,” “Crown,' · Mdryn Arms,” &c.
QUEENBOROUGH, Kent. Lat. 51° 26' N ; long. 0° 45' E.

Auth. Corporation, under Act 1886. Accn. Pier and wharves, area of harb'extends from Swale Spit on the N to King's Ferry on the S, 3} nautical miles. Depth varies from 15 to 3oft. LWST. THW. f. and c. 12h 38m, W. prev. SW; but harbour landlocked. Queenboro' Ry. Jetty, LC. & D., under Sittingbourne and Sheerness Ry. Co.'s Act, 1857, and LC. & D. Ry Co.'s Act, 1866. Used by passenger and cargo steamers plying between Queenboro' and Flushing. Charges.-8) on vessel and ad per ton on cargo.

Officials.—Town Clerk, W. J. Harris ; Harb. Master, Thos. Brightman; Secy., J. Morgan, Victoria Station, London; Pier Supt., A. W. Churchward QUEENSFERRY, NORTH AND SOUTH, Linlithgow,

Scotland. A seaport on the Frith of Forth 8 miles from Edinburgh. Harb. dries at LW., accommodates vessels up to 100 tons at HW. Auth. Town Council o Burgh of Queensferry. The chief importance of the place is derived from the ferry across the Frith of Forth.

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